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FORM Present Continuous [AM / IS / ARE] + [VERB+ing] EXAMPLES: I am watching TV. He is quickly learning the language. NOTE: When you are using a verb tense with more than one part such as Present Continuous (is learning), adverbs often come between the first part and the second part (is quickly learning).
USE 1 Now Use the Present Continuous with Continuous Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. EXAMPLES: You are learning English now. You are not swimming now. I am sitting. I am not standing. They are reading their books. They are not watching television. What are you doing?
Why aren't you doing your homework?
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now In English, now can mean "this second," "today," "this month," "this year," "this century" and so on. Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. EXAMPLES: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.) I am studying to become a doctor. I am not studying to become a dentist. I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. I am not reading any books right now. Are you working on any special projects at work? Aren't you teaching at the University now?
USE 3 Near Future Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. EXAMPLES: I am meeting some friends after work. I am not going to the party tonight.
Is he visiting his parents next weekend. Isn't he coming with us tonight
USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always" The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing." EXAMPLES: She is always coming to class late. He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up. I don't like them because they are always complaining.
IMPORTANT Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any "continuous" tenses. Also, certain "non-continuous" meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot be used in "continuous" tenses. To express the idea of "happening now", you must use Simple Present USE 3. EXAMPLES: She is loving chocolate. Not Correct She loves chocolate. Correct
ACTIVE / PASSIVE Present Continuous EXAMPLES: Right now, Tom is writing the letter. ACTIVE Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. PASSIVE
The simple present tense is often confused with the present continuous tense. This page will explain when to use each one. The simple present tense The simple present tense is used for two main types of action:
Actions which happen regularly (every day, every week, etc.)
Things which do not States often change (opinions, conditions, etc.) Some examples will help to make this clearer:
Type of action
Young-Mi goes to "Every day" is a class every day. habit. It rains a lot in This means that it Vancouver. rains often. Santos always talks "Always" means this about his family. is a habit. This implies that he Jerry spends spends Christmas Christmas with his with his parents parents. every year. This is a state, Bianca lives in because it doesn't Florida. change. Someone's hair Jean-Paul has red colour doesn't hair. usually change. When we like Martin likes something, usually chocolate. we will always like it. Beliefs and opinions Anna believes in are states. They God. don't often change.
The present continuous tense The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action:
A temporary action happening now
Something which is going on right now (but it will stop in the future) Something we intend to do, usually in the near future
A definite plan for the future Here are some examples:
Type of action
Examples John is winning the game. It's raining outside.
Temporary action happening right now
Soraya's working in the library. Sihol is spending Christmas with his family.
Definite plan for the future
I'm playing soccer tomorrow. Sarah's leaving for San Francisco on Friday. The Olympics are taking place here This is already certain. next year. I'm having a party All the plans have been next week. made.
Explanations Right now, John is winning, but the game isn't finished yet. It's raining right now (but it may stop soon). She's working there right now. He's spending Christmas with his family right now, this year. (Maybe next year he won't.) This plan is already arranged and definite. She has probably already bought her ticket.