Visual Inference On Human Facial Expression On Homogeneous Distributed Systems

Rajeshwari.J1 Dept of Information Science and Engineering Dayananda Sagar Co ege of Engineering !anga ore" India Emai #raji$j% &
Abstract' Facial expression recognition has different applications in the real world. e present a method to identify facial expressions ta!en from camera and build a parallel facial expression recognition system. " statistical techni#ue such as $rincipal %omponent "nalysis is used for dimensionality reduction and recognition and widely used for facial feature extraction and recognition. &o test and e'aluates their performance( experiments are performed using real database .%lient )Ser'er techni#ue is used to reduce the processing time of each frames from the 'ideo. &he fi'e principal emotions to be recogni*ed are+ Happy( Sad( "nger( and Disgust( along with ,eutral. Keywords' Facial Expressions( -ecognition rate( Euclidian Distance" %lient)Ser'er techni#ue.

K.Karibasappa 2 Dayananda Sagar Co ege of Engineering !anga ore India Emai #%$%aribasappa&hotmai .com
and in this techni8+e the performance deteriorates if the e)e of noise increases. !oosted cascade a gorithm is +sed by ChihR+ngChen et a . 3<4 b+t the hardware imp ementation re8+ires h+ge amo+nt of SR6= to store inp+t data" integra image and c assifiers. -acia e,pression recognition based on Eigen Space was proposed by 5.R.S m+rthy et a . 3>4" sad anger and disg+st are high y conf+sed among each other. =iche e 6ra+jo et a . 3?4 +sed the Discrete Cosine transformer approach b+t here as the n+mbers of training images are red+ced the e,pression recognition rate a so decreases. 2a Sobo Shi% er et a . 3@4 proposed categorica approach that entai s the inference of sma set of basic emotions" b+t it does not represent the entire range of emotions. Seyed =ehdi Aaje)ardi Bahir =. :+ssain et a .31C4 imp emented on higher order oca a+tocorre ation coefficients and oca binary pattern b+t has conf+sions for different e,pressions in ow reso +tion. 5abor fi ter based feat+re e,traction in combination with earning )ector 8+anti*ation approach was proposed by shishir !ashya et a .3114 recognition rate was achie)ed considerab y b+t cannot discriminate fear e,pressions. Srini)as K.5 et a .3124 accomp ished face detection by imp ementing the concept of :aar i%e feat+res to priotori*e detection time o)er acc+racy . II. $-O$OSED "$$-O"%H Different -acia E,pression Recognition s+ch as :appy" Sad" 6nger" Disg+st" a ong with (e+tra is done +sing Drincipa Component approach. A. PCA approach in Parallel Program for facial Expression Recognition Drincipa Component 6na ysis 7DC6/ is a statistica techni8+e +sed for dimension red+ction and recognition" E wide y +sed for facia feat+re e,traction and recognition. -acia E,pression Recognition for arge database cannot be done on one comp+ter which increases the processing time d+ring rea time consideration. So o+r approach is to +se C ient.Ser)er techni8+e where inp+t )ideo is gi)en to the ser)er" ser)er then distrib+tes each of the frames from the )ideo to the c ients.

I. I,&-OD.%&IO, (owadays face recognition techno ogy is ta%ing ot of importance and it is one of the most imperati)e topics in the fie d of face research. In order to accomp ish this techno ogy the %ey is to recogni*e h+man facia e,pressions by comp+ter. -ace recognition techno ogy recogni*es the h+man by his.her face image. -ace recognition techno ogy a+tomatica y ana yses the feat+res of the face in the digita image. -ace recognition techno ogy emp oys three methods 1/ face detection 2/ image pre0processing and 1/ face identification. In order to speed +p the comp+tations se)era para e programming mode s are tas% para e " data para e " 2reads. In 314 +sef+ ness of para e image processing is demonstrated. 5est+re recognition was proposed by 6 bert 6 i Sa ah et a . 324" here the ranges of beha)iors proposed are rapid y e,panding and its becoming hard to describe. E,pression recognition is performed +sing radia basis f+nction based artificia ne+ra networ% to recogni*e the si, basic emoti ons7anger" fear" disg+st" joy" s+rprise" sadness/ proposed by 6 iaa 6.6 yo+ssif et a .314 " sad "anger detection rate is at ower rates. Se8+entia config+ration of processing b oc%s" sca ar 8+anti*ation of facia dynamics approach was proposed by the C a+de C. Chibe +shi et a . 394. :ere it high ights the main system components and some research cha enges. Cristian sminchisesc+ et a .3;4 disc+ssed on se f0s+per)ised a gorithm that combines top0down and bottom +p processing

pression Recognition on distrib+ted system architect+re. 2he a gorithm +sed to imp ement the DC6 method# F 0G Create ( . If s+ch a n+mber e. -ace e. M 0G co)ariance matri. to perform norma i*ation of data.i0m 2.pression -ig 1# =ethodo ogy of -acia E.F s+btract mean ." with one row )ector . -ind eigen)ectors and Eigen )a +es of M. 6 20D facia image can be represented as 10D )ector by concatenating each row 7or co +mn/ into a ong thin )ector.= 7S+ppose we ha)e = )ectors of si*e (" DjJs represent pi. of F Le identify co)ariance matri.= mH1.Decision =a%er -eat+re Oector Ca c+ ation of face -eat+re Oector Ca c+ ation of face Simi arity ca c+ ation -eat+re )ector database Simi arity ca c+ ation Simi arity ca c+ ation -ig 2# -acia E. Dositi)e )a +e indicates positi)e y corre ated and negati)e )a +e indicates negati)e y corre ated. Aet 6 be a s8+are matri.pression Recognition on distrib+ted system is shown in fig 2. 2he images are mean centered by s+btracting the mean image from each image )ector.ists it is ca ed Eigen )a +e of 6.= K . DC6 is %nown as Eigen space Drojection which is based on inear y Drojection the image space to a ow dimension feat+re space that is %nown as Eigen space. -eat+re Oector Ca c+ ation of face Ser)er. Dre0 processing -eat+re e.traction E. 2he co)ariance between L and L2 is fo+nd.pression Recognition.pression Recognition (e+tra E. 9. Aet m represent the mean image . from each row )ector . -acia E." Oector C is ca ed an Eigen )ector of 6 if and on y if there e.n in F . 6mong = Eigen )ectors with argest Eigen )a +e gi)es +s the principa component.pression recognition genera y consists of • Image pre0processing • -eat+re e. Co)ariance of L and L2 H1NnK LiLit 1. Co)ariance meas+res the degree of inear re ationship between two )ariab es. d data matri.ists n+mber P s+ch that 6CHP C -ig 1# 2raining Set 2raining set is shown in fig 1.n per data point 1.Each of the c ients finds the feat+re )ectors and finds the simi arity ca c+ ation between the feat+re )ectors of test )ideo frame with the feat+re )ector database of the training set.iH3p1"pn42 iH1I.pression recognition. .traction • -ace e.i iH1 and Li be defined as mean centered image Li H.e )a +es/.

C assification re8+ires s+per)ised training" so the training set sho+ d consists of abe ed data. C. Each image has been rated on < emotions.pression +nder test and 2rain image is being ca c+ ated. 2his information m+st be )a +ab e to the ater step of identifying the s+bject with an acceptab e error rate and a so optimi*ed for c assification step. 2hen E+c idean distance based matching c assifier is +sed for finding the c osest match.pression.tracting re e)ant information from the face image. 5i)en the chosen feat+res represented in a feat+re )ector" it is the c assifier that maps the feat+re space span to a set of discrete abe s.B. 2rained data set consists of . 2he database +sed for facia e.2he feat+re matrices of train images and testing images are passed to the c assifier +nit for the c assification of a gi)en face 8+ery with the %now edge created for the a)ai ab e database.C images" where as the test data set consists of 11images which are to be pre0processed for feat+re e. 2here are 11 test images and .pression. 2he inp+t to the c assifier is a set of feat+res which were retrie)ed from face region. III. Le are ma%ing +se of a database named Qrea databaseJ which has two set of images name y trained set and test data set.tracted Eigen feat+res are then passed for DC6 to red+ce the n+mber of feat+res based on dominance.tract s%in" remo)e the noise from the image that enab es +s to e.-ES. 2he test data is oaded and projected on the feat+re space . -eat+re e. eat!re Extraction -eat+re E. E. E)ery pi. 2he facia e.1?C. Image Pre-processing :ere we ha)e to prepare the image" resi*e the image" do the ightning compensation" e. 6 images are resi*ed to a +niform dimension of 2?C. 2he imadj+st f+nction is +sed for adj+sting the ight properties and co o+r properties. Vsing DC6 comp+tation time is ess b+t the recognition rate is >CW to @CW . 2he minim+m difference between any pair wo+ d symbo i*e the best possib e matched facia e. In the resi*e image part" we are resi*ing a images that are present in the database which are of si*e <CCR?CC to 2?CR1?C to maintain +niform y among the images and red+ce the efforts of e.pression Recognition res+ t obtained from Rea Database.C train images in training dataset to recogni*e facia e. Expression recognition E.C train images which consist of train image name and its e. Snce the c assifier is trained " it can recogni*e inp+t images by assigning them a partic+ ar c ass abe . 2he most common y +sed facia e.D DIS%.pression. ".traction.pression recognition is the c assification tas%..tracting +nwanted feat+res.DC6 is the method +sed here to e.pressions./&S ".pressions c assification is terms of sad" anger" disg+st " happy. -o owing are the res+ ts obtained as shown in fig 9 and fig .C train image Rea Database.SSIO.traction process m+st be efficient in terms of comp+ting time and memory +sage. 26!AE I &est Image Expression 0est 1atch ne+tra happy disg+st anger anger happy sad :ere the distance between the e.tract feat+res the images. 2here are 11 test images in training dataset which are compared with .tract the re8+ired feat+res ea)ing o+t +nwanted feat+res" and to find s%in co o+r b oc%s.pression database is maintained of a the .traction process can be defined as the proced+re of e. In the ighting compensation we are adj+sting the contrast" sharpness and brightness of the image" to ma%e a the images ha)e simi ar ight and co o+r properties. 2he set of feat+res is formed to describe the facia e. E+c $DistHs8rt 772estImageT2rainimage/ R72estImage 0 2rain image//U -o owing 2ab e I shows -acia E.e )ariation in the image gi)es an Eigen feat+re.pression system is Rea Database.

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