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Customer Training Material

Workshop 5B Localized Yielding

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities


ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. Release 13.0 December 2010

WS5B-1

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Goal
Introduce Metal Plasticity to the Workshop 4A problem and compare its effect on results (contact pressure and preload)

Customer Training Material

Tip Insulator

Model Description
2D Axisymmetric A i i model d l of f injection i j i molding ldi machine hi nozzle tip assembly Materials:
Tool Steel for Housing (760Mpa Yield Strength) Copper alloy for Tip (280Mpa Yield Strength) Titanium for Insulator

Housing

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-2

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Model Description (contd)
Contact Pairs: A. Frictionless contact at Housing to Nozzle tip face seal B. Bonded contact at Nozzle tip T insulator To i l t C. Bonded contact at threaded connection between Housing and Nozzle tip (thread details not modeled)

Customer Training Material

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-3

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Model Description (contd)
Thermal Boundaries: A. Hot manifold @ 220C B. Cold manifold plate @50C C. Nozzle tip band heater @ 80 Watts

Customer Training Material

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-4

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Model Description (contd) Structural Boundaries
A. Frictionless Support @ Nozzle Housing Flange B. Frictionless Support @ Insulator

Customer Training Material

Structural Loads
1st loadstep reconciles i interference f fit fi between b housing and tip face seal 2nd loadstep reads in temperatures from steady state thermal run 3rd loadstep applies pressure to melt channel wall.

melt channel wall

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-5

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Steps to Follow:

Customer Training Material

Restore Archive browse for file W5b-localized-yielding.wbpz

Save as
File name: W5b-localized-yielding Save as type: Workbench Project Files (*.wbpj) ( .wbpj)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-6

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


The Project Schematic should look like the picture below.

Customer Training Material

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-7

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Highlight the Engineering Data Cell and double click to open
Verify the predefined material properties Verify that the units are in Metric (Tonne (Tonne,mm,) mm ) system. If not, fix this by clicking on Utility Menu>Units>Metric(Tonne, mm,..)

Customer Training Material

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-8

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding

Customer Training Material

Highlight the Copper NL and Stainless Steel NL materials to confirm that the plasticity models have been defined with Bilinear Isotropic laws as show below.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-9

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Return to the project schematic page

Customer Training Material

Double click (or RMB=>Edit) on the Thermal Model Cell to open Mechanical Session

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-10

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Highlight the Housing and Nozzle Tip components

Customer Training Material

In the Details Window, turn Nonlinear Effects ON to include the plasticity effects

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-11

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Execute a SOLVE

Customer Training Material

The convergence now takes over 20 iterations, up from just 9 (WS4A) when all materials were considered linear elastic.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-12

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Post process the contact pressure

Customer Training Material

Notice the dramatic difference in pressure distribution at the seal face as well as the peak value when compared with same results published in workshop 4A

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-13

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding

Customer Training Material

Post process the preload at the frictionless contact resulting from the interference fit as before. Compare the preload with workshop 4A.
Note, the change in preload is not nearly as dramatic as that of the contact pressure Why? pressure.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-14

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding


Highlight the Solution Branch

Customer Training Material

RMB>Insert>Strain>Equivalent Plastic Strain Note: Yielding is concentrated locally at the melt channel wall. Material remains elastic l ti across most t of f the th seal l face. f Hence, H preload l d does d not t change h very much. h

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-15

Release 13.0 December 2010

ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 5B: Localized Yielding

Customer Training Material

Post process equivalent stress and compare to results published at end of workshop 4A.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5B-16

Release 13.0 December 2010