Impact Testing Requirements | Welding | Building Engineering

Impact Testing Determination

ASME Section VIII, Division 1

Impact Testing Determination
o Failure of materials and fabricated assemblies can occur In one of two ways: Ductile or Brittle o ASME impact testing rules determine ability to resist brittle failure. Characteristics Affecting Resistance To Brittle Failure o Mechanical properties and chemical composition of: Base material , Weld material, Weldments o Thickness o Applied Stress o Metal Temperature

or by paragraph reference to Code figures and notes.ASME Code Rules o Impact testing is required unless exempted by Code. o When not exempted. including welding material. o Requirements for IT exemptions are described in Subsection C for a given class of material. o Exemptions may appear either directly in Code paragraphs. PQR material weldments fabrications . impact testing shall be by the charpy V notch testing method & shall meet the requirements of UG-84 which may include testing of: materials.

ASME Code Rules UG . orientation.84 Addresses: (a) general (b) test procedures (c) test specimens (d) IT of materials (e) procedural requirements (f) IT of welds (g) specimen location. testing temperature and acceptance values (h) IT of PQR specimens (i) Vessel (Production) IT test plates (j) rejection .

T. Principles of the Charpy V Notch Method SA-370.Charpy V Notch Impact Testing Method o Rules for the performance of impact testing appear in UG-84. I. 21. It is struck in the middle of the face opposite the notch. . procedures and apparatus shall conform to 5A-370. The pendulum is released from a fixed height so that the energy of the blow is fixed and known. The specimen is supported horizontally as a simple beam with the axis of the notch vertical. Calibration of IT. The height to which the pendulum rises in its swing after breaking the specimen is measured and used to determine the residual energy of the pendulum.1. Equipment calibration shall be performed in accordance with ASTM E23.1: A charpy impact machine is one in which a notched specimen is broken by a single blow of a freely swinging pendulum.

Principles of the Charpy V Notch Method Fig. UG-84 Simple Beam Impact Test Specimens (Charpy Type Test) NNotch Original cross section O = original width before break F = final width after break Determining Lateral Expansion .

Principles of the Charpy V Notch Method .

• lateral expansion (mils). • brittle or ductile fracture. o Testing determines • Ft/lb's of force required to break the specimens. measured after breaking.Principles of the Charpy V Notch Method o One "set" is composed of 3 specimens o Specimens are tested at or below the MDMT of the vessel. .

Section VIII. 1 Flow Diagram for Determining Impact Testing Exemptions . Div.

or D of Fig. (b) 1 in. (2) The completed vessel shall be hydrostatically tested per UG-99(b) or (c) or 27-4.2]. Occasional operating temperatures colder than −20°F (−29°C) are acceptable when due to lower seasonal atmospheric temperature. 1 or 2.22 Exemptions by Code Paragraph . Thermal or mechanical shock loadings are not a controlling design requirement. C. UCS-66. UCS-66. (3) Design temperature is no warmer than 650°F (345°C) nor colder than −20°F (−29°C). and the thickness.o UG-20 (f) Impact testing per UG-84 is not mandatory for pressure vessel materials which satisfy all of the following. Gr. shall not exceed that given in (a) or (b) below: (a) 1 / 2 in. cyclical loading is not a controlling design requirement. (1) The material shall be limited to P-No. (13 mm) for materials listed in Curve A of Fig. No. 1. (25 mm) for materials listed in Curve B. UCS-66. as defined in UCS-66(a) [see also General Note (1) in Fig.

UCS-66 Materials o (a) Figure UCS-66 shall be used to establish impact testing exemptions for steels listed in Part UCS. reinforcing pads. impact testing is required for a combination of minimum design metal temperature (MDMT) and thickness which is below the curve assigned to the subject material. o Unless otherwise exempted by the rules of this Division.. nozzles. . heads. impact testing is not required by the rules of this Division. Shells. backing strips [remaining in place] and attachments essential to the structural integrity of the vessel when welded to the pressure containing component). o If a MDMT and thickness combination is on or above the curve. flanges.g. and UCS-67(a)(2) o Pressure parts shall be evaluated as separate components (e. manways. except as required by: UCS-66Q). flat cover plates. tube sheets.

. the nominal thickness of the thickest welded joint [see Fig. . Excluding castings. Each Component shall be evaluated for impact test requirements based on its individual material: Classification Thickness MDMT Governing Thickness UCS-66(a)(1) o The following thickness limitations apply when using Fig. UCS-66. sketch (a)]. o(a)(l)(b) For corner. the governing thickness (tg)of a welded part is as follows: o(a)(l)(a) For butt joints (except those in flat heads and tubesheets). including attachments.UCS-66 Materials o UCS-66(a) continued. the thinner of the two parts joined.3. fillet or lap welded joints. UCS-66..

[see Figure UCS-66.Governing Thickness UCS-66(a)(1) O(a)(l)(c) For flat heads or tubesheets. t and MDMT of the individual welded joints of the assembly shall be determined.. impact tested material shall be used. the larger of (b) above or the component thickness divided by four. and the warmest of the MOMTs shall be used as the MDMT of the welded assembly.g.3. . sketch (b)] o If the governing thickness at any welded joint exceeds 4 inches and the MDMT is colder than 120°F (49° C). O(a)(l)(d) for welded assemblies comprised of more than two components (e. nozzle-to-shell joint with reinforcing pad).

Governing Thickness UCS-66(a)(1) o (2) The governing thickness of a casting shall be its largest nominal thickness. such as bolted flanges. is the flat component thickness divided by four. tubesheets. . o (5) If the Governing thickness of a nonwelded part exceeds 6 inches (152 mm) and the minimum design temperature is colder than 120°F (49°C). and flat heads. impact tested material shall be used. 1-6 sketch (c)] \s the greater of the flat flange thickness divided by 4 or the minimum thickness of the dished portion. o (4) The governing thickness of a nonwelded dished head [Fig. o (3) The governing thickness of flat nonwelded parts.

and for a MDMT of -55°F (-48°C) and warmer. UCS-66. o (b)(l)(a) For such components. . Figure UCS-66. Reduction In MDMT Without Impact Testing o (b) When the coincident ratio defined in Fig.1 provides a basis for the use of components made of Part UCS materials to have a colder MDMT than that derived from UC5-66(a) without impact testing.2.1 may also be used for components not stressed in general primary membrane tensile stress (defined in Appendix 3). the MDMT without impact testing determined in (a) above for the given material and thickness may be reduced as determined by Fig. impact testing of the material is not required. o (b)(l)(b) Fig. UCS-66. o If the resulting temperature is colder than the required MDMT.UCS-66(b).1 is less than one. UCS-66.

impact testing is not required. . o (b)(3) When the MDMT is colder than -55°F (-48°C) and no colder than -155°F (-104°C). except as allowed in (b)(3) and in UCS-68(c). and the coincident ratio (Fig. the MDMT determined in UCS66(a) or (c) may be reduced for a flange attached by welding.1) is < 0. UCS 66. o (b)(2) For minimum design temperatures colder than -55°F (48°C). impact testing is required for all materials. Reduction In MDMT Without Impact Testing o (b)(l)(c) In lieu of using (b)(l)(b).35. by the same reduction as determined in (b)(l)(b) for the neck or shell to which the flange is attached.UCS-66(b).

UCS-68(c) Exemption when PWHT is Performed o If postweld heat treating is performed when it Is not otherwise a requirement of this Division. o No impact testing is required for the following flanges when used at MDMTs no colder than -20°F (-29°C): (1) ASME B16. ferrltic steel (3) split loose flanges using SA-216 GR WCB (4) Carbon and low alloy steel long weld neck flanges . UC5-66 for P-No. ferritic steel (2) ASME B16. The resulting exemption temperature may be colder than -55°F (-48°C). a 30°F (17°C) reduction in the impact testing exemption temperature may be given to the minimum permissible temperature from Fig. 1 materials.47.5.

materials having a specified minimum yield strength greater than 65KSI (448MPa) must be impact tested. General Note (c). . UCS-66.UCS-66(f). are exempted from impact testing by the rules of this Division at MDMTs of not more than 5°F (3°C) colder than the temperatures required by the specifications. Impact Testing Based On Yield Strength o Unless specifically exempted in Fig. UCS-66(g). UG-84. Material Specification Impact Testing o Materials produced and impact tested in accordance with the requirements of the specifications listed in Fig.

3 mm). UCS-66(i). UCS-66. less the allowable temp.1) \s less than one and the MDMT \s not colder than -155°F (-104°C). provided the coincident ratio (Fig. and the MDMT is -20°F (-29°C) and warmer. UCS-66. Exemptions for Metal Backing Strips o No impact testing is required for metal backing strips which remain in place made of materials: assigned to Curve A of Fig.1 provides a basis for the use of impact tested material at MDMTs colder than the IT. (1) For such components. the MDMT shall not be colder than the impact test temp.2. Part UCS Impact Tested Materials o Fig. .UCS-66(h). temperatures. UCS-66. UCS-66. reduction as determined from Fig. with thicknesses not exceeding 1/4 inch (6.

UCS-66(j). Or by Fig. at a temperature not warmer than the MDMT]. . -20°F (-29°C) is the coldest MDMT to be assigned for welded components that do not meet the requirements of UCS67(a)(2) [SFA material classed by IT. Base Metal Exemptions o When the base metal Is exempted from impact testing by UCS66(g)(material specification required IT.). UCS-66 Curves C or D.

UCS-67. Impact Testing Of Welding Procedures o Except as exempted in UG-20(f). the Welding Procedure Qualification shall include impact tests of the welds and heat affected zones (HAZ) made in accordance with UG-84 when required by the following provisions: o The MDMT used below shall be that stamped on the nameplate or the exemption temperature of the welded component before applying the temperature reduction permitted by: UCS-66(b) [ reduction in MDMT based on material thickness ratio] UCS-68(c). [non-mandatory PWHT] .

Impact Testing Of Welding Procedures o UCS-67(a) Welds made with filler metal shall be impact tested in accordance with UG-84 when any of the following apply: (a)(l) when either base metal is required to be impact tested by the rules of this Division. are used. unless the welding consumables which have been classified by impact tests at a temperature not warmer than the MDMT by the applicable SFA spec. or (a)(3) when joining base metals exempt from impact testing by UCS66(g) [materials produced and impact tested LAW the material specification] when the MDMT is colder than -55°F (-48°C).UCS-67. . (a)(2) when joining base metals exempt from impact testing by UCS66(g) or Fig. UCS-66 Curve C or D and the MDMT is colder than 20°F (-29°c) but not colder than -55°F (-48°C).

UCS-67. o UCS-67(c) Weld heat affected zones produced with or without the addition of filler metal shall be impact tested whenever any of the following conditions apply: (c)(l) when the base metal is required to be impact tested. (c)(2) when the welds have any individual pass exceeding 1/2 inch (13mm) and the MDMT is colder than 70°F (21°C): or (c)(3) when joining base metals exempted by UCS-66(g) when the MDMT \s colder than -55°F (-48°C) . o This requirement does not apply to welds made as part of the material specification. Impact Testing Of Welding Procedures o UCS-67(b) Welds in UCS Materials made without the use of filler metal shall be impact tested when the thickness of the weld exceeds 1/2 inch (13mm) for all MDMTs. or when the thickness of the weld exceeds 5/16 inch (8mm) and the MDMT is colder than 50°F (10°C).

except when (c)(3) above applies. or (d)(3) heat affected zones (HAZ) in steels exempted from impact testing by UCS-66.UCS-67. Impact Testing Of Welding Procedures o UCS-67(d) Vessel (production) impact tests made in accordance with UG-84(i) may be waived for any of the following: (d)(l) weld metals joining steels exempted from impact testing by UC5-66 for MDMTs of -20°F (-29°C) and warmer: or (d)(2) weld metals defined in (a)(2) above. .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful