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Lecture 4 Dynamic Analysis of Buildings

Course Instructor:

**Dr. Carlos E. Ventura, P.Eng.
**

Department of Civil Engineering The University of British Columbia ventura@civil.ubc.ca

Short Course for CSCE Calgary 2006 Annual Conference

Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura

NBCC 2005

• Objective of NBCC: – Building structures should be able to resist major earthquakes without collapse. • Must design and detail structure to control the location and extent of damage. • Damage limits effective force acting on structure.

– But damage increases displacements!

Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures

No. 2

1

Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura

**NBCC 2005 Requirements:
**

4.1.8.7. Methods of Analysis 1) Analysis for design earthquake actions shall be carried out in accordance with the Dynamic Analysis Procedure as per Article 4.1.8.12. (see Appendix A), except that the Equivalent Static Force Procedure as per Article 4.1.8.11. may be used for structures that meet any of the following criteria: a) for cases where IEFaSa(0.2) is less than 0.35, b) regular structures that are less than 60 m in height and have a fundamental lateral period, Ta, less than 2 seconds in each of two orthogonal directions as defined in Article 4.1.8.8., or c) structures with structural irregularity, Types 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 8 as defined in Table 4.1.8.6. that are less than 20 m in height and have a fundamental lateral period, Ta, less than 0.5 seconds in each of two orthogonal directions as defined in Article 4.1.8.8.

**Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures
**

No. 3

Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura

**4.1.8.12. Dynamic Analysis Procedures
**

1) The Dynamic Analysis Procedure shall be in accordance with one of the following methods: a) Linear Dynamic Analysis by either the Modal Response Spectrum Method or the Numerical Integration Linear Time History Method using a structural model that complies with the requirements of Sentence 4.1.8.3.(8) (see Appendix A); or b) Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis Method, in which case a special study shall be performed (see Appendix A). 2) The spectral acceleration values used in the Modal Response Spectrum Method shall be the design spectral acceleration values S(T) defined in Sentence 4.1.8.4.(6) 3) The ground motion histories used in the Numerical Integration Linear Time History Method shall be compatible with a response spectrum constructed from the design spectral acceleration values S(T) defined in Sentence 4.1.8.4.(6) (see Appendix A). 4) The effects of accidental torsional moments acting concurrently with and due to the lateral earthquake forces shall be accounted for by the following methods : a) the static effects of torsional moments due to at each level x, where Fx is determined from Sentence 4.1.8.11.(6) or from the dynamic analysis, shall be combined with the effects determined by dynamic analysis (see Appendix A), or b) if B as defined in Sentence 4.1.8.11.(9) is less than 1.7, it is permitted to use a 3dimensional dynamic analysis with the centres of mass shifted by a distance - 0.05 and + 0.05.

Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures

No. 4

2

Vd Ve

Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura

**4.1.8.12. Dynamic Analysis Procedures (continued)
**

5) The elastic base shear, Ve obtained from a Linear Dynamic Analysis shall be multiplied by the Importance factor IE as defined in Article 4.1.8.5. and shall be divided by RdRo as defined in Article 4.1.8.9. to obtain the design base shear Vd. 6) Except as required in Sentence (7), if the base shear Vd obtained in Sentence (5) is less than 80% of the lateral earthquake design force, V, of Article 4.1.8.11., Vd shall be taken as 0.8V. 7) For irregular structures requiring dynamic analysis in accordance with Article 4.1.8.7., Vd shall be taken as the larger of the Vd determined in Sentence (5) and 100% of V. 8) Except as required in Sentence (9), the values of elastic storey shears, storey forces, member forces, and deflections obtained from the Linear Dynamic Analysis shall be multiplied by Vd/Ve to determine their design values, where Vd is the base shear. 9) For the purpose of calculating deflections it is permitted to use V determined from Ta defined in Clause 4.1.8.11.(3)(e) to obtain Vd in Sentences (6) and (7).

Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures

No. 5

Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura

4.1.8.7. Methods of Analysis

Equivalent Static Force Procedure used • areas of low seismicity, or • regular, H<60m and T<2s • not torsionally irregular, H<20m,T<0.5s Dynamic Analysis • default method • base shear tied back to statically determined

**Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures
**

No. 6

3

b) sway effects arising from the interaction of gravity loads with the displaced configuration of the structure.E.1.8. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.(6). d) other effects which influence the buildings lateral stiffness. C.8 Structural Modelling Structural modelling shall be representative of the magnitude and spatial distribution of the mass of the building and stiffness of all elements of the SFRS.4 0. 8 4 . Ventura Linear Response of Structures • Single-degree-of-freedom oscillators W K T 0. C.0 0. Ventura 4.3. sec Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. and c) the effect of cracked sections in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry elements.2 0. and shall account for: a) the effect of the finite size of members and joints.Instructor: Dr.3. which includes stiff elements that are not separated in accordance with Sentence 4.8.E.8 W g Vibration Period T = 2π K time.6 0.1. 7 Instructor: Dr.

10 5 . 9 Instructor: Dr.E.E. C. Ventura Structural Analysis Procedures for Earthquake Resistant Design Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.Instructor: Dr. C.

E. 11 Instructor: Dr.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Dynamic Equilibrium Equations – discrete systems a v u M C K = Node accelerations = Node velocities = Node displacements = Mass matrix = Damping matrix = Stiffness matrix F(t) = Time-dependent forces Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.E. C. 12 6 . C. Ventura Problem to be solved For 3D Earthquake Loading: Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.

• Linear response can be viewed in terms of individual modal responses. Actual Building Idealized Model FirstMode Shape SecondMode Shape ThirdMode Shape Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 13 Instructor: Dr. Ventura Multi-Story Structures • Multi-story buildings can be idealized and analyzed as multidegree-of-freedom systems. 14 7 .E. the force and deformation demands on the various components that compose the structure • Permit evaluation of the acceptability of structural behavior (performance) through a series of Demand checks Capacity Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C.E. C. for a design earthquake.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Purpose of Analysis • Predict.

4m) • Typical floor height of 2.8m by 23. 16 8 . C. C.1 m deep • Tuned liquid column dampers – Two water tanks (183 m3 each) Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Structural Details • Central reinforced concrete core – Walls are up to 900 mm thick • Outrigger beams – Level 5: 6.E.615 m • 7:1 height-to-width ratio One Wall Centre Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.4 m deep – Level 21 & 31: 2.E. Ventura Example of a Building Model • 48 stories (137 m) • 6 underground parking levels • Oval shaped floor plan (48. 15 Instructor: Dr.

916 4-node plate elements • 66 3-node plate elements • 2.46 0.81 0.E.49 Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C.172 DOFs Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 18 9 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 Test Period (s) 3.57 2.862 nodes • 4 material properties • 17.52 0. Ventura Calibrated FEM with Ambient Vibration Tests Analytical Period (s) 3.49 MAC (%) 99 87 99 99 86 87 Mode No.52 0. 17 Instructor: Dr.07 1. Ventura FEM of the Building • 616 3D beam-column elements • 2.46 0.81 0.Instructor: Dr.E.07 1. C.57 2.

C. Ventura 3rd mode 4th mode 5th mode Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 20 10 . C.Instructor: Dr.E.E. Ventura 1st mode 2nd mode Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 19 Instructor: Dr.

• For typical low-rise and moderate-rise construction.E. 21 Instructor: Dr. Ventura Multi-Story Structures • Individual modal responses can be analyzed separately. K. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Reference: A. Resp.E. • Total response is a combination of individual modes. C. 22 11 . C. Dynamics of Structures: A Primer. Ventura 5th mode 8th mode Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 9th mode No. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Total Roof Displ.6th mode 7th mode Instructor: Dr. firstmode dominates displacement response. Chopra.

a true structural system. moments. stresses. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura What is the Response Spectrum Method.Determine mass matrix. shears. and repeat for all modes. . RSM gives a reasonably accurate peak response. -For SDF systems. m . again without the need for a full time-history analysis.Determine stiffness matrix. C. etc).Combine individual modal responses for quantities of interest (displacements. Solution steps: .Find the natural frequencies ωn (or periods.E. C. 23 Instructor: Dr.Compute peak response for the nth mode. 24 12 . velocity and displacement) of a family of SDOF systems subjected to a prescribed ground motion. k . Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.E. RSM gives quick and accurate peak response without the need for a time-history analysis.Instructor: Dr. Tn=2π/ωn) and mode shapes φn of the system . -For MDF systems. Ventura RSM – a sample calculations of a 5-storey structure. The RSM utilizes the response spectra to give the structural designer a set of possible forces and deformations a real structure would experience under earthquake loads. RSM? The Response Spectrum is an estimation of maximum responses (acceleration.

25 X X m = 0 0 0 2 -1 100 kips/g k = Typical storey height is h=12 ft. 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 -1 2 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 -1 2 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 -1 2 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 -1 1 No.42s T4 = 0. Mode shapes φn of the system: T1 = 2.34s T5 = 0. Ventura RSM – a sample calculations of a 5-storey shear-beam type building. C. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.01s T2 = 0.E. 26 13 . 0 0 0 31.29s Assume a damping ratio of 5% for all modes Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.68s T3 = 0.E.54kip/in.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Natural vibration modes of a 5-storey shear building. C.

C.E. 27 Instructor: Dr. C. Ventura Effective modal masses and modal heights Modal mass Modal height We use this information to compute modal base shears and modal base overturning moments Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.Instructor: Dr. 28 14 .E. Ventura Effective modal masses and modal heights Modal mass Modal height We use this information to compute modal base shears and modal base overturning moments Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.

Corresponding to each natural period Tn and damping ratio ζn. .E.Instructor: Dr. . C. solution steps (cont’d.E. C.Determine the peak value r of any response quantity by combining the peak modal values rn according to the SRSS or CQC modal combination rule. Ventura . Compute floor displacements and storey drifts by ujn = ΓnφnDn where Γn = φnTm/(φnTmφn) is the modal participation factor c. read SDn and SAn from design spectrum or response spectrum b. .) d. . Solution steps (cont’d) a. 29 Instructor: Dr. 30 15 . Compute the equivalent static force by fjn = ΓnmjφjnSAn Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Compute the story forces – shears and overturning moment – and element forces by static analysis of the structure subjected to lateral forces fn . Ventura .

01s T2 = 0.29s Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.34s T5 = 0. 32 16 . . Results: Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. .42s T4 = 0. C. 31 Instructor: Dr. Ventura Obtain values from Response Spectrum: T1 = 2.E.Instructor: Dr. Ventura . C.68s T3 = 0.E.

Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura Comparison with time-history analysis results: Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. and φn are system parameters determined from the Modal Analysis Method.E. mathematically speaking. . ξ n ⋅φ n ( ) ( ) Ln. C.ξ n ( ) System response from spectrum graph. T T M n := φ n m⋅ φ n L n := φ m ⋅1 n S a T n .n.E. Ventura .n. 34 17 .Max := Mn S a T n . A number of methods to estimate of the total system response from these idealized SDF systems can summarized as follow. .Max := Ln Mn S d T n . ξ n ⋅φ n ( ) F i.ξ n φ n Ln Mn S a T n .Max := Ln 2 X n.Instructor: Dr. Mn. Maximum modal displacement Modal forces Modal base shears V b. C. 33 Instructor: Dr.

05 Sa V = 0.65 s T = 0.Instructor: Dr.75 Sa Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.34 s V = 0. Ventura Modal contributions to shear forces in a building Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 35 Instructor: Dr.E.70 s V = 0. 36 18 .E. C.13 Sa 1st Mode T = 1. Ventura Modal Responses of a ten-storey frame building SA (g) 1 2 Period 2nd Mode 3rd Mode T = 0. C.

C. • Accuracy of results depends on what modal combination • Three of the most commonly used modal combination methods are: technique is being used and on the dynamic properties of the system being analysed. • Any combination of modal maxima may lead to results that may be either conservative or unconservative. 37 Instructor: Dr.E. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 38 19 .Instructor: Dr. Ventura Modal Combinations • Modal maxima do not occur at the same time. Ventura Modal contributions to overturning moments in a building Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C.E. in general.

Ventura Modal Combinations…. C.Instructor: Dr. 40 20 . b) Square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS or RMS): • Assumes that the individual modal maxima are statistically independent. • Results from an SRSS analysis can be significantly unconservative if modal periods are closely spaced. • The response is estimated as: Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.E.E. C. 39 Instructor: Dr.. a) Sum of the absolute values: • leads to very conservative results • assumes that maximum modal values occur at the same time • response of any given degree of freedom of the system is estimated as Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. • Results can be conservative or unconservative. • SRSS method generally leads to values that are closer to the “exact” ones than those obtained using the sum of the absolute values. Ventura Modal Combinations….

In which. 42 21 . which for constant damping is evaluated by where r = ρn / ρm and must be equal to or less than 1.E. C. strength and shortfalls ABSSUM: Summation of absolute values of individual modal responses Vb ≤ Σ |Vbn| = 98.0.278 kips (from time-history analysis) Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura Modal Combinations….07 kips →good estimate if frequencies are spread out CQC: Vb = (ΣΣVbi ρinVbn)1/2 = 66. c) Complete quadratic combination (CQC): • The method is based on random vibration theory • It has been incorporated in several commercial analysis programs • A double summation is used to estimate maximum responses. C. base shears and overturning moments.51 kips → good estimate if frequencies are closely spaced Correct base shear is 73.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Modal combination methods. ρ is a cross-modal coefficient (always positive).41 kips → grossly over-estimated SRSS: Square root of sum of squares Vb = (Σ Vbn2)1/2 = 66.E. interstorey deformations. Similar equations can be applied for the computation of member forces. 41 Instructor: Dr.

which is firmly connected to the building slabs.E.50 m.40 m and depth h = 0.E. in May 18 of 1940. Damping for the system is assumed to be ξ = 5% All girders of the structure have width b = 0. The material of the structure has a modulus of elasticity E = 25 GPa. 43 Instructor: Dr.50 m. All columns have square section with a cross section dimension h = 0. The self weight of structure plus additional dead load is 780 kg/m2 and the industrial machinery. We are interested in the response in the direction shown in the figure. C. increases the mass per unit area by 1000 kg/m2. Ventura Example: (See notes from Garcia and Sozen for details of the building presented here) We want to study the response of the building to the N-S component of the recorded accelerations at El Centro.Instructor: Dr. 44 22 . Ventura Example – Modal Properties of building Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C. California. for a total mass per unit area of 1780 kg/m2.

Jim Mutrie. Ventura Comparison of Results for given example Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 46 23 .E. C. 45 Instructor: Dr.E. Ventura Design Example CONCRETE EXAMPLE: HIGH – RISE CONCRETE TOWER The following example was kindly provided by Mr. BC Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. P..Instructor: Dr.Eng. a partner of Jones-Kwong-Kishi in Vancouver. C.

E.Instructor: Dr. C. Ventura DESIGN PROBLEM – ASSUMED TOWER 25 Floors Floor Area 650 m2 Ceiling Height 2600 mm FTFH 2780 mm Door 2180 mm Header Depths 600 mm Vancouver Site Class “C” Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr. C.E. Ventura COUPLED SHEAR WALL CORE MODEL Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 24 .

E. Ventura CLADDING CONCRETE N21.1.E. These elements need not be detailed to the requirements of this clause provided: a) the effects of their stiffness and strength on forces and deformations in all structural elements at the Design Displacement are calculated. and b) the factored capacity of all structural elements includes for these forces and deformations.12. C. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 25 .1. This clause provides steps that need to be taken so a solution to one problem does not jeopardize the buildings seismic safety. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.1.1 The building envelope failures experienced in the West Coast have encouraged the use of additional concrete elements on buildings as part of the envelope system that are not part of either the gravity or the seismic force resisting systems.8. and c) the non-structural elements are anchored to the building in accordance with section 4. Ventura CLADDING CONCRETE 21. C.2 Elements not required to resist either gravity or lateral loading shall be considered non-structural elements.17 of the National Building Code of Canada.12. These elements have the potential to compromise the gravity and/or the seismic force resisting systems when the building is deformed to the design displacement.Instructor: Dr.

8.E. 8 . 41 sec V min Clause 4 . 0 × 1 .0 from Table 4. 3 )d )ii T max = 2 .8. DYNAMIC PROPERTIES NBCC 2005 Empirical Periods T = 0 . 1 . 8 . c) Irregular building.35 b) Regular building. IEFaSa(0.2) = 0.0. 5 )3 4 = 1 .1 a) IEFaSa(0. 1 .B and Sa(0. 05 × (69 .5 sec. T max = 2 . 05 × (h n )3 4 Clause 4 .4. 0 ) Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr. 20 = 2 . 11 . 8 . Ventura 1.Instructor: Dr.1. NBCC 2005 ANALYSIS METHOD NBCC 4. 0 × T Clause 4 . Ventura 2. Fa = 1.94 > 0. assumed .2) = 0. 3 )c ) T = 0 . C. height < 20m and period < 0.0 sec. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 26 . 2 uses S ( 2 . 11 . 1 . C.94 from Appendix C for Vancouver. 11 .1. This building does not comply with any of the cases that allow Equivalent Static Procedures.35 IE = 1.E.7. height < 60m and period < 2.2) < 0. 20 sec .

18 * 23.9 * 12 + π * 0.42 * 23.52 + 1.52 /6 + 186.401 = 466.5 = 3732 + 186 = 3918 kN Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.6 * 23.74 * 25.6 * 25.5) = 0.95 + 1.E.50 kN/m2 Columns (0.5 = MMI = 21.74 kN/m2 Curtain Wall 0. BUILDING MASS Floor Slab 0.32 * 4)* 2. C.3 * 0.23 kN/m2 Partition Allowance = 0.52 /3 = 404.41 kN/m2 Sum 5.5/(25.82 * 4 * 25.5 = Headers = (0.5 = 4. BUILDING MASS MMI = 3732 * 25.2) * 2 * 0.173 kNm2 Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 27 .6 * 0. C.Instructor: Dr. Ventura 3.82 kN/m Mass = 5.6 m = 1.772 + 21.316 = Core Area = 17.772 kNm2 1046 kN/Floor 25 kN/Floor Total Mass/Floor = 3918 + 1046 + 25 = 4989 kN/Floor Total MMI/Floor = 444.6 * 23.5 * 25. Ventura 3.401 kNm2 (program calculation) 444.7 kPa * 2.60 kN/m2 Floor Finish = 0.E.115 m2 * 2.456 + 40.

693 35 × 17 .4 0.45 Ag 0.0 = 0 .6 + ≤ 1 . STIFFNESS ASSUMPTIONS FOR PROGRAM A23.15 Ag αw Ag Inertia 0. Ventura COUPLING BEAM – EFFECTIVE LENGTH Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 28 . C.115 × 1000 Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.25 Ig 0.6 + 55 .7 Area 0.2 0.E. C.E. Ventura 4.4 Ig αw Ig α w = 0 .3-04 Element Coupling Beam (Diagonally Reinforced) Coupling Beam (Conventionally Reinforced) Walls Ps ' fc Ag CPCA 0.Instructor: Dr.711 = 0 .

335 kN 2 . 0 )Appendix C ) M v from Table 4 .2 × V = 1 . 2 × 1 . 17 (4 . 0 × 124 . 0 × 124 .E.005 kN 25 .0 NBCC 2005 V = S (T a )M v I E W S (T a ) = S (2 . 1 . 0 × 1 . 11 V = 0 . 219 × 1 . 11 . 2 − Minimum V ) (S (2 . Ventura COUPLED SHEAR WALL CORE MODEL Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.159 = 23 . C.159 V = 0 . 0 × 124 .VANCOUVER NBCC 1995 V e = 0 .5 × 1 . 17 × 1 .005 × 0 .E. 8 . 6 = 4286 kN Uncoupled Direction 3 .159 = 25 . Ventura CODE STATIC BASE SHEARS .7 ) = 3104 kN Uncoupled Coupled Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 29 .335 V = × 0 . 0 × 1 . 8 . 0 ) = 0 .5 2 .5 1 .2 × × 1 . 0 × 124 . 6 = 3500 kN Coupled Direction 4 . 1 .6 ) = 4523 kN (4 .5 V e = 0 . 0 × 1 .Instructor: Dr. 548 23 .159 (R d R o ) (3 . C. 17 × 1 .0 × 1 .

18 (4 . Ventura CODE STATIC BASE SHEARS .159 = 35 .117/180.714 76. 11 V = 0 .5 V e = 0 .5 1 . 0 × 124 .159 V = 0 .239/163.159 (R d R o ) (3 . 0 × 124 .4% Victoria Uncoupled Coupled Shear 5262/6430 3343/5250 81.6 ) = 4 . 2 − Minimum V ) (S (2 . 11 .002 103.748/109. C.789 kN Uncoupled (4 .386 98.7 ) = 3 . 5 × 1 . 0 × 1 . 1 .5% 77. 2 × 1 .510 88.159 = 37 . 1 .0% Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures 30 .287 kN Coupled Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr. 8 .3% 81.5 2 .3 × V = 1 . 0 × 1 .Instructor: Dr. 0 × 124 . 6 = 6 . 0 × 124 .0 NBCC 2005 V = S (T a )M v I E W S (T a ) = S (2 . C.417/118.7% Moment 137.507 kN 37 . 0 × 1 .250 kN Coupled Direction 4 . Ventura COMPARISON OF THE TWO CODES Vancouver Uncoupled Coupled Shear 4265/4286 2715/3500 99. 548 35 .E.002 kN 2 . 0 × 1 .507 × 0 . 18 × 1 .3 × × 1 .VICTORIA NBCC 1995 V e = 0 .002 V = × 0 .6% Moment 122.E. 18 × 1 . 0 ) = 0 .8% 63.430 kN Uncoupled Direction 3 . 219 × 1 . 8 . 0 )Appendix C ) M v from Table 4 .0% 60. 6 = 5 .

776 99.417 88.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Effect of Foundation Flexibility on Earthquake Response .624 Moment EQ 122. C.E. C.123 Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures Instructor: Dr.265 2.a brief discussion - Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura FACTORED NBCC 1995 WIND LOADS vs 2005 EQ VANCOUVER Shear EQ Uncoupled Coupled 4.E.543 2.715 Wind 2.748 Wind 95. 62 31 .

E. 64 32 .E. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C.Instructor: Dr. C. 63 Instructor: Dr.

C.E.E.Instructor: Dr. 65 Instructor: Dr. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. C. 66 33 . Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.

68 34 .E.Instructor: Dr. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No.E. C. Ventura Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. 67 Instructor: Dr. C.

Prentice Hall. Spring 2003. Robert Schubak of Hooley & Schubak Ltd. The material taught at this course is intended for the use of professional personnel competent to evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and recommendations. Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Notes: Some of the slides included here were kindly provided by Dr. Ventura The end Seismic Design of Multistorey Concrete Structures No. Sozen.Instructor: Dr.E. Garcia and M.E. C.”2nd Ed. “Multiple Degrees of Freedom Structural Dynamics.E.” class notes for CE571-Earthquake Engineering course at Purdue University. and who will accept the responsibility for its application. they cannot be held responsible for the designs of others that might be based on the material presented in this course and these notes. “Dynamics of Structures. Ventura References & Notes Anil Chopra. L. The instructors and the sponsoring organizations disclaim any and all responsibility for the applications of the stated principles and for the accuracy of any of the material taught at the course and contained in these notes. C. Mete Zosen and Dr. 70 35 . Notice While the instructors have tried to be as accurate as possible. 2001. 69 Instructor: Dr. Luis Garcia of Purdue University and by Dr.

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