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A Technical Seminar Report On MAGLEV: THE TRAIN OF THE FUTURE Submitted To JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY, ANANTAPUR In partial

fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Submitted By T.L.GUNA SEKHAR BABU (10BG1AO215) Under the esteemed guidance of Mr. C.HARSHAVARDHAN REDDY, M Tech., Assistant Professor Mr. J.ESHWARIAH, M.Tech., Assistant Professor

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING SRI VENKATESWARA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (Afflicted to Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University, Anantapur) KADAPA-516004 2013-2014

SRI VENKATESWARA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Affiliated To Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur) Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering

CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the technical seminar report entitled MAGLEV:THE TRAIN OF THE FUTURE is submitted by T.L.GUNA SEKHAR BABU (10BG1A0215), in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology in the department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Venkateswara Institute Of Science and Technology, Kadapa.

Technical seminar Guide Mr. C.HARSHA VARDHAN REDDY, M. Tech., Assistant Professor, Dept. of EEE, SVIST, Kadapa.

Head of the Department Sri. C.NARASIMHULU, M. Tech., Associate Professor, Dept. of EEE, SVIST, Kadapa.

DECLARATION I hereby declare that this report entitled MAGLEV : THE TRAIN OF THE FUTURE is the work done by T.L.GUNA SEKHAR BABU (10BG1AO215), towards the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of bachelor of technology in ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING and submitted to JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY,ANANTAPUR, is the result of the work carried out under the guidance of Mr. C.HARSHAVARDHAN REDDY, assistant professor of Sri Venkateswara Institute of Science and Technology, Kadapa.

T.L.Guna Sekhar Babu (10BG1A0215)

ABSTRACT Maglev systems are becoming a popular application around the globe. Maglev trains are popular in transportation stations in big countries like Germany, China, Japan and the United States of America due to the demand for high-speed transportation, as the general public transportation services become more congested with increase of population. Maglev trains are magnetically levitated trains that traverse in a very high speed, with only electricity being its main source of energy. The train propels forward without any friction from moving mechanical parts. It has many advantages with minor drawbacks. The basis of maglev trains mechanisms are magnetic levitation. This is achieved with the principal of repulsion and attraction between two magnetic poles. When two magnets have the same poles, it will repel with each other and when it has different poles, the result will be otherwise. There are currently three known maglev suspension systems. In this project report, we will be covering the basic principles of Electrodynamic Suspension Systems (EDS), Electromagnetic Suspension Systems (EMS) and Inductrack. The three suspension systems each have different characteristics and special features. While EDS and EMS both use only the interaction of magnets and superconductors, Inductrack uses coils on the track underneath the train body. All three suspension systems work under the same principal of magnetic levitation covered in this project report. The maglev propulsion system uses the interaction of stators, superconductors and magnets between the railway and the train. It has controls for speed and direction, which are based on electricity.

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LIST OF CONTENTS Title Abstract List Of Contents List Of Figures List of Abbreviations Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Chapter 2: EVOLUTION AND WORKING PRINCIPLE OF MAGLEV 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Evolution of Maglev 2.3 Working Principle Of Maglev 2.4 Types Of Maglev Methods Chapter 3: MAGLEV TECHNOLOGY 3.1 Electromagnetic Suspension 3.2 Electrodynamic Suspension 3.3 Inductrack 3.4 Pros And Cons Of Differential Technologies Chapter 4: WORKING OF MAGLEV TRAINS 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Levitation System V Page no. iv v vii viii 01 01 02 02 02 03 05 06 06 07 08 09 11 11 11

4.3 Guidance 4.4 Maglev Vehicles 4.5 Propulsion System 4.6 The Guideway 4.7 The Maglev Track Chapter 5: IMPLEMENTATIONS OF MAGLEV TRAINS 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The Linimo Maglev Train 5.2.1 Yamanashi Maglev Train 5.3 Shanghai Transrapid Maglev Train 5.4 The Transrapid Chapter 6: ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES AND SAFETY 6.1 Advantages Of Maglev Trains 6.2 Disadvantages Of Maglev Trains 6.3 Safety 6.3.1 At The Time Of Maglev Failure 6.3.2 No Chance Of Crash If Guideway Power Is Cut-off 6.3.3 Free Of Environmental Hazards Chapter 7: CONCLUSION BIBILOGRAPHY

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LIST OF FIGURES Fig. No. Fig.2.1 Fig.3.1 Fig.4.1 Fig.4.2 Fig.4.3 Fig.4.4 Fig.4.5 Fig.4.6 Fig.4.7 Fig.4.8 Fig.5.1 Name Of The Figures Primary Functions Of Maglev EDS Suspension System Internal Working Of Maglev Train Guideway structure Guidance and Support Magnet Sections Of The Maglev Trains Process Of Propulsion And Travelling Field Guideway Turning Power Supply Maglev Track Installations On The Yamanashi Maglev Test Line Page. No. 04 07 11 13 13 13 14 15 16 16 18

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LIST OF ABBREVATIONS TERM EDS (or) EDL EMS FAA HSR LIM LSM MAGLEV PRT SSC SPM TEA ABBREVATION Electrodynamic Leviation System Electromagnetic Suspension Federal Aviation Administration High Speed Railway Linear Induction Motor Linear Synchronous Motor Magnetic Leviation Personal Rapid Transist Superconducting Supercollider Stabilised Permanent Magnet Transport Equity Act

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