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Traditionalist School - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Traditionalist School
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

See also: Traditionalist School (architecture) The term Traditionalist School (whose perspective is generally referred to as Traditionalism or Perennialism) is used by many authors to denote a school of thought based upon a belief that all the world's great religions share the same origin (in a primordial principle of transcendent unity) and are, at root, based on the same metaphysical principles. These ideas are sometimes referred to in the Latin as philosophia perennis and are expounded in the writings and teachings of French metaphysician Ren Gunon, German-Swiss philosopher Frithjof Schuon and the Ceylonese-British scholar Ananda Coomaraswamy. The school includes such figures as Titus Burckhardt, Martin Lings, Jean-Louis Michon, Marco Pallis, Huston Smith, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Jean Borella and, Julius Evola.[1]

1 Terminology 2 Philosophia Perennis 3 Traditionalism and Religion 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 Further reading 9 External links

Traditionalist authors themselves have always had reservations about the use of the term "traditionalist". Frithjof Schuon discusses it in one of his books: "traditionalism"; like "esoterism," () has nothing pejorative about it in itself and one might even say that it is less open to argument and a far broader term, in any case, than the latter; in fact, however, () it has been associated with an idea which inevitably devalues its meaning, namely the idea of "nostalgia for the past" () If to recognize what is true and just is "nostalgia for the past," it is quite clearly a crime or a disgrace not to feel this nostalgia.[2] A similar objection, coming from Gunon, is reported in an article by Renaud Fabbri: It could be argued that Traditionalism and Perennialism are synonymous, "traditionalism" being used mostly in France and Europe. However, Gunon himself dismissed the term of traditionalist because it implies in his view a kind of sentimental attachment to a tradition which, most of the time, has lost its metaphysical foundation.[3][4] Coomaraswamy touches on these terms as he discusses Vedanta and an important Perennialist concept, that of metaphysics: The metaphysical "philosophy" is called "perennial" because of its eternity, universality, and immutability; it is Augustine's "Wisdom uncreate, the same now as it ever was and ever will be"; the religion which, as he also says, only came to be called "Christianity" after the coming of Christ () and so long as the tradition is transmitted without deviation ()[5] Further down in the same essay he does not shun the use of "traditionalist": "ultimate Truth is not, for the Vedantist, or for any traditionalist, a something that remains to be discovered, but a something that remains to be understood"[6] Similarly, in his "Introduction"[7] to the Sacred Web Conference on "Tradition in the Modern World" Charles, Prince of Wales uses repeatedly the term traditionalist.[8] Nowadays some traditional/perennialist authors appear to be more comfortable with the simpler designation of "traditional" and the use of the word "tradition", as evinced by the names of several organizations and publications related to these authors, viz. "The Foundation for Traditional Studies", Sacred Web: A Journal of Tradition & Modernity, Eye of the Heart: A Journal of Traditional Wisdom.

The word "Tradition" has a special meaning for the

Traditionalist school,[3] removed from the current meaning of folklore, but pointing instead1/5