<style type="text/css"> <!-.style1 {font-size: 13px; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; } .

style102 {font-size: 13px; font-weight: bold; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; } .style105 {font-size: 21px; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;} .style106 {font-family: "Century Gothic",Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 24px; color: #000000; } .style108 {font-size: 13px; font-weight: bold; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-style: italic; } .style34 {color: #000000} --> </style> <script src="styles.js" language="javascript" type="text/javascript"></script> <META HTTP-EQUIV="imagetoolbar" CONTENT="no"> <table width="395" border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" bordercolor="#CCCCCC" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <tr valign="top"> <td bgcolor="#EAEFE9"><div align="center"><span class="style34"><span class="style105"><span class="style106">GALLBLADDER AND BILIARY TREE</span></span></span></div></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><div align="center"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,0,3910560,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//0Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree.jpg"alt="Gallbladder and biliary tree" title= "Gallbladder and biliary tree"width="75" height="75"></a><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,0,3910562,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//1Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree.jpg"alt="Gallbladder and biliary tree" title= "Gallbladder and biliary tree"width="75" height="75"></a><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,0,3910563,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//2Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree.jpg"alt="Gallbladder and biliary tree" title= "Gallbladder and biliary tree"width="75" height="75"></a><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,0,3910804,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//3Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree.jpg"alt="Gallbladder and biliary tree" title= "Gallbladder and biliary tree"width="75" height="75"></a></div></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width=100% bgcolor="#F0F0F0"><p class="style1" style="margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0;">The <em><strong>gallbladder</strong></em> is a 7-10 cm long brown-green sac found under the inferior surface of the right lobe of the liver.<br> <br> It is described in three parts:</p> <table width="100%" border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" bordercolor="#FFFFFF"> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#DEE6DD"><span class="style108">Fundus</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="16%" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1152,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//4Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Gallbladder_fundus.jpg"alt="Ga llbladder: fundus" title= "Gallbladder: fundus" width="50" height="50"></a></td>

<td width="84%" bgcolor="#F3F7F2" class="style1">The head of the gallbladder is called the fundus and protrudes from the inferior border of the right lobe of the liver. </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#DEE6DD"><span class="style108">Body</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1151,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//5Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Gallbladder_body.jpg"alt="Gall bladder: body" title= "Gallbladder: body" width="50" height="49"></a></td> <td bgcolor="#F3F7F2" class="style1">The body of the gallbladder connects the fundus to the cervix. </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#DEE6DD"><span class="style108">Cervix</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td height=100% bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1153,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//6Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Gallbladder_neck.jpg"alt="Gall bladder: neck" title= "Gallbladder: neck" width="50" height="49"></a></td> <td bgcolor="#F3F7F2" class="style1">The gallbladder constricts at the cervix to form the cystic duct. </td> </tr> </table> <h4 class="style1" style="margin-bottom: 0;">FUNCTION</h4> <p class="style1" style="margin-top: 0;"><span class="style1">Stores and concentrates </span><span class="style102">bile</span><span class="style1">, which is produced by the liver and consists of salts such as cholesterol and pigments including the hemoglobin of defunct red blood cells. The gallbladder releases bile into the duodenum during digestion where it functions to emulsify fats and stimulate peristalsis, and is a channel for the excretion of toxic substances.</span></p> <p class="style1" style="margin-bottom: 0;">The <em><strong>biliary tree</strong></em> connects the liver, gallbladder and pancreas to the duodenum.<br> <br> It is described in three parts:</p> <table width="100%" border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing=" 0" bordercolor="#FFFFFF"> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#D7E2D6"><span class="style108">Cystic duct </span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="16%" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1150,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//7Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Cystic_duct.jpg"alt="Cystic duct" title= "Cystic duct" width="50" height="50"></a></td> <td width="84%" bgcolor="#EEF2EE" class="style1">A continuation of the cervix of the gallbladder, it runs for 3-4 cm before uniting with the common hepatic duct to form the bile duct. </td> </tr> <tr valign="top">

<td colspan="2" bgcolor="#D7E2D6"><span class="style108">Common hepatic duct </span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1154,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//8Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Common_hepatic_duct.jpg"alt="C ommon hepatic duct" title= "Common hepatic duct" width="50" height="50"></a></td> <td bgcolor="#EEF2EE" class="style1">Formed as the two hepatic ducts leave the liver, the common hepatic duct unites with the cystic duct to form the bile duct. </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#D7E2D6"><span class="style108">Bile duct </span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td height=100% bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1149,3910567,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//9Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Bile_duct.jpg"alt="Bile duct" title= "Bile duct" width="50" height="52"></a></td> <td bgcolor="#EEF2EE" class="style1">Formed below the liver by the union of the cystic and common hepatic ducts. It descends in the lesser omentum to the pancreas where it unites with the main pancreatic duct, forming the hepatopancreatic ampulla.</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#D7E2D6"><span class="style108">Hepatopancreatic ampulla </span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td height=100% bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><a href="#" onclick="javascript:displayView(233,1157,3910791,100,9,'Essentials')"><img src="images/systemic//10Gallbladder_and_biliary_tree_Hepatopancreatic_ampulla.jpg" alt="Hepatopancreatic ampulla" title= "Hepatopancreatic ampulla" width="50" height="52"></a></td> <td bgcolor="#EEF2EE" class="style1">Formed by the union of the main pancreatic and bile ducts, this short chamber empties into the duodenum at the major duodenal papilla. </td> </tr> </table></td> </tr> </table>