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# Experiment # 01

Objective:
To Study The Different Functions Of Digital Multi-meter (DMM)

Apparatus:
Digital Multi-meter (DMM) Probe (leads, wires)

Theory:
A multimeter or a multitester, also known as a OM ( olt-Ohm meter), is an electronic measuring instrument that com!ines se"eral measurement functions in one unit# A ty\$ical multimeter may include features such as the a!ility to measure "oltage, current and resistance Ty\$es of Multimeters% There are two !asic ty\$es of multimeter Analog meter% Digital multimeter%

Functions Of DMM:
An DMM can measures current# An DMM can measures the \$otential difference ("oltage) !etween two \$oints,# An DMM can measures resistance An DMM can measure &ontinuity DMM can measure tem\$erature

Multimeter as a Ammeter:
Turn 'ower Off !efore connecting (reak &ircuit 'lace multimeter in series with circuit Select highest current setting, turn \$ower on, and work your way down# Turn \$ower off Disconnect multimeter# )econnect &ircuit

## DMM for Voltage Measuring:

To use a multimeter as a "oltmeter it is connected in \$arallel !etween the two \$oints where the measurement is to !e made# 'rocedure for measuring "olts% *# +# First determine whether the a\$\$lying "oltage is A& or D& "oltage# Then set the dial to the a\$\$ro\$riate function% , for A& "oltage or for D& "oltage#

-# Then testing "oltage set the range to the num!er .ust higher than the e/\$ected reading# 0# 'lug your test leads into the \$ort \$anel #

## DMM used To measure Resistance:

Resistance: 1t is the o\$\$osition to the flow of currents # and it is measured in ohm# 'rocedure For Testing )esistance% *# To test for resistance, first turn off the power in the circuit or com\$onent you2re testing# Otherwise you may not get the most accurate reading and damage the DMM# +# After ensuring that all \$ower is off, set the dial to the resistance mode. -# 0# Select the a\$\$ro\$riate range on the dial# 'lug in your test leads, connect them to the com\$onent under test, and take a reading#

Multimeter as a &ontinuity Tester% &ontinuity refers to !eing \$art of a com\$lete or connected whole# 1n electrical when an electrical circuit is ca\$a!le of conducting current, it demonstrates electricalcontinuity# 1t is also said to !e 3closed,4 !ecause the circuit is com\$lete# The ohmmeter is a great tool for checking the continuity !etween two \$oints#
'rocedure to measure continuity%

The continuity test on a DMM is sim\$le# *# +# -# Set the dial to the continuity function# 'lug in your lead# After ensuring that the \$ower is off, make contact with the com\$onent under test using the leads# The DMM will !ee\$ if there is good continuity, or a good \$ath that allows current to flow# 1f there is no continuity, the DMM won2t !ee\$# *# DMM used to measure The &a\$acitance%

&a\$acitance (sym!ol &) is a measure of a ca\$acitor2s a!ility to store charge# A large ca\$acitance means that more charge can !e stored# &a\$acitance is measured in farads, sym!ol F#

5 (micro) means *6-7 8*5F n (nano) means *6-9 8*nF \$ (\$ico) means *6-*+ 8 *\$F

To test ca\$acitance% *# +# Set the dial on the DMM to the ca\$acitance function and \$lug in your leads# After ensuring that the ca\$acitor has !een discharged, connect the test leads to the ca\$acitor terminals and take a reading# 1f the measurement is similar to the rating listed on the ca\$acitor, the ca\$acitor is good#

Precaution:
The !lack test lead is always \$lug into the &OM .ack# The red test lead \$lug into the .ack and A .ack#

The connection should !e done \$ro\$erly# Turn the \$ower Off !efore making the connection and after o\$erating a function on the DMM#

Conclusion:
A DMM can \$erform multi\$le function at a time# 1f the connection are loose then the DMM did not gi"e the accurate reading#

Applications of DMM:
oltage Measurements &urrent Measurements )esistance Measurements &a\$acitance : 1nductance Measurements
Time and Fre;uency