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Math 2418 Homework 6

November 7, 2011

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Instructions: You may work any 4 problems for 100% credit if you work all 5, then you can get up to 110%. The rst three problems refer to transformations of a house. Here are a few examples. Reection about the origin: 1 0 [L] = 0 1 y

Reection about the line y = x: 0 1 [L] = 1 0 y

Math 2418 Fall 2011 Rotation counterclockwise by /3: [L] = y cos(/3) sin(/3) sin(/3) cos(/3) y

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Homework 6

Scale by a factor of 2 along the x-axis and 1/2 along the y -axis: [L] = y 2 0 0 1 /2

Scale by a factor of 2 in the direction of (1, 2) and by a factor of 1/2 along (1, 1):1 [L] = y 1/3 5/6 5/3 7/6

Math 2418 Fall 2011

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Homework 6

Problem 1 (10 pts). Find the matrices giving the following linear transformations: Reect about y = x and then scale along the y -axis by a factor of 2: [L] = y a x x y

[L] = y y

b Problem 2 (10 pts). Consider the linear transformation L determined by L (a) Compute L (b) Compute [L]. (c) Sketch the transformed house under the map L. [L] = y y
1 0 1 1 0 1

=2 .

1 1

2 3

1 = 3

2 3

and L

(d) What is the area of the transformed house? What is the relationship between the area of the original house and the area of the transformed one?

Math 2418 Fall 2011


a b c d

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Homework 6

Problem 3 (10 pts). If [L] = that

, what conditions on det[L] = ad bc will guarantee

(a) The house is squashed onto a line. (b) The house keeps its orientation. (If the angle between two walls is measured counterclockwise, then it stays that way?) (c) Have the same area? Problem 4 (10 pts). (a) Explain why every linear mapping L : R2 R2 maps rectangles (with sides parallel to the x-axis and y -axis) to parallelograms.2 How are the area of the initial rectangle and the image parallelogram related? How is the area between any nice region in the plane and its image under L related? Hint: Let the rectangle be given by a point P in the plane and vectors, ai and bj so the four corners are P , P + ai, P + bj , and P + ai + bj . How do these points move under L? (b) What shape is a rectangular box transformed into under a linear map L : R3 R3 (assuming it is not collapsed to a 2-dimensional or 1-dimensional object)? What is the relationship between the volume of a nice solid in R3 and its image under L? Problem 5 (10 pts). x 2y z = 0. 1. Find [L] where L : R3 R3 is reection through the plane

2. Find [T ] where T rotates /4 about the y -axis and then reects in the plane x2y z = 0. Notice T = L R/4 so [T ] = [L][R/4 ]. 3. Find [S ] where T reects in the plane x 2y z = 0 and then rotates /4 about the y -axis. Notice S = R/4 L so [S ] = [R/4 ][L]]. There is a SAGE worksheet here which illustrates these actions on the vector (1, 2, 3).3

Actually it might be easier just to show that parallelograms are mapped to parallelograms and look at how the area is changed. This, in turn, could be argued by showing that parallel lines are mapped to parallel lines; it is this fact that gives rise to the name linear mapping . 3 You must choose Edit this (assuming you have set up an account) and then run it by pressing ShiftEnter.