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Implementation of BS 5400: Part

10: 1980 - Code of Practice for


Fatigue
Summary: This Departmental Standard covers the implementation of BS 5400: Part 10
for the fatigue assessment of Highway bridges.
THE HIGHWAYS AGENCY BD 9/81
THE SCOTTISH OFFICE DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT
THE WELSH OFFICE
Y SWYDDFA GYMREIG
THE DEPARTMENT OF
THE ENVIRONMENT FOR NORTHERN IRELAND
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DESIGN MANUAL FOR ROADS AND BRIDGES
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VOLUME 1 HIGHWAY
STRUCTURES:
APPROVAL
PROCEDURES AND
GENERAL DESIGN
SECTION 3 GENERAL DESIGN
BD 9/81
IMPLEMENTATION OF BS 5400:
PART 10: 1980 - CODE OF PRACTICE
FOR FATIGUE
Contents
Chapter
1. Scope
2. Implementation
3. Departmental Requirements
4. References
5. Enquiries
Appendix 1 Corrections to BS 5400: Part 10: 1980
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BD 9/81 Scope
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1. SCOPE
1.1 This Departmental Standard covers the implementation of BS 5400: Part 10 (Fatigue) for use in the fatigue
assessment of highway bridges. It sets out the Departments requirements as far as certain aspects of the design criteria
are concerned. It does not cover the fatigue assessment of aluminium, wrought iron or cast iron members, nor steel
wires and cables.
1.2 A list of corrections for minor textual errors in the British Standard is included at Appendix 1 of this
Departmental Standard.
1.3 Advice concerning the use of BS 5400: Part 10 is given in the complementary Advice Note BA /81.
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BD 9/81 Implementation
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2. IMPLEMENTATION
2.1 The fatigue assessment of bridges belonging to the Department of Transport will henceforth be carried out in
accordance with the procedures set out in BS 5400: Part 10 as amended by this Departmental Standard.
2.2 This part of this British Standard will supersede Technical Memorandum BE 16 and those parts of the Interim
Design and Workmanship Rules for Steel Box Girder Bridges that deal with fatigue.
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BD 9/81 Departmental Requirements
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3. DEPARTMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
3.1 Standard Design Criteria
Highway bridges shall normally be assessed for the standard design life of 120 years (4.1) using the standard loading
(7.2.2) and the annual flow of commercial vehicles given in Table 1 of BS 5400: Part 10. However, in certain cases it
may be appropriate to use a non-standard design life, a non-standard load spectrum or non-standard vehicle flows. Such
cases might well include:
i. temporary structures, if these are subject to weight restrictions, limited life or local traffic flows
substantially different from standard flows
ii. accommodation bridges where the vehicle flows and weights depend upon a particular usage eg access
to a farm or factory.
In such cases though, it should be borne in mind that the usage of a particular structure may well change during its
design life. In all cases the use of non-standard criteria shall be dealt with in accordance with the procedures given in
the Departmental Standard BD 2/79.
3.2 Stress Ranges (6.1)
It should be noted that from a fatigue point of view compressive loading on a welded detail is assumed to be just as
damaging as tensile loading. Therefore full account must be taken of compressive stresses when calculating the
effective stress range for a welded detail.
3.3 Design
r
- N Relationship (11,2 and A,3)
The fatigue life of any detail must always be based on the 2.3% probability of failure criterion as used to obtain the design
curves in Figure 14. This criterion is also implicit in the damage charts in Figure 10 and the limiting stress ranges in Figure 8.
* The numbers in brackets are the relevant clause nos. in BS 5400: Part 10
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BD 9/81 References
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4. REFERENCES
4.1 The following documents are referred to in this Departmental Standard:
1. BS 5400: Part 10: 1980 Steel, concrete and composite bridges, Part 10. Code of Practice for Fatigue.
2. Departmental Advice Note BA: The Use of BS 5400: Part 10, Code of Practice for Fatigue.
3. Departmental Standard BD 2/29: Technical Approval of Highway Structures or Trunk Roads
(including Motorways), Part 1. General Procedures.
4. Technical Memorandum (Bridges) BE/16: Provisional Fatigue Requirements for Steel Bridges.
5. Inquiry into the Basis of Design and Method of Erection of Steel Box Girder Bridges: Interim Design
and Workmanship Rules, Parts I, II, III and IV (HMSO)
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BD 9/81
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5. ENQUIRIES
Technical enquiries arising from the application of this Departmental Standard to a particular project should be
addressed to the appropriate Technical Approval Authority.
All other technical enquiries or comments should be addressed to:-
Assistant Chief Engineer
Bridges Engineering Design Standards Division
Department of Transport
St Christopher House
Southwark Street
LONDON SE1 0TE
All enquiries concerning the distribution of this Departmental Standard should be addressed to:
Administration of Road Construction 1
Department of Transport
Room S7/23
2 Marsham Street
LONDON SW1P 3EB
Telephone Number: 01 212 4944
Chapter 5
Enquiries
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BD 9/81 Appendix 1
December 1981 A1/1
CORRECTIONS TO BS 5400: PART 10: 1980
Page Number
4 5.1.2.2 Paragraph 1, Lines 6, 7 and 8
Delete statement within brackets.
5 6.2.1 Figure 1
Delete "M ,P ", insert "M ,P ".
1 1
1 1
5 6.3 Figure 2
Delete " ,
t
", on axis, insert " , ".
N n t
8 7.2.5 Paragraph 1, Line 9
Delete "127 ", insert "127r".
r
17 8.3.2 Figure 11
Insert bold line on graph for K 1.2.2 from
F
L = 1 to L = 2.5.
20 9.2.4 Paragraph 1, Line 8
Delete "at", insert "of".
21 11.2 Figure 14
Insert "of" after "summary" in title.
22 11.2 Paragraph 1, Line 4
Delete "16", insert "14".
25 B1 Paragraph 1, Line 6
Delete "of the graph".
25 Appendix C Title, Line 1
Delete ";".
30 D.2.2 Paragraph 1, Line 1
Delete "These", insert "To".
32 D.3.3 Paragraph 1, Line 3
Delete "(see also figure 1)".
36 E.1 Figure 19, NOTE Line 2
Delete "F,", insert ", F".
45 H.4.1 Figure 26, NOTE
The note does not refer specifically to Figure 26
but should be included as part of the general text
of H.4.1.
45 H.4.3 Sub-clause 1, Type 3.1, Line 6
Delete "5.1.2.5", insert "5.1.2.4".
46 H.4.3 Sub-clause 9, Types 3.7 and 3.8, Paragraph 2, Line 7
Delete "lameller", insert "lamellar".
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Appendix 1 BD 9/81
A1/2 December 1981
49,51,53 H.1.1 Tables 17(a), 17(b) and 17(c)
Delete "" Important features that change significantly from one type of
another .".
Delete "" where it occurs attached to class letters in
the tables.
49 H.1.1 Table 17(a), Type 1.12, Special design stress parameter
Delete "7.5", insert "6.5".
51 H.1.1 Table 17(b), Type 2.12, Manufacturing Requirement
Delete "plus", insert "g".
53 H.1.1 Table 17 (c), Type 3.3 and 3.4, Dimensional requirements
Delete "(see footnote)".
53 H.1.1 Table 17(c) Types 3.1 to 3.6, Manufacturing requirements
Delete "weld and ground", insert "weld ends ground".
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