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Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

News in a flash Big support for
A ragedy has struck the Eastern steppe
rights in Big Book
gazelles.A survey conducted by UNDP's "To be denied human rights is far harder
Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable than being born disabled." Just one of many
Livelihoods Options in the Grasslands of comments written by Mongolians in Amnesty
Eastern Mongolia Project in November has International's Big Book. Amnesty Interna-
discovered between 80 and 90 per cent of the tional is a global human rights NGO with
1998 Gazelle calves have died. There were branches in most countries. Signatures and com-
also low numbers of yearlings (1997 calves) ments were collected from across Mongolia as
in the population and correspondingly high part of a global campaign and Mongolians were
numbers of dead yearlings among the car- able to meet the target of one per cent of the
casses. The cause has been traced to an out- population (25,000 signatures).
break of "foot rot" or necrovateris, a bacterial The Big Book was presented to UN Sec-
disease resulting from heavy rainfall in July retary General Kofi Annan in Paris on Decem-
and August. The disease causes a gangrene- ber 10th, World Human Rights Day. On that
like condition that produces toxins and pre- same day Mongolia signed a Memorandum of
vents the animals from walking and feeding. Understanding on Human Rights with the UN The books are on display at the
The virtual loss of all the 1997 and 1998 - an affirmation by both sides that they remain UN Info Shop in Ulaanbaatar before
calves will have an impact on the structure of committed to the goals of the Universal Char- being passed on to New York.
the gazelle population for years to come. ter on Human Rights.
Some of the adults were in poor condition in
November, even before the stresses of the rot Delegates for the Hague Forum from
and pregnancy, and it can be expected that Mongolia:
mortality will be higher than normal over the HYB-biH XarmnmtH Xiren
winter. The Mongolian government has de-
cided not to issue permits for commercial
Mr. Sodov Sonin
Minister for Health and Social Welfare MOM
hunting of gazelle this winter.
Ms.Sanjaasuren Oyun
Member of Parliament
NDP is helping journalists to help when
disaster strikes. As of January 1, 1999 the
Mr. Sanjbegz Tumur-Ochir
Mongolian government divested itself of all
Member of Parliament
of its media interests under a new law. This
has profound implications for the dissemina-
Mr.Jamiyan Batsuuri
tion of information in Mongolia, especially
National Center for Anthropology
during a crisis. In preparation for this,
UNDP's Support to Community-based Re-
Ms. J. Chanchaldulam
habilitation of Forest Areas and Disaster
Officer, Women for Social Progress
Management Project has prepared a disaster
management handbook for journalists. The
Ms. Norjinlkham Mongolmaa
pocket-size booklet was prepared by the State
Chief, International Department, MHSW
Emergency Commission and gives journalists The Guide (above) is available in
directions on what to do and who to contact Mongolian and English from the
Mr.Gombo Zoljargal
in case of a disaster. The idea first emerged
Journalist, Mongol TV UN Info Shop.
from a disaster roundtable meeting between
the State Emergency Commission and local
journalists on October 8. Journalists inter- UN Population Fund gets new boss
ested in getting a copy of the booklet
The Mongolia office of the UN Population
should drop by the UN Info Shop in
Fund (UNFPA) now has its first Representa-
Ulaanbaatar or phone 325911.
tive to the country. Canadian Linda Demers
started work on December 15 and takes over
M. he new year means it's time to clean the from the Beijing-based office that used to over-
house and make - or break - new year's see Mongolia.
resolutions. Around the world UN workers Hailing from Montreal, she is a demogra-
know the new year is report-writing time. A pher by training, with a BA in Anthropology.
necessary task it may be, it can also be a In 1979, she worked in Burkina Faso as a Chief
frustrating experience - even for veterans. Technical Adviser on a UNFPA population and
On the plus side it is an opportunity to dust development project. She went back to Canada
off the old versions of our handy project and worked for four years in the Secretary of
guide book (Mongolian and English), and Stateresponsible for policy and research
take a peek inside. New for 1999, The programmes on youth, ethnic/linguistic minori-
Guide has the latest information on active ties, family and disabled people. She returned the field, Ms. Demers joined UNFPA in 1992
UNDP projects and is essential information to international development as the popula- and was UNFPA Representative in Vietnam
for anybody interested in development in tion advisor in the Canadian International De- and in Ethiopia. Ms. Demers is extremely
Mongolia. Copies can be picked up at the velopment Agency (CIDA), where she was re- happy to be the first full-fledged UNFPA Rep-
UN Info Shop. sponsible for all population and development resentative in Mongolia.
issues and activities in CIDA. Wanting to be in

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress In Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

Women scientists prove potency of News in a flash
Mongolian beverage .f\.s Mongolia entered the transition period
vitamins. in the early 1990s, development assistance
Cheered by findings: Ms. Amarsunau. steadily increased to top US $1.48 billion by
The UNDP-funded Sub-
Ms.Urtnasan, Ms.Alimaa Ph.D from
regional Project of Northeast 1997. The plethora of donor agencies and dip-
MONENZYME(Mongolia) with Korean coun-
terparts Mr.Do-Young Yoon and Ms.Sue Nie Asian Countries on Gender lomatic missions in Mongolia has led to con-
Park from Korean Women's Development Equality through Science and cerns over the government's ability to control
Institute. Technology started last donor aid, which now reaches 20 per cent of
March. A team of Mongo- GDP. The Government of Mongolia and
lian women scientists in the UNDP signed a US $300,000 project at the
project made the discovery beginning of December to improve aid coor-
when they explored the bio- dination. The Support to Coordination and
chemical composition and Management of External Development Re-
\ immunological activity sources Project will do the following: target
of Mongolian mare's government staff to assist with the articula-
milk. tion of a national development strategy and
Mongolians how it relates to ODA policy; improve ca-
have used pacity to screen and consolidate requests for
mare's milk as assistance; design appropriate projects/pro-
part of the tradi- grammes to monitor performance and develop
tional diet for centu- human and institutional capacities to under-
ries. During holidays stand policies and procedures of ODA do-
many urban Mongolians nors and to provide quality input to donor
Horse mare's milk, drunk by Mongolians drop in on their rural relatives partners.
for centuries, has been proven by a team of for a drink of the elixir, saying it
women scientists to be as healthy as many will help them to alleviate stress and .and lyophilise methods. The research is mak-
Mongolians believe. In a UNDP-funded t o heal some chronic diseases. There are ing it possible to better preserve mare's milk in
project, women scientists from Mongolia, China even cases of foreign tourists believing mare's the off-season.
and South Korea are exploring new ways to milk is the elixir of life, and will make them The main goal of the project is to find new
generate income through science. A joint Mon- younger. ways to generate income for poor women. In
golian/ Korean team confirmed the national wis- The researchers confirmed that the drying the case of mare's milk, rural women will be
dom of using mare's milk for treating stomach process of mare's milk does not adversely af- able to turn to local manufacturers who can
and intestine inflammations, as well as tubercu- fect its nutritional value, including proteins, preserve the milk. The researchers say the South
losis, liver diseases and cancer. They say the lipids, vitamins, lactose and fatty acids. The Koreans expressed keen interest in producing
frothy white milk is packed with nutriants and mare's milk was processed using spray drying dry diet from mare's milk.

Up Close and Personal When are you going to be a grandfather?

Mr. B. Khuldorj is the National Project Coordi- Not within this century. I think I'll be very
nator/or the Mongolian Action Programme for busy. I have much in my mind to do - I am a
the 21st century. father of four. MAP 21 keeps me busy. Every
morning when I wake up I count how many
Your project has a high profile. How long days are left till the coming century. Now we
have you been working for UNDP? have 350 days (January 15).

I've been working for the project since 1997, Do you often face troubles in you work?
and for UNDP since the 1990s. I was working
as an Aid Coordinator, coordinating projects Overcoming adversities is a natural human trait
and foreign aid. If there is trouble, work must go on. If you are
overcoming you are achieving the goal. Now
How do you see Mongolia in the 21st cen- we have the problem of building national ca-
tury? What will lead the country's develop- pacity, which will take long.
ment? on the future, I'd like to ask about your
future. I think you have a family. What about What do you do in your leisure time?
The fate of development in Mongolia depends your children's future?
on us. As I see it things are optimistic. The I very seldom have it. I like wrestling, boxing
programme looks at all fields till 2020 - Perhaps I am a passionate optimist. I also be- and sometimes play chess. The best I like is
economy, industry, energy, meteorology etc. lieve their future will be bright. I have four great travelling in the nature. I like to go everywhere
That is not the work of only the programme boys. They all know English and Russian and in Mongolia. Every place has its speical fea-
team. It is representative of a large group - one learns Japanese and one German. So they tures. Also I enjoy being with my family and
from statesmen to the common people will give have access to understanding others and can talking. Unfortunately it is the rarest thing which
their opinions. cooperate with others, which are the principles happens. When I come home late in the evening
of sustainable development. I believe there are my sons are already in bed and on the weekend
Since you are working on a project focused no borders to understanding and cooperation. I work.

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * fesue #10 * February-March 1999

A young country experiments with new-found freedoms
Continued from page I which surprised
even the most ex-
These rapid changes Clutching youth calenc ir Wh<it\ Up'.', these club-goers perienced pre-
have been dizzying for are learning more about STDs/HlV/AIDS
senters. During
many older Mongolians,
the presentation
who must come to terms
from the UN
with the changing mental-
Programme on
ity of the population, 33
AIDS by Ms. B.
per cent of whom are be- Oyun, one del-
tween the ages of 16-32. egate inquired
In Ulaanbaatar, change is
about the best
a part of everyday life.
place to buy good
New restaurants and bars
condoms and how
are cropping up on every to ensure good
corner. Foreign influences
quality. Oyun re-
in music, food and con- marked later
sumer goods are growing "Even adults
at a rapid pace. Mongo- don't usually ask
lians have even garnered these types of
the attention of the foreign questions. It
press, including a Novem- means that young
ber article in the New York people are becom-
Times Magazine, calling
ing more open to
the country the youngest talk about sexual-
in the world. ity and they are understanding their responsi-
On an average Friday night at the Top Ten actually delays the onset of sexual activity, re-
duces the number of STDs and reduces the bility to use condoms to protect themselves."
Disco, government and UN outreach workers
number of unwanted pregnancies." B. Undraa, a 15-year-old delegate from
distribute condoms donated by the AIDS Care
The debate over shifting values and chang- Ulaanbaatar School Number 20, explained that
Centre and a youth calendar, What's Up?. Young
ing lifestyles had a public airing at a mid-Janu- he applied to One World, "To learn how we
women decked in mini skirts and knee high
ary conference implemented by the UN, the [youth] can participate in the decision making
leather boots make their way into the enor-
Government of Mongolia and Women for So- process, to share our opinions and to put the
mous warehouse-like club together with young
cial Progress. Unique to Mongolia, the six One issues of population and development on the
men in brightly coloured, silk button downs.
World Youth Conferences (this one was on National agenda." He identified reproductive
"Calendars in their back pockets and condoms
population and development) rally youth from health as one of the most important issues to
in their front pockets," commented Enkhsogt
across the country. It was the third in the se- teenagers in Mongolia. When asked whether
the government official from the Ministry of
ries and challenged youth to examine the inter- his friends know about issues of safe sex, HIV/
Health and Social Welfare as he handed out the
national conferences attended by Mongolia and AIDS and STDs, he blushed slightly: "There
the agreements signed by Mongolia since 1990. are posters on the boards at school about safe
They are targeting the thriving club scene,
For three days in Ulaanbaatar, One World sex and condoms." Sitting up straight he con-
the vanguard of Mongolia's sexual revolution.
delegates from all across Mongolia openly dis- tinued in a concerned tone, "There is some in-
Next stop was the Hard Rock, a smaller
cussed, among other issues, gender, urbaniza- formation, but I feel it is extremely limited."
club in the center of the city known for its
tion, HIV/AIDS, STDs, sexuality education, In Bulgan at Secondary School Number 2,
trendy crowd and cool ambiance. The condoms
adolescent reproductive health, reproductive 15 year-old youth delegate N. Bolotuya doesn't
and calendars floated amidst the boy bands,
rights. The candid and refreshing presentation receive any classes on sexual education and re-
striptease acts and copious alcohol consump-
of these issues by representatives from the productive health. "I go to a math school," she
tion. One table of young women, sipping beer
United Nations, the Government of Mongolia explained, "Algebra is the focus, so sexual edu-
and watching the scene on the dance floor
and NGOs, left few details up to the imagina- cation is cut out." Sitting in the Margaret Sanger
giggled wherrthey realized what had been handed
tions of the 146 delegates ranging in age from Center, one of the multi-sector programme field
to them. They detached the condoms from the
15-19. trips, with her hair pulled back tightly in a pony
calendars and slipped them into their purses.
The delegates not only discussed the is- tail and her petite stature, Bolotuya looked liked
Then one of them leaned over to ask for "an-
sues, they made appeals to the leaders of the a little girl. But her words and insights made it
other one" for her boyfriend and thank the dis-
Mongolian Government, the United Nations, clear that she was taking her role in One World
tributors for doing such important work.
and the community on the final day of the con- very seriously': "It is through One World that
Only in the last few years have Mongolian
ference at the Community Forum. Once the the voices of youth are being heard."
youth had access to different methods of birth
youth reported their findings and presented Once returning to their hometowns, both
control and up to date information about sexu-
their viewpoints, the leaders were asked to re- Undraa and Bolotuya plan to share what they've
ality and healthy lifestyles. The insurgence of
spond. "In your own community you must learned at the One World Conference with their
condom campaigns and reading materials like
choose what issues are important and tackle peers and families through presentations, in-
the UN Population Fund's (UNFPA) "Love"
them...You have to see not the problems, but formational meetings and presentations in their
magazine, have been met with criticism.
Dr. Damien Wolhfahrt, Chief Technical Ad- the solutions," Ms. Linda Demers, UNFPA classes.
visor with UNFPA's Reproductive Health Resident Representative remarked. The del-
Project explained that "There will always be egates take the responses very seriously and To get involved in One world, call 312171
people who believe such materials promote plan to continue monitoring progress at the fi- or 322340. Emails can be sent to One
sexual activity among youth. However, inter- nal One World Millennium Summit to be held World radio
national research in several countries and cul- in May 1999. programme: Every Friday at 3 pm on 107.5
tures has consistently shown that sexuality The delegates exuded a certain confidence FM.
education and family life education in schools and comfort level with the subject matters,

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

One World: Population and Development Mongolia meeting the ICPD goals
In January hundreds of Mongolian youth gathered to debate the major issues of
Can conference set seven main goals.
population and development. The following is an edited summary of the background Mongolia's indicators are matching as fol-
information provided to the delegates. lows:
1. Births attended by health professionals
What was in Cairo? girls; to be at least 60%, in Mongolia it is 99%.
• gender equity and equality; 2. Contraceptive prevalence rate among
In the Egyptian city of Cairo in 1994, del- population of age 15-44 should be at least
• reduction of infant and maternal mor-
egates from 180 countries of the world took 55%, in Mongolia - 53%.
tality rates, access to reproductive health and
part in the International Conference on Popu- family planning services; 3. At least 60% of population must have
lation and Development (ICPD). One of the • empowerment of women; access to basic health services, 95% of
biggest events of the decade, the conference rec- • family's roles, rights, composition Mongolian have access.
ognised the importance of the following issues and structure; 4. Infant mortality rate per 1000 births-50,
and appealed to countries and the international • population growth and structure; in Mongolia it is 60.
community to take action. Themes are: S.Maternal mortality rate per 100.000
• reproductive health and rights;
'• Sustainable development, sustainable births-lOOf But Mongolia has 200.
• urbanisation and internal 6. Grossfemale enrolment at primary level
economic growth, education, particularly ef immigration;
(%) is 75, for Mongolia it is now - 64.1 %.
• international migration;
7. Adult female literacy rate must be 50%,
Mongolia-Demographic facts • population development through edu- 74.9 % of Mongolian women are literate.
cation and technology;
(UN resources certify all figures)
Population 2.410.000 • national action and International co-
Population in the Year 2000 2.661.000 operation.
Per cent urban 60.9 population and development activities and the
Age distribution (%) What is going on in Mongolia after organisation has collaborated with Mongolia
0-14 38.0 Cairo 1994? since the 1970s. From 1992 to 1996, UNFPA
Youth (15-24) 20.6 successfully completed The First Country Pro-
Ages 60+ 5.5 For implementation of ICPD goals,the gramme on Mother/Child Health/Family plan-
Median age (years) 20.6 Mongolian parliament ratified the following: ning in cooperation with the Government of
Population density (/ 2 • 1996-Population Policy of Mongolia Mongolia.The Second Country Programme was
Annual population growth rate(%) 2.0 • 1996-National Programme to approved by the Government and UNFPA for
Urban 2.9 Improve Women's status a period of five years from 1997-2001. It is be-
Rural 0.4 ing developed and elaborated in the form of
Crude birth rate (/1000) 26.5 • 1997-National Reproductive Health
two sub-programmes covering the themes of
Crude death rate (/1000) 6.7 Programme Reproductive health and Population Develop-
Net migration rate (/1000) 0.0 • 1997-National Adolescent Health ment strategies. The sub-programmes are im-
Total fertility rate (woman) 3.27 Programme plementing within special projects. ICPD goals
Life expectancy at birth (years) in respect of infant mortality, maternal mortal-
Males 64.4 The United Nations Population Fund ity have been reached to the positive changes
Females 67.3 (UNFPA) is playing a coordinating role on but abortion and status of sexually transmitted
diseases, reproductive tract inflammatory dis-
eases are major issues to be considered.

Continued from page 1
Information revolution
to mayors or governors). Another problem is
built easily compared to other industrial sec- to make them self-sufficient." Project staff are
tors. The so-called "Irish Miracle", where a giving these problems attention.
mostly agrarian society makes the leap to the " From the very beginning, primary school
information age, while increasing wealth and students should be aware of global technology
avoiding all the negative environmental degra- and how it can help development.'The Soros
dation of traditional industry, is one model. foundation is cooperating with the project, aim-
UNDP and the Government of Mongolia ing to connect secondary schools using the lat-
have established walk-in, public access Internet est in satellite technology.
centres around the country, called Citizen's In- The project plans to have an ICT Summit
formation Service Centers. Unfortunately, their in 1999 and will hold technology fairs for youth
profile is low. And the services don't come
cheap: fees can be as high as (Tg 2,600/hr or
in the Spring.
An ICT Blue Print for Mongolia has been
" It must be a communication center open
developed and will be published soon.
"These are just the seeds " says Yamanaka,
to anybody," says Yamanaka. "It should be for
exchanging opinions or getting much-needed
hoping the harvest will be reaped in the first
half of the next millennium.
Mongolia •
information. These days people are moving
away from government buildings (many of the
centres are housed in government offices close This report outlines a strategy for Y2K in
Mongolia. It is available from the UN Info

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

Should Mongolia pursue a high birthrate policy?
By A. Delgermaa, BSkyB Reporter
Does the development of a country depend may be in a hundred years there would be a
on the size of its population? This question is D. Azzaya, at her late thirties, lecturer very few Mongol people, mostly half Mongol
being hotly debated by Mongolian Parliamen- at MNU, Department of Meteorology. people would stay here. Hybrids have divided
tarians, with the population now exceeding 2.4 "For Mongolia it is good to have more hearts. After a hundred years what would hap-
million. According to the UN Population Fund's population. Industrialisation is restricted by the pen to the country?
(UNFPA) figure, the country is on track to reach small work force. Other factors like mineral re- It is very strange that the rich have few
2.6 million by the early 2000s. BSkyB asked source, raw materials etc. are all available in the children, since they still can afford to bring up
Mongolians on the street what they think. country. Of course the number of people must more children. But the poor who can not even
keep themselves have many children. The
The answers roamed from the realtionship poor's children are ill, need more social care.and
between development and population, to how go into the streets etc. It burdens the weak
many children are appropriate for Mongolian economy of Mongolia. Instead government
families, to the rapid mdvement of the popula- should have s special policy to control the birth.
tion from the countryside to cities, particularly There should be detailed studies into whether
Ulaanbaatar. the family can afford more children."

U. Baasandorj, late twenties, works for R.Khishigbuyan, student, at MNU.
a construction company. "I want the population to grow as fast as
"Mongolia has the possibility to develop possible in the coming ten years. Then
with its current population. The problem is Mongolia would have enough working force.
psychological. We are just waiting for others to The population growth is more in countryside
help us like under socialism.
Of course having more people is good for
development. Reduced birth rates have to do
with lower family incomes. Generally,

must fit the territory. High populations like
India and China adversely affects the environ-
Because of lack of industrialisation in rural
areas, residents move to more centralised places
to improve their life. Right now only livestock
breeding is a secure job. More industry is needed
in the countryside."

Ts. Buyanjargal, mid-twenties, cook and
student of Institute of Economy.
" We need a statistical study on population:
how much it must be in relation to territory. than in cities. We should not just concentrate
Right now social benefits and the economy on developing the centralised places. Both ur-
aren't good. The government and the Health ban and rural areas should have equal develop-
and Social Welfare Ministry should concentrate ment. Government must have a special policy
on guaranteeing health security. on infrastructure and on rural villages."
Different development centres must be formed
Mongolians like to have as many children as and more jobs created." T. Purevdorj, at his forties, lecturer.
possible. "I wish it to be at least five million, if pos-
The move to the cities is nothing wrong. B. Olziijargal, early twenties, student sible ten million. More development centres
One should live where he/she wants to. The of the School of Foreign Service. should be formed. If the population is more
people who can survive and live are left in the " I agree that Mongolia has a too small regional development would be easier."
countryside." population. I think at a minmum it should be A. Tsoodol, late teens, student at MTU
more than 10 million. Pregnancy should be en- "Population does not have a direct influ-
Olzii, early twenties, student of Mon- couraged by the state. I think mining industry ence to development. I think four to five chil-
golian Natio.nal University. is the most suitable industry in Mongolia to dren is the proper number. There should be a
"With the current situation of Mongolia's develop." special government policy to control move-
economy, two to three children is okay. Maybe ment. I think different development centres
in five to ten years it would be good for the Munkhtsetseg, early thirties, lecturer should be established. Last year State Ikh Hural
population to expand. By then the economy in a private language institute. were talking about moving the capital to Khar
might be stable. Moving to the cities is not "The number of people doesn't matter. Hu- Khorin, the ancient capital of Mongolia. It is
wrong; people are looking for better comfort." man capacity and educations important. Mon- just a dream. Instead it can be another devel-
golia's independence is at stakeJthe population opment centre."
must be pure Mongol blood. I am afraid that

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

Pop music helps fuel Mongolia's market economy
Interview by Oyuntungalag, UNDP Communications Officer

In the last nine years the new freedoms in Mongolia have also been
reflected in the country's popular culture. A thriving pop and rock scene
has emerged over the last four years, with a few artists showing the
potential to go beyond Mongolia. The energy of these musicians and
singers has not gone unnoticed by the burgeoning advertising market. Pop
bands are promoting many things, from face creams to beer. But while
these artists and their promoters grab headlines in the gossip pages, there
has been little serious writing on the business of popular music.

As part of a trilogy of books exploring emerging development issues,
UNDP is funding the book "Mongolian Rock-Pop by its Own Voice".
American musicologist Peter Marsh (Indiana University) spent half a
year researching the book, and has been studying both modern and an-
cient Mongolian music. We chatted with him via-e-mail on the book and
its interest to youth.

Peter, how did you start writing a book on Mongolian rock and pop
culture? Even local writers rarely write on that topic?
I was approached by UNDP to contribute, along with Mongolian jour-
nalists, to a series of publications that deal with development issues in
Mongolia. Given rock and pop's growing social and economic impor-
tance in Mongolian society, we thought our book would provide impor-
tant ideas about the direction and nature of the nation's development.

What kind of research have you done?
I am a music researcher, meaning I study all forms of musical expression
— including music, song and dance — wherever it occurs. I have spent
much of the past three years researching Mongolian traditional music and
song, but turned to Mongolian pop-rock in the spring of 1998, when I
became particularly interested in the growing importance of pop-rock in
Mongolian society. Now I am writing my dissertation about the history
and development of the horse-head fiddle, and will pay special attention
to its use in late twentieth century pop-rock.
In the third part of your book you included the opinions and thoughts
What is the strategy you are writing this book with? you have on the ways that Mongolians come out in the international
Our strategy is to create a book that is both fun to read and filled with music market. What will be your main advice to rock-pop musicians
'interesting ideas. We wanted it to appeal to a wide range of people, from here?
the youth to older people, as well as those interested in issues of devel-
opment. Another strategy we took was to allow the people involved in Firstly, I think the musicians from whom I asked this question are
pop-rock to speak for themselves, as much as possible. The book is less correct when they say that Mongolian bands need to have contacts. As
my own work than a bringing together of ideas and quotes of many it is everywhere, especially in the States, becoming a star is one part
people, from rock stars to government officials to people on the street. talent and three parts contacts. Bands have got to get the attention of
those who can make their music popular. Secondly, they shouldn't
Whom ofmongolian rock poppers did you meet and what is your impres- hope to compete head-on with American or European pop-rock groups,
sion? unless, as D. Jargalsaikhan says, they are willing to learn how to speak
I tried to meet as many Mongolian pop-rock musicians as I could. I and think like an American or European. If a band wants to be the next
wanted to meet musicians and singers in a variety of pop-rock genres, Backstreet Boys, they're going to have to compete with hundreds of
from heavy metal and hard rock, rap and grunge to soft rock and pop. I bands in America and Europe trying to do the same thing. Thirdly, I
spent time with members of the groups Haranga, Hurd, Kamerton, Suns, agree with several musicians and the pop-rock arranger Purevdorj that
Nomin Talst, and with the singers D. Jargalsaikhan and Misheelt, and Mongolian bands have a unique opportunity to make it big in the global
with those closely involved with them all, including On'n'Off Produc- pop-rock scene by creating a form of folk-pop, or pop music that
tion's Ononbat, Khan Brau's G. Gankhuu and the famous pop-rock com- draws from its traditional Mongolian musical roots. This is why Khurd's
poser/arranger Purevdorj. Of course, I wanted to meet with more people, song "Bakharakhal" or Saraa's song "Goolingoo" continue to be so
but our goal with this project was only to get a sense of the trends in popular with foreign audiences. The German group Enigma's recording
Mongolian pop-rock, which I think we accomplished. More could cer- "The Cross of Changes," which made use of a Mongolian long song, is
tainly be written about Mongolian pop-rock, and I hope our work is only also a good example of this. I think the folk-pop road is a way for
the beginning of more studies about it. My impression about Mongolian Mongolian artists to get into the global pop-rock scene, and if they
pop-rock is that it is a lively, diverse and at times innovative Mongolian don't take this road, other, foreign artists, like Enigma, will take the
art form that closely reflects many of the hopes, fears and aspirations of road instead.
its primary audience, Mongolian youth.
Speaking personally, I find much of it to be very enjoyable, especially the The book will be available in February from the UN Information
pop-rock that keeps one foot in older musical traditions. Shop. It is hoped the book will make a modest contribution to the
further study of popular culture in Mongolia and its implications
for business development.

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

A new survey of Mongolia's fight to stop violence against women
Violence is the topic of discussion more • 24 hour Hotline Service for Women 1993 The Strategic Proj ect on Women' s Income
and more these days. Many newspapers capi- Victims and support Groups Generation in collaboration with the Mongo-
talize on this public interest, with "Disgusting • Data Collection on violence against lian Women's Federation. In the last five years
Crimes" newspaper being one of the worst in women co-operation between UNIFEM and Mongolia
this genre, and the police force's "Detective" slowed down. Now UNIFEM is placing Senior
the best. While organisations are paying greater NGOs and Government organisations in- Advisors in 10 countries across the world to
attention to this issue, official data to gauge the clude the National Centre Against Violence, support the UN Resident Coordinator system
scale or seriousness of violence in Mongolia is Mongolian Child Rights Centre, National on Gender issues and to facilitate the effective
still lacking. CEDAW Monitoring Network, Mongolian implementation of the Beijing Plan of Action.
The United Nations Fund for Women Women Lawyers Association, the Criminal UN SffTEteayGgHaL's 3^attD the 50"
(UNIFEM) has appointed a national consult- Police Division for prevention of Juvenile Session of the General Assembly called on
ant for Mongolia to publicize the activities of UNIFEM to play a key role in supporting the
NGOs and Government agencies working to implementation of the platform, particularly
reduce violence. Mrs. Baljinnyam, head of the through the Resident Coordinator's System.
Mongolian Association of International Beijing-based Dr.Lanyan Chen covers both
Ladies,was appointed as the consultant.Her re- China and Mongolia as a Gender Advisor.
search has listed 16 effective activities on fight-
ing violence. The list shows names of NGOs Born and raised in Beijing, she holds a Mas-
and their activities and researchers and organi- ters degree in Communications and a Ph.D in
sations working in this area. sociology. Trained in political economy, devel-
According to the report, the most innova- opment studies and industrial organization, she
tive and successful practices are: previously taught in gender and international
• Shelter House for Victims of Violence development at the University of Victoria in
(NCAV) The now-finished Amgalan Canada. Her recent field work in China includes
• Transition House in Tolgoit and shelter for women offers work on women's cooperatives, women in pov-
Amgalan refuge in L'laanbaatar erty and strategies to address the needs of
• Publication against Violence women workers who have been laid off during
"Khelkhee" Crime, and the Women's Information and Re- the process of industrial restructuring. Ap-
• Training Programme for male perpe- source Centre. pointed as the UNIFEM Gender Advisor to
trators (police officers and lawyers counsel These organisations will be included in the United Nations Resident Coordinators in
male perpetrators in and out of the prison) UNIFEM's Regional Report. UNIFEM is or- China, Mongolia and the Democratic People's
• Counselling Services for victims and ganising The Global campaign on the Elimina- Republic of Korea, she will assist the UN Sys-
their children (Mongolian Child Rights Cen- tion Violence Against Women with the motto tem to mainstream a gender approach and the
tre, NCAV, Criminal Police Division for Pre- "A Life Free of Violence: It's our Right". needs of women in programming and projects.
vention of Juvenile Crimes) She will also provide technical support to
• Law reform (NCAV & MWLA pre- UNIFEM successfully implemented in UNIFEM projects and activities in these coun-
pared a draft law against domestic violence) tries.

ie?Si I*-,
^ fVx:
in "C_j<-> "-y

< R^ Ll^

A new kit is available for anyone interested in tackling the major environmental issues affecting Mongolia. Produced by UNDP's Environmental Public
Awareness Programme, the kit contains the Mongolian Green Book and three books on activities. The kits are available from EPAP or from the UN Info Shop.

Blue Skv Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

The Role of the National Poverty Alleviation Programme
In Nation Building
By Minerva Custodio-Coronacion own resources and independently work together for their common
UN Volunteerwith PAPO good. In some countries, they even start them young as exemplified
by the laboratory cooperatives in the Philippines. The positive
values are inculcated as part of organizational development thereby
The National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NPAP), which is turning vulnerable people into dynamic citizens, capable of shaping
the Mongolian Government's response to the increasing poverty their own future in active partnership with their government.
brought about by cessation of support from the failed socialist sys-
tem, is now entering a new phase in its programme implementation. In
the initial phase of implementation, most of the basic interventions
such as provision of seed capital for self-employment activities, im-
proved access to primary health care and basic education facilities and
basic relief services, have been done to help most of the poor people
get out of poverty and start on their own. The job, though, does not A Young
end in getting them started. The next task is to help them sustain on Population
their own what has been initiated, otherwise, all initial efforts will be
rendered useless.
In most progressive countries, development did not come over- Reforms
night. Neither did solely the government bring about development. It
is the strong partnership between the government and the people that Vulnerable
brings forth the desired change. The active involvement of the citizenry
is one of the vital factors that propel the development process. The
people should not just fully depend on the government to do every-
thing for them. They should also take their part in nation building.

Poverty eradication, for example, is not just the government's, the
1998 Annual Report
assisting non-government organizations' or the donor agencies' con-
cerns. After the assistance has been given by the different organiza-
tions it is now the responsibility of the poor people to take the lead in The I'nitrd Nations Resident
battling against poverty. After all, it is their own battle. Coordinator in Mongolia
The sustainability of poverty eradicating measures depends largely
on how self-reliant the target beneficiaries will evolve. Development United Nations Mongolia Homepage: hrtp:/M*
of independent and progressive socio-economic grassroots organiza-
tions like the cooperatives also help in hastening the eradication of
poverty because such organizations teaches the people to pool their
Now available in Mongolian and English at the UN Info Shop.

Improving human rights in Mongolia
By A. Delgermaa, BSkyB Reporter Rights on December 10,1998. Mongolia has considered weak . Even law schools spend
ratified most international covenants on hu- little time on the subject.
Mongolia has made great strides in im- mans rights and a 1992 Constitutional Court The other end of the project is aiming to
proving the level of human rights in the coun- decision ratified most international principles improve the human rights situation in pris-
try. There isn't a single political prisoner and of human rights for all Mongolians. ons. Appalling prision standards always draw
Mongolians proudly boast a free media. The The UN Human Rights agency criticism from local media. Prisoners regularly
democratic changes begun in the early 1990s (UNHCHR) is collaborating with the gov- die of starvation, sanitation is poor, tubercu-
have brought significant achievements in de- ernment on founding a NHRC (National Hu- losis rates are high, and physical abuse
mocracy and freedom. But economic man Rights Committee) that will be re- common. Last year Chief of General Police
transition is wrecking havoc with some of sponsible for coordinating human rights is- Ch. Murun took action to improve
the gains. Increasing poverty kicks more chil- sues and tackling violations. conditions in Mongolia's worst prison, Gants
dren into the streets, alcoholism causes more "The law of NHRC is slackening at Hudag. Prisoners on remand were crowded
family problems and increases crime, and parliament, " according to UNHCHR 18 to a room built for just four.
government shortfalls in social benefits make National Coordinator Uyanga. "UNHCHR "We want to train people who are able
the old and disabled helpless. has been taking actions since 1991 to help to conduct training in the regions," continues
The UN country team (UNICEF.WHO, the country to work out the law on the Uyanga. "But we are still debating on who
World Bank, UNFPA, UNHCHR, UNDP) National Human Rights Commission." The to choose, with one option being prison
signed with the Government of Mongolia a project also focuses on public awareness of chiefs." She agrees improving prison
Memorandum of Understanding on Human human rights. Human rights education is conditions will take a long time.

Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

New HIV/AIDS campaign led by NGOs
Under the slogan "AIDS-less Future Depends on Us ", December 1st 's World AIDS Day kicked-off in Mongo-
lia under the leadership of non-government and government organisations. UNFPA 's fee for service clinic Marie
Slope's reproductive health clinic discounted its services while the Mongolian Youth Federation organised anti-
AIDSpromotion activities at 19 crowded places, including "Tsaiz" and "Harhorin" black markets. The peak of
the campaign was the meeting at Ulaanbaatar's Youth Palace where 500 to 600 youth gathered, according to Mr.
Demberelsuren, Head of the National Center of HIV/AIDS/STDs. We asked different organisations on thoughts of
the past and future of AIDS campaigns.

Mr.Demberelsuren (HIV/AIDS/STD 'S Na- we aimed to give our target group people as know I'm happy and think they are very
tional Center) much information as possible on HIV preven- useful - I w'ill definitely share with my
"We celebrate World AIDS day as the day tion. Because they are not accepted by society friends. To be honest the music is too loud
when we unite our voices. On this day govern- as being normal, we organise activities out of and I can't hear what people are saying. I
ment, public and all communities give their the public view. World AIDS Day is a good know AIDS is not curable and here in the
opinions/viewpoints on prevention against the opportunity for us to have discussion with our country there are some people who already
pandemic. In previous years, AIDS preven- target group on AIDS and other related issues. have the disease. I think more people should
tion was discussed by a small group of profes- We did meetings with good local and foreign know about AIDS.
sionals. This year the activity reached quite a counsellors during AIDS campaign. We
large audience. Many organisations were en- wanted to do a TV and Radio spot. But it is Mr. Wolf
couraged and supported to initiate their own still not being aired as Mongolian TV and
activities, and with their help we have reached Radio are not giving their
new target groups. It's not understood any more approval to
as one-day campaign and anti-AIDS promo-
tion is continued throughout the
year. For 1998

and Ms.Tuya (GTZ
project on reproductive health)
ait the It is important to have initiatives on
programmes. 1998 World AIDS prevention all year round. If we only
AIDS campaign was organised in dif- fight against AIDS during World AIDS
World ferent level to compare with previous years Day, it is not effective. We were one of the
'AIDS Day, organisa- experiences because many NGOs and de- lead organisations of this year's campaign.
tions started planning and discussions velopment agencies were involved. What We learnt many things. From next year the
one month before the 1s1 of December. We are we seeing as our future is to support campaign needs to be targeting aimags, not
learned that coordinating many different or- gay people to establish their own NGO. just city people. Also we were somehow
ganisations is not an easy task. We are now They want it but it's also hard for them to disappointed to see some untrue, we would
supporting more training and research work face the increasing pressure from society. say, messages from very nice performances
and we are planning to have a Conference on by students. It's our fault, and the fault of
AIDS research for the 1999 World AIDS Day. I know AIDS is not curable and here in people who are doing the promotion - not
We still can not update the information on Mongolia there are some people who al- coordinating messages. It can only lead to
health status of the two HIV positive ready have the disease. I think more peo- confusion. For example, people fear HIV
Mongolians. ple should know about AIDS. rather knowing the right methods of pre-
vention. Instead of making young people
Mr.Urtnasan ("TUS DEM" NGO) Ariuntuya,18 year old student (at the to know how to avoid unwanted preg-
Our NGO was established in 1996 with Youth palace activity) nancy they are blaming the ones who have
the purpose of giving support and help to gay We are excited to be here. I would like made mistakes.
people. From then we implemented two to know more about AIDS prevention and
projects with funding from UNDP and WHO. stuff like that. Although I could not read it
As gay people are a vulnerable group to HIV,

10 Blue Sky Bulletin
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

More super-insulated houses for 1999
UNDP "PEESS" straw buildings built in 1997-98
A successful UNDP project to introduce
super-insulated energy efficient building tech- 1. Health clinic in Biocombinat village of Ulaanbaatar 0 December 97'
nology to Mongolia is entering its second 2. Women Development Center In Amgalan of Ulaanbaatar July 98'
phase.The PEES or Provision of Energy Effi- 3. Health clinic Bagahangai District, Ulaanbaatar September 98'
cient Social Services Project is hoping to better 4. School dormitory in Dashinchilen soum, Bulgan aimag October 98'
its tally of eight buildings for 1998 (see table at 5. Cultural center in Tsagaan-Uur soum, Huvsgul aimag October 98'
the right). 6. Health clinic in Dulaankhaan village of Shaamag soum,Selenge aimag October 98'
The buildings use bales of straw to insulate 7. Kindergarten in Jargalant soum, Tuv aimag January 99'
the wall caveties of buildings. The project tar- 8. Kindergarten in Chingeltei district.Ulaanbaatar. Not transferred
gets buildings that are being used for social serv- yet to the Government
ices, since large portions of their budgets go
towards heating costs. All the buildings are even-
tually turned over to respective local govern- fear the flammability of the material);
ments. Need more ties and cooperation with pro-
A tour of four aimags by the project in the fessional agencies.
summer of 1998 ( Paul Groenewegen, UNDP
PO, Mr. Ochirbat, Ministry of PEESS project will be continued in 1999
Infrastructure,Mr.Ganbold, Mr.Tsend "PEESS with funding of $1.8 million from the Govern-
" project and Mr. Otgonbayar ADRA construc- ment of Norway, and pipeline funding of $1
tion engineer) concluded the following: million from UNDP/GEF and $740,000 from
the Dutch government.
many requests from central and local gov-
ernments proved the need for closer col- For the project team, the reputation of the
laboration with local governments; technology took a beating in 1998, with several
there needs to be more advocacy and pub- highly publicisied fires. Sub-standard construc-
licity to meet people's information needs tion techniques were to blame in many of the
and to correct misconceptions (people cases.
think the straw is the same as grass and

Dutch chip in for youth advice hotline
The Dutch embassy in Beijing has come to sponsor. The Dutch Embassy in China, which
the aid of a popular youth reproductive health also has responsibilty for Mongolia, chipped in
advice hotline. Named simply with a new year's present. "People are afraid of fire," says Mr.Tsend,
the "Trust Phone", the hotline "With the US $7,800 of who works for UNDP's PEESS project. The
was established in April of last funding we will equip the office, technology has been embraced by many peo-
year and has received calls from purchase compatible equipment ple who are looking for innovative ways to cut
more than 3,000 teens. Initiated and support future training," down on heating costs. Many organisations in-
by some doctors and gynaecolo- continues a happy Dr. Ayush. She cluding UNDP, the Government of Mongolia
gists, the Adolescent Futures stresses the importance of such and ADRA are funding initiatives for strawbale
Center (an NGO) also offers, counselling services. With many buildings. While UNDP projects adhere to the
along with counselling services, of their customers teenagers, stu- highest standards available, many independent
a clinic. dents, children of vulnerable contractors don't follow the best practices when
Dr. Ayush, a well-known groups, and also young families, it comes to building with straw bales.
pediatric-gynaeocologist and the fact is 90 per cent of them "Although only one UNDP project build-
teacher at the Medical university, could not pay for the service. ing burned down," continues Tsend. "at the eve
jointly runs the NGO with two "Adolescent reproductive of the second stage of the programme we are
young doctors, Enkhee and health counselling and the clini- thinking carefully on how to avoid fire in the
Bayarmaa. Typical calls range cal service is something to which future. The reputation and effectiveness of the
from fashion and fitness to preg- we should give first priority. But
project is at stake. Some builders don't segre-
nancy and STDs. The clinic has treated more not many people are working in this field right
gate the chimney from the strawbale part of the
than 200 mostly teenage girls. now, and it seems to be also a hard sector to
roof. And when the chimney is heated, sparks
" I heard about the trust phone from my sustain at this time of economic difficulties. But
in future if my dream comes true, I would like to from the metal chimney will ignite straw re-
friend," says 17-year-old Enhmaa, who was wor-
ried she had an STD. "I was embarrassed to come see our NGO become a complex organisation with sulting in a fire."
but my friend took me here. Here I got a lot of a fashion and fitness centre, a reproductive health The project is in its fourth year and the
support and I am so glad that I talked about my training centre and medical service provision. project is starting its second phase from April
hidden problem with an adult. Now I feel very Fitness seems to be a major need of youth." Dr. of 1999.
relieved and I think many more teens could come Ayush and the staff of the centre pass on their
here and get support." thanks to the Dutch Embassy in China and also
The centre, which was initially established to Mr. Jerry van Mourik, UN Support Officer to
with funds from the UN Resident Coordinator's the Resident Coordinator, for helping them to
Office, the UB City Mayor's Office and the City fulfil their wishes.
Health Department, was in urgent need of a new

Blue Sky Bulletin 11
Internal Newsletter of UNDP's Partnership for Progress in Mongolia * Issue #10 * February-March 1999

Letters able and logical.
If you find this job difficult we can offer our
with that? There are not that many Mongolian
people in the net", Nina Kemppainen,,Finland,
We wish you success and prosperity. Group
BSkyB receives many letters from our dedi- of your faithful readers. Editor's note: We are "I meet your organisation on the net. You have
cated readers. All of them are appreciated but we taking measures to correct this problem. done a fantastic job. I hope you will continue
only have space to print a few. The following is a (with your staff) to continue this. At the mo-
selection sent to BSkyB and to our UN Homepage. Comments from the UN Mongo- ment I am looking around for information on
lia website agriculture and coming financial tenders in this
Dear "Blue Sky" team, area.Just solid down to earth takes a lot
"Hey guys. I really like what you do on this maga- of time to dig myself through all the topics which
zine. I read a couple of articles that are very well are interesting for western vistors.Why am I so
The Women's Information and Research
written and they reminded me of home. I would interested in this ? There are serious problems in
Center (WIRC) staff members and volunteers like to say "keep up the good work".
have been using your bulletin for information food, foodsupply and foodmarketing in
Timur Tsend, USA. Mongolia.At the moment I am trying to link
dissemination and advocacy purposes as a mem-
ber of the Mongolian Resource Center's Network. some big Dutch companies to programmes in
"I am a huge fan of Mongolian culture and his- Mongolia." Jan Haeije de Jong, the Netherlands,
Information and articles contained in English ver- tory. I really love your website. I would like to
sion of the bulletin were of great interest and
find Mongolian friends or email penpals", Sonja
useful. Albrecht, USA, "I am interested in visiting Mongolia. I was also
However, the Mongolian version always had interested in foriegn ownership of property and
grammatical and stylistic problems. The issue #9 "I visited your site because I'm rather interested buisnesses, and investing in current buisnesses. If
of the "Blue Sky' bulletin is the worst example. in exotic countries and Mongolia is certainly one
you could direct me to the correct agencies I
Even, we tried very hard to find one good article from my point of a view. What I'd like the most
is to get a contact with Mongolian people either would appreciate it." J Flack, USA,
in this issue, unfortunately we failed to do so. flacogordo@,
Particularly, "the 50th Anniversary of the Uni- by e.mail or penpalling. Can you please help me
versal Declaration of Human Rights, Understand-
ing Poverty, UN Field Trip, Just Around the Cor-
ner" and etc were full of Mongolian language ba-
H3PAC3H YHfl3CTHMM BaiiryynnarbiH United Nations Mongolia
sic grammar mistakes, stylistic problems, bad MsflaamiMMH TOB Info Shop
translation and misinterpretations.
Taking this opportunity, we would like to List of new publications and reports
advise you to look into the "Mongolian Ver- In English
sion" more carefully and accurately in order to
make the articles and information understand 1. The Asian financial crisis: The Challenges for Social Policy, ILO, Geneva, 1998
2. Mongolia Country report. The Economist Intelligence Unit, London, 4th quarter 1998
3. Paying their fair share? Donor countries and international population assistance
Population Action International, Washington D.C., 1998
Upcoming events 4. Pre-feasibility study of the Processing of Crop Products in Khovd aimag, Mongolia
Resident Coordinator's Office FAO/RAP-Bangkok, 1998
One World UN Conference Series 5. Renewable energy for Mongolia. Proposal made to UNDP-Mongolia, The AMIDA GROUP, Inc.,
• April 3 1999, Social Development
6. Strenthenening Capacities for Growth through Trade and Investment in Asia and Pacific. Report
• April 22 1999, Women of the Programme Evaluation Mission, 1998
• May 14-17 1999, National Summit 7. Mongolia: Rapid Economic assessment -a child focused perspective
Save the Children Fund- UK Mongolia, 1998
Info Tech Town Hall Meeting
In Mongolian:
2nd week of march (broadcast on
Mongol TV after) 1. MoHrojibiH 3flHHH 3acrHHH H9xue.ii GaHAaJU XYYYXOTHH acyyjuibiH 6aKp cyypHHaac
Info Tech Enterpise Forum XHHC3H TOBH cyflajiraa, AHFJIMHH XvYXflHHr HBSSX caHniHH MOHFOJT aaxb xexeji6ep, 1998
2. HYB-biH xyxaB Apsan >KHJIHHH cypryynHHH rapbiH aenara, H3r Epxenu. TOCJIHHH
April-May H/J3X-eec 3pxji3H rapras, 1999
3. XYYXflHHr xeDKYYJisx xanaap 2000 OH xypxaji 6apHMxnax YHOTCHMH xexenGep
The UN Hsr Epxenu xecjiHHH XYPSSHA HJ3,3X-eec spxjrsH rapras, 1999
Annual 4. XYH ain 6a xorxBopxpfi xer>KHJi SPHHMX cyprajixuH rapbm asjiara
Report is hot
off the
MVHC-HHH XYH AM SYHH CypranxbiH TSB, YnaanGaaxap, 1998
Copies are
available in
English and Vulnerable
For your We accept letters! All letters should be no
personal copy more than 200 words in length. News briefs
just contact 1998 annual Report should be a maximum of 100 words each. Field
reports should not exceed 350 words. The Blue All submissions must be sent to the
Mr. Jerry van
Mourik, UN Sky Bulletin is a publication of the United Communications Office, UNDP, 7
Support Nations Development Programme in Mongo- Er khuu St., Ulaanbaatar,
Officer to the lia. The newsletter is published every month.
Resident The next deadline for submissions is March PO Box 49/207.
Coordinator 20. Telephone: (976-1) 325911.
Fax: (976-1) 326221.
Arrivals and Departures E-mail: davidsouth@undp.orf
Mr. Osman Shommad, a UNV from Sudan, is working as a Subscriptions to the newsletter are Please check out the United
Technical Adviser for the Capacity Building for Poverty Al- free! We can send the newsletter Nations Homepage at http://
leviation Project; Dr. Arun Kumar Mallik, a UNV from to you electronically, via e-mail, or
India, is working as a Team Leader and Health Educator; by post. Just send us your address
UNV Nikolay Nikolaev is working as an English
and how you would like to receive
teacher; UNV Tina Voolmann will work with the
UNAIDS project as an adviser.The longest serving UNV
the newsletter and we will rush it
Robert Ferguson (EPAP) left at the end of Feb;UNV out straight away.
Kate Johnson returned to Canada.

12 Blue Sky Bulletin