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2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO 1

FREE 2012
CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA
TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXICO
TEXCOCO
DF
Estado
de
Mex|co
Texcoco
Texcoco
|s a c|ty |n
Mex|co (|n the
Mex|can Repub||c|,
28 km E NE of the
h|stor|c center of
Mex|co C|ty
Lake Texcoco (Lago de Texcoco| was a natura| |ake format|on w|th|n
the Va||ey of Mex|co. The Aztecs bu||t the c|ty of Tenocht|t|an on an
|s|and |n the |ake. The Span|ards bu||t Mex|co C|ty over Tenocht|t|an.
Efforts to contro| f|ood|ng |ed to most of the |ake be|ng dra|ned,
|eav|ng a much sma||er Lake Texcoco west of the c|ty, surrounded by
sa|t marsh.
The Va||ey of Mex|co |s a bas|n w|th an average e|evat|on of 2,236
metres (7,336 ft| above mean sea |eve| |ocated |n the southern
h|gh|ands of Mex|co's centra| a|t|p|ano. It former|y extended over
a |arge port|on |n the southern ha|f of the bas|n, where |t was the
|argest of an |nterconnected cha|n of f|ve major and severa| sma||er
|akes (the other ma|n |akes be|ng Xa|tocan, Zumpango, Cha|co and
Xoch|m||co |akes|. Dur|ng per|ods of h|gh water |eve|s-typ|ca||y after
the May-to-October ra|ny seasons-the |akes were often jo|ned as
one body of water, at an average e|evat|on of 2,242 metres (7,356 ft|
above mean sea |eve|. In the dr|er w|nter months the |ake system
tended to separate |nto |nd|v|dua| bod|es of water, a f|ow that was
m|t|gated by the construct|on of d|kes and causeways |n the Late
Postc|ass|c per|od of Mesoamer|can chrono|ogy. Lake Texcoco was
the |owest-|y|ng of a|| the |akes, and occup|ed the m|n|mum e|evat|on
|n the va||ey so that water u|t|mate|y dra|ned towards |t. The Va||ey
of Mex|co has been a c|osed bas|n s|nce at |east the Late P||ocene,
and the |akes subsequent|y had no natura| surface outf|ow, w|th the
dra|nage bas|n form|ng an endorhe|c system.
The |ake bas|n |s now occup|ed by Mex|co C|ty, the cap|ta| of the
present-day nat|on of Mex|co.
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 6 7
C
arretera P
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Circuito exterior Mexiquense
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Ecatepec de
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LOCALIZACIN
Sierra de Guadalupe
Aeropuerto
Internacional de Ciudad
de Mxico
Cd. Neza
Atizapan de
Zaragoza
Tlalnepantla
Naucalpan
Buenavista
Ciudad Nicolas
Romero
Cuautitln
Izcalli
Chimalhuacan
Texcoco de Mora (city)
ZONA FEFERAL DEL
LAGO DE TEXCOCO
Nabor Carrillo Lake
La Paz
Bosque de Chapultepec
Av. Reforma
Zcalo
Mxico
D.F.
Sierra de Santa Catarina
Sierra de las Cruces
Sierra del Ajusco Chichinautzin
DF
Estado de
Mxico
1400 1500

1800

1900

2010

TEXCOCO LAKE
Acce|erated Des|ccat|on
Urban Mass
Lake
80
km of
coast
II
TEXCOCO LAKE
Todays rema|n|ng |akes
TEXCOCO LAKE
In|t|a| |ake
1
8

.

6

K
M
1
4
. 3
K
M
15 800 ha
36m
3
Mex|co C|ty
Estado de Mex|co
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Barce|ona, ES
Bras|||a, BR
Duba|, UAE
Par|s, FR
Texcoco Lake, MX
Manhattan, US
Amsterdam, NL
Mex|co C|ty, MX
SITE AERIAL PHOTO SCALE COMPARISONS
Ch|ma|huacan
Lago Nabor Car|||o
SITE DIVERSITY AERIAL PHOTOS
SITE PANORAMIC VIEWS
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
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ATENCO A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
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ATENCO A
DISTRITO
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
A
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
CHIMALHUACAN
TEXCOCO
ATENCO A
DISTRITO
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5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
5,000 m 2,500 m 1,000m
Urban areas
Agr|cu|ture zones
Parks and natura| reserves
Federa| reserve
Water bod|es
Eroded so||
Po||t|ca| d|v|s|ons
Water ways
Agr|cu|ture areas
0 1,000 2,000 5,000m
SITE ZONINGS SITE LAYERING
LANDUSE URBAN MASS VS TOPOGRAPHY
ROAD STRUCTURE TRANSPORTATION
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INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN IMAGE: VIEWS
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CONTEXT URBAN PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION
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0 m 1 000 2 000 5 000 10 000 m
Nabor Car|||o Lake
Federa| Zone
A|rport
TEXCOCO
ATENCO
CHIMALHUACAN
CONTEXT IMAGE
MAP OF INTERESTS
ATENCO
TEXCOCO
CHIMALHUACAN
NEZAHUALCOYOTL
DISTRITO
FEDERAL
ECATEPEC
Supporters:
Mun|c|pa||ty, fore|gn
|nvestors
Oponents: Farmers
Supporters: Mun|c|pa||ty
Oponents: P|an Texcoco
supporters
Supporters: Mun|c|pa||ty,
Gob|erno Federa|
HYDROLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF TEXCOCO
Estado de Mx|co
D|str|to
Federa|
H|da|go
More|os
Pueb|a
Guerrero
M|choacan
Queretero
T|axca|a
Texcoco
Lake
HYDROLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF DF
The Va||ey of Mex|co |s a bas|n w|th an average
e|evat|on of 2,236 metres (7,336 ft| above mean
sea |eve| |ocated |n the southern h|gh|ands of
Mex|co's centra| a|t|p|ano. Dur|ng per|ods of h|gh
water |eve|s-typ|ca||y after the May-to-October
ra|ny seasons-Mex|co C|ty suffers through severe
f|ood|ngs.
Lake Texcoco was the |owest-|y|ng of a|| the |akes,
and occup|ed the m|n|mum e|evat|on |n the va||ey
so that water u|t|mate|y dra|ned towards |t. The
Va||ey of Mex|co has been a c|osed bas|n s|nce at
|east the Late P||ocene, and the |akes subsequent|y
had no natura| surface outf|ow, w|th the dra|nage
bas|n form|ng an endorhe|c system.
The |ake of Texcoco has 33 bod|es of water |n
a surface of 246.42 has. Even though |ts annua|
average prec|p|tat|on |s 750 m||||meters.
CIUDAD FUTURA
By A|berto Ka|ach y Teodoro Gonza|ez
1965 - Nabor Carr|||o. Lake Recover|ng 1979 - CONAGUA. Grass|ands
2001 - A.t Ka||ach, T. Gonza|ez. A|rport and |ake
2010 - Iak| Echeverr|a. Lake recovery 2012
2008 - SCT. A|rport
Agr|cu|ture areas
PRECEDENTS
?
1965 - 10 000 ha. Nabor Carr||ho, Gerardo Cru|skank. Recovery of the hydro|og|c bas|n of the Va||ey of Mex|co
2001 - 14 000 ha. A|berto Ka|ach, Teodoro Gonza|ez, Gerardo Cru|ckshank. C|udad Futura
COMPARING MAIN 4 INITIATIVES
!"#$%#&

PROYECTO AMBIENTAL NUEVO TEXCOCO


Presentacin

El Estado de Mxico no est ofertando un sitio
para la construccin del AM.
Ofrece un proyecto ambiental denominado:
Nuevo Texcoco, que es un proyecto de vida
para Ios habitantes de Ia ZMVM.
La regin centro del Valle de Mxico puede
convertirse en el pivote de la ms ambiciosa
estrategia de desarrollo urbano, ambiental y
humano que esta regin jams haya visto.
NUEVO TEXCOCO permite el rescate de ms de
15 mil hectreas, en donde el proyecto que le da
certidumbre al conjunto del desarrollo es el AM.
El Estado de Mxico trabaja en la construccin de
un marco jurdico slido para preservar la zona
como reserva ecolgica y establecer sanciones
penales por el incumplimiento de programas de
desarrollo urbano.
Asimismo, propone la creacin de una comisin
tcnica integrada por autoridades federales,
estatales, del Distrito Federal, expertos en
aeronutica, ecologistas y especialistas en
mecnica de suelos, para vigilar la definicin final
del Proyecto Ambiental Nuevo Texcoco. Se
trabaja en el esquema financiero que le d
sustentabilidad de largo plazo al proyecto.








Proyecto

Proyecto AmbientaI Nuevo Texcoco

El proyecto forma parte de una visin integral de
infraestructura, ecologa y desarrollo regional.
Desde su inicio, hace ms de 20 aos, se
contempl la necesidad de establecer en la zona
riberea del ex lago, un proyecto que sirviera de
ancla a su rescate, y que al mismo tiempo fuera
el detonador del desarrollo econmico y social de
la regin.
Ese proyecto es Ia construccin deI
Aeropuerto InternacionaI de Mxico en Ia zona
riberea deI ex Iago de Texcoco.





2010 -14 300 ha. Iak| Echeverr|a. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
2008 - 9 000 ha. SCT. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
IMAGE PLAN LAKES PROGRAM DISADVANTAGES
1965 - 10 000 ha. Nabor Carr||ho, Gerardo Cru|skank. Recovery of the hydro|og|c bas|n of the Va||ey of Mex|co
2001 - 14 000 ha. A|berto Ka|ach, Teodoro Gonza|ez, Gerardo Cru|ckshank. C|udad Futura
PROYECTO AMBIENTAL NUEVO TEXCOCO


Presentacin

El Estado de Mxico no est ofertando un sitio
para la construccin del AM.
Ofrece un proyecto ambiental denominado:
Nuevo Texcoco, que es un proyecto de vida
para Ios habitantes de Ia ZMVM.
La regin centro del Valle de Mxico puede
convertirse en el pivote de la ms ambiciosa
estrategia de desarrollo urbano, ambiental y
humano que esta regin jams haya visto.
NUEVO TEXCOCO permite el rescate de ms de
15 mil hectreas, en donde el proyecto que le da
certidumbre al conjunto del desarrollo es el AM.
El Estado de Mxico trabaja en la construccin de
un marco jurdico slido para preservar la zona
como reserva ecolgica y establecer sanciones
penales por el incumplimiento de programas de
desarrollo urbano.
Asimismo, propone la creacin de una comisin
tcnica integrada por autoridades federales,
estatales, del Distrito Federal, expertos en
aeronutica, ecologistas y especialistas en
mecnica de suelos, para vigilar la definicin final
del Proyecto Ambiental Nuevo Texcoco. Se
trabaja en el esquema financiero que le d
sustentabilidad de largo plazo al proyecto.








Proyecto

Proyecto AmbientaI Nuevo Texcoco

El proyecto forma parte de una visin integral de
infraestructura, ecologa y desarrollo regional.
Desde su inicio, hace ms de 20 aos, se
contempl la necesidad de establecer en la zona
riberea del ex lago, un proyecto que sirviera de
ancla a su rescate, y que al mismo tiempo fuera
el detonador del desarrollo econmico y social de
la regin.
Ese proyecto es Ia construccin deI
Aeropuerto InternacionaI de Mxico en Ia zona
riberea deI ex Iago de Texcoco.





2010 -14 300 ha. Iak| Echeverr|a. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
2008 - 9 000 ha. SCT. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
IMAGE PLAN LAKES ADVANTAGES
!"#$%#&

Reduces dust debris and whirlwinds
ncreases relative air humidity
Stabilizes atmospheric conditions
Buffers climatic changes using Tamarix tree
Generates a habitat for migratory wildlife.
Regulation and storage of rain and residual
waters.
Reduces wastewater fooding
Provides Treated water for both Mexico City
and Metropolitan Area Reduction of the soils
salinity
Reverts of desertifcation process
Reduces radiation refection which causes
greenhouse effects.
Engages community
Recovers the soils
rrigates 10,000 ha of maize crops of
surrounding communities
Prevents environmental degradation
Rehydrate Texcoco lake, recover river and
canals
Optimize rainwater use, reduce water import
Recover historical, geographical, ecological
identity
New airport terminal in accordance with city
demands
Create hydrologic balance
Develop multifunctional airport terminal
Generate Sustainable equilibrium
Recover Churubusco, Consulado, Remedios
and Piedad rivers.
Reutilize Benito Juarez Airport into a green
space
ncrease migratory wildlife
Recreational spaces for the Metropolitan area
Reduce City Subsidence
Regenerate Lacustrine Nature
ncrease water treatment volume
Creates Ecological soft border exponential to
growth of the city
Offers Recreational, sport and cultural centers
Promotes recovery of endemic wildlife species
Promotes Ecological culture, educate
community
Effcient accessibility and public eco-
transportation
Fosters agriculture
ncreases watersheds
Natural landmark for the city
ncreases green area standards per habitant
in the Metropolitan areas
Reduces negative impacts on health
Raises volume of water treatment / recharge
Creates buffer between urban and rural
Fosters alternatives sources of energy
Creates 11,000 direct jobs
Create an airport suitable for high aerial transit
of Mexico City
Replace Benito Juarez Airport
ntegrate a 4,500 ecological buffer zone
between airport and the city
Divert vehicular traffc to northeast of the city
Avoid land expropriation of San Atenco
landowners
Operate 9,000 fight annually
Propose new urban center which could
potentially decongest Mexico City
rregular settlers invaded 800 ha of land triggered by
Texcoco recovery
Corrosion of the water pipelines because of the high
concentrations of salt
Water insuffciency during drought seasons
Water drilling processes in Texcoco augment the
subsidence of the city
Halophytes grasses were the only successful species
that endured salt levels
Constant irrigation and special systems are required
to maintain the grasslands of Texcoco
Trees along canal levees were unable to develop
deep roots because of the high water table levels and
salty condition
3 barriers do not strictly function as windbreakers
Fish farms were not feasible.
Garbage landflls produce urban detriment, unhealthy
environments and environmental pollution.
Concrete channels require constant maintenance
High maintenance costs and large amounts of water
to support grasslands and agriculture felds
Public areas and paths would require extensive se-
curity
Costs to maintain park infrastructure would be el-
evated
Project would be the largest ecological park proposed
in the world, excessive size in relation to the city
Program not diverse and consolidated enough to at-
tract large numbers of visitors
Project proposes removal of nternational Airport,
does not propose a viable solution for new airport
location
Location of Eco-Park might be isolated from the city
Cost would be 3 times higher if built in Texcoco than
in other locations like Tizayuca
Studies show that airport could be and environmental
hazard to the Texcoco ecosystem
Highly seismic area, land not suitable to support air-
plane weight
Excavations of 40 meters would be necessary to de-
velop airport on solid foundations
Profound excavations would be necessary to develop
drainage system for airport, estimated in 2 million dol-
lars
Floodings in Chalco, Ecatepec and Zumpango would
increase
Development of the airport would cause dust debris
and air pollution
Archeological pieces are thought to be located in the
Texcoco Area
Noise pollution to surrounding communities
Large amounts of construction materials would be
necessary to build lake levees due to fat topography
High salinity of soil and water produces negative ef-
fects in development
Private interests avoid the development of the project
Processes for land transfer and expropriation is com-
plicated
Development of airport would stimulate growth in
surrounding areas
High traffc fow would bring more pollution to the area
Airport could stimulate pollution and deterioration of
the remaining ecosystem
Recovery of the hydrologic basin of the Valley of Mexico
- 10,000 ha
6 lakes containing 100-150 Hm3 of water
Wastewater-treatment plant with capacity for 2m3/seg
Afforestation and revegetation of 6,200 ha
Construction of Penon-Texcoco Road and South
Railway.
Aqueduct construction for wastewater, access paths,
canals, aqueducts, levees, pumping stations, foodgates,
dredgers, storage and drainage system
Channels of General Drain of del Valle
Channels of Churubusco rivers and basins of the Oriente
Construction of Drilled shallow wells & irrigation systems
Wastewater treatment plant
Areas for equine and bovine cattle and wildlife for
vegetation
Fish Tanks
Residential development of 500 ha
950 ha extension of the airport
Texcoco Airport
Four Airport Terminals, East, West, Cargo and aquatic
transportation
Water recycle centers
Water treatment plants
Overfow dams
Bridges
Hotels
Parking lots
Service Area
Grassed islands
High-speed train system
Housing
Recreational parks
Stadium
Rehabilitate Benito Juarez Airport 700 ha into green
space
Art and cultural pavilions
Learning centers.
Sport felds, 500 sport courts
Commercial services, recreational centers
Alternative transportation
Cycle and pedestrian paths
Permeable traffc areas
Network of environmentally friendly paths.
Zones for alternative energies, wind power, solar energy,
bio-fuels, thermal, fuels
New lacustrine zones
Medical Services and security pavilions
Learning Pavilions
Lakeside activities, areas for fshing and sailing
Urban agriculture
Landscape infrastructure, recycle centers
Areas for ground fairs and festivals
Areas for green energy from wind, solar, bio-fuel from
algae and waste found in the area
Based on project of Nabor Carrillo and a 2001 MT
(MTRE study) of Texcoco Lake
Airport with three runways
Airport occupies 9,000 ha of land, of which 4,500 ha
destined for ecological buffer
Sports, commercial and service complex
!"#$%#&
!"#$%#&
Short Po||t|ca| comm|tments have prevented the f|na|
comp|et|on and cont|nu|ty of the Texcoco Project
Insuff|c|ent fund|ng have resu|ted |n the abandonment and
decay of certa|n areas |n Federa| zone of Texcoco
Project recent|y proposed, needs support from po||t|c|ans
and author|t|es.
Cons|dered st||| |n progress
Further Stud|es demonstrated that a |arge sca|e a|rport
wou|d not be v|ab|e |n the Texcoco Federa| zone
70% of Texcoco Res|dents rejected the construct|on of
Texcoco |n the area
Mun|c|pa| governments and d|fferent po||t|ca| part|es have
not come to an agreement
Agreements between |and|ords of San Sa|vador Atenco and
deve|opers was never reached
Project deve|opment caused confrontat|ons between
|andowners and author|t|es
Land expropr|at|on for the project cou|d not be deve|oped
Topograph|c cond|t|ons wou|d
Rehydrat|on and ref||| of the |ake made the project
Fears that recover|ng the |ake wou|d cause more f|ood|ng |n
Mex|co c|ty
- Deve|opment of an |mportant eco|og|ca|
reserve
- Expropr|at|on of an |mportant agr|cu|tura|
area to ej|datar|os, for very |ow cost (7 pesos
per m2|
- The area of the |ake |s groundwater recharge.
- The a|rport w||| affect the P|an Texcoco.
- The purpose of Texcoco |s to be |ake.
- W||| end w|th the ex|st|ng f|ora and fauna.
- No|se and po||ut|on |eve|s w||| |ncrease more
than the current |eve|s
-Fog prevents opt|ma| operat|on of the a|rport
|n the morn|ng.
- The a|rports we|ght w||| |ncrease the c|tys
s|nk|ng process.
- The project w||| expand, conso||date and
prov|de feas|b|||ty to the Texcoco P|an.
- No aqu|fers are recharged through the |ake
anymore, as the area |s now |mpermeab|e.
Recharg|ng takes p|ace |n the h|||s|des
surround|ng the c|ty.
- The project |nc|udes expand|ng the a|rport,
to g|ve permanence to feas|b|||ty and P|an
Texcoco.
- The s|te stopped funct|on|ng as a |ake for over
a century now, some areas are st||| f|ooded but
because It |s |ocated severa| meters above the
c|ty |eve|, |ts no |onger a |ake.
- Desp|te the efforts |n the area, the f|ora
|s m|n|ma|. As for fauna, there are cop|ng
mechan|sms, such as remov|ng water, food
and she|ter around at |east 3 km of the tracks,
accord|ng to |nternat|ona| recommendat|ons.
- Due to the extens|ve eco|og|ca| recovery
area where AIM w||| be, the no|se and po||ut|on
|eve|s w||| decrease s|gn|f|cant|y.
- The frequency of fog |s |ower than the current
Internat|ona| A|rport of Mex|co C|ty, accord|ng
to recent measurements of SENEAM.
- Mex|co C|ty |s s|nk|ng because of ground water
Des|ccat|on, not because of |ts construct|on.
In add|t|on, the AIM project w||| promote the
aqu|fers recharge.
1965 - 10 000 ha. Nabor Carr||ho, Gerardo Cru|kshank Recovery of the hydro|og|c bas|n of the Va||ey of Mex|co
Nabor Car|||o, Gerardo Cru|ckshank
2001 - 14 000 ha. A|berto Ka|ach, Teodoro Gonza|ez, Gerardo Cru|kshank. C|udad Futura
2010 -14 300 ha. Iak| Echeverr|a. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
2008 - 9 000 ha. SCT. Eco|og|c Park of Texcoco Lake
REASONINGS FOR REJECTION MAIN ARGUMENTS USED
AGAINST FAVOR
AIRPORTS
'W|th a|rports typ|ca||y surrounded
by hundreds or even thousands of
hectares of undeve|oped |and that
acts as an env|ronmenta| buffer
for nearby res|dents, |t has been
recogn|sed that a|rports are s|tt|ng
on a potent|a| go|dm|ne of rea|
estate opportun|t|es.'
http://en.w|k|ped|a.org/w|k|/A|rport_C|ty
Tota| area of the term|na|:
548.000 meters square
Contact pos|t|ons: 33
Number of Access Gateways
a|rcraft: 32
Number of a|rs|de ha||s: 10
Number of rooms |ands|de
fac|||t|es (documentat|on|: 9
Mob||e number of rooms: 11
Hote| fac|||t|es: 600 rooms
(Cam|no Rea||, 110 rooms
(H||ton|
Va|et Park|ng: 3,100 veh|c|es
(Domest|c|, 2,400 veh|c|es
(Internat|ona||
Space per passenger |n Q1: 17
square meters
Number of bands baggage
c|a|m: 22
Prem|um |ounges at T1: 6
Tota| area of the term|na|: square
meters
Contact pos|t|ons: 3
Number of a|rcraft Access
Gateways: None
Number of a|rs|de ha||s: 1
Number of rooms |ands|de
fac|||t|es (documentat|on|: 1
Mob||e number of rooms: No
Hote| serv|ces: No
Va|et Park|ng: 140 veh|c|es
Space per passenger at T2: 14
square meters
Number of baggage c|a|m be|ts:
2
Prem|um Lounges at T2: 1
Tota| area of the term|na|: 242.000
meters square
Contact pos|t|ons: 23
Number of Access Gateways
a|rcraft: 23
Number of a|rs|de ha||s: 2
Number of |ands|de fac|||t|es
(documentat|on rooms: 3
Hote| fac|||t|es: 300 rooms (NH|
Va|et Park|ng: 3,000 cars
Space per passenger at T2: 22
square meters
Number of bands baggage c|a|m:
15
Prem|um Lounges at T2: 3
P|atform surface: 426.000 meters
square
Aerotrn Capac|ty: 7,800
passengers a day
!" $% &"" $% '"" $% ("" $%
DF SURROUNDING AIRPORTS
AICM 2010 AICM 2040
(PROJECTED|
24,000,000
339,000
12,000
327,000
650,000
315,000,000
AICM NOW AND AFTER
AICM |s the 2nd bus|est a|rport |n Lat|n Amer|ca, after SP
TERMINAL 1
Bu||t |n 1958, expanded |n 1970,
1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
TERMINAL 2 (o|d|
Bu||t |n 2001
NEW TERMINAL 2
bu||t |n 2007
A|rport demand estab||shed by Aeropuertos y serv|c|os aux|||ares
( NO PRODUCE EFECTOS JURIDICOS ) ( NO PRODUCE EFECTOS JURIDICOS )
0 0.2 0.6 1

AICM OPERATION
In 2002 The federa| government |nvested 8 m||||on 586 pesos |n
order to extend the a|rport fac|||t|es, the project |nc|uded a new
term|na| an |nterna| transportat|on system between the ex|st|ng
and new term|na|s, and the construct|on of h|ghways.
The AICM was dec|ared an A|rf|e|d by the Federa| Execut|ve
author|t|es and |s hab|||tated w|th app||cab|e d|spos|t|ons of
|nfrastructure, |nsta||at|ons and adequate equ|pment to attend
a|rcraft passengers and fre|ght.
Aeropuertos y Serv|c|os Aux|||ares (ASA| and the Secretar|a
de Cam|nos y Transportes (SCT| ma|nta|n and contro| the
|nfrastructure and a|rport |nsta||at|ons. ASA |s |n charge of
prov|d|ng fue|,operat|on and contro| or a|r term|na|s consu|t|ng
and the supp|y of fue| for a|rcraft .
S|nce the a|rport |s |ocated a Federa| Zone, the The government
|s ab|e to grant spec|a| concess|ons for commerc|a| use of |and |f
the Federa| Zone agency est|mates |t |s |n the best soc|oeconom|c
|nterests of the commun|ty
Pr|vate corporat|ons obta|n spec|a| perm|ts, concess|ons to
rent the |and from the government. W|th|n the a|rport pr|vate
compan|es contro| the estab||shments |ns|de the a|rport.
Owners w|th|n the Federa| zone must pay zone taxes on the|r
property as we|| Federa| Concess|ons fees.
W|th|n the federa| zone there are Investment opportun|t|es of
the AICM ,wh|ch are genera||y to carry out act|v|t|es such as
reta||, hosp|ta||ty,ma|ntenance and repa|r of fac|||t|es, computer
equ|pment and commun|cat|ons, |oad|ng superv|s|on and
adm|n|strat|on, fac|||ty c|ean|ng, cour|er serv|ce, and others,
offered to compan|es operat|ng |n the fac|||t|es of th|s A|r Term|na|.
Term|na| 1
Term|na|2
Federa| zone ||m|t
Ma|n streets
Street access
Metro Stat|ons. Pub||c transportat|on nodes
%
750 ha
,9
,:
AICM PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION
H
H
,9
,:
Park|ng
Park|ng
Hangar
Ma|ntenance Fac|||t|es
Hangar
A|r Fre|ght
Term|na|1
Term|na|2
Hangar
Hangar
The a|rport g|ves space to 32 a|r||ne compan|es for passengers and cargo
USERS ORIGIN
56% Mex|co C|ty
1% More|os
17% Metropo||tan area
11%To|uca
6% Queretaro
4% Pueb|a
3% H|da|go
2% H|da|go
It |s est|mated that |n the future the a|rport of Mex|co C|ty w||| |ncrease |ts numbers of passengers
com|ng form other ent|t|es. An a|rport |n the outs|de of Mex|co C|ty but |n prox|m|ty to the c|ty can
prov|de a|r transportat|on to other states, reduc|ng the centra||zat|on of transportat|on systems.
Mex|co C|ty's A|rport |s surrounded by estab||shed
commun|t|es obstruct|ng any poss|b|||ty for
expans|on due to the construct|on of precar|ous
hous|ng ne|ghbourhoods |n the surround|ng areas.
AICM DISADVANTAGES
Obstructed
Growth
Po||ut|on
No|se
Poor
Intermoda|
Connect|v|ty
Inadequate
D|mens|on
Def|c|ent
A|r Fre|ght
Fac|||t|es
Traff|c
Congest|on
Weak
Mu|t|-a|rport
System
( NO PRODUCE EFECTOS JURIDICOS ) ( NO PRODUCE EFECTOS JURIDICOS ) 0 0.2 0.6 1
NLA
CO2
The A|rport's surround|ngs are adverse|y affected by
the traff|c, no|se and d|rt assoc|ated w|th the a|rport.
Thus the transportat|on prob|em |s aggravated by an
env|ronmenta| prob|em.
No|se-sens|t|ve res|dent|a| areas. The commun|t|es
adjacent to the a|rport are exposed to more than
80 dec|be|s as a resu|t 300 thousands |nhab|tants
are affected by the operat|ons of the AICM. The
recommended no|se |eve|s are be|ow 60 dec|be|s.

The current a|rport |s not eff|c|ent|y art|cu|ated to
other transportat|on systems that m|ght be supp||ed
by other modes, for examp|e by h|gh-speed ra|| or
bus system |n heav||y trave||ed corr|dors up to about
500 m||es.
AICM has not ant|c|pated the poss|b|||ty of New Large
A|rcraft (NLA| that wou|d requ|re greater separat|on
between runways, tax|ways and bu||d|ngs.
Mex|can |mports and exports, as we|| as domest|c
product|on are |ncreas|ng|y sh|pped by a|r. AICM
|acks and |ntegrated and eff|c|ent fac|||ty for th|s
|ncreas|ng market. Account|ng for 403,316 tons from
2010 to 2011, occupy|ng the 53rd p|ace |n Cargo
operat|ons.
Even though the AICM be|ongs to the SMA, |t |s
|ncompat|b|e w|th the nature of a major metropo||tan
a|rport system.
The AICM |s ma|n|y accessed through the C|rcu|to
Hwy, |s a c|rcu|t that trans|ts around the core of the
c|ty and |s heav||y trans|ted. The area of the a|rport |s
heav||y trams|ted
ATL AICM
1 500 he 690 he
(
)&
(
)&
(pass| (Pass|
339,898 950,119
24,130,535 89,331,622
LAX
*
#+
(fre|ght|
1 416 he
634,383
58,915,100
MIA
(,
&-
(fre|ght|
1 335 he
376,208
35,698,025
DFW
,
&-
(pass|
7 315 he
652,261
56,906,610
IAD
./
&-
(fre|ght|
4 787 he
336,531
23,741,603
0%#1+
23)"4)&
5"#$%#&
SCALE: AICM VS. US MAIN AIRPORTS SCALE: AICM VS. DULLES AIRPORT
0 5000m
AICM
=
101% OF DULLES
AICM
=
101.6% OF DULLES
AICM
=
14% OF DULLES
M
2
Sat|sfy a|r
trave| demand
Potent|a||ze
th|s part of the
c|ty as an urban
center
Generate
emp|oyment
Boost
Mex|co's
econom|ca|
performance
TEXCOCO: WHY A NEW AIRPORT
Ma|n|y 4 arguments beh|nd the thought of a new a|rport
REVENUES / EXPENSES SOURCES
Land and
fac|||t|es rent
S
t
a
t
e

o
v
e
r
h
e
a
d

c
h
a
r
g
e
s
S
a
|
a
r
|
e
s

a
n
d

w
a
g
e
s
S
e
c
u
r
|
t
y
S
e
r
v
|
c
e
s

a
n
d

o
t
h
e
r

c
h
a
r
g
e
d
Fue|
f|owage
A|rcraft
Park|ng
Land|ng
fees
Revenues
Expenses
Percentages depend|ng on a|rport /
|ocat|on. Ma|n revenue source comes
from |and and fac|||t|es rent, wh||e
ma|n expense comes from
sa|ar|es and wages.
Revenue Potent|a|:
A|r Cargo |s a $45-$75 b||||on annua| bus|ness
Represents on|y 20% of tota| d|str|but|on |og|st|cs sector
Growth Potent|a|
Market s|ze doub|es every ten years
It |s expected to grow between 4-6% over the next decade
Capac|ty Re||ef Potent|a|
Many major a|rports |n US and European A|r Systems are expected to
reach capac|ty w|th|n few years
POTENTIAL
Mex|co cargo Potent|a|: connect|ng North and South Amer|ca
SKY BUSINESS
A|rport Fre|ght Cargo: the new sky bus|nessI
!"#$% '!"($%)
*"(+$ '!"$*%)
,
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%
%
+
'
,
"
$
%
%
)
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,
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)

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,
*

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,
"
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(
,
)

AIR FREIGHT TONNAGE MOVEMENTS
56 percent of wor|d a|r fre|ght tonnage moved
to, from and w|th|n North Amer|ca a|one
97 percent of wor|d a|r fre|ght tonnage
moved to, moved from and moved w|th|n
As|a, Europe and North Amer|ca
Secur|ty
Mob|||ty
Industr|a||zat|on
M|grat|on
D|vers|ty
Deve|opment
Energy
Susta|nab|||ty
Connect|v|ty

Concentrat|on & eff|c|ency
Hub conect|ng North and South
Amer|caI
C|ose to the C|ty, no need of major
add|t|ona| |nfrastructure
Major core |n Centra| Amer|can trad|ng
Internat|ona| zone w|th |mm|grat|on
contro| systems
H|gh-qua||ty bus|ness potent|a|
Market F|ex|b|||ty and trave|||ng
opt|ons
Env|ronmenta||y respons|b|e
Soc|o-econom|c st|mu|at|on
Secur|ty
Mob|||ty
Industr|a||zat|on
M|grat|on
D|vers|ty
Deve|opment
Energy
Susta|nab|||ty
Connect|v|ty

Concentrat|on & eff|c|ency
Hub conect|ng North and South
Amer|caI
C|ose to the C|ty, no need of major
add|t|ona| |nfrastructure
Major core |n Centra| Amer|can trad|ng
Internat|ona| zone w|th |mm|grat|on
contro| systems
H|gh-qua||ty bus|ness potent|a|
Market F|ex|b|||ty and trave|||ng
opt|ons
Env|ronmenta||y respons|b|e
Soc|o-econom|c st|mu|at|on
Secur|ty
Mob|||ty
Industr|a||zat|on
M|grat|on
D|vers|ty
Deve|opment
Energy
Susta|nab|||ty
Connect|v|ty

Concentrat|on & eff|c|ency
Hub conect|ng North and South
Amer|caI
C|ose to the C|ty, no need of major
add|t|ona| |nfrastructure
Major core |n Centra| Amer|can trad|ng
Internat|ona| zone w|th |mm|grat|on
contro| systems
H|gh-qua||ty bus|ness potent|a|
Market F|ex|b|||ty and trave|||ng
opt|ons
Env|ronmenta||y respons|b|e
Soc|o-econom|c st|mu|at|on
IDEAL FREIGHT AIRPORT SPECIFICATIONS
Long Runway
Spac|ous Ramps and A|rcraft Park|ng
Land|ng A|ds
Fre|ght Storage and Movement Fac|||t|es
Transportat|on Infrastructure
Access|b|||ty / Support Infrastructure
Labour fac|||t|es
Strateg|c Geograph|ca| Locat|on (preferab|y c|ose to major c|t|es|
Secure Ramp Space
Warehous|ng Fac|||t|es
Serv|ces
Manufacture Transportat|on
A|r transports emp|oyment |s
ma|n|y generated by assoc|ated
serv|ces, manufacture and
transportat|on.
Good access|b|||ty, transportat|on, c|oseness to the urban
centers, |oca| market regu|at|ons and poss|b|||ty to
growth are cruc|a| to attract bus|nessI
Transport
& Access
A|rport
Market
Or|entat|on
Urban
Deve|op-
ment Pat-
terns
. Transfer hub
. Or|g|n
. Dest|nat|on Pas-
sengers
. Fre|ght
. Dest|nat|ons served .
Bus|ness .
6 7#%38+ 9#58)$%#&
6 :")&58;4 &% ;"&<
6 =8>#5)&#3;&3#4
6 ?321"; )4#@";4)
6 ?5#A"8B >5;"1"&"4)
6 C"B-D5< >5;"1"&<
. F|ow Capac|ty
. Loca| constra|nts
. Loca| regu|at|ons
. Deve|opment patterns
. Land use
. Growth Feas|b|||ty
. Econom|c sus-
ta|nab|||ty
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
3 Cr|t|ca| factors affect|ng bus|ness attract|on and |and deve|opment
AIRPORT REGION EMPLOYMENT
Ma|n act|v|t|es generat|ng emp|oyment |n a|r transportat|on
S|te
proposed by
Secretar|a de
Comun|cac|ones
y Transportes
S|te
proposed
by Pr|vate
enterpr|ses
POSSIBLE SITES
The 2 s|tes |n d|scuss|on
COMPARING THE 2 SITES
DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES
CIUDAD JARDIN
Need of farm |and expropr|at|on
S|te a|ready debated / hot top|c
It w||| affect the eco|og|ca| va|ue of
that reg|on
It w||| affect water natura| ways
and |ncrease r|sks of f|oods for
Mex|co C|ty
Need of agreements between
|and|ords of San Sa|vador Atenco
and deve|opers (wh|ch have been
a prob|em so far|
Mun|c|pa| governments and
d|fferent po||t|ca| part|es have not
come to an agreement so far
Stud|ed and rejected by MITRE,
UNAM, SENEAM
So|| too unstab|e
Imposs|b|||ty of hav|ng at 2 or more
|anes work|ng s|mu|taneous|y
L|m|tat|ons to growth
L|m|ted amount of |and for |og|st|cs
deve|opment
Needed to move 30 000 tons of
garbage (expens|ve|
Current|y works as the c|tys on|y
res|dua| waste f|na| depos|t
Sme|| prob|ems
Br|dge over the h|ghway needed
Does not a||ow for buffer for
surround|ng hous|ng
A|ready stud|ed and approved
by MITRE, UNAM, SENEAM, STC
regard|ng so||, v|s|b|||ty, |mpact
and coex|stence of 2 operat|ng
|anes
Poss|b|||ty of expans|on
Supported by the deve|opers who
bought |and around
Supported by the Government
Cons|derab|e amount of |and
ava||ab|e to |og|st|c deve|opments
Good so|| stab|||ty
On|y s|te poss|b|e to have 2 or more
|anes operat|ng s|mu|taneous|y
Eco|og|ca| va|ue: rep|ace what
|s now a waste depos|t |and by
deve|opment
Re-use of the current a|rport
|nfrastructure
Near C|udad Jard|n (poss|b|e
|nterests|
No need of farmers expropr|at|on
Avo|ds po||t|ca| conf||cts ex|st|ng
at s|te 1
Extends the c|ty borders
(compat|b|||ty of |and uses|
Does not |nterfere w|th ex|st|ng
eco|og|ca| p|ans for Texcoco
Does not |nterfere w|th the
Texcoco bas|n (therefore avo|d|ng
f|ood r|sks|
Better access|b|||ty
1
2
2
1
LIMITATIONS ON AIRPORT EXPANSION
MITRE ANALYSIS
C|ty Waste
Dump
Surround|ng
Hous|ng
Natura|
Env|ronment
Water
catchment
Log|st|cs
Lakes
In|t|a||y a federa| zone for a|rport expans|on, now |t |s
an area for 30 000 tons of garbage
Dense hous|ng Commun|t|es, Ch|ma|huacan and
Nezahua|coyot| are estab||shed around the A|rport a
Federa| Zone and south of the s|te.

The extens|on of the a|rport |n th|s area wou|d |mp|y
the destruct|on of the natura| env|ronment, destroy|ng
the hab|tat of 130 m|gratory b|rds. Moreover |t cou|d
have negat|ve |mp||cat|ons |n the watershed system.
Th|s port|on of Texcoco Lake |s an |mportant that
prevents f|ood|ng from surround|ng area.
In order to bu||d 5 km para||e| runways |t wou|d be
necessary to drench the |akes of Texcoco, wh|ch
funct|on as watersheds for the North-East of the
c|ty.
The |og|st|cs of the a|rport wou|d be comp||cate
generat|ng the necess|ty to create another term|na|
and contro| tower.
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S|te Area: 3,400,000 m
Project Area: 459,000 m
Number of Passengers: 45 m||||on/year (projected|
Number of F||ghts: 370,000 projected for 2020
Cargo Hand|ed: 2.4 m||||on tons projected for 2010
SHENZHEN BAO'AN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. TERMINAL 3
Shenzhen, Ch|na
S|te Area: 28,995,153.00 m
A|rport Area: 378,100 m
Number of Passengers: 12,213,825 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 162,349 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 41,000,439 tons
BRASILIA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Bras|||a, Braz||
S|te Area: 31,160,000 m
Project Area: 111,484 m
Number of Passengers: 7,526,414/yr
Number of F||ghts: 197,202 |n 2008
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,039,993 metr|c tons
INDIANAPOLIS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Ind|anapo||s, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 23,741,603 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 336,531 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 323,729 tons |n 2010
DULLES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Wash|ngton DC, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 24,130,535 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 339,898 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 393,075.87 tons |n 2010
MEXICO CITY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Mex|co C|ty, Mex|co
S|te Area: 14,790,000 m
Project Area: 148,645 m
Number of Passengers: +17 m||||on projected for 2015
Number of F||ghts: 101,498 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 21,900 tons |n 2010
PULKOVO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
St. Petersburg, Russ|a
S|te Area: 19,000,000 m
Project Area: 86,000 m
Number of Passengers: 12 m||||on by 2033
Number of F||ghts: 62,900 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 90,200 tons |n 2010
QUEEN ALIA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Amman, Jordan
S|te Area: 13,000,000 m
Project Area: 380,902 m
Number of Passengers: 42,038,777/yr
Number of F||ghts: 263,593 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,813,809 tons |n 2010
CHANGI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Chang|, S|ngapore
S|te Area: 75,000,000 m
Project Area: 24,000,000 m
Number of Passengers: 22,000,000/yr / 43 m||||on at |ts f|na| phase.
Number of F||ghts: 138,147 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 133,000 tons at the end of project
NEWLISBON MASTER PLAN
L|sbon, Portuga|
S|te Area: 47,000,000 m
Project Area: 986,000 m
Number of Passengers: 73,948,113/yr
Number of F||ghts: 517,585 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,551,472 tons |n 2010
BEIJING AIRPORT
Be|j|ng, Ch|na
S|te Area: 20,436,624 m
Project Area: 501,676 m
Number of Passengers: 29,940,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 240,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 490,000 metr|c tons |n 2010
INDIRA GHANDI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
New Dhe||, Ind|a
S|te Area: 702,369 m
Project Area: 350,000 m
Number of Passengers: 11 m||||on, 50 m||||on at the end of expans|on.
Number of F||ghts:
Cargo Hand|ed: 450,000 tons |n 2010
ABU DHABI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Abu Dhab|, Un|ted Arab Em|rates
S|te Area: 13,000,000 m
Project Area: 380,902 m
Number of Passengers: 42,038,777/yr
Number of F||ghts: 263,593 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,813,809 tons |n 2010
CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI INT. TERMINAL
Mumba|, Ind|a
S|te Area: 165,000 m
Project Area: 45,000 m
Number of Passengers: 3,000,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 210,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 24,700 tons |n 2008
CARRASCO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
C|udad de |a Costa, Uruguay
S|te Area: 13,774,086.00 m
A|rport Area: 647,900 m
Number of Passengers: 21,727,649 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 209,636 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 351,787,564 tons
GUARULHOS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Sao Pau|o, Braz||
S|te Area: 28,995,153.00 m
A|rport Area: 378,100 m
Number of Passengers: 12,213,825 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 162,349 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 41,000,439 tons
KANSAS CITY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Kansas C|ty, Kansas, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 89,331,622 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 950,119 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 659,129 metr|c tons |n 2010
HARTSFIELD-JACKSON ATLANTA INT. AIRPORT
At|anta, Georg|a, USA
S|te Area: 13,774,086.00 m
A|rport Area: 647,900 m
Number of Passengers: 21,727,649 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 209,636 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 351,787,564 tons
JINNAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Karach|, Pak|stan
S|te Area: 47,428,000 m
Project Area: 250,000 m
Number of Passengers: 33,000,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 210,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 2,700,000 tons |n 2010
INCHEON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Seou|, South Korea
S|te Area: 150 ha
Project Area: 38,000 m |n the 1st phase
Number of Passengers: 7.5 m||||on @ 1st phase
Number of F||ghts: 78,000/yr
Cargo Hand|ed: 250,000 Tons (project|on|
QUITO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Qu|to, Ecuador
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S|te Area: 3,400,000 m
Project Area: 459,000 m
Number of Passengers: 45 m||||on/year (projected|
Number of F||ghts: 370,000 projected for 2020
Cargo Hand|ed: 2.4 m||||on tons projected for 2010
SHENZHEN BAO'AN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. TERMINAL 3
Shenzhen, Ch|na
S|te Area: 28,995,153.00 m
A|rport Area: 378,100 m
Number of Passengers: 12,213,825 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 162,349 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 41,000,439 tons
BRASILIA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Bras|||a, Braz||
S|te Area: 31,160,000 m
Project Area: 111,484 m
Number of Passengers: 7,526,414/yr
Number of F||ghts: 197,202 |n 2008
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,039,993 metr|c tons
INDIANAPOLIS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Ind|anapo||s, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 23,741,603 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 336,531 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 323,729 tons |n 2010
DULLES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Wash|ngton DC, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 24,130,535 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 339,898 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 393,075.87 tons |n 2010
MEXICO CITY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Mex|co C|ty, Mex|co
S|te Area: 14,790,000 m
Project Area: 148,645 m
Number of Passengers: +17 m||||on projected for 2015
Number of F||ghts: 101,498 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 21,900 tons |n 2010
PULKOVO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
St. Petersburg, Russ|a
S|te Area: 19,000,000 m
Project Area: 86,000 m
Number of Passengers: 12 m||||on by 2033
Number of F||ghts: 62,900 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 90,200 tons |n 2010
QUEEN ALIA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Amman, Jordan
S|te Area: 13,000,000 m
Project Area: 380,902 m
Number of Passengers: 42,038,777/yr
Number of F||ghts: 263,593 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,813,809 tons |n 2010
CHANGI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Chang|, S|ngapore
S|te Area: 75,000,000 m
Project Area: 24,000,000 m
Number of Passengers: 22,000,000/yr / 43 m||||on at |ts f|na| phase.
Number of F||ghts: 138,147 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 133,000 tons at the end of project
NEWLISBON MASTER PLAN
L|sbon, Portuga|
S|te Area: 47,000,000 m
Project Area: 986,000 m
Number of Passengers: 73,948,113/yr
Number of F||ghts: 517,585 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,551,472 tons |n 2010
BEIJING AIRPORT
Be|j|ng, Ch|na
S|te Area: 20,436,624 m
Project Area: 501,676 m
Number of Passengers: 29,940,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 240,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 490,000 metr|c tons |n 2010
INDIRA GHANDI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
New Dhe||, Ind|a
S|te Area: 702,369 m
Project Area: 350,000 m
Number of Passengers: 11 m||||on, 50 m||||on at the end of expans|on.
Number of F||ghts:
Cargo Hand|ed: 450,000 tons |n 2010
ABU DHABI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Abu Dhab|, Un|ted Arab Em|rates
S|te Area: 13,000,000 m
Project Area: 380,902 m
Number of Passengers: 42,038,777/yr
Number of F||ghts: 263,593 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 1,813,809 tons |n 2010
CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI INT. TERMINAL
Mumba|, Ind|a
S|te Area: 165,000 m
Project Area: 45,000 m
Number of Passengers: 3,000,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 210,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 24,700 tons |n 2008
CARRASCO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
C|udad de |a Costa, Uruguay
S|te Area: 13,774,086.00 m
A|rport Area: 647,900 m
Number of Passengers: 21,727,649 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 209,636 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 351,787,564 tons
GUARULHOS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Sao Pau|o, Braz||
S|te Area: 28,995,153.00 m
A|rport Area: 378,100 m
Number of Passengers: 12,213,825 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 162,349 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 41,000,439 tons
KANSAS CITY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Kansas C|ty, Kansas, USA
S|te Area: 47,874,311 m
Project Area: 170,691 m
Number of Passengers: 89,331,622 |n 2010
Number of F||ghts: 950,119 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 659,129 metr|c tons |n 2010
HARTSFIELD-JACKSON ATLANTA INT. AIRPORT
At|anta, Georg|a, USA
S|te Area: 13,774,086.00 m
A|rport Area: 647,900 m
Number of Passengers: 21,727,649 |n 2009
Number of F||ghts: 209,636 |n 2009
Cargo Hand|ed: 351,787,564 tons
JINNAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Karach|, Pak|stan
S|te Area: 47,428,000 m
Project Area: 250,000 m
Number of Passengers: 33,000,000/yr
Number of F||ghts: 210,000 |n 2010
Cargo Hand|ed: 2,700,000 tons |n 2010
INCHEON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Seou|, South Korea
S|te Area: 150 ha
Project Area: 38,000 m |n the 1st phase
Number of Passengers: 7.5 m||||on @ 1st phase
Number of F||ghts: 78,000/yr
Cargo Hand|ed: 250,000 Tons (project|on|
QUITO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Qu|to, Ecuador
BOOMERANG
HANGAR
TREE BRANCH
BUTTERFLY
AIRPORT ANALYSIS
Sca|e, , d|str|but|on, features
AIRPORT CITIES
'An A|rport C|ty or A|rport C|ty |s
the "|ns|de the fence" a|rport area
|nc|ud|ng the a|rport (term|na|s,
apron, and runways| and on-
a|rport bus|nesses such as a|r
cargo, |og|st|cs, off|ces, reta||, and
hote|s. The A|rport C|ty |s at the
core of the Aerotropo||s, a new
urban form evo|v|ng around many
major a|rports.'
http://en.w|k|ped|a.org/w|k|/A|rport_C|ty
AIRPORT ACCESS CORRIDOR
6KM
The greatest concentrat|on of
bus|ness act|v|ty around an
a|rport |s w|th|n 6 km of the
a|rport, or a|ong an access
corr|dor w|th|n 15
m|nutes
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On s|te wou|d mean...
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Services
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1500
hec
Transportation
Carriers
Storage
Logistics
Post services
Warehousing
Car rentaIs
Manufacture
HoteIs
Taxi services
Train services
Bus services
Catering services
Business Parks
TraveI agencies
Printing
FueI
industry
Spin-off
industries
Computer data
processing
WhoIesaIing
PharmaceuticaI
products
Printing
services
Parking
BUSINESS TYPES POTENTIAL
6km , 10 km
AICM AS FREE TRADE ZONE?
Cou|d we |mag|ne Texcoco as a Free Trade Zone boost|ng Mex|cos economy??? The Internat|ona| Labor Organ|zat|on (ILO| est|mates that |n
1997 93 countr|es had set up export process|ng zones
(EPZs| and zone f|rms emp|oyed 22.5 m||||on
peop|e (ILO, 1998|. A second ILO study found
that on|y f|ve years |ater these numbers
had |ncreased to 116 countr|es and 43
m||||on emp|oyees (ILO, 2003|. The
reasons for th|s growth are we||
understood. From a host country
standpo|nt, EPZs are re|at|ve|y
easy to estab||sh, part|c|pat|ng
f|rms are a||owed to |mport raw
and |ntermed|ate components
duty free, process those
|nputs, and then export the
f|na| product pay|ng few |f
any export dut|es. Once up
and runn|ng EPZs he|p host
countr|es |ncrease exports,
create jobs, generate fore|gn
exchange, and ach|eve other
deve|opment goa|s.
From the producer standpo|nt, the
advantages represented by EPZs are
a|so c|ear and compe|||ng. Zones a||ow
mu|t|nat|ona| compan|es (MNCs| easy access
to |arge numbers of |ow
wage emp|oyees.
http://ea.panam.edu/cbes/pdf/Work|ngPaper1-06.pdf
An
area w|th|n
wh|ch goods may
be |anded, hand|ed,
manufactured or reconf|gured,
and reexported w|thout the
|ntervent|on of the customs
author|t|es. Free-trade zones are
organ|zed around major seaports,
|nternat|ona| a|rports, and
nat|ona| front|ers-areas
w|th many geograph|c
advantages for
trade.
New urban form p|ac|ng a|rports around c|t|es
grow|ng around them, connect|ng workers,
supp||ers, execut|ves, and goods to the g|oba|
marketp|ace. Many a|rports today rece|ve a
greater percentage of the|r revenues from non-
aeronaut|ca| sources than from aeronaut|ca|
sources.
Ut|||ze surp|us |and |nto h|gh va|ue rea| estate,
G|oba| A|rport C|t|es |s a compend|um cover|ng
these a|rport c|ty projects wh|ch are not on|y
boost|ng the|r revenues but a|so st|mu|at|ng
reg|ona| econom|c growth
AEROTROPOLIS
New Bus|ness Mode| for A|rports
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US
Odebrecht
M|am|-Dade Av|at|on Department's proposes to transform four parce|s of |and at the a|rport's entrance.
-Creates a hub of outpat|ent centers to serve both res|dents and out-of-towners
-Offers opportun|ty for the med|ca| schoo|'s partners
-Prov|des bus|ness opportun|t|es and med|ca| care to the commun|ty
-Offers pr|mary care, women's hea|th and we||ness, |mag|ng and d|agnost|cs, sports med|c|ne and
rehab|||tat|on, and ambu|atory surgery.
-Prov|des mass|ve transportat|on to that area of the c|ty," he sa|d, as the M|am| Intermoda| Center r|s|ng
adjacent to the a|rport |s to have a Tr|-Ra|| and Metrora|| connect|on as we|| as a peop|e mover ||nk to the
a|rport |tse|f.
-Creates a Med|ca| C|ty w|th|n the a|rport zone
-Centra||zes med|ca| care |n M|am|. Convert|ng the A|rport |and to a revenue-produc|ng asset us|ng pr|vate-
sector.
-Attracts pat|ents to M|am| from throughout the wor|d and |ncreases access to hea|th care and |oca|
res|dents.
-The centra| |ocat|on of MIA w||| become even more attract|ve as a hea|thcare hub |n the com|ng years as
our commun|ty deve|ops a more robust pub||c transportat|on |nfrastructure.
AEROTROPOLIS PRECEDENTS
M|am|, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Incheon Free Econom|c Zone.
Hong Kong Internat|ona| A|rport bus|ness and enterta|nment comp|ex
-Serves as a a ma|n gateway to Hong Kong and the Peop|e's Repub||c of Ch|na.
-Funct|ons as trade and |og|st|cs hub for |nternat|ona| bus|ness throughout As|a.
-Offers a bus|nesses c|ty w|th speedy connect|v|ty to supp||ers, customers, and enterpr|se partners
wor|dw|de.
- Creates an urban form whose |ayout, |nfrastructure, and economy |s centered on an a|rport, offer|ng an
eff|c|ent d|str|but|on for bus|ness, trasnportat|on and |og|st|cs.
Hong Kong Internat|ona| A|rport ref|ects eff|c|ency of cargo process|ng s|nce reg|ona| compet|tors are
aggress|ve|y go|ng after |ts Ch|na market.
Because SkyC|ty |s |ocated at Chek Lap Kok, the |s|and Hong Kong Internat|ona| A|rport |s on, |t |s easy to
reach from other areas of the terr|tory.
Separate but |ntegrated zones:
1. Internat|ona| Gateway and Commerce Center
2. Future growth of av|at|on act|v|t|es
3. Future runway and a|r |og|st|cs
4. Reg|ona| Log|st|cs and Bus|ness Comp|ex
5. sem|-|ndustr|a| areas
6. Mu|t|moda| Transport Park
7. bus|ness and convent|on centers, hote| resorts and |e|sure parks, |nc|ud|ng res|dent|a| areas
The Mu|t|-a|rpot system serves the a|r||ne traff|c of a metropo||tan area.
Major metropo||tan areas generat|ng more than 10 m||||on or|g|nat|ng
passengers a year shou|d have severa| a|rports serv|ng commerc|a|
carr|ers, the metropo||tan area of Mex|co C|ty generates more than 24
m||||on passengers per year. D|fferent c|t|es and jur|sd|ct|ons can be part
of the same mu|t|-a|rport system, Mex|co C|ty and Edo. de Mex|co can
merge as a market
for a|r transport. Un|ty of ownersh|p or contro| does not def|ne the system
for transport p|ann|ng and management.
16 km
24 km
Conven|ent access to des|red a|r serv|ces
Future deve|opment
LGA
JFK
EWR
New York Mu|t|-A|rport System
LGA La Guard|a Internat|ona| A|rport
JFK John F. Kennedy Internat|ona| A|rport
EWR. Newark Internat|ona| A|rport
Para||e| Market
Boost reg|ona|
econom|es
F|ex|b|e. Future
|ncrementa|, phas|ng
Traff|c concentrat|on
The Port Author|ty of New York and New Jersey, owns and operates
the three major a|rports re|nforces the concept that they are part of an a|rport sys-
tem. The Port Author|ty rout|ne|y reports, nat|ona||y and |nternat|ona||y, on the per-
formance of these fac|||t|es, and cons|stent|y creates the |mage that these a|rports
are part of a system.
|nc|ud|ng a|| a|rports w|th|n about an hour of the
commerc|a| and res|dent|a| centers of a metropo||tan reg|on
MULTI-AIRPORT SYSTEM
Parad|gms around the wor|d
A|r||nes and passengers and cargo use the
severa| a|rports to some s|gn|f|cant degree.
A|rports are ut|||zed compared to |ts cost, |t |s
a transport |nvestment
Traff|c f|ow shou|d just|fy a second a|rport
and a mu|t|-a|rport system. There |s
suff|c|ent add|t|ona| traff|c that w|||
compensate for the |oss |n the a|r||ne's market
share |n the major market.
Conven|ent access and geograph|c
access|b|||ty to des|red a|r serv|ces
Second a|rport for techn|ca| reasons. Pr|mary
a|rport used for passengers and secondary
for cargo, or when the runways at the pr|mary
a|rport are too short for |ong-range a|rcraft
A|rports prov|de d|verse a|r serv|ces and
re|ated cargo serv|ces
The pattern of concentrat|on of traff|c |s so
|mportant that |t extends to the type of traff|c
that |ocates at secondary a|rports
Each a|rport tends to concentrate on |ts
own market. Secondary a|rports, be|ng
sma||er, tend to serve n|che markets,
concentrat|ng a b|ock of spec|a||sed traff|c,
often represented by just one dom|nant a|r||ne
Conf|gurat|on and the nature of the fac|||t|es
ought a|so to be f|ex|b|e. P|anners shou|d
des|gn passenger bu||d|ngs that can eas||y
be reconf|gured to accommodate d|fferent
proport|ons of domest|c and |nternat|ona|
traff|c
The thresho|d for the v|ab|||ty of a second
commerc|a| a|rport depends on the s|ze of
the a|rcraft us|ng the a|rport and the|r fre-
quency. In the m|d 1980's, th|s thresho|d was
on the order of 10 m||||on or|g|nat|ng passen-
gers a year.
The passanger frequency |n AICM reached
24 m||||on passengers desp|te the econm|c
cr|s|s. Th|s means the demand for f||ghts
w||| keep grow|ng.
The Ado|fo Lpez Mateos Internat|ona| A|r-
port of To|uca TLC was bu||t |n 2010 hand||ng
2,000,000 m||||on a|ports, |n order to he|p de-
crease the congest|on of the AICM.
TLC ma|n|y serves as a |ow-cost carr|er a|r-
port for Mex|co C|ty such as charter a|r||nes
||ke Interjet and Vo|ar|s and most recent|y
Aeromex|co Connect. The a|rport |s |s con-
s|dered as the ma|n a|ternate a|rport for
Mex|co C|ty Internat|ona| A|rport
The creat|on of the a|rport of To|uca creat-
ed the opportun|ty to create a Mu|t|-a|rport
system. A|though |t does not fu||y operate as
a system |t cou|d enab|e connect|on f||ghts
from TLC to AICM spec|a||s|ng f||ghts and
a|r||nes |n each a|rport.
Metropo||tan
A|rport
System
SMA
MEX
TEX
Proposed
A|rport
System
60km
Successfu|
Mu|t|-A|rport
Systems
Mexico -Texcoco
Berln
New York-La Guardia
Newark
Osaka
Chicago
Tokyo
New York JFK
Bangkok Actual
Atenas
Pars Orly
Alemania
Hong Kong
Londres Gateway
Shangai
Munich
Tokio Narita
Oslo Gardenmoen
Londres Stansted
Pars Beauvilliers
Seul NSMA
Atenas Spata
Washington
Tizayuca-Hidalgo
!" $%
&" $%
'" $%
(" $%
)" $%
*" $%
+" $%
," $%
Toluca

Less than 40 km to c|ty center
More than 40km to c|ty center
Proposed A|rports
AIRPORT AND CITY CENTERS
D|stance from c|ty centers
Ho||st|c approach to manag|ng an a|rport so as to ensure the
|ntegr|ty of the Econom|c
v|ab|||ty, Operat|ona| eff|c|ency, Natura| Resource Conservat|on
and Soc|a| respons|b|||ty (EONS| of the a|rport.
Susta|nab|e
Susta|nab|||ty |nto the
Transportat|on P|ann|ng
Process
Susta|nab|||ty |nto the
Transportat|on P|ann|ng
Process
Address the operat|ona|
aspects: adress
operat|on, ma|ntenance,
component Renewa|,
L|fe-cyc|e Costs.
Undertand how a|rports
do bus|ness
AIRPORT SUSTAINABILITY
Odebrecht
A
D
C
B
A. H|gh|y mod|f|ed and trans|ted area due to construct|on of C|rcu|to Mex|quense scare veg-
etat|on
B. H|g|y degraded area by urban act|v|ty |ow vegetat|on, s|gn|f|cat|ve presence of m|gratory
b|rds
C. Area h|gh|y vegetated, scarce|y d|sturbed by human act|v|ty, s|gn|f|cat|ve presence od m|-
gratory b|rds
D. Area h|gh|y vegetated, on|y recreat|ona| human act|v|ty, s|gn|f|cat|ve presence of m|gratory
b|rds
3.2km
Texcoco Basin
120 000 Migratory birds
130 species
Idea| d|stance between
a|rport and b|rd nests
AIRPORT CITIES ANALYSIS
Legenda
AIRPORT CITIES ANALYSIS
Types
RADIAL
PARALEL
CONCENTRIC
NODE
GRID
MIXED
!
Term|na|s
Hote|s
Hea|th serv|ces
Educat|ona| serv|ces
Enterta|nment
Sports
Runways
Users popu|at|on
Hous|ng
Green spaces
Transportat|on connect|v|ty hub
F||ght connect|v|ty hub
Commerc|a| d|str|ct zone
Bus|ness d|str|ct zone
Cargo hub
Free trade zone
Susta|nab|||ty
So|ar energy
T|da| energy
Geotherm|c energy
B|omass energy
W|nd energy
Waste recyc||ng program
Loca| food consumpt|on

!"#!$#%&'! (&') *+&+,$, -'.$) #")+, &+)'+,
8,500,000 m
2
6,070,285t m2
Panatropo||s
Panama
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
9,000,000 m2
20,000,000 m2
20,000,000 m2
540,000 m2
1,400,000 m2 580,000m2
23,000,000 m2
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Songdo Aerotropo||s
South Korea
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
Ch|na
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
1 km
1 km 1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km 1 km
1 km
1 km
58,400,000 m
/
2,347,176 m
2
12,550,000 m
2
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
!"#!$#%&'! (&') *+&+,$, -'.$) #")+, &+)'+,
8,500,000 m
2
6,070,285t m2
Panatropo||s
Panama
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
9,000,000 m2
20,000,000 m2
20,000,000 m2
540,000 m2
1,400,000 m2 580,000m2
23,000,000 m2
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Songdo Aerotropo||s
South Korea
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
Ch|na
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
1 km
1 km 1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km
1 km 1 km
1 km
1 km
58,400,000 m
/
2,347,176 m
2
12,550,000 m
2
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
AIRPORT CITIES ANALYSIS
Sca|e, d|str|but|on, features
20,000,000 m2
58,400,000 m
!
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
!
Panatropo||s
Panama
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Ch|na
A|rport Zone
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
!
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
1 KM
!
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
"#$$$
!
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
Free trade zones Off|ce/Commerce Recreat|on Zone
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
!
! !
!
!
!
!
!
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
South Korea
!
Songdo Aerotropo||s
20,000,000 m2
58,400,000 m
!
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
!
Panatropo||s
Panama
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Ch|na
A|rport Zone
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
!
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
1 KM
!
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
"#$$$
!
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
Free trade zones Off|ce/Commerce Recreat|on Zone
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
!
! !
!
!
!
!
!
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
South Korea
!
Songdo Aerotropo||s
AIRPORT CITIES PROGRAM ANALYSIS
Program, d|str|but|on, features 20,000,000 m2
58,400,000 m
!
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
!
Panatropo||s
Panama
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Ch|na
A|rport Zone
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
!
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
1 KM
!
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
"#$$$
!
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
Free trade zones Off|ce/Commerce Recreat|on Zone
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
!
! !
!
!
!
!
!
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
South Korea
!
Songdo Aerotropo||s
20,000,000 m2
58,400,000 m
!
Be|j|ng CIA C|ty
!
Panatropo||s
Panama
Taoyuan Aerotropo||s
Ta|wan
Ch|na
A|rport Zone
Frankfurt A|rtown
Germany
Jakarta Aerotropo||s
Indones|a
!
Dube C|ty
South Afr|ca
Hong Kong SkyC|ty
Ch|na
1 KM
!
Ber||n A|rtown
Germany
"#$$$
!
Av|at|on |ndustry
zone
A|rport re|ated
|ndustry zone
Qua||ty ||v|ng
zone
Spec|a||zed agr|-
cu|ture zones
Free trade zones Off|ce/Commerce Recreat|on Zone
P|ttsburgh A|rport C|ty
USA
Tambo A|r C|ty
South Afr|ca
Sch|po| A|rtown
Nether|ands
London Thames Hub
Un|ted K|ngdom
Pu|kovo A|rport Town
Russ|a
!
! !
!
!
!
!
!
Incheon A|r C|ty
South Korea
Benga| A|rotropo||s
Ind|a
Durgapur A|rtropo||s
Ind|a
South Korea
!
Songdo Aerotropo||s
Ensure |and acqu|s|t|on, but not necessar||y comm|t to
bu||d|ng the fac|||t|es. Insur|ng the future capac|ty for the
reg|on can be fu||y deve|oped a P|an a|rport w|th|n federa| zone
as a|rport deve|ops surround|ng |and may become ava||ab|e
for deve|opment. The deve|opment of an a|rport wou|d ra|se
va|ue of surround|ng |and and generate great prof|ts |n rea|
estate |nvestment.
Deve|op sma|| cargo an a|rport w|th one runway or a zone for
customs |og|st|cs, |n order to attract pr|vate |nvestment and
deve|op |nfrastructure. Use surround|ng |and |n federa| zone to
a revenue-produc|ng asset us|ng pr|vate-sector. deve|opment
program w||| br|ng added |nfrastructure and commerc|a|
bus|ness enterpr|ses, pr|vate |nvestment, add|t|ona| va|ue,
and |ong-term susta|n ab|||ty.
Create the necessary transportat|on |nfrastructure to support
the future deve|opment of a pr|mary a|rport.
Cons|der env|ronmenta| |ssues to def|ne the des|gn and
|mp|ementat|on of an a|rport system.
Safeguard, the poss|b|||ty of deve|op|ng major add|t|ons
to capac|ty |n the future. Grant spec|a| concess|ons for
deve|op|ng commerc|a| and |ndustr|a| use of |and |n the federa|
zone, w|th the |ntent|on of deve|op|ng the masterp|an of an
aerotropo||s. Deve|op a bus|ness center that can generate
revenue to the a|rport even |f the f|y|ng demand fa||s.
Create the structure for an a|rport managed by commerc|a|
compan|es operat|ng under po||c|es set by |oca| po||t|ca|
structures. The new a|rport w||| ||berate an area of 750 ha
|n the northwestern area of the c|ty, an area character|zed
by extreme def|c|enc|es |n |nfrastructure and green pub||c
spaces. The a|rport property cou|d represent an opportun|ty
to rev|ta||ze th|s sector of the c|ty to ach|eve a mayor urban,
soc|a| and terr|tor|a| equ|||br|um.
F|na||ze the construct|on of a three runway a|rport system,
estab||sh|ng a |ong-term strategy for dea||ng w|th future
av|at|on traff|c.
Connected to the |nternat|ona| marketp|ace to attract fore|gn
|nvestment. Infrastructure |s a key component for nat|ona|
econom|c deve|opment and |nternat|ona| |ntegrat|on.
Promot|ng |nternat|ona| |nvestment ra|ses tax revenues
DYNAMIC STRATEGIC PLANNING
Strateg|c Phas|ng
A modu|ar, f|ex|b|e approach to a|rport systems p|ann|ng and
des|gn |s key.
Term|na| bu||d|ng wh|ch shou|d be |ow-cost, h|gh-va|ue, and
to a standard appropr|ate for a reg|ona| a|rport bu||d|ng' the
pace of deve|opment of the phys|ca| a|rport |nfrastructure to
support the demand |s far too s|ow resu|t|ng |n |nadequate
fac|||t|es for a|r||ne passengers bu||d|ng's form a|so fac|||tates
ease of future expans|on rearrange the types of fac|||t|es and
the a||ocat|on of spaces |n passenger bu||d|ngs.
E|ectron|c t|cket|ng w||| e||m|nate or d|sperse much of the
work done |n departure ha||s. These spaces cou|d be ut|||zed
for more aggress|ve use of a|rports as shopp|ng ma||s may
en|arge and reconf|gure the des|gn of spaces beyond secur|ty.
Integrated a|r fre|ght serv|ces expand the|r serv|ces, |t |s
poss|b|e that they m|ght hand|e su|tcases, de||ver|ng them
d|rect|y between home and hote|s |n d|stant c|t|es. Deve|op
an a|rport that a||ows a network of cargo center a|rports
Increase the amount of space des|red for shops beyond
secur|ty c|earance. At the very |east, exper|enced des|gners
of commerc|a| spaces w||| become key partners |n the des|gn
and |ns|st spec|f|c features.
Ra|| rap|d trans|t, express bus systems and networks of
a|rport transportat|on serv|ces arranged |ntegra||y w|th f||ghts
w||| a|most certa|n|y expand from the|r current |eve| of use.
TERMINAL PLANING
Strateg|c Phas|ng
1
2
3
Estab||shed by MITRE tak|ng |nto cons|derat|on he|ght and pressure ||m|tat|ons for c|t|es above
1000m above sea |eve|
1
7
0
0
-
1
4
3
3
m
5
0
0
0

m
Tota|
a|rf|e|d
area
2000 ha
North-South Or|entat|on
Mu|t|p|e para||e| runways and thus offer exce||ent
opportun|t|es as hubs for d|str|but|ng |nternat|ona| traff|c
|oca||y. Conf|gurat|ons of para||e| runways are more eff|c|ent
to avo|d the a|rs|de and |ands|de congest|on
IDEAL LAYOUT
A|rf|e|d D|mens|ons
To|uca
At|zapan
Pachuca
PROPOSED SIMULTANEOUS RUNWAYS
!"#$" &"'()'*)
+,'$-(+++
,(./ &#"&"0)$ ,(#&"#* 0(*)
0.1)/) ,
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625 45
',!"# .,#(++"
+,7)
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229:5
22925
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229:5 22925
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0.1)/) ,
.(*8 .)'*)# !"#$" &"'()'*)
+,'$-(+++
',!"# .,#(++"
+,7)
!"#$" &"'()'*)
+,'$-(+++
,(./ &#"&"0)$ ,(#&"#* 0(*)
0.1)/) ,
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625 45
',!"# .,#(++"
+,7)
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229:5
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229:5 22925
,(./ &#"&"0)$ ,(#&"#* 0(*)
0.1)/) ,
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+,'$-(+++
',!"# .,#(++"
+,7)
!"#$%& %$() *+,*$-".%"
"/0123401 %5600 *471869
-$:;<:!:($% *"%($&.
%$() *+,*$-".%"
(&=&;<:=>$% ?:<$:(($&. $. :$<=&<( *$("
*"%($&. @ABCC
HOLDING
AREAS
AIRPORT PROGRAM
Est|mated Space D|mens|ons
SCHEME A
L|near Term|na|
2
TERMINAL SURFACE AREA
1,100,000 m
2
HOLDINGAREAS
PROCESSING
OPERATIONS
PROCESSING
OPERATIONS
NUMBER OF LEVELS 3
TERMINAL FOOTPRINT
1,500m
2
X 120m
2
OFFICES
6,000m2
CIRCULATION
50,000m
2
GATES
200,000 m
2
CHECK IN
40,000 m
2
SECURITY
20,000m
2
BAGGAGE CLAIM
AND PROCESSING
50,000m
2
CUSTOMS
40,000m
2
HOLDINGAREAS
HOLDINGAREAS HOLDINGAREAS
VIP LOUNGES
5,000m2
CARGO FACCILITIES
100,000m2
PROCESSING OPERATIONS
HOLDING OPERATIONS
FREIGHT
SERVICES
MECHANICAL
& ELECTRICAL
25,000m
2
PUBLIC
RESTROOMS
5,000m
2
RETAIL AREA
10,00m
2
HOTEL
10,00m
2
FOOD COURT
5,00m
2
TERMINAL BUILT AREA
520,000 m
2
PROCESSING
OPERATIONS
HOLDING
AREAS
NUMBER OF PASSENGERS
350,000,000 (2040|
2
SCHEME B
P|er F|nger Term|na|
2
HOLDING
AREAS
SCHEME C
X P|er Term|na|
2
Conf|gurat|on a||ows max|mum capac|ty for a|rcraft
gates. Reduced average wa|k d|stances.
TERMINAL CONFIGURATION
L|near term|na| |s the opt|ma| conf|gurat|on for
expans|on, and eff|c|ent use of a|rf|e|d space. L|near
concourses a|so m|n|m|ze tax||ng t|me.
Constra|ned on corners by tax|ways avo|d|ng
expans|on space around the |ntersect|on of the p|ers
|s unava||ab|e to a|rcraft. Increases number of a|rcraft
gates.
!"#$%#& $#%(#!))!&"* +,%-
./*&"%0
!""#$!% '!()
*)+!"(,")-
./).01#2 -).,"#(3
.,-(45-
466#.)- .%,7
*,(3 6"))
.,-(45-
7!''!') .%!#5 %4.0)"- 466#.)
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*)+!"(,")-
!""#$!%-
!""#$!%- !""#$!% '!()
*)+!"(,")-
./).01#2 -).,"#(3
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466#.)- .%,7
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7!''!') .%!#5 %4.0)"- 466#.)
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!""#$!%-
.*1/)/ !
2 ,/3/,.
,/3/, ./$!#!&"%0 4/&-//0
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7
.*1/)/ 4
7 ,/3/,.
,/3/, ./$!#!&"%0 4/&-//0
1%,5"0( !0 %$/#!&"%0!,
AIRPORT SUSTAINABILITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
ALLOW PERMEABLE AREAS FOR
GROUNDWATER FILTRATION


!"#
!"#
EXPLOIT USE OF
SOLAR LIGHT
FOR NATURAL
ILLUMINATION
EMPLOY HIGH
PERFORMANCE GLASS
FOR INTERIOR
TEMPERATURE CONTROL
UTILIZE REFLECTING
ROOF SYSTEM TO REDUCE
HEAT ABSORPTION
Lat|tude 19.43 Landf|||s surround|ng the a|rport can potent|a||y generate the amount of of b|ogas that make
|t feas|b|e to |mp|ement a project to produce e|ectr|c|ty.
2in
8in
6in
4in
!"# $%& '() "*+ !*, !*# -". ")/ -"/ 0(1 #$2 3(%
456
758 759
LANDFILL GAS FOR
AIPORT OPERATIONS
Average Ra|nfa|| 7.2 |n-0.3|n
72 m||||on tons of mun|c|pa| so||d
waste |n an area of 375 hectares
(ha| and a depth of 17m can
potent|a||y produce 25/30 MWh
Gas Co||ect|on We||s
E|ectr|c|ty
Gr|d
Landf|||
Gas Co||ect|on
L|ne
Gas
Process|ng
Interna|
Combust|on
Facc|||t|es
A|rport
Operat|ons
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NEW DOHA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT NDIA (HOK|
2013
2,200 hectares
New Doha, Qatar.
Upon comp|et|on, |t w||| be ab|e to hand|e 50 m||||on passengers.
320,000 a|rcraft movements and 2 m||||on tonnes of cargo annua||y.
A port|on of the s|te |s be|ng bu||t on top of a |andf|||, moved to another fac|||ty.
Env|ronmenta| c|ean-up cons|sted of the excavat|on and remova| of 8,000,000m
wastes from NDIA s|te, transportat|on and p|acement |n an eng|neered |andf|||
|n Mesa|eed. Demo||t|on works for d|rect structures, remova| of stagnant water
w|th a|| assoc|ated env|ronmenta| aspects.
A|jaber Eng|neer|ng
Remova| of 8,000,000m wastes
(USD|: 38,050,000
Phase I Deve|opment
S|te mob|||zat|on, Excavat|on & remova| of rubb|sh t|p, Rec|amat|on,
Eng|neered Landf|||, Passenger Term|na| Foundat|on.
AIRPORTS AND LANDFILL REMEDIATION
CASE STUDIES
MCCLELLAN-PALOMAR AIRPORT MPA (Gens|er|
2011
Car|sbad, US
2,200 hectares
Pa|omar A|rport reported|y can hand|e up to 65,000 commuters a year. It has
more than 400 pr|vate p|anes.
The current runway |s too short for heav|er bus|ness jets
A|rport bu||t |n bu||t nearby mun|c|pa| so||d waste (MSW| |andf||| |n 1962.
Accumu|ated 830,000 tons of waste.
A|rport grew and began encroach|ng on the c|osed |andf|||. Presented
sett|ement and |andf||| gas (LFG| contro| prob|ems. Gas co||ect|on system was
permanent|y p|aced be|ow grade. A b|ower and f|are fac|||ty was s|ted at the
a|rport's |owest po|nt to prevent |nterference w|th a|r traff|c or v|s|b|||ty.
The |andf||| gas contro| system was comp|eted |n 1995.
Runway extens|on 1,100 feet to be extended to 4,900 feet. The a|rport recent|y
bu||t a new term|na| and restaurant fac|||ty.
Runway 10L-28R extended to 4,577 feet to reduce no|se exposure for
ne|ghborhoods to the west.
Eff|c|ent a|rport operat|ons are comp||cated by Otay Mounta|n |ocated d|rect|y
east of the A|rport, on|y effect|ve |nstrument approach to runway 8L from the
west.
The a|rport expans|on w||| |nc|ude a Customs Port of Entry off|ce, used by
pr|vate and corporate f||ghts. McC|e||an-Pa|omar A|rport covers an area of
466 acres (189 ha| wh|ch conta|ns one aspha|t paved runway (6/24| measur|ng
4,897 150 ft (1,493 46 m|.
Lengthen|ng the runway at |ts McC|e||en-Pa|omar A|rport |n Car|sbad,|s
|ntended to attract more and |arger corporate and commerc|a| jets and turn
around a steady dec||ne |n a|r traff|c
The expans|on of th|s term|na| has be|ng controvers|a| for many reasons among
them, |t wou|d have to cover an o|d |andf|||, wh|ch wou|d present construct|on
cha||enges to prevent the pavement from buck||ng w|th use because of the
unstab|e so||. The runway a|ready has a very v|s|b|e concav|ty.
The a|rport has undergone $155.6 m||||on |n upgrades s|nce 1994, w|th about
one-th|rd of that |nvestment from county government., when the f|y|ng demand
|n the country hasnt |ncreased.
There are a|so env|ronmenta| and eng|neer|ng cha||enges of a runway
extens|on wh|ch w||| requ|re cons|derab|e study before the superv|sors can
dec|de whether such a project wou|d be worth fund|ng.
There |s a|so concern for the accumu|at|on of tox|c and vo|at||e gases from the
|andf|||, sem|-vo|at||e organ|c compounds, petro|eum hydrocarbons (gaso||ne
and fue| o||s|,|andf||| gas (from the decompos|t|on of organ|c mater|a|s|, meta|s
d|ox|ns.
SAN DIEGO AIRPORT(F|at|ron/Turner/PCL|
2010
San D|ego, US
Term|na| Two, The Green Bu||d|ng, expans|on by 470,000ft. |ncorporat|ng
susta|nab|e des|gn pr|nc|p|es. Passenger numbers are expected to reach 28
m||||on by 2030.
$460,000,000 (USD| w||| be |nvested |n the expans|on of Term|na|. three-story,
ten gate cons|st|ng of a t|cket |obby, a|r||ne check |n, secur|ty screen|ng,
baggage hand||ng, seat|ng areas, concess|ons and support space. A|so
|nc|uded |s approx|mate|y 1,500,000 sq. ft. of new tax|way and Jet park|ng.
A|rs|de fac|||t|es (approx|mate|y 1,300,000 square feet| |nc|ude the a|rcraft
park|ng aprons, tax|ways, and tax| |anes that w||| serve the Term|na| 2 West
Expans|on.
The s|te |s |ocated wester|y of the A|rport between Harbor Dr|ve and the
Mar|ne Corps Recru|t Depot. Th|s property was prev|ous|y contro||ed by the
Department of the Navy and eventua||y rece|ved by the Author|ty after the Base
Rea||gnment and C|osure (BRAC|
The A|rport Author|ty |ntends to remed|ate a c|osed mun|c|pa| so||d waste
d|sposa| s|te |ocated on Author|ty property west of the ex|st|ng Term|na|s.
C|osed mun|c|pa| so||d waste d|sposa| s|te |ocated on Author|ty property west
of the ex|st|ng Term|na|s.
The s|te |s |ocated wester|y of the A|rport between Harbor Dr|ve and the
Mar|ne Corps Recru|t Depot. Th|s property was prev|ous|y contro||ed by the
Department of the Navy and eventua||y rece|ved by the Author|ty after the Base
Rea||gnment and C|osure (BRAC| process c|osed Nava| Tra|n|ng Center San
D|ego.
Phase one covers the f|rst f|ve years and |nc|udes the Term|na| Two expans|on,
construct|on of a dua|-|eve| roadway and park|ng for a|rcraft.
Phase two, |n the next seven to ten years, |nc|udes the deve|opment of an
|nter-moda| trans|t centre, a car renta| fac|||ty and d|rect access from Interstate
5 to the a|rport.
Phase three |s a |ong-term p|an spann|ng 20 years w||| coord|nate the a|rport
w|th other a|rports through a h|gh-speed ra|| ||nk and other modes of transport.
Construct|on of dua| roadway, separat|ng arr|v|ng and depart|ng passengers.
The upper-|eve| |anes w||| be ded|cated to depart|ng passengers, who need
on|y wa|k across a sky br|dge to reach the term|na|
POTENTIAL PROJECTS
DEVELOPMENT FOR TEXCOCO FEDERAL ZONE
LANDFILL REDEVELOPMENT
CASE STUDIES
Bave| ,North Brabant, the Nether|ands 2009
34 hectares.
The Bave| s|te was a mun|c|pa| |andf||| for so||d waste for 6 m||||on tonnes of
mun|c|pa| so||d and |ndustr|a| waste
The |andf||| |nc|uded bottom and top ||ners, p|us an adequate dra|nage and
mon|tor|ng system. It was therefore a good cand|date for redeve|opment. The
p|an for redeve|opment |nc|udes a go|f course, an |ndoor sk| s|ope, |ndustr|a|
area and an area for renewab|e energy.
Santa Fe, Mex|co C|ty,1970s
In the ear|y 1970s, an urban deve|opment p|an was created for the area, wh|ch
wou|d be bu||t |n an |ndustr|a| zone |n the area to prov|de jobs to |oca|s and
deve|op |mport subst|tut|on.
Part of the deve|oment |ncorporated Santa Fe's so||d waste |andf|||s. In the
1980s, most |andf|||s c|osed and began construct|on of bu||d|ngs
In 1982 that Un|vers|dad Iberoamer|cana was bu||t on |and donated by the Santa
Fe un|ty government, wh|ch marks the change from |ndustr|a| to res|dent|a|
area of great econom|c |eve|, as |n|t|a||y th|nk.
Eng|ewood, Co|orado, 2001
Redeve|opment of 9.4 acre former |andf||| |ocated on South P|atte R|ver.
The construct|on was $661,00 (USD| and the c|ean up was $721,000 (USD|
The expans|on of Centenn|a| Park - an adjacent park property .
The expanded park conta|ns a Youth F|e|d of Dreams baseba|| f|e|d, other
sports f|e|ds, tra|| connect|ons and access to r|ver kayak chutes. Loca| youth
sports teams benef|t from more turf t|me.
Ath|et|c fees and concess|ons br|ng |n enough revenue.
The new park |ncreased commun|ty property va|ues. Increased property
va|ues benef|t both property owners and |oca| government, from property tax
co||ect|ons.
To ach|eve th|s goa|, the s|te was found to requ|re a methane vent|ng system
and a c|ay cap.
M||e H|gh Stad|um |n Denver, Co|orado
Bu||t upon the s|te of a san|tary |andf|||
M||e H|gh Stad|um a mu|t|-purpose stad|um, that stood |n Denver, Co|orado,
from 1948 unt|| 2001.
Constructed M||e H|gh Stad|um on a former |andf|||. It or|g|na||y served a seat|ng
capac|ty stood at a ||tt|e more than 17,000, |n subsequent years |t necess|tated
add-ons throughout the 1950s.
The f|na| seat|ng capac|ty was 76,000, and a horseshoe shaped structure that
cou|d be used for footba||, and pushed back to a regu|ar s|zed baseba|| f|e|d.
Ant|och, I|||no|s,
121-acre |andf||| |nto an ath|et|c comp|ex for the |oca| h|gh schoo|, wh|ch
|nc|uded f|ve soccer f|e|ds, three softba|| f|e|ds, and 12 tenn|s courts. Ant|och
a|so tapped |nto the waste |ns|de the |andf|||, wh|ch re|eases methane and
other combust|b|e gases. LFG |s p|ped |nto the h|gh schoo| campus, heat|ng |t
a|| w|nter |ong. Th|s ecofr|end|y des|gn tr|mmed the town's e|ectr|c|ty b||| and
may even turn a prof|t. Ant|och se||s the surp|us power back to a |oca| ut|||ty.
CEMETERY PARK
RENEWABLE ENERGY ECO-PARK
REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT
RECREATIONAL PARK
STADIUM
HARNESSING AND CREATING
ENERGY WITH LANDFILLS
PASSIVE AND ACTIVE RECREATION
CROP HARVESTING BIOFUEL
REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT
AVIATION (AIRPORT, HELIPORT|
A new a|rport w||| ||berate an
area of 750 ha |n the outsk|rts of
Mex|co c|ty, an area character|zed
by extreme def|c|enc|es |n
|nfrastructure and green pub||c
spaces. The construct|on of
an new a|rport cou|d represent
an opportun|ty to rev|ta||ze the
edges of the C|ty to ach|eve
mayor urban, soc|a| and terr|tor|a|
equ|||br|ums.
AIRPORTS
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 8 9
TEXCOCO VISTA AREAS
SITIO DE PROPUESTA
Chimalhuacan
Lago Nabor Carillo
ZONA FEDERAL DE TEXCOCO
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 10 11
CIERRE DEL BORDO PONIENTE
USOS POTENCIALES
GENERACIN ENRGETICA CAPTACIN Y USO
DE AGUA PLUVIAL
BORDO PONIENTE
DE BASURA
2 5 000 000
PASAJEROS
25 000 000
PASAJEROS
247 000 viviendas
Nezahualcyotl
120
camiones electricos

5 000
viviendas

3 000m
invernaderos

72 000 000 T
MW/h
billones de litros
hasta
hasta
30
10
12.5
MW/h
TRATEMIENTO
DEL AGUA GRIS
507
W/h
150
KW/h
72 millones toneladas de
residuos en 375 hectreas (ha)
con un profundidad de 17m
pueden producir 25/30 MWh
AVIACIN
INFRAESTRUCTURA
VERDE
ESPACIOSNATURALES
RECREATIVOS
AGRICULTURA
DESARROLLODE
BIENESRACES
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 12 13
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 14 15
METRO CONTINENTES
METRO IMPULSORA
TEXCOCO OPCIN: AEROPUERTO
PROPUESTA DE EXTENSIN DE AEROPUERTO Y CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA.
VIVIENDA MIXTA
CAMPUS MDICO
CARGO E INDUSTRIA AEROPUERTUARIA
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA
COMERCIO
HOTELES
LABORATRIOS
AGRICULTURA
HUMEDALES
INFRAESTRUCTURA
CUERPOS LACUSTRES
LIMITES DEL TERRERNO
N
0 500 1500 4500
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 16 17
FASES DE DESARROLLO
ETAPAS DE CONSTRUCCIN
ETAPA 1: EXTENSIN
DE PISTA
Actualmente el
Aeropuerto de
Internacional de la
Ciudad de Mxico atiende
a 25,000,000 de pasajeros
anualmente, nmero
que incrementa cada
ao. El cierro del relleno
sanitario del Bordo
Poniente y el terreno de
la Zona Federal de la Zona
de Texcoco, permite la
posibilidad de expansin
para abastecer demandas
futuras. La intencin de
ampliar el aeropuerto
permitir incrementar sus
operaciones adems y
consolidar el AICM como
un centro competitivo
global de vuelos.
ETAPA 2: CIUDAD
AEROPUERTUARIA
Inicialmente se propone
expandir una de las
pistas existentes, 05D
para permitir el despegue
de aviones pesados. Los
requerimientos indicados
por MITRE establecieron
5km para el despegue de
aviones en ciudades de
gran altitud. Al igual que
incrementar los caminos
de rodaje.
Al mismo tiempo se
plantea el desarrollo de
una ciudad aeroportuaria
que genere inversin
en el rea y permita el
desarrollo de negocios
relacionados a la
economa aeroportuaria.
ETAPA 3: HIDROPONIA
En la tercera fase se
plantea la construccin de
una tercera terminal que
funcionara en coordinacin
con las dos terminales
existentes, y el desarrollo
de una tercera pista. La
construccin de una tercera
pista, localizada a 1.5 km
de la existente permitir
el despegue y aterrizaje
simultneo y de aviones.
Se plantea que el desarrollo
de esta fase del aeropuerto
podr ser fnanciado por
las ganancias generadas
de la ciudad aeroportuaria,
ya que hoy en da los
aeropuertos dependen de
ingresos que provienen de
actividades no aeronuticas,
como comercio, hotelera e
industria.
ETAPA 4: AEROPUERTO
DE CARGO
La ltima fase del aeropuerto
plantea la posibilidad de
desarrollar dos pistas ms
lo cual permitir manejar
efcientemente operaciones
de cargo. Al incrementar el
nmero de pistas se prev
la posibilidad de planear
una rea industrial o de
cargo que permita llevar
a cabo manufactura y
logstica de importaciones
de productos. De tal
manera crear unas nuevas
formas urbanas, concebidas
a partir de las ventajas que
estos recintos puede ofrecer
a negocios y empresas que
precisan de un contacto
fuido y constante con el
resto del mundo: velocidad,
agilidad y accesibilidad.
Aeropuerto existente
Extensin de pista 05D
Nuevas pistas
Desarrollo de Ciudad
Aeroportuaria
Desarrollo de Ciudad cargo
Pistas
Cultivos hidropnicos
Extensin de terminal
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 18 19
METRO CONTINENTES
METRO IMPULSORA
TEXCOCO OPCIN: CULTIVOS SUSTENTABLES
PROPUESTA DE EXTENSIN DE AEROPUERTO Y CIUDAD AEROPUERTUARIA.
VIVIENDA MIXTA
CAMPUS MDICO
CARGO E INDUSTRIA AEROPORTUARIA
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA
COMERCIO
HOTELES
LABORATORIOS
AGRICULTURA
HUMEDALES
INFRAESTRUCTURA
CUERPOS LACUSTRES
LIMITES DEL TERRENO
N
0 500 1500 4500
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 20 21
FASES DE DESAROLLO
ETAPAS DE CONSTRUCCIN
ETAPA 1: CONDICIN
EXISTENTE
Actualmente el La clausura
del Bordo Poniente
abren las puertas para un
proyecto regenerativo
al Oriente de la Ciudad.
Texcoco. Ubicado en la
zona lacustre del Vaso
del Ex-Lago de Texcoco,
se extiende un primer
permetro de 2,362
has cuya cercana al
aeropuerto, a la ciudad,
sistemas de transporte
pblicos e infraestructura
vial permiten una fcil
accesibilidad no slo
hacia dentro y fuera del
D.F., sino tambin hacia
las principales carreteras
y ciudades.
ETAPA 2: CIUDAD
AEROPORTUARIA
En la primera fase se
propone el desarrollo de
una ciudad administrativa
que por la cercana con
el AICM pueda generar
ingresos no aeronuticos
pero que al mismo
tiempo se una desarrollo
de ofcinas comercio y
negocios relacionados al
aeropuerto.
ETAPA 3: HIDROPONIA
En una segunda fase
se plantea un parque
ecolgico que comprenda
el desarrollo agricultura de
hidropnica. Los cultivos
hidropnicos utilizan
sustratos slidos para el
sostn de las plantas sin la
necesidad de suelo natural,
lo cual permite que se lleve
cabo agricultura en esta
zona de alta salinidad. Al
mismo tiempo desarrollar
un parque ecolgico
permite dejar abierta la
posibilidad de utilizar esta
rea con otro fn.
ETAPA 4: PARQUE ECO-
INDUSTRIAL
La ltima fase del
aeropuerto plantea
la posibilidad de
desarrollar dos pistas
ms lo cual permitir
manejar efcientemente
operaciones de cargo. Al
incrementar el nmero
de pistas se prev la
posibilidad de planear una
rea industrial o de cargo
que permita llevar a cabo
manufactura y logstica
de importaciones de
productos. De tal manera
crear unas nuevas formas
urbanas, concebidas a
partir de las ventajas que
estos recintos puede
ofrecer a negocios y
empresas que precisan
de un contacto fuido y
constante con el resto
del mundo: velocidad,
agilidad y accesibilidad.
Aeropuerto existente
Desarrollo de Ciudad
Aeroportuaria
Desarrollo de Terminal 3
Pista paralela
Desarrollo de Agricultura
Hidropnica y parque ecolgico
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 22 23
CIUDAD AEROPUERTARIA
DESARROLLO DE REAS.
VIVIENDA
1,070,000 m
2
Construccin de vivienda
de diversas tipologas con
estrategias sustentables.
Integrando cuerpos de agua.
OFICINAS
2,700,000 m
2
Proyeccin de edifcios de
ofcina de para negocios
internacionales.
CAMPUS MDICO
517,575 m
2
Propuesta de conjunto de
hospitales y laboratorios
farmacuticos internacionales
para promover turismo
medico.
HOTELES
352,960m
2
rea hotelera aprovechando
turismo aeroportuario y
cercana con aeropuerto.
COMERCIO
93,559 m
2
Edifcios de uso mixto con
comercio en planta baja.,
y reas comerciales para
dirigidas para residentes y
visitantes internacionales.
ESPARCIMIENTO Y
CULTURA
142,910 m
2
Propuesta de pabellones
educativos y recreativos
integrados en el paisaje.
DEPORTE
20,000 m
2
Propuesta de reas verdes
para promover actividades
fsicas dispersas alrededor de
las reas de vivienda.
CAMPUS EDUCATIVO
103,950 m
2
rea para instalaciones
educativas integrando reas
enfocan.
PLANTAS DE BIOGAS
148,528 m
2
Produccin de electricidad y
combustible a partir de gas
metano del Bordo poniente.
PLANTAS DE AGUA
826,357 m
2
Plantas de desalinizacin
y tratamiento de cuerpos
lacustres de la cuenca de
Texcoco para abastecer
ciudad aeroportuaria.
PARQUE ECO-
INDUSTRIAL
33,900 m
2
rea especializada para
bodegas y parques
industriales de investigacin
y manufactura para
exportacin.
CARGO Y LOGSTICA
3,790,000 m
2
rea especializada en
hangares y bodegas para
almacenar cargo de aerolneas
de importacin.
PARQUES LACUSTRES
xxxxm
2
reas verdes integrando zonas
lacustres que promuevan la
recuperacin y enseanza de
la cuenca de Texcoco.
ACUAPONIA
2,000,000 m
2
rea para sistema produccin
de peces y plantas con
rendimiento comercial.
HUMEDALES
reas verdes para la
recuperacin de la
biodiversidad de especies del
Lago de Texcoco
HIDROPONIA
17,856,900 m
2
rea de cultivo para promo-
ver agricultura local en zona
salina. Estructuras temporales
para evitar daos al ambiente.
VIDA COMERCIO TRABAJO ECO-INDUSTRIA
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 24 25
ZONIFICACIN CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA
DESARROLLO POR REAS
OFICINAS
1,190,000 m
2
VIVIENDA COMERCIO
1,070,880 m
2
COMERCIO
93,559 m
2
INDUSTRIA FARMACUTICA
517,575 m
2
CAMPUS MDICO
517,575 m
2
HOTELES
517,575 m
2
CENTRO DE CONVENCIONES
CULTURA
1,070,880 m
2
CAMPUS ESCOLAR
1,070,880 m
2
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 26 27
CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 28 29
CIUDAD AEROPORTARIA
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 30 31
ZONIFICACIN CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA
ZONA INDUSTRIAL
LABORATORIOS
500,140 m
2
CARGO E IINDUSTRIA AEROPORTUARIO
3,790,000 m
2
AGRICULTURA HIDROPONIA/ACUAPONIA
19,856, 900 m
2
INDUSTRIA AEROPORTUARIA
1,190,000 m
2
CIUDAD AEROPORTUARIA
1,190,000 m
2
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 32 33
TRATAMIENTO DE AGUAS
REA DE INFRAESTRUCTURA E INDUSTRIA
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 34 35
REAS VERDES
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 36 37
La cuenca hidrolgica de Texcoco al estar situada en el centro del eje Neovolcnico produce suelos altamen-
te salinos y sdicos lo cual evitan la produccin de agricultura o recubrir el rea con una cubierta vegetal.
Sin embargo, la agricultura hidropnica es una posible alternativa que permite producir cultivos sin suelo
-pues el medio de sostn de las plantas puede a ser una sustancia inorgnica como la perlita u orgnica
como turbas o ciertos desechos agrcolas. El agua que se acumula en el terreno de Texcoco puede ser tra-
tada para el riego de la los cultivos hidropnicos. La agricultura hidropnica puede proporcionar a la zona
oriente como una oportunidad de inversin para la zona oriente. Adems puede incorporar a la poblacin
en la produccin de alimentos con calidad nutricional.
PIMIENTOS
FLORES
LECHUGA
CEREZAS CEREZAS
MANZANAS
COL
FRESAS
HIERBAS
JITOMATE
CHICHAROS
MENTAS
ESPINACAS
DURAZNOS
GERMINADO
PLANTAS DE TRATAMIENTO
DE AGUA PARA RIEGO
443,000m
2
LAGO DE CAPTACION
DE AGUA PLUVIAL 7,390,000m
2
INVERNADEROS
HIDROPONICOS
19,856,900m
2
HUMEDALES
1,000,000m
2
RECUPERACION DE TEXCOCO
DESARROLLLO DE HIDROPONIA Y AQUAPONIA
CULTIVOS SUSTENTABLES
HIDROPONIA Y ACUAPONIA
2012 2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO/ TEXCOCO, MXI CO AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 38 39
66%
2%
21%
11%
15%
8%
32%
45%
Aviacin
Consumidores
Real Estate
Allianzas &
Participacin
58%
7%
12%
23%
GANANCIA DEL
AEROPUERTO
por cada 1 MILLON PAX
La fuente ms importante de ganancia para un aeropuerto se produce por la renta del suelo, lo mismo que
la renta de reas destinadas a los sectores comerciales y ofcinas.
Porcentajes de rentabilidad de acuerdo a las actividades relacionadas con el aeropuerto
10,000 OFICINAS
GANANCIA
DE OPERACION
INVERSIN
BENEFICIOS EMPLEOS 58,000 empleos generados
FASE DE CONSTRUCCION + de 3,000 empleos
CIUDAD AEROPUERTARIA
RENTABILIDAD
2012 AEROPUERTO EN EL LAGO* TEXCOCO, ESTADO DE MXI CO 40
2012
NY 511 West 25th Street
Sui te 901
New York NY 10001
+1 212 242 3104
MX Pl aza Carso Ci udad de Mxi co
Torre Carso Pi so 14
Col . Granada Ampl i aci n
11529 Mxi co
+52 5526141060
www. f r- ee. org
TEAM
Fernando Romero
Mauri ci o Ceball os
Joana Gomes
Cl audi a Santos Cor ts
Juan Pabl o Huer ta
Adri an Krezli k
Pedro Lechuga