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# Numbers are not questionable.

THE SOUND OF THE UNIVERSE The Universe is a sound and it’s frequency is fUniv = 4,047 ⋅ 10 Abstract: the Universe is a sound of a given frequency. Proof:

−21

Leonardo RUBINO.

Hz

A sound is a wave. Wave means frequency. The music from a whole orchestra is a wave; this wave can be displayed on an oscilloscope by displaying the signal at a loudspeaker while speaking the music from that orchestra. According to Fourier, even a music from an orchestra can be developed in series of single and simple waves (“cos” and “sin”):

A simple sound s is: s = ak cos kx = ak cos k 2πft or s = bk sin kx = bk sin k 2πft , if you like. “f “ is the frequency. General Fourier series:

+π +π ∞ 1 1 1 f ( x) = a0 + ∑ [ak cos kx + bk sin kx] , where ak = ∫ f ( x ) cos kx ⋅ dx and bk = ∫ f ( x ) sin kx ⋅ dx 2 π −π π −π k =1

and for a square wave (as per the example in the above figure):

f ( x) =

4 ∞ sin[( 2k + 1) x] ∑ π k = 0 (2k + 1)

and f ( x ) is the generic music from an orchestra. How to choose the frequency of the Universe:

**1 e2 1 2 e 1 4πε 0 re 4πε 0 we know that α = = = is the Fine Structure Constant. It is a ratio between a Coulombian h h 137 c c 2πre 2π
**

energy and a Planckian energy.

Gm 2 Let’s look for another expression for the Fine Structure Constant based on a ratio between a Newtonian energy r

and a Planckian energy hf :

Gm 2 α= 1 = r 137 hf

**By spontaneously choosing the mass me and the classic radius re of the electron/positron harmonics: ( me = 9,1 ⋅ 10
**

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kg and re =

e2 1 ≅ 2,8179 ⋅10 −15 m ) 2 4πε 0 me ⋅ c

**Gme2 1 r α= = e 137 hfUniv
**

then fUniv must be: fUniv = 4,047 ⋅ 10

−21

Hz indeed. Try and see.

Does such a frequency value make any sense? Let’s see: 1) We immediately realize that h = 2mec fUniv = 6,625 ⋅ 10 is exactly the value of the Planck’s Constant; very very sharply!!!

2 −34

[W] (coincidence just numerical, not dimensional)

2) We know from physics that the period is the inverse of the frequency: TUniv =

1 fUniv

= 2, 47118 ⋅ 1020 s

Moreover, we know that the period is also given by the ratio between circumference and speed:

2πRUniv cT = 2,47118 ⋅ 1020 s , so RUniv = Univ = 1,17908 ⋅ 10 28 m c 2π v2 c2 We also know from physics that a = , from which: aUniv = = 7,62 ⋅ 10−12 m s 2 . r RUniv TUniv =

From the Newton’s Universal Gravitation Law, we know that a = G ⋅ M / r , from which:

2 2 aUniv RUniv = 1,59486 ⋅ 1055 kg G

M Univ =

where M Univ , RUniv and TUniv have just come out from the frequency of the Universe fUniv !

Now, let’s introduce the well known Stefan-Boltzmann Law:

P [W ] = σT 4 [W/m2] , where 4πR 2

**σ = 5,67 ⋅10 −8W / m 2 K 4 is the Stefan-Boltzmann’s constant.
**

From the above Stefan-Boltzmann Law we get T (a temperature):

1 P [W ] 2 ) 4 and we know from physics that the power is: P Univ = EUniv TUniv = M Univ c TUniv , from which: 2 4πσR M Univ c 2 1 1 P T T = ( [W ] 2 ) 4 = ( Univ2 ) 4 = TCMBR = 2,73K 4πσR 4πσRUniv

T =(

which is incidentally the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation CMBR temperature: TCMBR ≅ 2,73K !!!!!! (Get a calculator and check the calculations above reported, if you don’t trust me!) 3) In a classic sense, if we imagine, for instance, to figure out the gravitational acceleration on an electron, as if it were a small planet, we must easily conclude that:

mx ⋅ g e = G ge = G

m x ⋅ me , from which: re2

3 4 me 2 2 Gme c 16 = π ε = aUniv = 7,62 ⋅ 10−12 m s 2 0 re2 e4 (again and sharply the aUniv we obtained before from fUniv !!!)

---------------------------At last, we have to admit that waves have a lot to do with the Universe. A photon is a wave (also), through the D’Alembert equation:

2 ∂ 2Ψ 2 ∂ Ψ v = ∂x 2 ∂t 2

( Ψ ( k ⋅ x − ωt )

r r

)

and matter is wave, somehow, through the Schrodinger equation:

∂Ψ ih ∂ 2 Ψ = ∂t 2m ∂x 2

( Ψ ( k ⋅ x − ωt )

r r

)

Moreover, a particle and an antiparticle, by annihilation, generate photons, so waves, and, on the contrary, we can have particles starting from photons. All is wave; all is music, somehow. In order to better know what is behind all this, please see the file at the following link: http://vixra.org/abs/1205.0058 Thank you for your attention. Leonardo RUBINO leonrubino@yahoo.it Physical Constants. Boltzmann’s Constant k: 1,38 ⋅ 10

−23

J/K −12 2 Cosmic Acceleration aUniv: 7,62 ⋅ 10 m / s −19 Charge of the electron e: − 1,6 ⋅ 10 C −15 Classic radius of the electron re: 2,818 ⋅ 10 m −31 Mass of the electron me: 9,1 ⋅ 10 kg −3 Finestructure Constant α ( ≅ 1 137) : 7,30 ⋅ 10 −21 Frequency of the Universe ν 0 : 4,05 ⋅ 10 Hz

Pulsation of the Universe ω0 : 2,54 ⋅ 10

−20

rad s

−11

**Universal Gravitational Constant G: 6,67 ⋅ 10 Period of the Universe TUniv : 2,47 ⋅ 10 s
**

20

Nm 2 / kg 2

Light Year l.y.: 9, 46 ⋅ 10 m

15

Parsec pc: 3,26 _ a.l. = 3,08 ⋅ 10 m

16

Density of the Universe

Univ

: 2,32 ⋅ 10

−30

kg / m3

Microwave Cosmic Radiation Background Temp. T: 2,73K

**Magnetic Permeability of vacuum !0: 1, 26 ⋅ 10 H / m Electric Permittivity of vacuum "0: 8,85 ⋅ 10 Planck’s Constant h: 6,625 ⋅ 10
**

−34 −27 −12

−6

F /m

J ⋅s Mass of the proton mp: 1,67 ⋅ 10 kg 30 Mass of the Sun MSun: 1,989 ⋅ 10 kg 8 Radius of the Sun RSun: 6,96 ⋅ 10 m 8 Speed of light in vacuum c: 2,99792458 ⋅ 10 m / s −8 2 4 Stefan-Boltzmann’s Constant #: 5,67 ⋅ 10 W / m K 28 Radius of the Universe (from the centre to us) RUniv: 1,18 ⋅ 10 m 55 Mass of the Universe (within RUniv) MUniv: 1,59 ⋅ 10 kg