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Connection (D) (Anchor /See attachements) Design Assumption As per BS:6399 code of practice for dead & Imposed

loads, load on ladders are assume to be 1.5 KN rung load Since 1.5 KN is acting at gravity direction and the ladder is supported at 8 anchoring (left/right) at 4 different elevation then: Dead Load Imposed Load Total Combined load = = = 2KN/8 1.5KN/8 1.4DL+1.6LL 0.25 0.2 0.65 KN KN KN

there are 2 loads acting at a single anchoring point Shear Load Pull out load = = (down ward) (tension load) 0.65 1 KN KN

Connection (E) (Anchor /See attachements) Design Assumption As per BS:6399 code of practice for dead & Imposed loads, Impos. load on ladders are assume to be 1.5 KN rung load Since 1.5 KN is acting at gravity direction and the ladder is supported at 2 (left/right) anchoring at 2 different elevation then: Dead Load Imposed Load Total Combined load = = = 1KN/8 1.5KN/4 1.4DL+1.6LL 0.25 0.4 0.95 KN KN KN

there are 2 loads acting at a single anchoring point Shear Load Pull out load = = (shear ward) (tension load) 0.95 1 KN KN

Connection (A) (Anchor /See attachements) Design Assumption

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As per BS:6399 code of practice for dead & Imposed loads, Impos. load on ladders are assume to be 1.5 KN rung load Since 1.5 KN is acting at gravity direction and the ladder is supported at 2 (left/right) anchoring at 2 different elevation then: Dead Load (Caged ladder) Imposed Load Total Combined load = = = 2.5 KN/8 1.5KN/4 1.4DL+1.6LL 0.625 0.4 1.475 KN KN KN

there are 2 loads acting at a single anchoring point Shear Load Pull out load Connection (B) (bolt /See below) Design Assumption As per BS:6399 code of practice for dead & Imposed loads, load on ladders are assume to be 1.5 KN rung load Since 1.5 KN is acting at gravity direction and the ladder is supported at 8 anchoring (left/right) at 4 different elevation then: Dead Load Imposed Load Total Combined load = = = 2KN/4 1.5KN/4 1.4DL+1.6LL 0.5 0.2 1 KN KN KN = = (shear ward) (tension load) 1.475 1 KN KN

there are 2 loads acting at a single anchoring point Shear Load Pull out load Number of bolts at each support Expected shear force at single bolt Expected tension at single bolt bolts size used bolt grade checking the table of bolt capacity: = = = = = = = (down ward) (tension load) 2 0.5 0.5 12 8.8 1 1 KN KN

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single bolt capacity shear capacity tension capacity supporting plate (8mm) capacity

= = =

31.6 37.8 44.2

safe in shear safe in Pull out

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