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Biology Form 4
Paper 1
Sept. / Oct.
2007
1 hour 15 min

SEKTOR SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH


BAHAGIAN SEKOLAH
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

PEPERIKSAAN DIAGNOSTIK / DIAGNOSTIC TEST


FORM FOUR 2007

BIOLOGY
PAPER 1
One Hour and Fifteen Minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO


SO

1. This question paper is in English.

2. Candidates are required to read the information on page 2

This question paper consists of 22 printed pages .

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

1. This question paper consists of 50 questions.


2. Answer all questions.
3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
4. Blacken only one correct answer for each question.
5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have
made. Then blacken for the new answer.
6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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For Questions 1 to 50, each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D.


Choose one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding space in
your objective answer sheet.

1. Protoplasm is made up of

A Cytoplasm and nucleus


B Cytoplasm and plasma membrane
C Cell membrane, cell wall and nucleus
D Cytoplasm ,nucleus and plasma membrane

2. The diagram shows the structure of an organelle.

Which cell possesses the organelle shown in the diagram?

A Guard cell
B Epidermal cell
C Meristematic cell
D Sclerenchyma cell

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3. Which of the following organelles contains photosynthetic pigment?

A C

B D

4 A student soaked a raisin in solution X. After a few minutes, he found that the raisin
had expanded.
Which of the following show the type of solution X?

A Plasmolysis
B Isotonic solution
C Hypotonic solution
D Hypertonic solution

5. Which of the following are the main components of a plasma membrane?

A Protein and carbohydrate


B Protein and phospholipids
C Phospholipid and carbohydrate
D Protein, phospholipid and carbohydrate

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6. The diagram shows the movement of molecules through plasma membrane.

A B

Water
molecules Sucrose
molecules

The movement of the molecules

A occur by osmosis
B occur needs energy
C occur with the aid of carrier protein
D occur against concentration gradient

7. The diagram shows the double helix structure of DNA.

What is the compound located at P?

A Amino group
B Pentose sugar
C Phosphate group
D Nitrogenous base

8. Which of the following are produced from hydrolysis of lactose?

A Glucose
B Glucose and fructose
C Glucose and galactose
D Fructose and galactose

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9. The diagram shows the phases in the cell cycle. What is the phase of the cell cycle
represented by R?

P Q

R
S

A G1 phase
B G2 phase
C S phase
D M phase

10. The diagram shows one of the stages of mitosis in an animal cell.

What is the stage shown?

A Metaphase
B Telophase
C Anaphase
D Prophase

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11. The table contains the events that take place during mitosis.

K- The sister chromatids are pulled apart to the opposite poles.


L- The chromosomes in the nucleus condensed and become more tightly coiled.
M- The spindle fibres disappear and a new nuclear membrane forms each set of
chromosomes.
N- The chromosomes are lined up on the metaphase plate.

The correct sequence is

A L, K, M, N
B L, N, K , M
C K, L, N, M
D L, M, N, K

12. Soy bean, milk, fish and meat are very important to reduce the risk of

A scurvy
B goiter
C pellagra
D kwashiorkor

13. Which of the following organs does not secrete protease enzyme?

A Ileum
B Mouth
C Stomach
D Pancreas

14. A person who purposely vomits after taking excessive food is suffering from

A bulimia
B obesity
C constipation
D anorexia nervosa

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15. The graph below shows the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis.

Rate of reaction
P

Light intensity

Why there is no more increase in the rate of photosynthesis after point P?

A Stomata start to close


B Light intensity has reached the maximum level
C All the chlorophylls have been utilised in light reaction
D Concentration of carbon dioxide limits the rate of photosynthesis

16. When testing for the presence of a non-reducing sugar, the sugar solution is boiled
with dilute hydrochloric acid. Then sodium bicarbonate and Benedict’s solution are
added. What is the purpose of adding sodium bicarbonate?

A Hydrolyse the sugar


B Neutralise the acid
C Reduce the sugar
D Oxidise the sugar

17. The equation below shows the fermentation process by yeast.

Glucose X + Y + energy

What are X and Y?

A Ethanol and lactic acid


B Carbon dioxide and water
C Ethanol and carbon dioxide
D Lactic acid and carbon dioxide

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18. The diagram shows the respiratory system of an insect.

What are the adaptations of X to increase the rate of gaseous exchange?

A The wall is impermeable


B The wall is supported by chitin
C The epithelial cells are moist all the time
D At the terminal of X there is a network of blood capillaries

19. The diagram below shows a particular species of living thing.

What is the kingdom of the species?

A Fungi
B Protista
C Monera
D Plantae

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20. The figure shows a root system of a mangrove plant.

This root system belongs to

A Bruguiera sp
B Avicennia sp
C Sonneratia sp
D Rhizophora sp

21. Which of the following causes malaria?

A Virus
B Fungi
C Bacteria
D Protozoa

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22. The picture below shows a type of interaction between two organisms. Structure P
contains microorganism.

Q
A

The role of the microorganisms in the interaction is to

A provide energy
B protect the plant root system
C provide nutrients for the plant Q
D fix nitrogen in the air for the plant Q

23. The advantage of using biological control compared to the use pesticide in the pest
population control is that

A biological control destroys many types of insects


B it does not contribute pollution to the environment
C the effect of biological control is faster and immediate
D the use of biological control results in the increased resistance of the pests.

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24. Without proper management of development activities and maintenance of the


ecosystem, unwanted events could occur.
Which of the following statements are true?

I Over fishing in the ocean


II Less supply of clean water
III Fossils fuel being exhausted
IV Agricultural soils being degraded

A I and IV only
B I, II, III only
C I, III, IV only
D I, II, III and IV

25. Which of the following are the effects of poorly planned development projects?

I Global warming
II Greenhouse effect
III Decrease in biodiversity
IV Air, water, thermal and sound pollution

A I, II only
B III, IV only
C II, III, IV only
D I, II, III and IV

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26. The diagram shows a unicellular organism.

This organism takes in organic substances for cellular respiration through a process
known as

A Osmosis
B Phagocytosis
C Pseudopodium
D Osmoregulation

27. Four strips of spinach stems are immersed in solutions W, X, Y and Z.


The solutions are of different concentration.

Which of the following could be the solution W, X, Y, and Z?

W X Y Z
A Sucrose 5% Distilled water Sucrose 50% Sucrose 20%
B Sucrose 5% Sucrose 20% Sucrose 50% Distilled water
C Distilled water Sucrose 20% Sucrose 5% Sucrose 50%
D Distilled water Sucrose 5% Sucrose 50% Sucrose 20%

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28. The diagram shows the set up of an experiment.

Which graph shows the changes in the mass of the Visking tubing in 30 minutes?

A C

B D

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29. The diagram shows the reaction catalysed by lipase.

What is Y?

A Lipid
B Protein
C Glycogen
D Fatty acid

30. The diagram below shows two types of polypeptide chains. These structures are
folded into three-dimensional shape to form another level of protein organisations
called X.

Which of the following is an example of X?

A hair
B silk
C amylase
D haemoglobin

31. Which of the following is not true about meiosis I?

A During metaphase I, the centromere does not divide


B After telophase I, two haploid daughter cells are formed
C During anaphase I, homologous chromosomes lined up in the equatorial plane
D During prophase I, homologous chromosomes pair up and crossing over takes
place

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32. The diagram shows stages in mitosis.

Which of the following is correct about chromosomes behaviour in the stage J?

A Chromosomes condense and thicken


B Chromosomes arrive at the opposite poles of the cell
C Chromosomes arrange themselves around equatorial plane
D Daughter chromosomes separate and move to the opposite poles

33. The diagram below shows the digestive system of an animal.

What is the function of the structure labeled X?

A Absorption of water
B Absorption of digestive food
C Secretion of gastric juice to break down protein
D Digestion of cellulose by cellulase produced by bacteria

34. A child develops intestinal gas and diarrhea every time after consuming milk and milk
products. This is due to

A contamination of food
B too much lipid in the food
C she is suffering from stomach ulcer
D her body is unable to produce enough lactase

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35. The figure shows a part of the human respiratory system.

During exhalation, what happen to structures X and Y?

X Y
A Downwards and inwards Flattens
B Upwards and outwards Flattens
C Downwards and inwards Domed
D Upwards and outwards Domed

36. The figure below shows an experiment on anaerobic respiration in yeast.

Paraffin
layer

Yeast + Bicarbonate
glucose indicator
solution

X Level of bicarbonate indicator increases


Y Gas bubbles are released
Z Bicarbonate indicator turns yellow

Which of the following are observed after 30 minutes?

A X and Y only
B Y and Z only
C X and Y only
D X, Y and Z

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37. The diagram below shows the nitrogen cycle.

Nitrogen in
atmosphere

P
Animal
protein Plant
protein

Ammonia Nitrites

Which of the following can convert nitrites into P?

A Nitrosomonas sp
B Nitrobacter sp
C Rhizobium sp
D Nostoc sp

38.
 A natural collection of plant and animal species living within a defined
area or habitat in an ecosystem
 The members are independent and interact with one another

The information above refers to

A niche
B habitat
C species
D community

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39. The diagram shows the energy flow in an ecosystem.

20000 kJ
Vegetables Rabbit Snake

90% 90%
Energy loss Energy loss

What is the amount of energy received by the secondary consumer?

A 200 kJ
B 1800 kJ
C 2000 kJ
D 18000 kJ

40. Which of the following explains the green house effect?

A Decrease in the sea levels of the oceans


B Absorption of the ultra-violet rays by earth
C Construction of green houses to prevent continuous global warming
D Global warming caused by the trapping of heat in the atmosphere

41. A newborn baby was diagnosed with constipation.


Which type of cell in the baby contributes to this problem?

A Epithelial cell
B Smooth muscle cell
C Cardiac muscle cell
D Skeletal muscle cell

42. If fresh water Paramecium sp were to be put into the sea, what will happen to the
contractile vacuole?

A Increase in size
B Contracts slowly
C Does not function
D Burst at a fast rate

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43. The following results were obtained in an experiment to determine the concentration
of vitamin C in apple juice.

Volume of 0.1% ascorbic acid needed to decolourise 1 ml of DCPIP solution = 2 ml


Volume of fruit juice needed to decolourise 1 ml of DCPIP solution = 1.6 ml
[0.1% pure ascorbic acid contains 1 mg ascorbic acid per cm ³]

What is the concentration of vitamin C in the apple juice?

A 0.125 mg cm -³
B 0.80 mg cm -³
C 1.25 mg cm -³
D 12.5 mg cm -³

44. The diagram shows a human organ.

The absence of ribosomes in the cells make it unable to

A Reproduce
B Produce lipase
C Transmit impulses
D Undergo respiration

45. Animal cloning involves

A The transfer of the nucleus from a somatic cell to an ovum or embryonic cell
B The transfer of the nucleus from a gamete to a somatic cell with the nucleus
removed
C The transfer of the nucleus from a gamete to an ovum or embryonic cell with the
nucleus removed
D The transfer of the nuclues from a somatic cell to an ovum or embryonic cell with
the nucleus removed

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46. The figure shows the digestion of three types of food substances X, Y and Z, along
an alimentary canal.

100

% of undigested food substances present


Z
Y

50

0
Mouth Oesophagus Stomach Small Colon
cavity intestine

What is X, Y and Z?

X Y Z
A Protein Lipid Carbohydrate
B Carbohydrate Protein Lipid
C Lipid Carbohydrate Protein
D Carbohydrate Lipid Protein

47. A student has just completed a 400 metre run in 45 seconds. Which of the following
changes in his muscles are true?

Lactic acid Glycogen ATP


A Decreased Decreased Increased
B Increased Decreased Decreased
C Decreased Increased Decreased
D Increased Decreased Increased

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48. A student found a plant with the following symptoms.

 Stunted growth
 Leaves become distorted and cupped
 Areas between leaf veins become yellow

The symptoms is due to lack of

A Calcium
B Sulphur
C Potassium
D phosphorus

49. The following information shows the results of an experiment conducted by a student
to estimate the population size of rats in a paddy field.

 35 rats were caught and marked on the first night


 30 rats were caught a week later, 5 were marked

What is the population size of the rats in the paddy field?

A 105
B 150
C 210
D 420

50. In an experiment to determine the biochemical oxygen demand, a sample of lake


water was found to have a high B.O.D. value. This means

I the lake water sample is polluted


II the photolytic process has occurred
III the lake water sample has a high oxygen content
IV micro-organisms are present in the lake water sample

A I and IV only
B III and IV only
C I, II and IV only
D I,II, III and IV

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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ANSWER FOR PAPER 1

NO ANSWER NO ANSWER NO ANSWER


1. A 21. D 41. B
2. A 22. D 42. B
3. B 23. B 43. C
4. C 24. D 44. B
5. B 25. D 45. D
6. A 26. B 46. B
7. D 27. A 47. B
8. C 28. C 48. A
9. B 29. A 49. C
10. A 30. C 50. A
11. B 31. C
12. D 32. C
13. B 33. D
14. A 34. D
15. D 35. C
16. B 36. B
17. C 37. B
18. C 38. D
19. A 39. A
20. D 40. D