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Vocabulary in Context

Read the following passage, in which some of the words you have studied in this unit appear in boldface type. Then complete each statement given below the passage by circling the letter of the item that is the same or almost the same in meaning as the highlighted word.

The Great Green Green World The Great W orld
Forests developed in marshlands about 365 million years ago. These primordial tracts covered the earth for eons, providing food and shelter first for animals and later for human beings. In fact, sixty percent of the earth’s landmass was covered with forest until humans began clearing great swaths of timber for farmland and town-building. Although many decry the loss of so much forest habitat, few realize that today forests still occupy thirty percent of the planet. The forest ecosystem is a very complex, interdependent environment that evinces a great variety of plants and animals that range from huge, towering trees to low shrubs and mosses to invisible, microscopic bacteria that break down larger organisms. This natural recycling process returns minerals to the soil where they can again be used by plants to make food. There are also different types of forests, depending on climate, soil, water, and geography. These include the verdant rain forests of the tropics, the mixed deciduous forests of the temperate zones, the cold boreal or northern forests with their short growing season, the grassy treepocked savannas of Africa, and the murky evergreen forests of the wet Pacific Northwest. Actual life for forest creatures may contradict our utopian visions of a wild paradise. In reality, every animal, bird, and plant in the forest must compete Hikers dwarfed by a California with others of its kind and with similar species for redwood tree food, breeding space, and water. Many plants and animals live by feeding on others, creating and sustaining a complex food chain. The truth of forest life is that, although individuals die, species survive and so does the forest, unless human beings disturb its delicate balance. 4. The meaning of verdant (line 18) is a. barren c. green b. noisy d. frightening 5. Murky (line 22) most nearly means a. wet c. dim b. merry d. wild 6. Utopian (line 25) most nearly means a. idealistic c. charitable b. futuristic d. primitive Unit 3


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1. The meaning of primordial (line 1) is a. agricultural c. expansive b. mysterious d. original 2. Decry (line 6) most nearly means a. extol c. bemoan b. denounce d. publicize 3. Evinces (line 10) is best defined as a. destroys c. hides b. boasts d. exhibits


Vocabulary Workshop, Level GUnit 3  ■  1