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MSC.

Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California


Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Using MSC Software Easy5 Thermal Hydraulics Library
Chuck Hsu/Geocontrol Systems, Inc., Francisco Hernandez/NASA J SC, David Ray/NASA J SC
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Outline
Abstract
Shuttle Elevon Hydraulic System
Description
Required Analyses
Elevon Easy5 Model Description
Simulation Results
Results Discussion
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Abstract
A model has been created to simulate the performance of the Shuttle
Elevon actuators using the Easy5 Thermal Hydraulics library. There are 3
major sections of the Elevon actuator control that consists of: 1) switching
valves for the primary and redundant pressure supplies, 2) a power spool
to drive the actuator ram, and 3) servovalves that are used to position the
power spool. Interactive simulation techniques using Fortran Code
components and slider components will be presented for generating results
to compare to test data.
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Shuttle Elevon Hydraulic System Description
Right Outboard
Elevon
Left Inboard
Elevon
4 elevons, 2 on each side
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Shuttle Elevon Hydraulic System Description
4 Elevons LOBEL, LIBEL, RIBEL & ROBEL
Hydraulics Provided Through Switching Valves
(Primary, 1st STBY & 2nd STBY)
One Actuator Ram Piston Drives Each Elevon
One Power Spool Allows High Pressure Hydraulic
Fluid to Drive the Ram
Four 2-Stage Servovalves Position the Power Spool
Each Servovalve Has a Bypass Valve in Case Its
Command Disagrees with Other Three
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Switching Valve Schematic
Primary
Valve
Secondary
Valve
1
st
Standby
Pressure
Actuator
Return
Actuator
Pressure
2
nd
Standby
Pressure
1
st
Standby
Return
Primary Return
Primary Pressure
2
nd
Standby
Return
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Elevon Hydraulics Schematic
P
Bypass Valve
P
Servo Valve
(#2 of 4)
Simplex
Power Spool
Ram
Elevon
To Another Channel
From Switching
Valve
Aero
Command
Status:
Power Spool
Locked
Ram Locked
#1
#3
#4
Filter
Orifice (fixed opening)
Orifice (opening controlled by flapper)
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Required Analyses
Model the pressure and flow distribution to the elevon
actuators
Determine the response of the actuator performance
based on external aero loads and control stick input
commands
Determine the elevon actuator response due to hydraulic
system anomalies
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Elevon Easy5 Model Description
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Var i abl e
Vol ume
For ce, Vol ume f r om
Pr essur e, Di mensi on
Check Val ve
Var i abl e
Vol ume
Mer ge
S- >R
Si ngl e Mass
( har d l i mi t s & f r i ct i on)

4- Way Val ve
Gl obal Fl ui d
Pr oper t i es
Hydr aul i c
Fl ui d
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Check Val ve
Spl i t
S- >RS

S_O
Act uat or
Ser vo Val ve Openi ng
Spl i t
R- >S




Der i vat i ve
( Appr ox)
1s
For t r an
Sl i der
Pi vot i ng
Mechani cal Load
Fi l t er

Spl i t
R- >S


Ser vo Val ve Openi ngs
1
Gai n Bl ock
S_Out_GN3
Mer ge
S- >R


St r i p Char t
S_Out_GN2
S_Out_GN4
For t r an
St r i p Char t
Tr i angul ar Wave
Gener at or
Ext er nal Load
S_Out_TR
S_Out_TR
Power Val ve Openi ngs
S_Out_GN6
Speed Cont r ol Sl i der
Si mul at ed and
accumul at ed CPU t i mes
Fi xed Or i f i ce
ThruVal
Mer ge
S- >R
CrossVal
Fi xed Or i f i ce
. 01842
Gai n Bl ock
Servo_Piston_Position
FC_Force_CD
Dampi ng Coef f
Power_Piston_Position
Di gi t al Readout
Mer ge
S- >R
Fi xed or i f i ce
Open/ Cl ose
For t r an
S_Out_SL5
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Fi xed Or i f i ce1.
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Spl i t
R- >SS
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Fi xed or i f i ce
Open/ Cl ose
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Leakage Fl ow
Spl i t
R- >SS
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Spl i t
R- >S
Mer ge
S- >R
Mer ge
S- >R
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Submodel Submodel Submodel
Spl i t
R- >S
Mer ge
S- >R
Spl i t
R- >S
Spl i t
R- >S
Fi xed Or i f i ce
For t r an
S_Out_TR
S_Out_TR
(1) of (4)
Servo Valve
(1) of (4)
Bypass &
Force on
Spool
Power Valve
Actuator
(Ram)
P1
P2
P3
R1
Elevon Switching Valves
Priority 2-1-3
R2
R3
Thermal
Bypass
Thermal
Bypass
Switching Valves
Elevon Hydraulics
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Elevon Easy5 Model Description-Switching Valve
Mer ge
S- >R
Fi xed or i f i ce
Open/ Cl ose
For t r an
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Fi xed Or i f i ce1.
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Spl i t
R- >SS
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Fi xed or i f i ce
Open/ Cl ose
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Leakage Fl ow
Spl i t
R- >SS
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Pr essur e sour ce
or si nk
Spl i t
R- >S
Mer ge
S- >R
Mer ge
S- >R
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Spl i t
R- >S
Fi xed Or i f i ce
P1
P2
P3
R1
Elevon Switching Valves
Priority 2-1-3
R2
R3
Thermal
Bypass
Thermal
Bypass
Fortran code controls open/close for 8 orifices
(6 for switching valves and 2 for thermal bypass valves)
3 supply lines
3 return lines
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Elevon Easy5 Model Description-Elevon Hydraulics
Fi xed Or i f i ce
Var i abl e
Vol ume
For ce, Vol ume f r om
Pr essur e, Di mensi on
Check Val ve
Var i abl e
Vol ume
Mer ge
S- >R
Si ngl e Mass
( har d l i mi t s & f r i ct i on)

4- Way Val ve
Check Val ve
Spl i t
S- >RS

S_Out_G
Ser vo Val ve Openi ng
Spl i t
R- >S




Der i vat i ve
( Appr ox)
1s
For t r an
Sl i der
Pi vot i ng
Mechani cal Load
Fi l t er

Spl i t
R- >S


1
Gai n Bl ock
S_Out_GN3
Mer ge
S- >R


St r i p Char t
S_Out_GN2
S_Out_GN4
For t r an
Tr i angul ar Wave
Gener at or
Ext er nal Load
S_Out_TR
S_Out_TR
S_Out_GN6
Fi xed Or i f i ce
ThruVal
Mer ge
S- >R
CrossVal
Fi xed Or i f i ce
. 01842
Gai n Bl ock
Servo_Piston_Position
FC_Force_CD
Power_Piston_Position
Submodel Submodel Submodel
Spl i t
R- >S
Mer ge
S- >R
Spl i t
R- >S
For t r an
S_Out_TR
S_Out_TR
(1) of (4)
Servo Valve
(1) of (4)
Bypass &
Force on
Spool
Power Valve
Actuator
(Ram)
From Switching Valves
Servo Valve
(1 of 4)
Power Valve
Bypass & Force
(1 of 4)
Function Generator-Fortran Combo
Ram Actuator)
To Return
2 Orifices (opening controlled by
FORTRAN)
By-pass loop
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Simulation Results
Aero Assist Load
Aero Resist Load
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MSC.Software VPD Conference | J uly 17-19, 2006 | Huntington Beach, California
Modeling of the Shuttle Hydraulics Elevon Actuator
Results Discussion
Thermal hydraulics library has the components required to
model a complex system such as the Shuttle Elevon
hydraulics
Fortran code blocks are very useful for the control inputs
for orifice valves
Slider components allow for interactive simulations to
determine system performance based on command inputs
and system anomalies
Simulation results obtained match test data within 3%