# 2013 FAMAT Fall Interschool Test What is this? This test contains forty questions/problems/puzzles.

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a2 . x2 . Find f (2013). n + 1. For how many integers 1 ≤ n ≤ 100 is π 4 530 a 954 b 2n + n ! also an integer? n+1 [1] 6. There is a square ABCD such that points A and B are on the circumference of O and CD is tangent to O. and 2015 all have the same number of divisors. · · · . The numbers 2013. a possible value for the expression is | − 1 + 2 − 3 + 4 · · · − 2011 + 2012 − 2013| = 1005. What is m + n? 9 − cos 4x n [1] 7. · · · . 2014. For example. Consider circle O with radius r . 3. x24 ) of integers such that 0 ≤ xk ≤ k for 1 ≤ k ≤ 24 and x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 + · · · + 24x24 = 2450 Let (x1 . a8 } of the numbers {2. For ABC . [1] 4. where m and n are relatively prime positive integers. How many relative permutations are there? [1] 10. AB + BC + AC = 61 cos ∠A + cos ∠B + cos ∠C = What is |AB · cos ∠C + BC · cos ∠A + AC · cos ∠B |? [2] 9. x24 ) be the average of all 24-tuples in S . Suppose a and b are real numbers such that a 2 − 3b 2 = 3a2 − b2 = What is a2 + b2 ? [2] 5.2013 FAMAT Fall Interschool Test [1] 1. x2 . 0 m 16 cos 2x dx = arctan . Two points A and B are chosen randomly from the inside of a circle Γ1 . · · · . Circle Γ2 is the circle with diameter AB . There exists a function f (x ) such that f (sin4 θ + cos4 θ) = sin8 θ + cos8 θ for all θ. and n + 2 all have the same number of divisors? [1] 2. If the sum of the areas of circle O and square ABCD is 2013. What is the smallest natural number n such that n. · · · . [1] 3. In the expression 1 2 3··· 2012 2013 each is randomly ﬁlled with either a plus or minus sign. What is the expected value of the expression? Page 2 of 11 3 11 . ak +1 ) = 1 for 1 ≤ k ≤ 7. 4. What is x1 + x2 + · · · + x24 ? [2] 8. A permutation {a1 . 9} is called relative if gcd(ak . determine r . What is the probability that Γ2 is contained entirely within Γ1 ? [2] 11. Consider the set S containing all 24-tuples (x1 .

setting n = 6 yields f (1) + f (2) + f (3) + f (6) = 36. Chords AB and CD of an ellipse intersect at focus F . 4026 Page 3 of 11 . ﬁnd tan θm . and BF = 5. A physicist designs a chamber shaped like an equilateral triangle and built with perfectly reﬂective walls. CF = 4.2013 FAMAT Fall Interschool Test [3] 12. Let f : N → N be the function such that f (d ) = n 2 d |n for all natural numbers n. What is the remainder when P (2013) is divided by 1000? [3] 16. suppose with the ﬁrst scrap labeled m and the second scrap labeled n. For example. If AF = 3. f (2013) g (2013) [≤ 1] 19. the sum of f (d ) over all divisors d of n equals n2 . and places both scraps back in the box. Let P (x ) be the polynomial of degree 2012 such that P (k ) = k ! for k = 0. k 2 [3] 14. He then cuts a small hole at each vertex of the chamber and aims a laser into the chamber through one of these vertices such that the laser beam makes an angle of θ with the side of the chamber closest to the beam (so that 0◦ < θ < 30◦ ). 2012. What is the expected number of times must Francisco repeat this process in order for all scraps in the box to be labeled with the same number? [2] 17. [3] 15. What is f (10!)? [3] 18. inﬁnitely diﬀerentiable functions satisfying the equations f (x ) g (x ) + =1 f (x ) g (x ) f (x ) g (x ) f (x ) g (x ) + = + f (x ) g (x ) f (x ) g (x ) for all x with f (x )g (x ) = 0. each scrap labeled with a distinct number from 1 to 2013. If n is the average of all answers provided. If θm is the largest value of θ for which the laser beam reﬂects 2013 times within the chamber before tripping a photodiode. · · · . Let Hn = 1 + 1 1 1 + + · · · + . It’s time for a game theory classic! Provide a real number n from the interval (0. Each vertex of the chamber is also outﬁtted with a photodiode that can detect when the laser beam is directed through it. each school will receive 1 − points. Evaluate f (2013) g (2013) + . Evaluate 2 3 n n n→∞ lim k =1 Hk Hn 2 − . relabels the second scrap m (so that both scraps are now labeled m). 1. He then erases the label n on the second scrap. Suppose f (x ) and g (x ) are nonconstant. what is DF ? [2] 13. Francisco has a box with 2013 scraps of paper. He randomly chooses two scraps of paper from the box. 2. 2013] as your |2n − 3n| answer. That is.

Name the movie and evaluate the indeﬁnite integral. V = ct 2 u = j v qz = −1 1 A = r s sin T 2 F L = dHJ Π = c( − y y= 2q 2 −n 2 1) ∞ √ v 0 un = q 2 o = cn + s T = 2qh Q = CHJ [1 for each part] 24. The answer is YOFVHSEBR in QDOZD. Name the movie and the concept. (b) One ﬁlm uses the example “ignore the blonde” to illustrate a particular concept in game theory.2013 FAMAT Fall Interschool Test [2] 23. x 2 sin x dx Page 5 of 11 . (c) This integral can be seen in a ﬁlm in which the main character solves it using the tic-tac-toe method. Answer the following about math in movies: (a) This graph can be seen in a ﬁlm in which the main character ﬁnds its adjacency matrix. Name the movie and calculate the determinant of the graph’s adjacency matrix.

you are attempting to catch the legendary Pok´ emon Kyogre. you throw a single standard Pok´ e Ball each turn.2013 FAMAT Fall Interschool Test [2] 25. This sleep status ailment aﬀects Kyogre for exactly three turns before he wakes up. Where in the world is Carmen Sandiego? Page 6 of 11 . semi-hostile alien civilization: resistance is nearly futile deduce our weapon override sequence from the facts below or perish FF0000FFFF00000000 A52A2AFF0000A52A2A EE82EEFF0000A52A2A 008000000000FF0000 FFFF00000000FFA500 FFA5004169E1FFFF00 FFA5004169E1008000 FFA500FFFFFF4169E1 FFFF00EE82EEEE82EE [][][][][][][][][][][][][][][][][][] 808080EE82EEFFFFFF Provide the override sequence as your answer and save the world. your Psyduck uses Hypnosis. Assuming that from the moment Kyogre ﬁrst falls asleep. While attempting to track down and steal the centuries-old treasure of Leonhard Euler. [3] 26. Though your Psyduck lacks the PP to use Hypnosis again.5 Pok´ e Balls will be accepted. he has more than enough HP to withstand Kyogre’s attacks indeﬁnitely. Having battled Kyogre down to 4% of its initial HP. what is the expected number of standard Pok´ e Balls necessary to capture Kyogre? Any answer with an error of at most 0. [2] 27. internationally wanted thief Carmen Sandiego ﬁnds herself in the following location. causing Kyogre to fall asleep. Researchers at SETI recently intercepted the following message sent to Earth by what appears to be an advanced. In a game of Pok´ emon Sapphire.