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# Chemistry Gas Laws Name _________________________________________ Period _________ Date _____________________ Charless Law Computer Activity Follow instructions

s from your teacher to access and open the Gas Properties Simulation !r you can "o to http#\$\$phet colorado edu\$simulations\$ and find the simulation link in the Chemistry simulations.

%ou are "oin" to ad&ust the temperature of the container 'y addin" or removin" heat usin" the Heat Control under the 'o( )he temperature is found a'ove the 'o( *hat units is temperature in+ _________________

,sin" your 'oo- or the internet. determine the relationship 'etween /elvin and Celsius __________________________________________________ Fill in the followin" chart 'y selectin" various temperatures 0For e(ample 123 /. 433 /. 533 /. etc 6 7easure the volume of the container usin" the ruler Calculate the values as indicated in the other columns )rials )rial 1 9 4 : 2 5 )emperature 0)6 433 / 8olume 086 Calculate k1 = 0VxT6 Calculate k2 = V T

*hich varia'le did you control 0independent6+ ____________________________ *hich varia'le is the dependent varia'le+ ____________________________ Graph 8olume vs )emperature in the followin" "raph ,se proper scalin" La'el the "raph appropriately Graph the line of 'est fit

Loo-in" at your data and "raph. descri'e the relationship 'etween temperature and volume ________________________________________________________________________________ _______ As the temperature "ets colder and approaches 3 /elvin. what happens to the volume of the "as+ ________________________________________________________________________________ _______ *hich value remains consistent in the data ta'le+ -1 or -9

)his -;value is constant< the ratio 'etween volume and temperature of any point on the "raph will 'e the same Pic- any two points from the "raph or ta'le# Point =1 81 > )1 > Do the calculation#
V1 T1

V2 T2

=k
V1 T1

=k

## ?ince 'oth fractions e@ual A-B. then we can conclude that#

V2 T2

This is Charless Law. *e can use this formula to predict the volume 08 96 or temperature 0)96 of any "as ,se this formula to complete the followin" calculations 1 Cf a "as has a volume of 1 92 L at a temperature of 433 /. what will the volume chan"e to if the container is cooled to 933 /+

Cf a "as has a volume of 4 5D L at the temperature of 233 /. what will the volume chan"e to if the container is heated to E33 /+

A 'alloon 'ou"ht in a store where the temperature is 99F C has a volume of a'out 4 19 L )he person ta-es the 'alloon outside on a hot day of a temperature is 4DF C *hat is the new volume of the 'alloon+ Becareful of the Temp Units!!!

: Cf you did 'uy a 9 D2 L 'alloon that had a temperature of 9E2 /. what temperature would you have to heat the 'alloon to in order to increase the volume to 2 33 L+ *hat is this in Celsius+