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Unites States ate-t" 1191'

McKee. ' '1 v. -

m1 3,791,297
[45] Feb. 12, 1974
3,106,159- 10/1963
3,731,625 3,534,685


Abramson ........................... ..102/30

[75] Inventor: James Glen McKee, Chateauguay,

" Quebec, Canada ' , .

10/1970 5/1973 - Slawinski Romocki ......... et a1. .1. .. ................ .. 102/24

[731 AAssignee: Canndianlndustrios, Limited;

Montreal, Quebec, Canada
[221 Filed: _Nov.30, 1972 '


974,501 11/1964 Great Britain ......... ........... .. 102/24

[2'1] Appl. No.: 310,887

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data

Priinary ExamirierVer1in R. Pendeigrasrs

Attorney, Agent, or Firmg-Donald G. Ballantyne
[57] I ' - ABSTRACT

Dec. 15, 1971

Canada .............................. .. 130230

A thermoplastic ?lm package containing a blasting ex

[52] [51] [58]
[56] I '

US. Cl .............................................. .. 102/24 R Int. Cl. ................................... .. F421) 3/00 Field of Search ............ ............... .. 102/24 R
A 1 References Cited I

plosive is provided having particular utility in secon dary blasting operations. The package is especially
suitable for aqueous slurry blasting agents which are

?lled through a self-closing valved opening. The pack

age is also provided in the form of a train of detach


2,558,163 6/1951 Wright et a1 ........................ .. 102/24

ably connected side~by-side packages.

5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures




This invention relates to a novel explosive package. More particularly, the invention relates to an improved

ping panels 3 and 4. Panels 3 and 4 are shown as inte gral with back wall 2 and thus form with the latter a length of tube which is closed at both ends by trans
verse seams 5 and 6. Except for a limited portion 7 ex

package for explosives used in secondary blasting. In secondary blasting, explosives are employed for
the purpose of breaking up large pieces of rock in open pit operations or for the dislodgement of rock projec tions in underground workings and the like. Generally, in secondary blasting, an explosive charge is simply
placed on the surface of the rock, jammed into a rock crevice or held against the rock by means of props or

tending transversely of the bag, panels 3 and 4 are

united to each other in their common area of overlap

by seams 8 and 9 extending from transverse seals 5 and 6 respectively to said portion 7. The portion 7 left un
sealed in the common area of overlap between panels 3 and 4 constitutes a tubular valve opening suitable for

insertion into the bag of ?lling spout 10. When the bag is ?lled with an explosive mixture, the edge of panel 3
acts as a valve which closes upon pressure exerted by

poles and thereafter detonated. In quarry operations, for example, a very large number of secondary blasts may be required to fragment boulders for subsequent crushing. Economy and convenience, therefore, are the

the explosive mixture and prevents egress of the latter

through the unsealed portion 7.

The alternative form of the invention illustrated in FIG. 3 shows a package generally similar to that of FIG. 1 and 2 with the exception that it comprises a bag hav

principal requisites of any explosive used in secondary

In the past, it has been customary to prepare secon

ing two ply walls. The back wall 2 is comprised of plies

2A and 2B and the panels 3 and 4 of the front wall are

dary blasting charges from one or several cartridges of conventional dynamite or to employ dynamite compo sitions packaged in small bags. This method is fre

quently both costly and inconvenient since charges of

this type do not lend themselves to easy placement on

comprised of plies 3A and 3B and plies 4A and 48 re spectively. Panel 3 which, in the area of overlap with panel 4 is located inwardly of the bag with respect to said panel 4, is characterized in that the free edge of its

or in the rock. It has been suggested by J.M.E. Ro 25 inner ply 3A projects somewhat beyond the free edge mocki et al. in US. Pat. No. 3,534,685, granted on Oct. of its outer ply 33. Except for the above differences,

20, 1970, to employ for secondary blasting charges a pulverized ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (AN/F0) blast ing agent contained within a plastic bag, the bag being

the bag which the package of FIG. 3 is made of is simi

lar to that shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. In the package con struction of FIG. 3, the edges of plies 3A and 38 act as

especially adapted for simpli?ed priming. While this proposal goes far towards economizing secondary
blasting operations, it has not solved all of the problems
associated therewith. There remains a need for a yet

dual valves which close the unsealed portion 7 upon pressure of the explosive mixture contained in the bag.
FIG. 4 shows a series or train of explosive-?lled bags such as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 or FIG. 3, intercon
35 nected by webs 11 of the ?lm material which the bags

further improved explosive package for secondary blasting, which package combines economy of produc
tion and use with safety, convenience and explosive ef fectiveness. It is the object of the present invention to provide an improved explosive package suitable for use in secon

are made of. Webs 11 have perforations 12 therein to aid in detaching one package from the adjacent one when desired.

dary blasting.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a se

While AN/FO explosives may be used in the explo sive package of the invention, the preferred explosive
for use is an aqueous slurry mixture comprising a thick

ries of detachably connected explosive packages suit able for use in secondary explosive blasting.

ened mixture of oxidizer salts and fuels dispersed in an aqueous solution of the salts, Such a composition is

Other objects of the invention will become apparent economic to manufacture and safe to use and is ideally 45 hereinafter. suited to the aforedescribed container since it results in The improved explosive package of the invention a package which is kneadable and which can be comprises a bag-like container of thermoplastic ?lm wedged into rock ?ssures or conformed to rock irregu and a blasting explosive composition contained within larities. Slurry explosives may also be packaged in the
at least two of its edges and having a valved ?lling 50 to provide a package of high density. The resultant opening for the introduction of blasting explosive package resembles somewhat a small pillow. therein. The thermoplastic ?lm employed in the container The invention may be more fully understood by ref preferably has a thickness of about 4 mils and double erence to the accompanying drawing wherein like nu ply ?lm of 2 mils in each ply has been used to manufac 55 merals indicate like parts and wherein ture superior packages. Double ply containers exhibit FIG. 1 shows a view of a preferred embodiment of a improved tear resistance over single ply containers. A package made in accordance with the present inven number of flexible plastic materials combining high
tion; FIG. 2 shows a view of the package of FIG. 1 taken

said container, said container being heat-sealed along

described container by simple extrusion methods thus

along line AA thereof;

FIG. 3 shows an alternative form of package; and FIG. 4 shows a train of the packages of FIG. 1 de

tensile and tear strength are known which may be used in the construction of the container and which will sug gest themselves to those skilled in the art. A preferred

material of construction is polyethylene having a wall

thickness of from about 2 to about 8 mils.

A shown in FIG. 3, the explosive package of the in Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawing, there is 65 vention may be provided in a detachable train form. shown a valve bag 1 containing an explosive composi Such a con?guration permits the blaster to choose one, tion. Bag 1 which is of the general pillowcase type has two or more packages as may suit the needs of the a back wall 2 and a front wall made of partially overlap blasting to be undertaken. The connected packages for

tachably connected together.

multiple use can be simply pleated together in accor

explosive package was primed by means of a wrap of

dion fashion to provide larger charges. Single contain ers may be simply detached by tearing along the perfo

a 25 grains/foot detonating cord and strategically placed against the boulder or the hang-up rock pro

rated or weakened connecting web. jection to be blasted. The detonating cord primers were It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that a 5 initiated by means of blasting caps and safety fuse. Ex number of so called valved containers may be suit cellent fragmentation was obtained on all boulders and

ably employed in the explosive package of this inven

tion; the principal requirements for such a container being economy, ease of ?lling, durability and, espe cially, satisfactory retention of the explosive contents.
While the valve container described herein has been shown to be excellent for the purpose intended, other

hang-ups. It was noted by mine personnel that the prim ing and placing of the packages were simple and speedy and provided excellent contact with the rock. Because of the nature of the explosive used, the period required
for smoke clearance after blasting was much reduced as compared to conventional dynamite or AN/FO ex

similar known containers could doubtlessly be adapted

for the purpose. A container of the type herein de What we claim is: scribed is more fully disclosed by P. T. Jennings et al. 1. A blasting explosive package suitable for use in in Canadian Pat. No. 709,244, granted on May 11, secondary blasting comprising a rectangular valve bag 1965. made from heat-scalable thermoplastic ?lm and con In use in the ?eld at the blasting site for secondary sisting of a back wall and a front wall, each made of blasting, the blaster will prepare an initiation means, for example, a loop of detonating cord or a detonating 20 two-ply panels partially overlapping each other, the said front and back panels being joined along their en cap and fuse or a small primer charge and place it in tire periphery, said panels in their common area of contact with the outside wall of the explosive package. overlap being sealed together in such a manner as to. The choice of initiator will depend on the sensitivity of form a tubular dual-valved self-closing opening extend the secondary blasting explosive used. Such an initiator may be secured in place by, for example, an adhesive 25 ing transversely of the bag, said self-closing opening being of such a diameter as to allow the insertion tape strip. The thus assembled charge is then placed on therein of a ?lling spout, and a blasting explosive com the rock or obstruction to be blasted and the charge ini

plosives formerly used in secondary blasting.

tiated. Generally, charges for secondary blasting will

range from about 1 to 20 pounds or more in weight.

position contained in said rectangular valve bag.

2. An explosive package as claimed in claim 1

3. An explosive package as claimed in claim 1 wherein the blasting explosive comprises an ammo

The following Example illustrates the improved ex 30 wherein the thermoplastic ?lm is polyethylene ?lm.
plosive package of the invention but it is in no manner to be limited to the embodiment described.

4. An explosive package as claimed in claim 1 In an underground gold mine at a 3,100 foot level 35 wherein the blasting explosive comprises an aqueous slurry explosive. draw point, a series of 12 secondary blasts were ?red 5. Explosive packages as claimed in claim 1 detach using l lb. and 21/2 lb. explosive packages of the inven tion where a TNT-containing aqueous ammonium ni ably connected together in side-by-side relationship.


nium nitrate/fuel oil explosive.

trate slurry comprised the explosive composition. Each