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20/07/2011

Lattice Steel Towers and Steel Poles Section 8, Appendix G, Appendix K Robert Lake Senior Development Engineer Transpower NZ Ltd.

Lattice Steel Towers


Mainly self supporting towers; Reference to other design standards AS3995, AS4100, NZS3404, ASCE 10-97; Appendix G guidelines for structure analysis; Column(s) of guyed structures is special type of lattice tower see section 8.2.7 for requirements.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Lattice Steel Towers


Note corrosion protection and finishing requirements: Galvanised to AS/NZS4680 or equivalent; Thermal spraying is option for oversize sections; Initial painting over galvanising for improved durability. (Subsequent painting for life extension); Weather-resistant steels special requirements. Used in Tasmania. Full scale load testing to IEC60652 multiple load cases for a given structural geometry.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

Lattice Steel Towers

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Lattice Steel Towers


Destruction test.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

Lattice Steel Towers


Calculation of member forces and moments: Many load cases, combinations; Configurations of leg extensions including for crossfall short/long; Elastic 3D trusses/frames with pinned/fixed end connections; Pinned simplifies the analysis but may not allow eccentric loads to be completely accommodated.
Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Lattice Steel Towers


Generally first-order linear elastic analysis; Flexible structures and guyed structures require a second-order analysis which takes into account P- effects; Inconsistencies in results when analysing existing structures that were designed using historical hand methods due to inherent assumptions; It is generally unnecessary to design for deflections or vibrations of lattice steel towers.
Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

Lattice Steel Towers


CIGR TB387; 24 different companies analysed towers; Good agreement; In full scale test, main members compared well, and diagonal members in direction of load, but not as good for lightly loaded members.
TRANSVERSE FACE TRANSVERSE FACE TRANSVERSE FACE

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Lattice Steel Towers


Guidance also provided for the following: Wide base towers requiring unusual leg arrangements i.e. cranked K bracing and portal frames; Secondary (redundant) members in firstorder analysis designed for % of supported member. Was 2.5% of leg member, now reduced to 1.77% for members inclined 10 (effectively horizontal) and 1.25% for members inclined > 10; Simple guideline for stub anchorage design.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

Steel Monopoles
Mainly monopoles but can be multiple for PI poles; Off the shelf and specials; Reference to other design standards AS/NZS4677, AS/NZS4600, AS4100, and ASCE48-05; Could be guyed as well; Can be architectural elements.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Steel Monopoles
Note corrosion protection and finishing requirements: Galvanised to AS/NZS4680 or equivalent; Thermal spraying is option for oversize sections and often used; Initial painting over galvanising for improved durability. (Subsequent painting for life extension). Full scale load testing to IEC60652 multiple load cases for a given configuration; May only test unique parts, e.g. crossarms.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

Steel Monopoles

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011

20/07/2011

Steel Monopoles
Strength factor generally 0.9; Low temperature requirements; Thick base plates welding; Hydrogen embrittlement issues; Internal surface performance; Slip jointing - > 1.5 times diam.; Anchor bolts; Electrical earthing.

Australian Panel B2 Overhead Line Design Seminar AS/NZS 7000:2010 Overhead Line Design Sydney 28 & 29 March 2011