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EXAMPLE 4: SIZE A 3-PHASE HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR

Gas Flowrate (MMSCFD)


Oil Flowrate (BOPD)
Water Flowrate (BWPD)
Total Liquid (BPD)
ATM Press.
Op Press (psig)
Op Temp (F)
Gas Compressibility Z
Retention Time (min) t
Remove drops >__micron from gas
Remove H2O drops >__micron from oil
Remove oil drops >__micron from H2O
Vessel Liquid Level - beta
1. Calculate design specification information
rg = (P+Pa)(MW)
10.73*(T+460)*(z)
rl = 62.4(sp. gr.)
rw = 62.4(sp. Gr H2O.)
Dp= 0.00003937(micron)/12
Dw= 0.00003937(micron)/12
Do = 0.00003937(micron)/12
m=MMSCFD(1e6)(MW)
379.4(24)(3600)
Qa=m/rg
Ql
Qw
Qm=Qa+Ql+Qw
pm=(rl*Ql+rg*Qg+rw*Qw)/Qm
Fractional area of liquids - alpha

0.01
60
100
160.00
14.7
50.00
120
0.89
3.00
150
500
200
50%

0.27

lb/cu ft

49.92
62.40
0.000492
0.001640
0.000656
0.01

lb/cu ft
lb/cu ft
ft
ft
ft
lb/sec

0.03
0.0039
0.0065
0.04
15.97
0.50

2. Calculate C D and min diameter


Trial No.
Assume CD

23
0.8
1

acfs
cu ft/sec
cu ft/sec
cu ft/sec
lb/cu ft

1
2.01

Vt = (4gDp(rl-rg)/3CDrg)^0.5
Re = 1488(DpVtrg)/m

Gas MW
Oil S.G.
Water S.G.

2
2.02

3
2.02

1.39

1.39

1.39

22.86

22.82

22.81

2.02

2.02

2.02

Calculated CD
Minimum dia.= 12*(TZQg/2.4Vt(P+Pa))^0.5
3. Determine the fractional height of water in the vessel
Fractional area of water aw=atQw/t(Qw+Ql)
0.313
Fractional height of water bw
0.350
Fractional area of water aw
0.312

4. Calculate max vessel diameter for water settling


Vtw = 1488gDw2(pw-pl)/18ml
0.08
Max Height of Oil Pad, Ho
165.04
Maximum diameter = Ho/(b-bw)
1100

1.9 in

change until above matches below

ft/sec
in max
in max

5. Calculate max vessel diameter for oil settling


Vtw = 1488gDw2(pw-pl)/18mw
Max Height of water, Hw
Maximum diameter = Hw/bw
Maximum Vessel Diameter

0.0207
44.77
128

ft/sec
in max
in max

128

126

6. Calculate vessel gas and liquid capacity requirements


dvLeff (for gas capacity)
0.30
dv^2*Leff (for liquid capacity)
686
7. Determine appropriate diameter and S-S length
Diameter (in)
Leff (gas)
Lss (gas)
Leff (liquid)
Lss (liquid)
Lss (ft)
L/D

24
0.01
2.01
1.19
1.59
3
1.25

30
0.01
2.51
0.76
1.02
3
1.20

36
0.01
3.01
0.53
0.71
4
1.17

Gas Viscosity m
Oil Viscosity ml
H2O Viscosity mw

4
2.02

in

matches below

0.012
1.17
0.69

cp
cp
cp

5
2.02

6
2.02

1.39

1.39

1.39

22.81

22.80

22.80

2.02

2.02

2.02

in

42
0.01
3.51
0.39
0.52
4
1.14

48
0.01
4.01
0.30
0.40
5
1.13

54
0.01
4.51
0.24
0.31
5
1.11