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# Subject Name & Code: Electric Drives [EEE-035] Semester/Section: VII [A] Time: 3 Hours Max.

Marks: 100 Section A (Note: Section A shall have ten compulsory parts, each of two marks) Q1. Attempt all questions of this section in brief. [10 x 2=20]

(a) Define Electric Drives. Ans. Systems employed for motion control are called drives and they employ any of the prime movers such as diesel or petrol engines, gas or steam turbines, hydraulic motors and electric motors for supplying mathematical energy for motion control. Drives employing electric motion are called electric drives. (b) Mention the different factors influencing the choice of an electric drives? Ans. 1) Steady state operation requirements. 2) Transient operation requirements. 3) Requirements related to the source. 4) Capital and running cost, maintenance needs life. 5) Space and weight restriction. 6) Environment and location. 7) Reliability. (c) Define heating time constant &cooling time constant? Ans. The time required to heat the machine parts to 63.3% of its final temperature rise is called as heating time constant. The time required to cool the machine parts to 36.6% of its final temperature fall is called as cooling time constant. (d) Why the losses at starting are not a factor of consideration in acontinuous duty motor? Ans.While selecting a motor for this type of duty it is not necessary togive importance to the heating caused by losses at starting even thoughthey are more than the losses at rated load. This is because the motordoes not require frequent starting it is started only once in its duty cycle and the losses during starting do not have much influence on heating. (e) What is meant by regenerative braking? Ans.In this method motor speed exceeds the rated speed. In this case the motor works as a generator and converts the mechanical power into electrical power which is delivered back to the electrical system. This method of braking is known as regenerative braking.

## (f) Compare electrical and mechanical braking.

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Ans. S.no. Mechanical Breaking Brakes require frequent maintenance 1 Not smooth 2 Can be applied to hold the system at any position 3 (g) Mention the drawbacks of rectifier fed dc drives? Ans. (i) Distortion of supply. (ii) Low power factor. (iii) Ripple in motor current

Electrical Breaking very little maintenance smooth cannot produce holding torque.

(h) Why self commutated devices are preferred over thyristors for chopper circuits? Ans. Self commutated devices such as power MOSFETs power transistors, IGBTs, GTOs and IGCTs are preferred over thyristors for building choppers because they can be commutated by a low power control signal and don't need commutation circuit. (i) What are the effects of harmonics in VSI fed induction motor drive? Ans.The output voltage of VSI has harmonic components. The harmonics of the stator current cause additional losses and heating. These harmonics are also responsible for torque pulsations. (j) State the principle of operation of switched reluctance motor? Ans.The SRM develops an electromagnetic torque due to variable reluctance principle. When air gapis minimum, the reluctance will be minimum. Hence inductance will be maximum, so the rate of changeof inductance is zero. When the reluctance varies, there will be a change in inductance so when aparticular stator winding of SRM is excited, the rotor pole comes in alignment with that stator pole andthus the rotor rotates.