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Knaves and Knights

An island is inhabited by two classes of people: knights, who make only true statements, and knaves, who make only false statements. Three inhabitants are conversing. Alfred says, "All of us are knaves." Bert says, "E actly one of us is a knight." !hat are Alfred, Bert, and "harles# Answer

Fork in the Road


The "linton Brothers $Bill and Ben% are identical twins. Ben is known to be totally truthful, and the other is a politician. &ou meet one of them at a fork in the road, and there's no sign to indicate which is the road to !ashington $your destination%. !hat single (uestion can you ask the brother who is there, to discover the correct road# Assume that you don't know if it's Bill or Ben, and that politicians always lie... Answer

The Portrait
)ooking at a portrait, a man said "Brothers and sisters have * none, but that man's father is my father's son." !hose portrait is it# Answer

False Statements
!hich of the following statements is true# +. E ,. E -. E .. E /. E 0. E 1. E 2. E 3. E +4. E Answer !hat happens if you remove the word 'E actly' from all the statements# Answer actly one of these ten statements is false. actly two of these ten statements are false. actly three of these ten statements are false. actly four of these ten statements are false. actly five of these ten statements are false. actly si of these ten statements are false. actly seven of these ten statements are false. actly eight of these ten statements are false. actly nine of these ten statements are false. actly ten of these ten statements are false.

$29

Three people check into a hotel. They pay 5-4 to the manager and go to their room. The manager finds out that the room rate is 5,/ and gives 5/ to the bellboy to return. 6n the way to the room the bellboy reasons that 5/ would be difficult to share among three people so he pockets 5, and gives 5+ to each person. 7ow each person paid 5+4 and got back 5+. 8o they paid 53 each, totalling 5,1. The bellboy has 5,, totalling 5,3. !here is the remaining dollar# Answer Bookworm A bookworm eats from the first page of an encyclopedia to the last page. The bookworm eats in a straight line. The encyclopedia consists of ten +4449page volumes and is sitting on a bookshelf in the usual order. 7ot counting covers, title pages, etc., how many pages does the bookworm eat through# Answer Which Box Contains the old!

Two bo es are labeled "A" and "B". A sign on bo A says "The sign on bo B is true and the gold is in bo A". A sign on bo B says "The sign on bo A is false and the gold is in bo A". Assuming there is gold in one of the bo es, which bo contains the gold# Answer Camel Race An Arab sheikh tells his two sons to race their camels to a distant city to see who will inherit his fortune. The one whose camel is slower will win. The brothers, after wandering aimlessly for days, ask a wise man for advise. After hearing the advice they :ump on the camels and race as fast as they can to the city. !hat does the wise man say# Answer Centri"#ge &ou are a biochemist, working with a +,9slot centrifuge. This is a machine that has +, e(ually spaced slots around a central a is, in which you can place tubes containing chemical samples you want separated. !hen the machine is turned on, the samples whirl around the central a is and the denser substances are forced to the bottom of the tubes.

To ensure that the samples are well separated, they must be distributed in the +, slots such that the centrifuge is balanced evenly. ;or e ample, if you wanted to centrifuge . samples, you could place them in slots +,, -, 0 and 3 $assuming the slots are numbered from + to +, like a clock%. <roblem: "an you use the centrifuge to separate / samples# Answer $limination 31 baseball teams participate in an annual state tournament. The way the champion is chosen for this tournament is by the same old elimination schedule. That is, the 31 teams are to be divided into pairs, and the two teams of each pair play against each other. After a team is eliminated from each pair, the winners would be again divided into pairs, etc. =ow many games must be played to determine a champion# Answer Flowers =ow many flowers do * have if all of them are roses e cept two, all of them are tulips e cept two, and all of them are daisies e cept two# Answer %ocks and Boxes &ou want to send a valuable ob:ect to a friend. &ou have a bo which is more than large enough to contain the ob:ect. &ou have several locks with keys. The bo has a locking ring which is more than large enough to have a lock attached. But your friend does not have the key to any lock that you have. =ow do you do it# 7ote that you cannot send a key in an unlocked bo , since it might be copied. Answer &ixing Tea and Co""ee 8tart with a half cup of tea and a half cup of coffee. Take one tablespoon of the tea and mi it in with the coffee. Take one tablespoon of this mi ture and mi it back in with the tea. !hich of the two cups contains more of its original contents# Answer