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1. What is the purpose of Enterprise Resource Planning? Chapter 1 a. Process automation seamless flow of data !. "nter departmental colla!oration c. #ata re$uired for decision ma%ing d. Reporting structure e. Knowledge management&colla!oration in a compan' (. )ow would 'ou define ERP in one sentence? *n enterprise wide s&w with the features of Common gui logic across the compan'+ common d! across the compan'+ cr'stalli,ed wor%flow& cr'stalli,ation of the entire process area. !asicall' for processing transactions. -. Who are the .endors of Enterprise Resource Planning? (not coming in final exam ) /'stems *pplications Product+ 0racle fusion+ Ramco Road+ 1icrosoft #'namics+ xapata+ open erp+ open !ra.o 2. What are the ma3or ERP modules? #epends on t'pe of functionalit' of the compan'. *ccounting and finance (4"C0)+ Warehousing+ sales and distri!ution+ purchase+ manufacturing+ mrp+ )R+ pre.enti.e maintenance+ crm etc 5. What ma3or pro!lems&issues does Enterprise Resource Planning address? • • • • • Process automation "nterdepartmental colla!oration+ external .endor colla!oration 6 scm #ash!oards #ata for decision ma%ing 7niform process of ta%ing decisions across the compan' decision ma%ing is addressed 8. What is a !usiness !lueprint? (.er' important $n) Process mapping of all the process (to a great le.el of detail+ in terms of wor%flow) that is re$uired when ERP is to !e implemented. 9his is prepared !efore an' implementation happens. :usiness !lueprint includes; • :usiness process mapping as6is model 1 multiplicit' of
o%ed during the process. What is the t'pical architecture for an ERP (!asic configuration)? Chec% notes 11. Companies that are going to die Companies that are loo%ing for !est !usiness practices adoption "n order to match the re$uirements of ERP "n order to ta%e care of scala!ilit' and future hori. Could !e automated or non6 automated. 4unctions are in. 4unctions 2 . )ow are companies t'picall' organi. 9a%en as process. )ow are companies organi.ing to an Enterprise Resource Planning product? t'picall' organi.• • • :usiness process to6!e . series of e.e an i&p and an o&p.ol.o%ed during e.els. txn 6< 10. 8. Process at an automatic le. !eginning part of the process =.ed !efore mo.P Companies whose processes are legac' s'stems which ha. !pr #ata flow diagrams shows&generates the wor%flow Entit' relationship diagram generates ta!les and d! 0utput of the !usiness !lueprint are the functional and the non6functional re$uirements. Cross functional..er a period of time where there is no logic in the s'stems&processes. When process is changed reengineering+ when products are changed 6 configuration • • • • • Companies which cannot get the desired output le. 9hese are called transaction !usiness processing.ed functionall' oriented would !e happening li%e finance+ production+ mar%eting 12.nts (underta%en consisting of input and output) after a trigger has !een fired.el is called transaction.ons chapter (.ed o. What is a process? alwa's ha.el with the existing processes.er' purchase order.e e. loo% li%e silos. eg finance is not applied separatel' !ut in. What is a transaction? *n' !usiness process can !e di.ed after implementing an Enterprise Resource Planning product? Process oriented.ided into transaction le. 7. What t'pes of companies )*>E to underta%e re6engineering? RE4ER 9?9 900.
1ost of the erp .endors tr' to identif' the !est practices in e. 21. What should 'ou consider when choosing ERP modules for 'our compan'? functional&process areas (that are the core process areas) and the processes in that functional areas. What is the cost range for a large compan' to install ERP? #epends.13. /teering Committee 6 4unctional people.ider.erage in the compan'. 9'picall' in the tune of few crores no matter what the solution is.er' industr'.endor for the specific industr'&functions. Eg DC9 = ma3or process areas & functional areas with 1GH processes 20. Pidilite 5GDE godre3 5 crores. "t is not possi!le to implement !est !usiness practices without re6 engineering 15. 9he processes existed !ut how it is ta%en care of in the !est wa' on the erp process are called !est practices. What is the !est of :reed /olution? :est of the ERP solutions&!est possi!le .e the access to that erp Pro3ect Champion. What are the !asic four functional areas of ERP s'stems? 4inance+ /upplier oriented+ )R+ customer oriented functions ( CR1+ /C#+ Dogistics) 17. 3 . )ow are !est practices used? 4or the re6engineering purpose & selection of modules for the compan'. 14.er for installing ERP? h&w+ s&w+ training and change management+ data con.ersion+ re6engineering elements. ( people from each function area owner) and 1 who wor%s (process area /1EAs). Eg. /hould !e a!le to handle people. What areas does cost co. :est practices are used !' adopting them in the compan' !' doing re6 engineering. 16. Who would 'ou assign to an Enterprise Resource Planning implementation team? "9 @ functional ppl @ ppl who ha.e to %now the process !ut needs to %now whom to get in touch with to get that 3o! done. Bot ade$uate information a!out the compan' and has good le.o for a small compan' with F warehouses 19. a people person who doesnAt ha. What is a !est practice? /ap. What is 1RP ""? 1fg resources planning re$uirement planning needs :01 precursor of erpE 1RP " materials 1 head (process 18. finacle for !an%s+ hospital info s'stems for hospitals+ manegistics for manufacturing+ sap for !oeing+ open erp&open !ra.com industr' solution. #epends on the compan' that re$uires the erp and the solution pro.
/upported networ% d! in the past 28.22.er' compan'? Iot necessar'+ depends on the nature of the compan' onl' those companies that can harness the power of erp and it is re$uired. Who are the team pla'ers and what are the o!3ecti. 26. "s ERP software inflexi!le?? Jes 27.aila!ilit' of human power at his disposal no outsourcing 4inancial sta!ilit' of the consultant Cultural fit with the consultant Word of mouth Past Performance of that person in other fields on time 3o!s+ how long can " go w&o pa'ing him on time commitments+ t'pe of ppl he deplo's 23. Will support o!3ect oriented d! in the future. text • • Commitment 6 Change management Resource a. "s ERP /oftware Pac%ages good for e.e done wor% in the field in the past • • • • • Past performance experience of similar industr' of similar . What t'pe of data!ase does ERP support? Relational #: 1anagement /'stem. What ma%es the R0" on ERP s'stems difficult to determine? #ifficult. Processes that are dependent on the human mind (eg consulting companies) donot re$uire erp. • • • • "nitiation #esign "mplementation manner 9esting 4 to ma%e sure the functional test cases are done in a proper .. What is managementAs role regarding ERP s'stems? Commitment etc. mostl' intangi!le !enefits metrics cannot !e measura!le (eg processing time) 25.olume.aila!ilit' not all !enefits are $uantifia!le onl' costs can !e $uantifia!leE 24.. What items should !e considered when wor%ing with a consultant to steer an ERP implementation? Consultants shud !e aware of ur processes+ aware of the erp as a pac%age+ shud ha.es for each phase? Phases. What are the phases that a compan' goes through when planning and implementing ERP s'stems. *.
e more success with ERP than others? "t has nothing to do with the ERP.ice le.elopment of ERP? Ietwor%ing technologies and #: technologies 5 . Pro!lems arise with the t'pe of situations arising. "t depends on the !usiness !lue print.el (=.ances that lead to the de. Wh' do some companies ha. What are some of the )ardware and /oftware ad. fast turn around and higher le.el of /D*As(ser. Eg !ad !usiness !lue print -G.• 1aintenance adherence).
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