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General Instruction: Students are required to submit the hardcopy of the report in my pigeon hole in Block 16, Level 3. 2. Please use the cover page provides. Report should be printed double sided. 3. Report must be submitted no later than 5pm on 26th August 2010. Marks will be deducted by 2% per day for the late submission. 4. All figures must be labeled clearly and referred properly in the text while explaining your results. 5. Zero marks will be awarded for any plagiarism works.

All the best. -Mazuin Jasamai-

( Pls use this Cover page)


Name : ___________________________ Student ID : _______________________ Signature : ________________________ Submission to : Pn Mazuin Jasamai

PAB3053 RESERVOIR MODELING AND SIMULATION PROJECT 1 (10%) (3D 2-Phase) A Prepare an input data file for simulating the performance of a two-phase (water/oil) threedimensional reservoir of size 2500' x 2500' x 150', dividing it into three layers of equal thickness. The number of cells in the x and y directions are 5 and 5 respectively. Other relevant data are given below, using field units throughout: Depth of reservoir top: Initial pressure at 8075': Porosity: Permeability in x direction: Permeability in y direction: Permeability in z direction: 8000 ft 4500 psia 0.20 200 mD for 1st and 3rd layers and 1000 mD for 2nd layer. 150 mD for 1st and 3rd layers and 800 mD for 2nd layer. 20 mD for 1st and 3rd layers and 100 mD for 2nd layer.

1 500 500 500 500 500

5 50 50 50 1 2

1 3 2 4 3 5 500 500 500 500 500

Figure 1: Schematic of model.

Water and Oil Relative Permeability and Capillary Pressure Functions Water Saturation 0.25* 0.5 0.7 0.8 krw 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.55 kro 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 Pcow (psi) 4.0 0.8 0.2 0.1
* Initial saturation throughout.

Water PVT Data at Reservoir Pressure and Temperature Pressure (psia) 4500 Bw (rb/stb) 1.02 cw (psi-1) 3.0E-06 w (cp) 0.8 Viscosibility (psi-1) 0.0

Oil PVT Data, Bubble Point Pressure (Pb) = 300 psia Pressure (psia) 300 800 6000 Bo (rb/stb) 1.25 1.20 1.15 Viscosity (cp) 1.0 1.1 2.0 4E-06 psi-1 49 lbs/cf 63 lbs/cf 0.01 lbs/cf

Rock compressibility at 4500 psia: Oil density at surface conditions: Water density at surface conditions: Gas density at surface conditions:

The oil-water contact is below the reservoir (8,200 ft), with zero capillary pressure at the contact. Drill a producer PROD, belonging to group G1, in Block No. (1, 1) and an injector INJ, belonging to group G2, in Block No. (5, 5). The inside diameter of the wells is 8". Perforate both the producer and the injector in all three layers. Produce at the gross rate of 10,000 stb liquid/day and inject 11,000 stb water/day. The producer has a minimum bottom hole pressure limit of 2,000 psia, while the bottom hole pressure in the injector cannot exceed 10,000 psia. Start the simulation on 1st January 2008, and use 10 time steps of 200 days each. Ask the program to output the following data: Initial permeability, porosity and depth data (keyword INIT in GRID section) Initial grid block pressures and water saturations into a RESTART file (keyword RPTRST in SOLUTION section) Field Average Pressure (FPR) Bottom Hole Pressure for both wells (WBHP) Field Oil Production Rate (FOPR) Field Water Production Rate (FWPR) Total Field Oil Production (FOPT) Total Field Water Production (FWPT) Well Water Cut for PROD (WWCT) CPU usage (TCPU) to a separate Excel readable file (using keyword EXCEL) in the SUMMARY section. Grid block pressures and water saturations into RESTART files at each report step of the simulation (keyword RPTRST in SCHEDULE section)

TASK 1 1 Edit file PROJECT1A.DATA in new folder by opening it in Notepad, fill in the necessary data and save the file. The original file may be found in E-learning, and should be copied to your own work area.

2 Activate the ECLIPSE Launcher from the Desktop or the Start menu.

3 Run ECLIPSE and use the PROJECT1A dataset. 4 Using Eclipse ffice function in Eclipse, Plot the BHP of both wells (WBHP) vs. time and the field average pressure (FPR) vs. time on Figure 1. ( make sure your unit for time is in YEARS)

Plot the water cut (WWCT) of the well PROD and the field oil production rate (FOPR) vs. time on Figure 2. What is your opinion on this Plot?

5 Plot FOPT, FOE and FOPR on same graph (Figure 3). What can you conclude from this graph?

6 Plot on Figure 4 the BHP values for the first 10 days in the range 3,500 psia to 5,500 psia. (Figure 4)

Explain the initial short-term rise in BHP in the injection well and drop in BHP in the production well. Account for the subsequent trends of these two pressures and of the field average pressure, relating these to the reservoir production and injection rates, water cut and the PVT data of the reservoir fluids.