This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
adapted from Ann-Marie Imbornoni Accent The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. In the word ‘poetry’, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable. Alliteration The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words. Some famous e amples of alliteration are tongue twisters such as ‘She sells seashells by the seashore’ and ‘!eter !iper pic"ed a pec" of pic"led peppers’. Antithesis # figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other. #n e ample of antithesis is $To err is human, to forgive, divine.$ (#le ander !ope) Apostrophe %ords that are spo"en to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an ob&ect or abstract idea. The poem 'od(s %orld by )dna St. *incent +illay begins with an apostrophe, $- %orld, I cannot hold thee close enough./Thy winds, thy wide grey s"ies./Thy mists that roll and rise.$ Assonance The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds, as in the tongue twister $+oses supposes his toeses are roses.$ Ballad # poem that tells a story similar to a fol" tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor 0oleridge is an e ample of a ballad. Blank verse !oetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Sha"espeare wrote most of his plays in blan" verse. Caesura # natural pause or brea" in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line. There is a caesura right after the 1uestion mar" in the first line of this sonnet by )li2abeth 3arrett 3rowning, $4ow do I love thee5 6et me count the ways.$ Carpe diem # 6atin e pression that means $sei2e the day.$ 0arpe diem poems urge the reader (or the person to whom they are addressed) to live for today and en&oy the pleasures of the moment. # famous carpe diem poem by 7obert 4erric" begins $'ather ye rosebuds while ye may . . .$
as in a ballade. simile. as in lost and past or confess and dismiss.$ (Samuel Taylor 0oleridge) "eminine rhyme # rhyme that occurs in a final unstressed syllable. Consonance The repetition of similar consonant sounds. #n e ample of a conceit can be found in Sha"espeare(s sonnet $Shall I compare thee to a summer(s day5$. antithesis. Ele y # poem that laments the death of a person. and synecdoche./3ut you yourself may serve to show it. or one that is simply sad and thoughtful.$ En!ambment The continuation of a complete idea (a sentence or clause) from one line or couplet of a poem to the ne t line or couplet without a pause. #n e ample of en&ambment can be found in the first line of 8oyce 9ilmer(s poem Trees.$ Envoy The shorter final stan2a of a poem. :igures of speech are organi2ed into different categories. $Sir./That every poet is a fool. serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure. metonymy. longing/yearning. Epic # long. pleasure/leisure. litotes.Conceit # fanciful poetic image or metaphor that li"ens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different. Sha"espearean sonnets usually end in a couplet. a pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought. I admit your general rule. Couplet In a poem. hyperbole. $I thin" that I shall never see/# poem as lovely as a tree./That every fool is not a poet. "i ure of speech # verbal e pression in which words or sounds are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect. metaphor. witty poem. #n e ample of this type of poem is Thomas 'ray(s $)legy %ritten in a 0ountry 0hurchyard. onomatopoeia. Epi ram # very short. which tell about the Tro&an %ar and the adventures of -dysseus on his voyage home after the war. especially at the ends of words. Two of the most famous epic poems are the Iliad and the -dyssey by 4omer.$ )n&ambment comes from the :rench word for $to straddle. assonance. . such as alliteration.
ideali2ed country scene. by #lfred 6ord Tennyson. 4ai"u often reflect on some aspect of nature.$ as in pentagon. #n anapest has three syllables. no small victory. (The stressed syllables are in bold. one unstressed followed by one stressed. which is a form of understatement. waiting for ages. #yperbole # figure of speech in which deliberate e aggeration is used for emphasis. Some e amples of litotes. (The prefi penta. a flood of tears. an iamb is a foot that has two syllables./ %hat light/ through yon/der win/dow brea"s5$ #nother. etc. is the opposite of hyperbole. from 7ichard III. tons of money. "ree verse !oetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter. not unhappy. is $# horse.) The iamb is the reverse of the trochee. +eter refers to rhythmic units. seven. humorous poem of five lines with the rhyme scheme of aabba.) Sha"espeare(s plays were written mostly in iambic pentameter.$ from a poem by 0hristopher +arlowe. Iambic pentameter # type of metre in poetry. In a line of iambic pentameter. and five syllables. 4yperbole is the opposite of litotes. :or e ample.$ Idyll )ither a short poem depicting a peaceful. there are five rhythmic units that are iambs. $imerick # light. 6itotes. in which there are five iambs to a line. ./ # horse. #eroic couplet # stan2a composed of two rhymed lines in iambic pentameter. a geometrical figure with five sides. #n e ample of an iambic pentameter line from Sha"espeare(s 7omeo and 8uliet is $3ut soft. means $five. one short (or unstressed) and one long (or stressed). Idylls of the 9ing. There are four iambs in the line $0ome live/ with me/ and be/ my love. is about 9ing #rthur and the 9nights of the 7ound Table. +any everyday e pressions are e amples of hyperbole. two unstressed followed by one stressed. which is the most common type of meter in )nglish poetry. $itotes # figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite."oot Two or more syllables that together ma"e up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem. not a bad idea. #aiku # 8apanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five. or a long poem that tells a story about heroic deeds or e traordinary events set in the distant past./ +y "ing/dom for/ a horse. Iamb # metrical foot of two syllables.
. the word pen is used for $the written word. and lays are different "inds of narrative poems.clop. formal structure. Metaphor # figure of speech in which two things are compared. usually by saying one thing is another. the s"y is crying. :or e ample./#nd murmuring of innumerable bees. idealised way.+aid.$ )arrative Telling a story. Metre %meter in &'A( The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables. *nomatopoeia # figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. and a sea of troubles.do. Some e amples of metaphors.$ and sword is used for $military power. thump. splat. pop. and tic". epics. the world(s a stage.$yric # poem. or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that would be e pected. ) amples of onomatopoeic words are bu22.toc". in the e pression The pen is mightier than the sword. # lyric poem may resemble a song in form or style.doodle. *de # lyric poem that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise. 3allads. dead leaves danced in the wind. #nother e ample of onomatopoeia is found in this line from Tennyson(s 0ome =own.a. Personification # figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes. . Pastoral # poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful. Pentameter # line of poetry that has five metrical feet. that e presses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. such as a sonnet or an ode.$ The repeated $m/n$ sounds reinforce the idea of $murmuring$ by imitating the hum of insects on a warm summer day. 2ing. he was a lion in battle. blind &ustice. clippety. 8ohn 9eats(s $-de on a 'recian <rn$ is a famous e ample of this type of poem. coc". drowning in debt. $The moan of doves in immemorial elms. Metonymy # figure of speech in which one word is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. hiss.
hyme royal # type of poetry consisting of stan2as of seven lines in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme ababbcc. pleasure/leisure. or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem.$ with the rhyme scheme abba abba cdecde (or cdcdcd). usually after every stan2a. 'cansion The analysis of a poem(s metre. Italian (or !etrarchan) sonnets are divided into two 1uatrains and a si . 7hyme royal was an innovation introduced by 'eoffrey 0haucer. %hen the rhyme occurs in a final unstressed syllable. the first. or personal. 'imile # figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word $li"e$ or $as. . it is said to be feminine. 7omanticism. line. dividing the line into feet. . )nglish sonnets are written generally in iambic pentameter.hyme The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words. The pattern of rhyme in a stan2a or poem is shown usually by using a different letter for each final sound. This is usually done by mar"ing the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line and then. and the third and fourth lines end in another. $%hat happens to a dream deferred5/ =oes it dry up/ li"e a raisin in the sun5$ 'onnet # lyric poem that is >B lines long.$ #n e ample of a simile using li"e occurs in 6angston 4ughes(s poem 4arlem. which was a reaction to the classicism of the early >?th century.efrain # phrase.line $sestet. longing/yearning.omanticism The principles and ideals of the 7omantic movement in literature and the arts during the late >?th and early >@th centuries. favored feeling over reason and placed great emphasis on the sub&ective. . 0oleridge. e perience of the individual. . Aature was also a ma&or theme. In a poem with an aabba rhyme scheme. observe/deserve. with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg. it is said to be masculine. cat/hat.+uatrain # stan2a or poem of four lines. and 9eats. 3yron. based on the pattern of the stresses. The great )nglish 7omantic poets include %ordsworth. %hen the rhyme occurs in a final stressed syllable. Shelley. desire/fire. second. . )nglish (or Sha"espearean) sonnets are composed of three 1uatrains and a final couplet. and fifth lines end in one sound.
$ where )ngland and :rance stand for $the )nglish team$ and $the :rench team. 'tress The prominence or emphasis given to particular syllables. or because they have a different pitch or are louder than other syllables. vowels. The reverse situation. 'ynecdoche # figure of speech in which a part is used to designate the whole or the whole is used to designate a part.$ not &ust their hands.$ respectively. in which the whole is used for a part. occurs in the sentence $)ngland beat :rance in the final game. the phrase $all hands on dec"$ means $all men on dec". #n easy way to remember the trochee is to memori2e the first line of a lighthearted poem by Samuel Taylor 0oleridge. . one long (or stressed) and one short (or unstressed).$ The trochee is the reverse of the iamb. The stan2as of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of metre and rhyme. which demonstrates the use of various "inds of metrical feet. Trochee # metrical foot of two syllables. Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long. such as metaphor or metonymy. Tetrameter # line of poetry that has four metrical feet. in which words are not used in their literal (or actual) sense but in a figurative (or imaginative) sense. rather than short. Trope # figure of speech.'tan-a Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. :or e ample. $Trochee/ trips from/ long to/ short.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.