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Legal Fungicides and Usage Information for Orchids

De Orchid Pests and Deseases de American Orchid Society Revision de 1995 This information is compiled from the latest available federal pesticide labels. Use of a trade name is solely for providing information and is not a guarantee or warranty of the products named, and does not signify approval to the exlusion of other products of suitable composition. Listing of a specific product does not ensure or guarantee absolute performance against a particular disease. emember, the name of the crop to be treated must appear on the label. !iseases listed in this chapter to be treated by specific products may not always appear on the product label, as per flexibility provided by amended Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and odenticide "ct #FIF "$ legislation in %&'% ()ection *#ee$+. Captan (cis-N-trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboximide). Trade name, -aptan ./ 01, -aptan '/ 0 2anufactured by 3eneca, Inc. 1roduct cleared for use in both the field and greenhouse to control damping4off diseases as a protectant. Legal usage, For use across ornamental plant species #seedling or transplant stage$ grown in soil or greenhouse benches. ate, *./ lbs. product5%// gals. or %.. lbs. product5%// gals., respectively. "pply %. gals. spray5%,/// s6. ft. of bed or bench. #% Tbl.5l gal.577 s6. ft. bed or 4* Tsp.5gal.577 s6. ft. bed, respectively.$ -omments, "pply as a directed soil surface spray. Copper Sulfate, asic (copper sulfate - CuS!4."#2$). Trade name, -uproxat *8. % 9 F. 2anufactured by "grolin:, Inc. 1roduct cleared for outside #field$ use only, not in an enclosed greenhouse. Used to protect leaves and stems from bacterial and fungal blights and spots. Legal usage, ;roadly legal across ornamentals. ate, %.< pts.5%// gals. #% tsp.5ga+. = % pt.5%// gals. rate$ on a 84 to %/4day interval. -omments, "void use when air temperatures exceed &/ F #<* -$ !o not apply to plants in bloom. %tridia&ole ('-%thoxy-"-trichloromethyl-1,2,4-thiadia&ole). Trade names, Terra:ole <. 01 and Truban </ 01. 2anufactured by Uniroyal -hemicals -o. Inc. and )cotts )ierra -rop 1rotection -o., respectively. 1roduct cleared for both greenhouse and outside use to control damping4off, stem and root diseases caused by 1hytophthora and 1ythium spp. as a protectant drench fungicide. Legal usage, For use on -ymbidium spp. only. ate, <4%/ o:.5%// gals.5>// s6. ft. #/.<4% tsp.5gal.$. "pply /.. pt. spray574inch pot on a four4 to %*4wee? interval. -omments, 0ash foliage free of residue after drench application. (erbam ((erric dimethyldithiocarbamate) Trade name, -arbamate 8.9 0!@. 2anufactured by F2- "gricultural -orp. -leared for use outside only to control rust fungi as a protectant spray or damping4off diseases by soil4directed spray. Legal usage, For use on orchids and generally on flowers. ate, * lbs.5%// gals. #%.8. Tbl.5gal.$ on a two4wee? interval. -omments, esults in a conspicuous residue on plants. (osetyl )luminum *)luminum tris (-$-ethyl phosphonate)+ Trade name, "liette '/9 01 and 0!@. 2anufactured by hone41oulenc Inc. 1roduct cleared for both greenhouse and outside use to control damping4off and root5stem rot diseases caused by 1hytophthora and 1ythium spp. as a systemic, curative spray or drench. Legal usage, ;road legal use across flowers and ornamental plants at all growth stages. )pecifically cleared on -attleya s?inneri. ate, *..4../ lbs.5%// gals. #%.<4*.. Tbl.5gal.$ as a foliar spray on a </4day interval. Use lower rate. /.>4/.'

lb. #7.>4%*.' o:.$5%// gals. per >// s6. ft. #%4%.. Tsp.5gal.$. "pply * pts. solution5s6. ft. of bed or bench as a drench on a </ day interval. -omments, -an affect root4disease control by a foliar spray as the active ingredient moves upward and downward within the plant. !o not spray within 8 days of copper fungicide use. Aever tan?4mix product with manco:eb fungicides, soluble fertili:er, spreader stic?ers, extenders or wetting agents. Liability for product use assumed by user as BorchidsB are not specifically listed on the product label. ,prodione *("-,'-dichlorophenyl)-N-(l-methylethyl)-2,4-dioxo--1-imida&oli-dinecarboxamide)+ Trade name, -hipco *7/%& 01#./9$ 2anufactured by, hone41oulenc "g. -ompany. 1roduct cleared for use in both greenhouse and field to control various foliar dieases caused by "lternaria spp., "scochyta sp., ;otrytis spp., !rechslera sp., Fusarium moniliforme, Celminthosporium spp., hi:octonia sp. and )tagonospora. "lso used as a drench to control root5corm rots caused by hi:octonia spp. and Fusarium oxysporum. Legal usage, -leared for use on specific ornamentals as well as general clearance for use across ornamentals providing growers evaluate first for plant safety on a small scale. ates, %./4*./ lbs.5%// gals. as a foliar spray on a 84%> day schedule. For drench applications, use 7.. o:. product5%// gals. on a %>4day cycle. "pply %4* pints of drench solution per s6uare foot of area. -omments, Liability for product use assumed by the user as BorchidsB are not specifically listed on the product label. .anco&eb (Coordination product of &inc ion and man/anese ethylene bisdithiocarbamate) Trade names, !ithane T5O !F #8.9$, !ithane T5O F #<89$, and Fore 01 #'/9$. 2anufactured by ohni D Caas -o. 1roduct cleared for both greenhouse and outside use to control various leaf4 and stem4spotting fungi as well as rust diseases as a protectant spray. Legal usage, ;road legal use across ornamentals. ates, For 8.4'/9 dry formulations, use %.. lbs.5%// gals. #%.. Tbl.5gal.$ on a 84 to %/4day interval. For the <89 flowable product, use %.* 6ts.5%// gals. #/.< fl. o:.5I gal.$ on the same time interval. -omments, 1erformance may be improved by use of surfactant Latron ;4%&.7. Liability for product use assumed by user as orchids are not specifically listed on the product labels. .etalaxyl *N-(2,0-1imethylphenyl)-N-(methoxyacetyl)-alanine methyl ester+ Trade name, )ubdue *E #*%9$, )ubdue @ #*9$. 2anufactured by -iba 1lant 1rotection. 1roduct cleared for use in both greenhouse and outside as a systemic drench fungicide to control damping4off, stem rots and root rots caused by 1hytophthora and 1ythium spp. Legal usage, ;road legal use across flowers and ornamental plants. ates, /..4*./ fl. o:.5%// gals. #84</ drops product5% gal.$. "pply % pt.5s6. ft. in planting media less than > inches deep on a I4 to *4month interval. "pply %..4*./ pts.5s6. ft. for planting media more than > inches deep on a 74wee? interval. 0ith )ubdue @, apply </47/ o:.5%,/// s6. ft. of bed surface followed by sufficient irrigation to wet soil. !o not reapply before 7 wee?s. -omments, )trongly curative product. Liability for orchid use assumed by user as this plant family is not listed on the label. (N-al2yl 1imethyl en&yl and %thyl en&yl )mmonium Chlorides) Trade name, -onsan */, 1hysan */ and @reen )hield. 2anufactured by Foluntary 1urchasing @roup, 2aril 1roducts, Inc. and 0hitmire esearch Laboratories, Inc. 1roduct cleared for use in greenhouses to control algae, ;otrytis flower blight, damping4off and Erwinia brown rot diseases as a contact pesticide. Legal usage, For use on -ynibidium spp. and other orchids. ates, Use %.. tsp.5gal. for control of damping4off. "dult plants can be sprayed with * tsp.5gal. rate. )oa? divisions in % Tbl. product5gal. for < to . minutes. -omments, For cleansing wor? area, bench tops, pots, flats and cutting tools. )ome efficacy 3uinto&ene (4CN ) (pentachloronitroben&ene) Trade name, 1-A; 8. 01 and Terraclor 8. 01 and Engage 8. 0G 1-A;IO@, Turfcide %/@ and Engage %/@.

2anufactured by 0. ". -leary -hemical -orp., Uniroyal -hemical -o., Inc. and United Corticultural )upply. 1roduct cleared for both greenhouse and outside use to control hi:octonia root rots as a protectant drench fungicide. Legal usage, ;road legal use across flowering plants. ate, For 8.01 formulations, use > o:.5%// gals. #/.. tsp.5gal.$ applied to >//4'// s6. ft. of bench area. )ingle application recommended. For %/@ formulations, use %. lbs.5%,/// s6. ft. of bed surface. -omments, "ctive ingredient can damage some sensitive plants. If a second application is needed, use an alternative fungicide. 5hiophanate .ethyl (4,46-4henylenebis*"-thioallophanate+) Trade names, -learys <<<7 #./9$ 01, <<<74F #>7.*9$, !omain FL #>7.*9$, Fungo Flo #>7.*9$ and )ysTec %&&' #>7.*9$. 2anufactured by 0. ". -leary -hemical -orp., #<<<7$, )cotts4)ierra -rop 1rotection -o. #!omain and Fungo$ and egal -hemicals #)ysTec$. 1roducts cleared for use in both greenhouse #except Fungo$ and outdoors to control various foliar diseases caused by "scochyta, ;otrytis, -ercospora, 1homopsis, )eptoria, etc. "lso used as a drench for control of root5stem diseases incited by Fusarium and hi:octonia spp. Legal usage, ;road legal use across flowers and ornamental plants. ates for flowable #>7.*9$ formulations, )pray 4%/4*/ fl. o:.5%// gals. #/..4%./ tsp.5gal.$ on a %/ to %> day interval. !rench 4 */ fl. o:.5%// gals. per '// s6. ft. of pot or bed area #% tsp.5gal.5' s6.ft.$, applying * pts.5s6. ft. on a *4 to >4wee? interval. 1lant dip 4 */ fl. o:.5%// gals. #% tsp.5gal.$ for %/4%. minutes. 0ear gloves. ates for wettable powder #./9$ formulations, )pray 4 %.. lbs.5%// gals. #* tsp.5gal.$ on a 8 to %/ day interval. !rench 4 %.. lbs.5%// gals. #* tsp.5gal.$. "pply *4< pts.5s6. ft. of bed or bench surface on a %> to *% day interval. -omments, Aever spray or drench apply these products beyond two consecutive uses without alternating another product to minimi:e the ris? of fungal tolerance development. 7inclo&olin ("-*",'-dichlorophenyl+-'-8inyl-'-methyl-1,"-oxa&olidine-2,4-dione). Trade name, Ornalin FL #>%.<9$. 2anufactured by )cott4)ierra -rop 1rotection -o. 1roducts cleared for use in both greenhouse and outside to control ;otrytis flower blight and other foliar fungal diseases as a protectant spray. Legal usage, For use on !endrobium spp. only. ates, '4%7 fl.o:.5%// gals. #/..4%./ tsp.5gal.$ on a %/4 to %>4day interval #flowable product$. -omments, !o not spray on plants with less than three #<$ leaves. 9%:, F = flowableG gal#s$. = gallon#s$G lb#s$. = pound#s$G o:. = ounceG pt#s$. = part#s$G s6. ft. s6uare footG Tbl. = tablespoonG tsp. = teaspoonG 0!@ = water dispersible granulesG 01 = wet