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1.0 INTRODUCTION: DC power supply is the most reliable source of power supply for control, protection, in-terlock and annunciation requirements both during the AC power failure and in normal operating conditions. In other words, it is the back bone of the substation. This document is intended to size the 220V VRLA BATTERY requirement for the CPP-1 SUBSTATION. The bat-tery is sized in accordance with the IEEE 485 -1997 standard. 220V DC power supply will consist of one number 100% rated battery associated with one 100% rated battery charger. DESIGN CRITERIA FOR BATTERY SIZING: The discharge capacity of the battery shall be sufficient to supply loads during a dis-charge time of 8 hour. The battery shall be capable of Simultaneous tripping of all the 132kV breakers due to bus fault at the start of the load cycle. Tripping load is considered for 1 minute. Supplying of normal standing load (DC continuous load) for the full discharge period of 8 hours. Supplying of closing cycle load for a duration of 2 minutes at the end of the load cy-cle when battery is in its worst state. Closing of breaker (with si-multaneous load of one no. breakers) has been considered. The load cycle is divided in three sections: The section, corresponding time and considered loads are as per following

2.0

1 2 3

Section Number Section -1 Section -2 Section -3

Time Period 0 - 1 min. 1 - 478 min 478 - 480 min

Load Considered DC Continuous load + Tripping Load DC Continuous load DC Continuous load + Closing load

A design margin of 15 % is considered (for design contingencies) on the final calculated Ampere Hour capacity and the next higher battery size available from one of the vendors list is selected. Margin of 15% has been considered on the final calculated size for future load requirements. 3.0 1 DESIGN CRITERIA FOR BATTERY CHARGER SIZING The battery charger is sized based on two numbers of applications envisaged. Under normal float charge conditions (with AC supply available), the battery charger will cater to the continuous load of the DC system plus trickle charging current of the battery. The batteries may require boost charging from time to time, depending upon service conditions and other external factors. Under boost charge conditions the charger shall be capable of supplying full boost charge requirement, taking care not to exceed the maximum permissible battery voltage. The battery charging current rating is calculated for boost charging the battery. GENERAL DESIGN INPUT: Project contract document. Standard used is IEEE 485 1997. Manufacturer published catalogue for auxiliary power consumption of various relay

4.0 1 2 3

RESULT OF STUDY: One number of VRLA battery with end cell voltage of 1.85V/cell battery and rating of 110.00 Ah, having 108 numbers of cells are required to feed DC load.

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1) NOTES

1.1 ASSUMPTIONS/ CRITERION 1.1.01 The 220V DC supply is primarily used for the 11kV Breaker switchgear, 415V (ACBs only) closing & opening operation as well as other auxiliary functions such as supply to protective relays,contact multiplication contactors, indicating lamps, etc. 1.1.02 The battery is sized for Eight (08) hour duty cycle as below: (i) (ii) (iii) One (1) Minute tripping loads of 11kV Switchgear feeders as applicable, together with continuous loads & Emergency loads Total 478 minutes of continuous loads with emergency load Two (2) Minutes closing loads of 11kV switchgear feeders as applicable, together with continuous loads.

1.1.03 All the future feeders are also included in the continuous load calculations. 1.1.04 A design margin of 15% is considered.

2)
2.1

DATA
The Battery & DC system data are tabulated as under.

Sl.No 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 9) 10) 11)

Description Nominal voltage Maximum Voltage Minimum Voltage Individual cell voltage Battery end cell voltage Ambient temperature (design) Ambient temperature (max) Ageing factor Design margin Future provision 220 242 198 2 1.85 24 50 25 15 10

Data V V V V V
O

C C As per Clause 6.2.3 of IEEE 485

% % %

The various loads for the battery duty cycle is considered as under. 2.2 a) b) c) The following duty cycle is considered The battery feeds the continuous loads of 11kV feeder & 415V (ACBs) indicating lamps(6 lamps operating per feeder), relays, contact multiplication equipment, Emergency light etc. Tripping of 4 No 11KV breakers considered at the start of load cycle. Tripping load is considered for 1 min. At the end of the duty cycle, to resume power to the battery charger, one (1) 11KV breakers are considered to be closed. Clossing cycle load for duration of 2 Min at the end of load cycle when battery is in its worst state to be considered.

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3)

Various Loads Considered For The Duty Cycle is tabulated as below:


Quantity per feeder Unit load A) 11kV INCOMER FEEDER C C C C M M M 1 1 8 1 1 7 1 5 10 1.5 6 150 10 190 33 5 10 12 6 150 70 190 410

Sl. No

Item description

DUTY

Load in Watts CONT. INTER.

Remark

A.01 11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ80 A.02 Auxillary Rekays : VTT11 A.03 Indication Lamps A.04 Multifunction Meter A.05 Lockout Relay : VAJH A.06 Auxilary Contacts A.07 11kV CB Tripping Coil TOTAL LOAD

Sl. No

Item description

DUTY

Quantity per feeder Unit load

Load in Watts CONT. INTER.

Remark

B) B.01 B.02 B.03 B.04 B.05 B.06 B.07

Transformer Outgoing Feeder Pannel 11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ80 Indication Lamps Multifunction Meter Lockout Relay : VAJH Auxilary Contacts VAA33 11kV CB Tripping Coil Total for one line feeder TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS C C C M M M M 1 8 1 1 7 3 1 5 1.5 6 150 10 4 190 23 46 5 12 6 150 70 12 190 232 464

Sl. No

Item description

DUTY

Quantity per feeder Unit load

Load in Watts CONT. INTER.

Remark

C) C.01 C.02 C.03 C.04 C.05 C.06

CSS Outgoing Feeder Pannel 11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ80 Indication Lamps Multifunction Meter Lockout Relay : VAJH Auxilary Contacts 11kV CB Tripping Coil Total for one line feeder TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS C C C M M M 1 8 1 1 7 1 5 1.5 6 150 10 190 23 46 5 12 6 150 70 190 410 820

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Sl. No

Item description

DUTY

Quantity per feeder Unit load

Load in Watts CONT. INTER.

Remark

D)

PCC PANEL C C 1 5 6 1.5 6 7.5 13.5 27 0

D.01 Multifunction Meter D.02 Indication Lamps Total for one line feeder TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS

Sl. No

Item description

DUTY

Quantity per feeder Unit load

Load in Watts CONT. INTER.

Remark

E) E.01

CLOSING OF 11kV BREAKER 11KV Breaker Closing Coil TOTAL LOAD M 1 190 190 190

EMERGENCY LIGHT

180.0

considering 3 lamps of 60W

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4)

LOAD CYCLE S.No


1 2 3

Load Description
Momentary Tripping load Continuous load Momentary Closing Load

Watts
1694 190 332

Ampere
7.70 A 0.86 A 1.51 A

Duration
1 min 478 min 2 min Section I (A1) Section II (A2) Section III (A3)

Load Description
Momentary Tripping load + Continuous load Continuous load Continous load + Momentary Closing Load

Load
8.56 A 0.86 A 2.37 A

M1 + M2 + M3

M1 + M2 Load (AMP)

M1

Section :A1 8.56 Amps M1 Section : A2 = M2 0.86 Amps Section : A3 2.37 Amps M3

1 Time (MINUTES)

478

480

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5) Battery Duty cycle & AH capacity
The duty cycle and the periods are tabulated as below: (as per Clause 6.5 of IEEE 1115)

Period A 1 1 2

Load in A B 8.56 A 8.56 A 0.86 A

Change in load C Section -I A1 - 0 = A1 - 0 = A2 - A1 = 8.56 Section -II 8.56 -7.70 Section -III

Duration of period (min) D M1 = 1 M1 = 1 M2 = 477

Time to end E T = M1 T=M1+M2 T = M2 1 478 477

K factor F 0.5 8.57 8.02

Required AH (CxF) G 4.29 73.39 -61.75 11.64 78.10 -66.37 0.83 12.56

Subtotal Section - II = 1 2 3 8.56 A 0.86 A 2.37 A A1 - 0 = A2 - A1 = A3 - A2 = 8.56 -7.70 1.51 M1 = 1 M2 = 477 M3 = 2 T=M1+M2+M3=480 T=M2+M3=479 T=M3 2 9.12 8.62 0.55

Subtotal Section - III =

Now applying various factors : a) b) c) d) AH required Aging factor at 25% Design Margin at 15% Future Load at 10% AH CAPACITY OF BATTERY REQUIRED SELECTED BATTERY CAPACITY =12.56 x 1.25 =15.7 x 1.15 =18.06 x 1.1 : : 12.56 15.7 18.06 19.87 19.87 110 AH AH AH AH AH AH

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NUMBER OF CELLS CALCULATION
1 2 3 4 Nominal system voltage (Vn) Highest system voltage (Vh) Lowest system voltage (Vl) Voltage per cell during Float charging (Vf) 5 Number of Cells (N = Vh / Vf) = 242/2.25 Nos. 107.556 108 6 End cell voltage ECV=(Vl)/N = Nos. Nos. rounded to next higher number = = = = 220 242 198 2.25 V V V V Considered +10% of nominal voltage Considered -10% of nominal voltage (As per supplier manual for VRLA)

198/108 V 1.833 1.850 V V (is selected as per Manufacturer manual)

Minimum allowable battery voltage

= =

No. of cells x End cell voltage 199.8

So Minimum allowable battery voltage = 199.8 V which is more than the system Minimum allowable voltage = 198 V