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„ DEBARAJ KEOT accessories, including the circuit itself, base of transistor T2 are high, relay
from mains using the remote for the RL1 energises. The relay de-energises

emote controllers for various audio or video systems. if both the inputs to transistor T2 go
audio/video systems are usu- The circuit consists of a timer IC low.
ally provided with a power NE555, a decade counter IC HCF4017, Initially, to switch on mains sup-
‘on’/‘off’ or standby-mode selector three BC548 transistors, an infrared ply for the audio/video system and
button. But turning the system off (IR) sensor IC TSOP1738 and a few dis- the circuit itself, pushbutton switch S1
from the remote handset actually does crete components. Transformer X1, di- is pressed momentarily.
not cut off the whole system from odes D1 and D2, and capacitor C1 form Normally, the output of IR receiver
mains. Some circuitry inside the sys- power supply for the circuit. Zener di- module IC3 is high when it is not be-
tem continues to get power from mains ode ZD1 provides regulated voltage ing activated by a remote, and the re-
even when the power is turned off us- to IR sensor TSOP1738 (IC3). lay energises to close the N/O contact
ing the remote handset. One needs to Timer IC NE555 (IC1) is configured and place a short across switch S1. This
turn off the mechanical switch pro- as an astable multivibrator that pro- circuit and the load continue to get
vided on the system’s front panel or duces a clock pulse every two seconds. power through the N/O contact of re-
wall outlet in order to turn off the en- The clock pulse is fed to decade lay RL1 even when pushbutton S1 is
tire system. counter IC HCF4017 (IC2), whose Q7 released.
Also, accessories like TV boosters, output is inverted by transistor T1 and At the same time, the output of IC2
stabilisers and additional ampli- applied to the base of transistor T2 to starts scrolling around its output pins,
speaker systems cannot be turned off drive the relay. i.e., pins 5 and 6 go high and low al-
from the remote handset. And it is very The output of sensor IC3 is used ternately for the clock pulses received.
annoying to get out of bed to switch to drive transistor T3 and activate the When Q6 output goes high the ‘warn-
off mains after watching some relay via transistor T2. ing’ LED (yellow) glows, and when Q7
programme on TV or listening to mu- The outputs of transistors T1 and output goes high the ‘off’ LED (red)
sic. T3 are ORed and the resultant is ap- glows.
The circuit given here can discon- plied to transistor T2. Thus if any one Yellow LED (LED1) indicates that
nect the entire system along with the or both the inputs connected to the it’s time to switch off the audio or


video system. the remote handset is pressed, the sen- the load connected across the
The entire system can be turned off sor output goes low for a while. Since transformer’s primary winding.
by pressing any key on the handset both the inputs connected to the base Any normal operation (increasing/
once when the red LED (LED2) is of transistor T2 become low at this decreasing volume, changing channels,
glowing. The reason is that red LED2 time, the transistor stops conducting etc) can be performed when either both
glows when the Q7 output of IC2 is and the relay de-energises. As a re- the LEDs are ‘off’ or the remote is not
high. Due to this, the output of tran- sult, the N/O contact of the relay oriented towards IR receiver module
sistor T1 is low. Now if any key on opens to switch off the circuit and IC3. z