Potential for Biomass Energy in Sri Lanka

Potential for Bio Energy and Rural Economic Development

Eng. Parakrama Jayasinghe Bio Energy Association of Sri Lanka www.bioenergysrilanka.org

The Common Wisdom
Energy Supply Security Affordability GDP Growth

Essential For
Energy Demand Growth

Rate of GDP Growth

A New Paradigm is needed
Energy Generation Contributing to

GDP Growth

The Potential Target contribution US $ Six Billion

The Scale of the Problem !!!
Fuel Imports Rs 780 Billion ($ 6.0 Billion) Import of Milk Food Rs 39 Billion ($ 300 M) Fertilizer Subsidy Rs. 70 Billion Samurdhi - Rs 50 Billion We earn only Rs 455 Billion(US $ 3.5 Billion ) from Tea Rubber and Coconut

4

Zero Fossil Fuels -A Goal Within Sight
25000

20000

Energy kTOE

SOLAR , OFF SHORE WIND AND OCEAN THERMAL NOT CONSIDERED

Sources
Others/Wind Hydro Biomass Petroleum

15000

10000

5000

0

5

Current Mix

Potential

TRANSPORT & RELATED SERVICES

Rs.
EMPLOYMENT

Rs.

Biomass Economy
Rs.
Fuelwood

Electricity
Heat

MARKETS
FODDER

ENERGY PLANTATION

Rs.

LIVESTOCK

ASH Milk MACHINERY INDUSTRY

Urea Replacement
DUNG

ORGANIC FERTILIZER

ORGANIC FERTILIZER

1 ha Plantation 30 t Fuelwood Rs.60,000 Fodder (6 Cows) 6750 l Milk Rs.337,500 32 t Dung
Option2 Option 3

Income per ha/y 8 t Foliage
Option 1

24 t Straw

Digester Total Rs.509,340 per ha/y 1971 M3 Biogas Rs.78,840 1.05t Urea Eq. 32t Effluent Rs.33,000

Land available in Sri Lanka
Source : Ministry of Lands

Total Land Area Natural forest Forest plantation

6,500,000 ha. 1,678,000 ha. 81,000 ha.

100% 26% 1%

Industrial plantations Paddy lands
Sparsely used crop lands Range scrub land Other

769,000 ha. 799,000 ha.
1,263,000 ha. 502,000 ha. 1,408,000 ha.

12% 12%
20% 8% 21%
8

Power & Poverty Partition

Growing Our Own Energy

Reversing the Drain to a ‘Boon ’

The Burden

Convert to a Boon
CERS CERS

Cost of Energy and other imports Draining the Economy

Value of Energy and local inputs Catalysing the Economy !!

Our Prime Responsibility

Let him too become a stake holder of the Energy Sector . He can be the creator as well as the recipient of the benefits.

Forest Cover Over Sri Lanka

65% in 1956

19% in 1992

68% Five years into Fuel Wood Farming

Re-Greening Sri Lanka

The Key to success is the biomass supply reliability
The

knowledge and technologies are already available
14

Bio Mass for Food, Fodder, Fertility and Fuel
15

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