Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 2

Introduction This document is a tool designed to help give teachers a clear description of what should be covered in Reflection 2 of the Reflections 536 textbook. The textbook offers more material than can be covered in most regular classes. However, this summary should be seen as a guide only; the amount of time available as well as the students' interests and capabilities will determine the material which is covered. Further information about the material is found in the Teacher's Guide. Objectives Covered in Reflection 2 This reflection covers Terminal Objective 1.2: To solve problems using systems of inequalities. Students will be able to represent a situation by a system of inequalities of the first degree in two variables, find the feasible set and use it to solve the problem (find the optimum solution(s)). It is important to refer to the MEQ Curriculum document for more details on the objectives of the program (pp. 16 - 17). Time 7% of the year.

Comments 1. Prior Knowledge: Note that the students’ first introduction to inequalities (other than ordering numbers) occurred in Reflection 1 of Reflections 536 when they learned to solve various types of algebraic inequalities in one variable. Also, at previous levels, students have transformed from one mode of representation of a situation to another. In Math 436, students learned to represent a situation using a system of linear equations and to solve the resulting system using a table of values, a graph or an algebraic method (comparison, substitution or elimination). 2. Note that students often experience difficulty translating phrases such as “at least as great as” with the appropriate inequality symbols (<, >, ≤, ≥). They should learn to check their inequalities for accuracy using numerical values. Problems that involve multiple optimum solutions as well as those with discrete solutions should be covered. Using a graphing calculator can enhance students’ understanding of this topic. Note: As the students taking Math 536 generally constitute the top 35 - 40% of the school’s population, they should be expected to work more autonomously on assignments in order to cover the course content. Optional topics could be assigned for independent study.

3. 4. 5.

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: http://www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 2
Topic 1. Systems of First Degree Inequalities (pp. 166 - 199) Class 3% Time Priority 1 Optional Investment 1: 7 Think Tank p. 169 Investment 2: 8, 10, 11 Think Tank p. 177 Investment 3: 7, 10 Think Tank p. 185 Investment 4: 4, 5b, c, 9 Think Tank p. 190 Workout 2: 1-9, 1524, 28 Omit

Homework √ Representing Inequalities Investment 1: 1-6 Graphing Investment 2: 1-7, 9 Systems of Equations Systems of Inequalities* Investment 3**: 16, 8-9 Polygon of Constraints Investment 4: 1-3, 5a, 6-8 Workout 2***: 1014, 25-27, 29-31 Pop Quiz 2: p. 199 √ Optimum Solutions Function Rule Investment 5: 1-5, 7-9 Think Tank p. 209 (except a #6) √ Scanning Line Investment 6: 1-5, 8 Think Tank p. 217: a Optimization Problems Investment 7: 1-4, 7, 9 Workout 3***: 1-8, 12-14, 17, 18, 20, 24-26, 28, 31 Pop Quiz: p. 236

2. Target Objectives (pp. 200 - 209)

1%

Investment 5: 6, 10

3. DecisionMaking (pp. 210 - 240)

3%

Investment 6: 6, 7, 9 Think Tank p. 217: b Investment 7: 5, 6, 8 Think Tank p. 225 Workout 3: 9-11, 15, 16, 19, 21-23, 27, 29, 30, 32, 33

* Note that there is a translation error in the second sentence in the first paragraph. The sentence should read “To play this suite at a concert, the conductor must select fewer than 30 musicians...” ** Question 2 should read “Solve the following systems of equations ...” *** Time constraints will probably limit the number of questions which can be chosen from this workout. Select questions as needed to ensure the students’ understanding.
This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: http://www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/