SLUICE / (SLIDE) GATES Types Spigot back Flange back (wall thimble mounted) Flat back (channel mounted) Applications Water Waste Water Effluent Materials of Construction Cast iron Mild steel Stainless steel Aluminium Plastic . Kenya Tanzania.). MECON (Metallurgical & Engineering Consultants of India Ltd. Iran and Iraq. Australia.).EIL (Engineers India Ltd. TCE (Tata Consulting Engineers). IVC valves have also been supplied to many World Bank/IDA aided projects within India. with emphasis on tailor made products to customers’ requirement. robust and reliable.3 Introduction IVC. a Scottish company of repute. Dastur & Co. steel plants. has yielded a clientele of repute. Sri Lanka. to name a few. IVC valves and sluices are working in Thermal / Atomic power stations. Egypt. Zambia. Nigeria. Malawi. Besides water supply and sewage applications. Libya. IVC products are approved by leading consultants within India . both within and outside India.notably in Hongkong. a trusted name in the water industry in India since 1966. DCL (Development consultants Limited). process industries within and outside the country (through prime contractors) . owes its origin to Glenfield & Kennedy. Top class design.

The complete gate assembly with the flange back frame. is then fastened onto the wall thimble by stud bolts.4 Principal Types These are essentially two (refer GA Drawing at the end) besides. Top & Bottom Wedges Depending upon size and the extent of off-seating pressure. The flange back with wall thimble – Here an ‘F’ shaped wall thimble is positioned inside the wall aperture. the main difference being in the frame. the rear face of frame flush with it and held thereon by anchor bolts. Side Wedges Sluices with seating pressure ordinarily and in smaller sizes (upto 600 sq/round) for even off-seating pressure. top wedges and / or bottom wedges are provided by means of individual wedge blocks. mostly in grey cast iron. The channel mounted (Details at the end) – the third type has a flat back (and front too) frame suitable for building into a channel. the opening flush with the invert. the puddle collar in the thimble grouted in concrete with only the rear unmachined face of flange flush with the wall. for open channel application. require only side wedges. The spigot back – The spigot is placed inside the aperture in the wall. . to achieve better sealing. Operating conditions Wedging device This is essential to force the door faces against the seat in frame during final closure. water depth never exceeding the door height. Bottom wedges are not provided in “flush with invert bottom” sluices.

.1 mm (4 thou) gap. These are then machined flat and hand scraped to yield contact all round with no more than 0. Three sides metal seated and bottom only rubber This is mainly for “flush with invert bottom” sluices. the elastomer (EPDM for standard construction) is fitted onto the door bottom.5 Seat and Door Faces All four sides metal seated Standard construction involves bronze/brass seat/faces fixed onto a machined surface / recess and pinveted for life with specially designed rivets of same material.

in both the left and right hand guide bridge. is machined (tongues) to ensure guided travel inside a machined recess (groove). mainly for spigot back sluices. For wall thimble mounted. Projection on either side of the door. the guide bridge extends to support one half of the door. when fully open. machined if necessary. Operation Mechanism : The operating mechanism comprising essentially of a handwheel and a threaded nut (together making a kinematic pair with the threaded spindle). with or without a thrust bearing (ball/needle roller) arrangement and/or a gear box (spur/spur-bevel/worm). Rising /Non-rising spindle While both rising and non-rising spindle sluices can be made. In addition to a headstock. guide brackets .6 Guided Travel of Door In the design involving a guide strip for wedging action.their numbers depending upon the height from the invert level to the platform top. integrally cast snugs on both the sides of door. are guided throughout their travel inside the recess provided in the left and right extension guides. the latter calls for an extension rod. couplings. . the latter is not recommended unless installation/ site conditions so warrant. flange back sluices. may be mounted directly on the yoke of the frame or located on a platform above.

for choosing the type. a side mounted handhweel in the actuator be chosen (3).for sizes above 600 and upto 900 Type C – for sizes 1000 to 2000 Type D – for sizes larger than 2000 Electric Actuator Operation Ideally. .7 Manual operation Head stock – The enabling factor. All head stocks are fitted with a pair of ball / needle roller thrust bearing arrangement to arrest the continuous vertical thrust (in manual operation it is intermittent). is always ease of operation (effort on handwheel/crank limited to 200 N) Type A – for sizes upto 600 Type B . with the handwheel axis horizontal (4). the actuator orientation should be such that its drive shaft (hollow when mounted directly on the rising spindle) is vertical (1&2). the actuator be mounted on the bevel or worm gear box pinion shaft. Where handwheel in the actuator is likely to foul with the rising spindle. Alternatively.

Pipe hood for rising spindles . . a stool with two windows is used. For larger sluices they appear slender. regulator.To protect the rising spindle thread from dust. muff type) or torsional (circular or universal type affording upto 15º bend in one plane) for non-rising spindles. Indicator – Traversing type could be provided in the pipe hood made either of mild steel to accommodate the indicator or a poly carbonate enclosed hood to see the extent of opening.8 Pneumatic Cylinder Operation The operating thrust being considerably lower than a gate valve. Couplings – Tensional for rising spindle (circular or square. Accessories Adjustable spindle guide brackets – The bore is tailor made to suit the extension rod dia and is adjustable in X and Y axis. size for size the pneumatic cylinders are normally small in dia. Cushioned end of travel is a standard feature. lubricator) 3)Poppet valve with manual override 4)Complete manual override operation. rain. Other optional fitments that may be provided at an extra cost are: 1)End of travel limit switches 2)FRL kit (filter. available with a center distance of 150 or 300mm. The piston rod is required to be coupled with the spindle of sluice gate using a tensional coupling. To accommodate this and for ease of maintenance. their length being directly proportional to the height of door or the extent of door travel.

suitably protected for moisture and termites. after assembly. is checked/tested for : 1) Major dimensions as per approved general arrangement drawing 2) Seat clearance ‘No-Go’ with a feeler gauge of 0. .9 Factory Testing Besides ensuring the material used for each sluice gate conforms to what the customer wants vis-à-vis standards.1 (4 thou) 3) Movement – To demonstrate ease of operation. For export these are put inside boxes made of timber. each sluice gate. Painting & Despatch Surface preparation – clean by shot/ grit blasting or wire brush and grinding Primer – Two coats of red oxide / zinc chromate primer Finish paint – Two coats of black bituminous paint Alternatively as agreed with the buyer Each door and frame assembly is packed into one timber crate and the rest suitably packed to avoid damage in transit. using the main spindle and operating arrangement (Headstock / Gear box / actuator / Pneumatic Cylinder) with the gate assembly either vertical or in horizontal position 4) Leakage – Within permissible limits* as per IS / AWWA standards.

the door .1 mm . The following guidelines would help: Wall Mounting Sluice Gates (Spigot Back) 1. Repeat checking and wedging frequently throughout the installation process and avoid excessive wedging/packing to prevent high contact areas.Fit foundation bolts in the three template holes. Now place the template with the 3 bolts fixed thereon.Tighten nut (with a washer) on the 3 locating bolts without imparting undue strain to the frame. Remove template when the grout has cured.With each size of sluice gate a drawing depicting block out details for foundation bolts. Proper setting with a gap no more than 0.1 mm. 3. 2. Now press the foundation bolts into the grout. free from distortion and under no circumstances. Box out the concrete leaving pockets in the wall. on the template. Where the gap is more than 0. Re-check for verticality of template vis-à-vis intended location.Fill the 3 corresponding pockets with stiff non shrink grout.10 Installation A great deal of care is taken during manufacture and assembly to ensure accuracy in mating the faces of door and frame.Fit remaining foundation bolts to the frame from the wall side and secure with a washer and nuts from the frame side. 5. 6. Burry as much as is essential leaving the rest protruding outside the template (to allow for thickness of frame. Drill bolt holes. a washer and a nut plus a little extra). wedges. 7. The remaining bolts also get located inside pockets awaiting grout.Make a rigid template marking at least 3 foundation bolt holes besides. guide strips be dismantled for fixing. 4. one each on extension guide. use plumb line and the marked center line. It is essential therefore that the sluice gates be erected carefully. Insert steel packing pieces (washers) 20 mm thick on the 3 locating bolts and then position the frame using these 3 bolts which are now stiff. ensure bolt projections are square with the template face. Timber template would do.1 mm feeler gauge. restrain template from moving until grout has cured. This will prevent damage to the faces and distortion. drive a wedge or packing between the frame and the wall. flush with the wall at the intended position. spaced far apart. preferrably tapped holes. shall be given. well before delivery of equipment.Mark horizontal and vertical center lines of the aperture. Also. Check for plumb and the mating seat faces with a 0. adjacent to the aperture. denote the wall side and frame side thereon.

Follow the same procedure to set guide brackets in wall. 3. ensure all tapped holes for stud bolts on its flange are plugged by plastic or timber pegs to preclude cement concrete getting lodged in these holes. 9. Shutter up around the frame and spigot ensuring the seat and face settings are not disturbed. 10. Care must be taken to ensure there are no gaps around the spigot and between the frame and the wall to prevent leakage through such crevices. 8. Select 3 of them. provided along with block out details. Tighten fully. to be erected after the gate has been erected. Position the wall thimble against the opening in the wall (look for the top sign) and ease the collar (in the shape of an F or C) into the wall opening. Allow the grout to cure (atleast a week). Prop up and restrain the wall thimble before pouring grout around it. between wall and the frame until all pockets are filled.) would ensure minimal leakage. 12. back side of flange resting against the wall. Serious operational problems may occur if this is not done properly. the erected sluice gate acting as the datum and location from which to strike centerline and levels. Tighten the nuts. 11. to hold the extension guide alongside the vertical wall (use shims/packing where necessary) onto the foundation bolt. Only extension guides are loose pieces. These are factory set. seat and faces. 4. around the aperture and fix 3 stud bolts of appropriate length into these. the head stock on the floor above and the extension spindle. Excessive tightening is not necessary. apply grease on the screw. Ensure verticality of the wall thimble flange face using a plumb line vis-à-vis two distinct marks provided in the middle of the top and bottom member of the wall thimble flange. Ensure there are no scratches or damage to the seat and faces otherwise the equipment cannot be expected to operate within the permissible limit of leakage. Close gently. Do not remove the sluice gate from its timber crate until the site is ready for erection. open fully. wedging device. Remove all plastic / wooden pegs from the stud bolt holes in the wall thimble.Clean the sluice gate thoroughly. 13. Wall Thimble Mounted (Flanged Back) 1. Position remaining foundation bolts square in wall pockets with the underside of nut just touching the frame. Immediately clean any cement solution that inadvertently comes on to the flange face. grouted in pockets earlier (follow 8 and 9).11 Installation (contd. 14.Follow guidelines including for size of grout bolts.The extension guide (left and right) wherever applicable. bolted thereon.Allow the grout to cure (at least a week) before tightening each nut attending to opposite nuts in turn. 2. No attempt should be made to remove the door from the frame. 6. are to be aligned with the top of frame (to permit uninterrupted movement of door). Pour or force the fluid grout with pump in stages if necessary. 5. Before proceeding to position the wall thimble in the opening in the wall. so that the entire assembly operates smoothly in true alignment. far apart. .

Component Frame. Alloy 655 AISI 304 / 316 IS 2062 / BS 970 EN8 AISI 410/304/316 IS 318 Gr. headstock. Alloy 872 AISI 410. 2. in that order. wedges Elastomer Grey Cast iron SG Iron/Ductile Iron Wedge lining Bronze Stainless Steel Spindle Mild steel Stainless steel Spindle nut Stud for Wall thimble Bronze Stainless steel Quality Assurance 1. 8. machining. lowered from a crane / tripod. LTB-2 OR ASTM B584. 9. Sluice gates are manufactured at two of our factories . Alloy 655 AISI 304 / 316 IS 291 Gr. Affix the remaining stud bolts. near Kolkata and the other at Nasik.12.12 Installation (contd. guide bracket Seat and face Material Grey Cast iron Grey Cast iron Bronze Stainless Steel Naval brass Standard IS 210 Gr FG 200 OR ASTM A126 Class B IS 210 Gr FG 200 OR ASTM A126 Class B IS 318 Gr. tighten all nuts uniformly attending to opposite nuts in turn. The sluice gate assembly.) 7. Extension guide Wall thimble.13 and 14 for spigot back.10. The manufacturing process and quality system is governed by IS: 9001-2000. Place a rubber gasket on the flange face – this will be tricky and will need to be propped up. 3. .2 EPDM IS 210 Gr FG 200 OR ASTM A126 Class B IS 1865 Gr 500/7 OR BSEN 1563 Gr. is to be positioned in front of the 3 stud bolts in the wall thimble. eased gently in and fastened with a washer and nut each. Sufficient checks are exercised during raw material procurement.1. assembly and testing of sluice gates to ensure product reliability. LTB-2 OR ASTM B98. 304. Follow No. 316 Flush bottom seal Guide strips.500/7 IS 318 Gr. LTB-2 OR ASTM B98.

st. Suitable for seating as well as off seating application. as far as practicable. This option is available for MS and stainless steel gates also. for Aluminium and plastic. When required. bottom seal could be an elastomer. The operating mechanism comprising of a threaded nut for the rising spindle. MS and st. 316) 4) Plastic (fibre reinforced) 5) Aluminium Essential Features Wedging action (2 sides) in CI. extension rod and operating gear atop a head stock. is possible. Available in 5 basic construction material 1) Cast iron split frame (IS 210 Gr. gear box if required.13 Sluice Gates for open channel flow control One singular property of channel mounted gates is. Other available options Design for higher heads (upto 6 mwc) Wall mounted type other than for plastic gates Bottom door movement in weir gates – for decantation or level control Twin spindle and operator for extra wide gates Side mounted handwheel for remote drive.200) 2) Fabricated mild steel (IS 2062) 3) Fabricated stainless steel (AISI 304. Seating is only on the two vertical sides and the bottom. Alternatively. remote operation using a coupling. Sides of guide/frame are embedded in concrete or side walls of channel. Electric or pneumatic operation is possible. gates While sealing on all 3 sides is metal to metal .CHANNEL GATE . the bottom opening of the gate is flush with the invert. Also. sealing on all 3 sides is by means of an elastomer seal.bronze /brass for CI gates and stainless steel for fabricated MS or stainless steel gate. is mounted on top of the yoke/bridge. a ball thrust bearing arrangement (optional). And there is a yoke/bridge which binds the entire frame together imparting rigidity. save probably for the width of the metal seat if the entire gate has metal to metal seating. the level of water / waste water is always less than the door height/ height of channel. IN .

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