Ana Medina Period 5 Mr.

Salcedo Science

Air pollution is the air we breathe contaminated with Smoke, Dust, dirt and gases such as Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, and Chlorofluorocarbons.

There are many causes for Air Pollution. The most common are Ozone, Carbon Monoxide, and Nitrogen Dioxide. The Ozone is a chemical released by cars and trucks, gas stations and factories. When ozone comes in contact with living tissues it can cause damage and illness. Carbon Monoxide is an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas. Its major cause is motor vehicles, and cigarette smoke. Nitrogen Dioxide is an odorless and colorless gas caused by motor vehicles, and electric utilities. Nitrogen Dioxide is formed when fuel is burned in high temperatures. Some Air Pollution factors are Urbanization, rapid growth of population, increasing traffic, and industrialization. Air

pollution can be measured by the air quality it has.

There are many types of air pollution. Some of them are Particulate matter, noxious gases, Smog, Acid rain, greenhouse effect, and holes in the ozone layer. Particulate matter is caused by the release of gas from burning fuel into energy, an example of this is……… Noxious gases, such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and chemical vapors, which take part in chemical reactions in the atmosphere, forming smog and acid rain. Smog is caused by chemical reactions… Smog can happen when burning a large amount of coal and is caused by smoke and sulfur dioxide. Acid Rain is Also known as acid deposition is contaminated precipitation formed by acids caused by sulfur and nitrogen. It is harmful to plants, animals, humans, and buildings. Greenhouse effect has molecules that trap energy/heat and that makes Earth warm enough for living things to live in. Since we are putting so many gasses in the atmosphere the Greenhouse is warming up quicker. The holes in the ozone layer are made by lightning and solar light of oxygen molecules. The ozone layer protects earth form dangerous ultraviolet radiation from the Sun, the release of chlorofluorocarbons cause’s holes to form in the ozone layer letting radiation go through and causing skin cancer and damages to the animals and plants. Air pollution affects our environment in various ways. Some are very serious others are severe. Air pollution has changed Earth’s Atmosphere leaving holes in the Ozone layer causing radiation to go trough and Earth has

become a sponge for absorbing heat and causing Global warming. Global Warming affects world food supply, sea level, weather, and the increase of tropical disease. Global Warming is also caused by the greenhouse effect, which its gasses admit and reflect Sun’s light, making Earth a warmer place. With Earth becoming warmer is expected to have more extreme weather, with more rain during wet periods, longer droughts, and more powerful storms. It’s also predicted that polar ice caps will melt by 2100, raising the sea level by 4 to 40 inches. Also Air pollution has caused the protective ozone layer to become thinner, in the Antarctic region the ozone even vanishes for a couple of weeks every year.

Air pollution has also affected a lot our health. Acid rain, an example of an air pollutant, contains high levels of sulfuric, which contaminate drinking water…… With the holes in the ozone layer that have been happening, ultraviolet radiation has passed right through causing skin cancer and cataracts. It has been said that 2.4 million people die each year in effect of air pollution. Each year there is 300,000 premature deaths in the USA because of the pollution caused by coal-fired power plants. Children feel more the air quality; they get bronchitis and earaches, where the air is polluted. In addition people with lung and heart disease tend to know when the air quality is very poor, their condition may worsen.

There are many ways to reduce air pollution. The one that is taking place right now is switching normal diesel/gas powered vehicles such as lawn trimmers, chainsaws, and snowmobiles into biodiesel/ bioethanol, or using hybrid cars that have fuel efficiency.

Air pollution is so bad, that there are laws about it; there is the Clean Air Act. The clean Air Act was passed by Congress in 1963. It was made to reduce smog, and air pollution. The clean Air Act was made to reduce outdoor, concentrations of air pollutants, that cause smog, haze, acid rain, reducing air pollutants that cause cancer, and other serious health effects, and to stop chemicals that destroy the stratospheric ozone. In 1970 the Clean Air Act was made a federal law, the first major environmental law in the U.S.