M a S S a C H U S ett S

THE STATE OF TIPPED WORKERS
In Massachussetts there are over 120,000 tipped workers, and over 60% of these work in the restaurant industry. The restaurant industry employs nearly 10% of the workforce and is one of the fastest growing sectors of the US economy. Unfortunately, the restaurant industry offers several of Massachussetts’s lowest paid jobs. Four of the ten lowest paid occupations are in the restaurant industry, and three of these are tipped occupations. The state minimum wage is $8.00, but the tipped minimum wage is even lower. It has stood at $2.63 for the last 15 years, since 1999. This is only slightly higher than the federal tipped minimum wage of $2.13, and is lower than every neighboring state. Including tips, tipped workers in Massachusetts earn a median wage of only $9.00 – equivalent to $18,720 for a full-time year-round employee. However, tipped workers generally are allowed part-time schedules that vary by season. Seven states have eliminated the tipped minimum wage – in those states tipped workers receive the full minimum wage.

Restaurant Opportunities Centers United

www.rocunited.org tiPPeD wOrKerS wHO wOrK iN reStaUraNtS

62%
tiPPeD OCCUPatiONS
COUNter atteNDaNtS

3 LOweSt PaiD

MaNiCUriStS & PeDiCUriStS

BUSSerS, rUNNerS, & barteNDer aSSiStaNtS

TiPPeD miNimUm waGe

$2.63 $8.00 $9.00

MiNimUm waGe

MeDiaN waGe fOr tiPPeD wOrKerS iNCLUDiNG tiPS

TiPPeD WOrKerS aND tHe RiSiNG AmeriCaN ELeCtOrate
The Rising American Electorate refers to the demographic groups that are growing the most rapidly, historically with lower voter participation rates, but whose growing civic engagement has been crucial in tipping the scales in recent elections. Tipped workers are primarily women, close to 40% are moms, and although many are married, half of these are single moms. Although the median age for tipped workers is 32, half of them are younger. And they are racially diverse, overrepresented by Latinos, Asians, and African Americans compared to the broader workforce. They are also a highly educated group. Tipped workers are a snapshot of the RAE.

GeNDer
67%

33%

TiPPeD WOrKerS aND tHe RiSiNG AmeriCaN ELeCtOrate

EDUCAtiON

43%
HiGHer eDUCatiON

PareNtaL
StatUS
Married 31% Parents 31% Dads 23% Moms 35% Single Moms 14%

MaritaL &

AGE RACE 32
MeDiaN AGe

< _ 24 32% 25-34 25% 35-44 16% 45+ 27%

41

White 72% Latino 10% Black 7% Asian 9% Other 1%

% of tipped

worker moms are single moms

POVERTY

TiPPeD reStaUraNt wOrKerS

ON free LUNCHeS In states with a tipped minimum wage of $2.13,

PareNtS witH CHiLDreN

ES

TAU R ANT

36%
wOrKerS ON fOOD StamPS

the poverty rates for workers of color is nearly double that of the seven states without a tipped minimum wage, with one in four living in poverty.
White PeOple OF COlOr All

13%

POVertY rateS iN $2.13 StateS

16% 25% 20%
POVertY rateS iN StateS witH NO tiP CreDit

2x reSt Of U.S. wOrKfOrCe

13% 14% 14%

INDUSTRY GROWTH

The industry projects employment will continue to grow at the rate of 6% over the next decade.
HINDUStrY PrOJeCteD SaLeS 2014 ➤ 13.5 biLLiON

RaiSe tHe MiNimUm WaGe

MiNimim

Living off tips is precarious, but it doesn’t have to be this way. Raising the minimum wage and eliminating the tipped credit would provide a significant stimulus to the U.S. economy in tipped wages alone, providing a boost to local economies and the broader food industry, as well.

WaGe

StimULUS $10.10 $12.7 $12.00 $19.4 $15.00 $30.1
BILLION

TiPPeD

FOR MORE INfO rocunited.org/stateoftippedworkers/

w

Or

KerS

live in POVertY at 3X the rate of the U.S. workforce.

PP

16%
OV

P

OV

ERTY RAT

E

ED wOrKe

18%

ERTY RAT

P

rS E

TI
TIPPED

R

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