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Medical Abbreviations

AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm A-a gradient alveolar to arterial gradient AAD antibiotic-associated diarrhea AAO alert, awake, and oriented A&O alert & oriented AAS acute abdominal series ABD abdomen ABG arterial blood gas AC before eating ACLS advanced cardiac life support ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone ADH anti-diuretic hormone ADR adverse drug reaction. | acute dystonic reaction ad lib as much as needed AED antiepileptic drug AF atrial fibrillation or afebrile AFB acid-fast bacilli AFP alpha-fetoprotein A /G albumin/globulin ratio AI aortic insufficiency AKA above the knee amputation ALD alcoholic liver disease ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia amb ambulate

A L acute myelogenous leukemia A!A antinuclear antibody A!S autonomic nervous system AOB alcohol on breath AOD adult onset diabetes mellitus

AP anteroposterior or abdominal perineal ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome ARF acute renal failure AS aortic stenosis ASAP as soon as possible ASC"D atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ASD atrial septal defect ASHD atherosclerotic heart disease A" atrioventricular A-" arteriovenous A-"O# arteriovenous oxygen BBB bundle branch block BCAA branched chain amino acids BE barium enema BEE basal energy expenditure bid twice a day BKA below the knee amputation B bone marrow or bowel movement

B R basal metabolic rate


bilateral otitis media

CHF congestive heart failure CHO carbohydrate CI cardiac index C L chronic myelogenous leukemia C " cytomegalovirus C! cranial nerves C!S central nervous system CO cardiac output C/O complaining of COLD chronic obstructive lung disease COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CP chest pain or cerebral palsy CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPK creatine phosphokinase CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation CRCL creatinine clearance CRF chronic renal failure CRP -reactive protein

BP blood pressure BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy BP beats per minute

BRBPR bright red blood per rectum BRP bathroom priviledges BS bowel or breath sounds B$! blood urea nitrogen B% body weight B& biopsy ' with C&S culture and sensitivity CA cancer Ca calcium CAA crystalline amino acids CABG coronary artery bypass graft CAD coronary artery disease CAT computerized axial tomography CBC complete blood count CBG capillary blood gas CC chief complaint CC$ clean catch urine or cardiac care unit CC" critical closing volume CF cystic fibrosis CGL chronic granulocytic leukemia

CSF cerebrospinal fluid CT computerized tomography C"A cerebrovascular accident or costovertebral angle C"AT !" tenderness

C"P central venous pressure C&R chest #-ray

DAT diet as tolerated DA% dispense as written DC discontinue or discharge D&C dilation and curettage DD( differential diagnosis D)% $% dextrose in water DI diabetes insipidus DIC disseminated intravascular coagulopathy DIP distal interphalangeal &oint D*D degenerative &oint disease DKA diabetic ketoacidosis dL deciliter D diabetes mellitus

E G 'lectromyogram E " eyes, motor, verbal response ()lasgow coma scale* E!T ears, nose, and throat EO extraocular muscles

ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate ET endotracheal ETT endotracheal tube ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangio -pancreatography ETOH ethanol E$A examination under anesthesia FBS fasting blood sugar FE" forced expiratory volume FFP fresh frozen plasma FRC functional residual capacity FTT failure to thrive F$ follow-up F$O fever of unknown origin F"C forced vital capacity F( fracture GC gonorrhea GETT general by endotracheal tube GFR glomerular filtration rate GI gastrointestinal gr grain+ , grain - .$mg. /herefore !gr - 01$mg

D!R do not resuscitate DOA dead on arrival DOE dyspnea on exertion DPL diagnostic peritoneal lavage DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus DTR deep tendon reflexes D"T deep venous thrombosis D& diagnosis EAA essential amino acids EBL estimated blood loss ECG electrocardiogram ECT electroconvulsive therapy EFAD essential fatty acid deficiency

GS% gun shot wound gt +r gtt drops GTT glucose tolerance test G$ genitourinary G&T graded exercise tolerance (2tress test* HA headache HAA hepatitis 3 surface antigen HA" hepatitis " virus HBP high blood pressure HCG human chorionic gonadotropin HCT hematocrit HDL high density lipoprotein HEE!T head, eyes, ears, nose, throat Hgb hemoglobin H/H henderson- hasselbach e4uation or hemoglobin/ hematocrit HI" human immunodeficiency virus HLA histocompatibility locus antigen H*R hepato&ugular reflex HO history of HOB head of bed HPF high power field HPI history of present illness HR heart rate HS at bedtime HS hepatosplenomegaly

HTL"-III human lymphotropic virus, type 555 ("562 agent, 75!* HS" herpes simplex virus HT! hypertension H( history I&D incision and drainage I&O intake and output ICS intercostal space IC$ intensive care unit ID infectious disease or identification IDD insulin dependent diabetes mellitus IG immunoglobulin IHSS idiopathic hypertropic subaortic stenosis I intramuscular

I " intermittent mandatory ventilation I!F intravenous nutritional fluid IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing IRBBB incomplete right bundle branch block IRD insulin resistant diabetes mellitus IT interthecal ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura I" intravenous

I"C intravenous cholangiogram | inferior vena cava I"P intravenous pyelogram

L$L left upper lobe L$, 8eft 9pper :uadrant L" left ventricle L"EDP left ventricular end diastolic pressure L"H left ventricular hypertrophy AO monoamine oxidase AP mean arterial pressure AST medical antishock trousers BT maternal blood type CH mean cell hemoglobin CHC mean cell hemoglobin concentration C" mean cell volume I myocardial infarction or mitral insufficiency mL milliliter LE midline episiotomy EF maximal mid expiratory flow mm+l millimole R measles, mumps, rubella RI magnetic resonance imaging RSA methicillin resistant staph aureus S multiple sclerosis or mitral stenosis, or morphine sulfate

JODM juvenile onset diabetes mellitus JVD jugular venous distention

KOR keep open rate K$B kidneys, ureters, bladder K"O keep vein open L left LAD left axis deviation or left anterior descending LAE left atrial enlargement LAHB left anterior hemiblock LAP left atrial pressure or leukocyte alkaline phosphatase LBBB left bundle branch block LDH lactate dehydrogenase LE lupus erythematosus LIH left inguinal hernia LLL left lower lobe L P last menstrual period L! P last normal menstrual period LOC loss of consciousness or level of consciousness LP lumbar puncture LP! licensed practical nurse

SSA methicillin-sensitive staph aureus "A motor vehicle accident

OOB out of bed OOP out of plaster OP" oral polio vaccine

"I multivitamin in&ection OR operating room "" maximum voluntary ventilation OS left eye !AD no active disease O$ both eyes !AS no added salt P para !C" nerve conduction velocity PA posteroanterior !ED no evidence of recurrent disease PAC premature atrial contraction ng nanogram PAO# alveolar oxygen !G nasogastric !IDD non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus !KA no known allergies PAT paroxysymal atrial tachycardia !KDA no known drug allergies ! R nuclear magnetic resonance !PO nothing by mouth !R no regular medications P&PD percussion and postural drainage PC after eating PC%P pulmonary capillary wedge pressure PDA patent ductus arteriosus PDR physicians desk reference PE pulmonary embolus, or physical exam or pleural effusion PEEP positive end expiratory pressure OCG oral cholecystogram PFT pulmonary function tests OD overdose or right eye -g pictogram O otitis media PaO# peripheral arterial oxygen content PAP pulmonary artery pressure

!SAID non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs !SR normal sinus rhythm !T nasotracheal OB obstetrics

PI pulmonic insufficiency disease PK$ phenylketonuria P H previous medical history P I point of maximal impulse P ! polymorphonuclear leukocyte (neutrophil* P!D paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea PO by mouth POD post-op day PP postprandial or pulsus paradoxus PPD purified protein derivative PR by rectum PRBC packed red blood cells PR! as needed

P"D peripheral vascular disease . every (e.g. 4.h - every . hours* .d every day ./ every hour .0/1 .2/3333 every ; hours, every . hours etc. .id four times a day ,!S 4uantity not sufficient .+d every other day ,4/,t shunt fraction ,t total cardiac output R right RA rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium RAD right atrial axis deviation

PS pulmonic stenosis RAE right atrial enlargement PT prothrombin time, or physical therapy Pt patient PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty PTH parathyroid hormone RDA recommended daily allowance PTHC percutanous transhepatic cholangiogram PTT partial thromboplastin time P$D peptic ulcer disease P"C premature ventricular contraction RD% red cell distribution width RIA radioimmunoassay RIH right inguinal hernia RLL right lower lobe RAP right atrial pressure RBBB right bundle branch block RBC red blood cell RBP retinol-binding protein

RL, right lower 4uadrant R L right middle lobe R!A ribonucleic acid R/O rule out RO range of motion

SBS short bowel syndrome SCr serum creatinine SE systolic e&ection murmur

SG 2wan-)anz SGA small for gestational age SGGT serum gamma- glutamyl transpeptidase SGOT serum glutamic- oxaloacetic transaminase SGPT serum glutamic- pyruvic transaminase SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone 4ig write on label SI " synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation 4l sublingual SLE systemic lupus erythematous S O slips made out SOAP sub&ective, <b&ective, "ssessment, =lan SOB shortness of breath S, subcutaneous STAT immediately S"D spontaneous vaginal delivery S( symptoms T&C type and cross

ROS review of systems RPG retrograde pyelogram RRR regular rate and rhythm RT respiratory or radiation therapy RTA renal tubular acidosis RTC return to clinic R$ resin uptake R$G retrograde urethogram R$L right upper lobe R$, right upper 4uadrant R" residual volume R"H right ventricular hyperthrophy R( treatment 4 without | ss - one-half SA sinoatrial SAA synthetic amino acid S&E sugar and acetone SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis SBFT small bowel follow through

TAH total abdominal hysterectomy T&H type and hold TB tuberculosis TBG total binding globulin Td tetanus-diphtheria toxoid TIA transient ischemic attack TIBC total iron binding capacity tid three times a day TIG tetanus immune globulin TKO to keep open TLC total lung capacity T * temporo mandibular &oint T!TC too numerous to count TO telephone order TOP" trivalent oral polio vaccine TP! total parenteral nutrition TSH thyroid stimulating hormone TT thrombin time TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura T$ tuberculin units T$R transurethral resection T$RBT /9> bladder tumors T$RP transurethral resection of prostate

T" tidal volume T"H total vaginal hysterectomy t5 twice a week T( treatment, transplant

VAD venous access device VC vital capacity VCT venous clotting time VCUG voiding cysourethrogram VDRL Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (test for syphilis) VMA vanillymadelic acid VO verbal or voice order V/Q ventilation - perfusion VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococcus VSS vital signs stable VT ventricular tachycardia VV varicose veins VW vessel wall VWD von Willebrand s disease V V varicella !oster virus
%B whole blood %BC white blood cell or count %BR whole body radiation %D well developed %F white female

%IA wounded in action %ID widow, widower % white male

6OB year of birth 7r year 7td year to date 8D" zidovudine 8E @ollinger-'llison 8-ESR zeta erythrocyte sedimentation rate 8n zinc 8nO zinc oxide 8SB zero stools since birth

%! well nourished %!L within normal limits %O written order | weeks old | wide open. %OP without pain %3P3 whirlpool %P% ?olff-=arkinson-?hite %-T-D wet to dry %/$ workup &#d times 1 days. &I eleve n &II twelve &L extended release. | extra large. & & &O crossmatch xeromammography extraocular movements

&RT #-ray therapy (radiation therapy* &S excessive &$L! times upper limit of normal 6F yellow fever 6LC youngest living child 7+ years old