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SURVEY OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR - PRACTICAL CLASSES 6 I Complete the sentences with the word given (a. school b.

hospital c. prison d. university). Use the where necessary: a. 1. Every term parents are invited to________ to meet the teachers. 2. Why arent your children at ______ today? 3. When he was younger, Ted hated _______. 4. What time does ______ usually start in the mornings in your country? 5. A: How do your children get home from _____? By bus? B: No, they walk. _ ________ isnt very far. 6. There were some people waiting outside _________ to meet their children. 7. What sort of job does Jenny want when she leaves ________ ? b. 1. My brother has always been very healthy. Hes never been in _________. 2. When Ann w as ill, I went to ________ to see her. When I was there, I met Lisa who is a nurse at _______. 3. Peter was injured in an accident and was kept in __________ for a few days. c. 1. In some places people are in _________ for political belief. 2. A few days ago a fire brigade were called to _________ to put out the fire. 3. The judge decided to fine the man 500 instead of sending him to ________. d. 1. In your country do many people go to __________ ? 2. If you want to get a degree, you have to study at ___________. 3. This is only a small town, but ________ is one of the biggest in the country. II Correct the following sentences: 1. The language is essential to human life. 2. They like the modern music. 3. The life is impossible without the water. 4. There were many birds in air. 5. Education she received is very good. 6. The air pollution is complex phenomenon and we have to continue exploring it. 7. She lives in special home for elderly. 8. A: Oh, Id love to go for a walk, but I have paper to work on. B: Whats paper about? 9. She was celebrating ten years in the office. 10. It seems that deceased had no living relatives. 11. She loves French. (=French people) III Circle each adjective. Underline the noun they modify. Are they used attributively or predicatively? Paul has a loud voice. Sugar is sweet. The students took an easy test. We ate some delicious food at a Mexican restaurant. The child was sick. The sick child crawled into his warm bed and sipped hot tea. IV Complete the sentences with the correct comparative form of the given adjectives: bad cold pretty confusing soft clean lazy thin 1. I like to sit on pillows. They are a lot _________ than a hardwood seat. 2. The average temperature in Moscow is _________ than the average temperature in Hong Kong. 3. Bob! How did you get all covered with mud? Hurry and take a bath. Even the floor is ________ than you are. 4. Fresh flowers not only smell good, but they're a lot ________ than artificial flowers. 5. I have trouble understanding Professor Larsen. Her lectures are ______________ than Professor Sato's. 6. My handwriting isn't very good, but my wife's handwriting is illegible. Her handwriting is much ____ than mine. 7. Cardboard had thickness, but paper doesn't. Paper is ___________ than cardboard. 8. I don't like to work hard, but my sister does. I'm a lot ___________ than my sister. V Use the adjective in brackets in the appropriate degree (sometimes conj./prep. than should also be added) 1. It's _____ (good) coffee I've ever tasted. 2. What's _____________(long) river in Europe ? 3. How slow you are !Try to be a little __________ (quick). 4. The ___________(good) things in life are free. 5. The Nile is ______(long) the Mississippi. 6. Staying at a hotel is ____________(comfortable) camping. 7. Teaching should be one of _______ (gratifying) jobs. 8. France is ____________ (big) Switzerland. 9. What I like__________ (good) in the film is the end. 10. The ____ (hard) you study for these exams, the ____ (good) you will do. 11. My neighbour is driving me mad! It seems that the ____ (late) it is at night, the ____ (loud) he plays his music! 12. He spent a year in India and loves spicy food. The ____ (hot) the food is, the ____ (much/many) he likes it. 13. She will be really angry about that vase being broken! The ____ (little) she knows about it, the ____ (good). 14. He has 6 large dogs to protect his house. The ____ (big) the dog, the ____ (safe) he feels. VI Insert the correct comparative form of the adjective in brackets: 1. It was almost as if the wolf was _________ (scared) of us than we were of it. 2. The river was much _________ (deep) than I expected so I decided to turn back. 3. I think I'd describe her as ________ (pretty) than beautiful. 4. As a politician I often receive threats, but some are _________ (real) than others. 5. There were two routes up the hill, but as we had lots of time we took the _______ (long), _____ (winding)one. 6. Sam isn't a bad boy really. He's_______ (naughty) than dishonest. 7. Although a different speaker began to talk, I felt even _____ (bored) than before. 8. The exam was _______ (hard) than I thought it would be. 9. We need to take responsibility for elderly neighbours, and in a cold winter like this it is _____(true) than ever. 10. If the critics were wrong about Willis's first novel, they couldn't have been _____ (right) about her second. VII Complete the sentences with an appropriate comparative adjective, using an -er or more + adjective form. Indicate where both forms are possible.

alert clever complex dirty exciting pleasant powerful recent useless wealthy worried 1. I may not be much of a cook, but Brian is even ............. in the kitchen than I am. 2. Most research in this area uses simple interviews, but we used a ................. methodology. 3. I didn't do well at school, and my fellow students all seemed ................. than me. 4. The film starts slowly, but gets ....................after the first half hour. 5. Neil is already rich, but his aim in life seems to be to become even ............. 6. I was concerned when John didn't phone to say he'd be late, but I was even ............. when he didn't come at all that night. h 7. This painting is from the 17t century.' `Really? It looks .................. than that.' 8. The walk was quite enjoyable, but if the sun had been shining it would have been ..................... 9. When I took the washing out of the machine it looked .............. than when it went in. 10. For an extra $500 you could buy a much ................................. motorbike. 11. Curiously, many people say they feel mentally ................. if they eat very little for a day. VIII Put brackets around the if it can be left out in these sentences. 1. It was the sweetest orange I'd eaten for ages. 2. Ann and Clara were both excellent musicians, but Clara was the most creative. 3. He's the fastest runner in his class. 4. We get lots of birds in our garden, but blackbirds are the most common. 5. `Shall we go by train or car?' `Well, going by bus is actually the easiest.' IX Write the correct participial adjective form of the verb in the parentheses to complete the sentences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The young writer was pleased with the editor's (encourage) _____________ remarks. Such an experiment is valid under rigidly (control)______________ conditions. She is a very (fascinate) _________ woman. He made a (surprise) ___________ financial recovery after his bankruptcy. The Salvation Army collects (discard) __________ clothes and household goods. The (wash) _______ and (iron) ________ clothes should be put in this drawer. The pictures will be taken by a (hide)____________ camera. A (break) ___________ spring in my mattress made it difficult to sleep. He drove a (rent) _____ car to the (desert) _____ house, but the (lock) _____ door prevented him from getting in.

X Suggest corrections to the incorrect sentences: 1. After the accident I tried to comfort the upset driver of the car. 2. In the distance I could see an alone figure walking towards me. 3. I remember her as a glad person who was always smiling. 4. He stood at the bedroom door, looking at his asleep daughter. 5. The fire on the ship is now under control, but there are still a lot of afraid passengers on board. 6. She spent most of her life nursing seriously ill children in the hospital. 7. The two children were of an alike age. 8. We were unsure which way to go. 9. The sorry girls apologised to their teacher for their behaviour. XI Which is correct, older or elder or both: 1. My older/elder sister is a TV producer. 2. Im surprised Dianne is only 25. I thought she was elder/older. 3. Janes younger sister is still at school. Her older / elder sister is a nurse. 4. Martin is older/eld er than his brother. SURVEY OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR - PRACTICAL CLASSES 6 I Write a new sentence with the same meaning, e.g. Richard is younger than he looks. Richard isnt as old as he looks.: 1. I didnt spend as much money as you. You ... 2. The station was nearer than I thought. The station. 3. The meal didnt cost as much as I expected. The meal ..... 4. I go out less than I used to. I .. 5. Karens hair isnt as long as it used to be. Karen used to .. 6. I know them better than you do. You .... 7. There are fewer people at this meeting than at the last one. There ... 8. Ive been here longer than you. You .. 9. My room is bigger than yours. Your room ................................................................ 10. You got up earlier than me. I .................................................................................... 11. She's more nervous than him. He ............................................................................... 12. Athens is older than Rome. Rome ............................................................................. 13. The Europe Hotel is more expensive than The Grand Hotel. The Grand isn't.................... II What do you say in these situations? Use a superlative + ever. Use the words in brackets in the correct form:

Your friend has just told you a joke, which you think is very funny. (funny/joke/hear) You've just run ten kilometres. You've never run as far as this. You say: (far/run) You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. (bad/mistake/make) Your friend meets a lot of famous people. You ask: (famous/person/meet) You are talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very generous. You tell your friend about her. (generous/person/meet) III Complete the sentences with a lot of, a little or a few: 1. She only has .................. luggage with her, a suitcase and a bag. 2. There are ......... people who travel to work by car. That's why we have those awful traffic jams. 3. We only need .................... tomatoes for this meal. 4. Could you give me ........................ water, please? I'm thirsty. 5. I had ............. luggage and I couldn't carry it all by myself, so he came to help. IV Put in little / a little / few / a few: 1. Gary is very busy with his job. He has ________ time for other things. 2. Listen carefully. I'm going to give you ________ advice. 3. Do you mind if I ask you ________ questions? 4. It's not a very interesting place to visit, so ________ tourists come here. 5. I don't think Jill would be a good teacher. She's got ______ patience. 6. 'Would you like milk in your coffee?' 'Yes, _________.' 7. This is a very boring place to live. There's _________ to do. 8. 'Have you ever been to Paris?' 'Yes, I've been there ________ times.' 9. 'Is there any tea left in the pot?' 'Yes, _______.' 10. 'Do you smoke at all?' 'Yes, but very _______.' 11. 'Do you smoke at all?' 'Yes, __________.' 12. 'Having had ________ opportunities to practise, I did not play the piece as well as I might have done.' 13. 'Having had ________ opportunities to practise, I played the piece reasonably well.' 14. He is a lonely man. He has _______ friends. 15. I have only _____ coal in my cellar because the coal man hasn't come. 16. We must save _______ money we have left for our journey home. 17. He always has _______ in reserve for emergencies. 18. Can you come to our house this evening? I'm inviting ______ friends for coffee. VI Correct these sentences if necessary: 1. Sheila's had many problems with her back for a lot of years. She's having an operation next week and she won't be back at work for a good deal of weeks afterwards. 2. 'There's bound to be much traffic on the way to the station. Perhaps we should leave now.' 'Don't worry, there's plenty time left, and at this time of day many people will already be at work.' 3. A lot of people think that hedgehogs are very rare nowadays, but when I was in Wales, I saw many. 4. A lot of research has been conducted on the influence of diet on health, with a lot of studies focusing on the relationship between fat intake and heart disease. However, a lot remains to be done. VII Underline the correct word: 1. She's got some very (interested/interesting/interestingly) things to say on the subject. 2. Check that the ladder's (firm/firmly) before you climb up it. 3. There has been a (significant/significantly) increase in the number of women students at Cambridge University in recent years. 4. I need a break, a (complete/completely) change of scene. 5. I think it's unlikely that we'll move in the (near/nearly) future. 6. The traffic is moving very (slow/slowly) ahead of us. 7. It was a largely (peaceful/peacefully) demonstration. 8. All the information will be treated (confidential/confidentially). 9. Divide the mixture (even/evenly) between the baking pans. 10. I've made a guess but I don't know if it's the (correct/correctly) answer. 11. The company's financial situation is looking rather (bad/badly) at the moment. 12. The (fast/fastly) train to London takes less than an hour. 13. Actors and actresses need to be (clear/clearly) speakers. 14. The ground's impossible to dig - it's as (hard/hardly) as stone. 15. The lights are too (bright/brightly) in here - they're hurting my eyes. 16. Do the police know the (exact/exactly) circumstances of his death? 17. She stumbled (sleepily/sleepy) into the bathroom. 18. I'm not surprised he failed his exam - he didn't exactly try very (hard/hardly)! 19. Their house is (beautiful/beautifully) decorated. 20. You'll have to excuse Joanna - she's feeling rather (tired/tiredly/tiring) and emotional at the moment. 21. She likes everything (neat/neatly) and tidy. 22. I love the smell of (fresh/freshly) baked bread. 23. The (easiest/easily) thing is for us to take the train home. 24. We really ought to leave (immediate/immediately). 25. He told them (polite/politely) to leave him in peace.

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26. They dealt with the problem (quick/quickly) and efficiently. VIII Insert the correct preposition: for, in, of, on, to; 1. The scientists were very critical ___ the researchers' initial findings. 2. They say he is fluent ___ five languages. 3. I don't think this software is appropriate ___ children under 12 years old. 4. He was very concerned _____ the outcome of the meeting. 5. She's always very generous ____ the kids. 6. I've always been good ____ maths. 7. He's really angry ______ me for upsetting Sophie. 8. Marie Curie is famous ____ her contribution to science. 9. I'm not happy _____ Dave buying a motorcycle, but I can't stop him. 10. She was furious ____ herself for letting things get out of hand. 11. Residents in the area are furious _____ the decision. 12. The jury found her guilty _____ murder. 13. Jan's mother was dependent ____ her for physical care. 14. I'm afraid I wasn't very polite ____ her. 15. I'm sorry ____ making such a fuss. IX Which of the following determiners cannot be used to complete the sentences: 1. I ate ___ fruit. a. some b. several c. a little d. a few e. too many f. too much g. a lot of h. Two 2. I ate __ apples. a. some b. several c. a little d. a few e. too many f. too much g. a lot of h. two 3. I get ___ mail every day. a. a lot of b. some c. a little d. a few e. too much f. too many g. several h. three 4. I get ___ letters every day. a. a lot of b. some c. a little d. a few e. too much f. too many g. several h. three 5. There is ___ traffic in the street. a. several b. some c. too many d. a little e. a lot of f. a few g. too much h. five 6. There are ____ cars in the street. a. several b. some c. too many d. a little e. a lot of f. a few g. too much h. five X Use few / a few, little / a little: 1. There are very ______ scholarships for students at this university. 2. I'm sorry, but I'm going to have to ask you for ________ more time to pay this bill. 3. If you don't hurry, we'll miss the train. There's ______ time to spare. 4. It's a difficult text. I've had to look up quite ______ words in the dictionary. 5. There are ________ who know this, so keep it to yourself. 6. If what you say is true, there is ________ we can do about it. XI Identify the possessive and demonstrative pronouns in the following passage: His father and mine have offices in the same building. Ours is on the first floor, but theirs is on the fourth. That is the building, over there, and the windows just above the main door are those of my father's office, but you cannot see his because they are at the back. There are two entrances, this which is for visitors and that at the side for goods, but those who know the building often enter by either. SURVEY OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR - PRACTICAL CLASSES 7 I If necessary, correct these sentences. If they are already correct, write T: 1. Chris brought in the wood and put ones on the fire. 2. Normally I dont like wearing a scarf, but it was so cold I put one on. 3. Weve run out of potatoes. Ill get ones when I go to the shops. 4. We havent got l emon tea, but you could have mint one instead. 5. Those arent your gloves. You must have picked up the wrong ones. 6. What kind of cakes do you like best? Ones with cream inside. 7. Which pullover will you have, the green or the blue? 8. My brother has two children and my sister three ones. 9. We see us twice a week. 10. Mary has any friends, but her sister has nothing. 11. None of the two boys is suitable for this post. 12. Both of these boys is unsuitable for this post. 13. Id like some more cheese. Sorry, but theres no left. 14. I think his best poems are his early. 15. If you need any more paper, I'll bring you one. 16. We need new curtains. Ok, let's buy ones. 17. I asked him to get apple juice, but he got orange one. 18. We need new curtains. Ok, let's buy green ones this time. 19. Help yourself to grapes. These ones are the sweetest, but those taste best. II Put all/both in the more appropriate space in each sentence: 1. You ______ can ______ stay for dinner if you want. 2. It _______ had ______ happened so quickly, I couldnt remember much about it. 3. We ______ are ______ going to be late if we dont hurry. 4. _____ the children _____ started to speak at once. 5. We _______ have _________ been involved in the decision. 6. They ______ were ______ sitting around the table waiting for me. III Underline the correct answer. If both answers are possible, notice the difference in meaning: 1.Can you post this letter for myself/me? 2. All my friends were away, I was bored, and I just didnt know what to do with me/myself. 3. We put the tape recorder between us/ourselves. 4. Now that youre a well -known novelist, you must hear a lot about yourself/you on TV and in the newspapers. 5. He ought to be ashamed of him/himself, being rude to

his parents like that. 6. I opened the window in front of myself/me and took a deep breath of fresh air. 7. When youve finished the job you can send the bill either to Mrs Smith or me/myself. IV Complete the sentences with one of these reflexive verbs in an appropriate form followed by a reflexive pronoun and, if necessary, a preposition: hide concern behave dress avail absent prepare deny 1. When Marjorie broke her arm she couldnt _____________ properly, so I had to go round each morning to help. 2. I could see my brother coming through the park so I _________ behind a tree and waited to surprise him. 3. Peter arranged to _______________ the company so that he could spend more time with his children. 4. How many schools _____________ this opportunity each year? 5. She ______________ for the interview by reading the job description again. 6. I hope Nicholas ______________ at the party. His behaviour is often appalling. 7. She works for a charity which ____________ the welfare of children in developing countries. 8. He was the first to _____________ comfort and sleep. V Complete the sentences with such or such a/an followed by one of these words: claims, destruction, device, project, research, tactics; 1. Manufacturers claim that their washing machines have built-in computers, but is there really a computer in ___? 2. After Professor Jones spoke about his work on climate change, he called on the government to put more money into ________________. 3. Television is sometimes said to harm childrens social development, yet the evidence for ______is often lacking. 4. The new power station will create new jobs, but has the environmental impact of _______ been considered fully? 5. The earthquake demolished nearly all the houses in the town. The country has rarely seen ____________ before. 6. United played very defensively in the seco nd half, but ___________ were criticised by the teams supporters. VI some, any and compounds somebody, anything, somehow etc. 1. She wanted ______ stamps but there werent _____ in the machine. 2. Im afraid there isnt _____ coffee left; will you grind _____? 3. Is there _______ one here who speaks Italian? 4. Id like to buy ______ new clothes but I havent got ______ money. 5. They cant have _____ more strawberries; I want _____ to make jam. 6. _________ I know told me ______ of the details. 7. Do you have _____ idea who could have borrowed your bicycle? 8. I saw hardly _________ I knew at the party, and I didnt get _________ to drink. 9. A: When would you like to come? B: ______ day would suit me. 10. _____thing tells me youve got _______ bad news f or me. 11. Youre looking very miserable; has __________ upset you? 12. If you had ______ sense, you wouldnt leave your car unlocked. 13. Scarcely ______one was wearing a dinner jacket. 14. Ms Paula Hill put her handbag down ______where and now she cant find it. 15. Will you have _____ pudding or ______ fruit? 16. Havent you got ________ friends in Rome? I feel sure you mentioned them once. 17. Havent you got ________ friends here? You should join a club and get to know people. 18. I see you havent got ________ maps. Would you like to borrow ______ of mine? 19. All the salaries are being paid much later now; its ______thing to do with the computer. 20. You cant expect just ____ student to solve the problem. It requires a mathematician. 21. Hes not very well known here but hes ______one (an important person) in his own country. 22. Is there _______one moving about downstairs? I heard ______thing falling. 23. Is there ______one living in that house? It looks deserted. 24. Would you like _______thing to drink? Theres ______ very good apple juice in the fridge. VII Complete these sentences with some, someone, something, any, anyone, anything. 1. John worked hard at learning Japanese but failed to make _______ real progress. 2. I was unable to eat ________ of the food. 3. I always offer to help organise school concerts, but there is seldom __________ for me to do. 4. Janet Jones is ___________ I rarely see these days. 5. He denied that he had done ________ wrong. 6. I always get to work before ________ else. 7. The theatre is unlikely to have _______ tickets left for tonights performance. 8. Despite rowing as hard as we could, we had progressed barely _______ distance from the shore. 9. _________ parents never seem to have time to sit down and talk to their children, 10. The regulations of the game forbid _________ ball to rise above shoulder height. 11. When I last lent my laptop to a friend it came back damaged, so I am reluctant to lend it to _________ else. 12. She valued friendship more than ___________ in the world. VIII Combine the following pairs or groups of sentences, using relative pronouns: 1. Tom had been driving all day. He was tired and wanted to stop. 2. Ann had been sleeping in the back of the car. She felt quite fresh and wanted to go on.

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Paul wanted to take the mountain road. His tyres were nearly new. Jacks tyres were very old. He wanted to stick to the tarred road. Mary didnt know anything about mountains. She thought it would be safe to climb alone. She said that the men were thieves. This turned out to be true. The matter was reported to the Chief of Police. He ordered us all to be arrested. In prison they fed us on dry bread. Most of it was mouldy. I met Mary. She asked me to give you this. This is Mrs Jones. Her son won the championship last year. I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed. (The chair) The man was sitting at the desk. I had come to see this man. The firm is sending me to York. I work for this firm. (The firm.) AG He pointed to the stairs. They led down to the cellar. AG I have two elder sisters. I love them very much. AG Susan said something. I couldnt hear it clearly. We stayed at the Park Hotel. A friend of ours had recommended it. Ive got a brother called Rob. He lives in Australia. He is a doctor. ( My brother ) Amy has a son. She showed me a photograph of him. He is a policeman. (Amy showed .) London was once the largest city in the world, but the population is now falling. (The population ) I was looking for a book this morning. Ive found it now. A job was advertised. A lot of people applied for it. Few of them had the necessary qualifications. ( Few of) The new stadium will be opened next month. It can hold 90 000 people. John is one of my closest friends. I have known him for a very long time. A friend is wearing a dress. You like it. You tell her: I like Tom is talking to a woman do you know her? Do you know. I have long admired Professor Johnson. He is to visit the University next month. Professor Johnson..

XIV Suggest corrections to these sentences (regarding relative clauses) or write T if they are correct. 1. Colin told me about his new job that hes enjoying very much. 2. My office that is on the second floor is very small. 3. The office Im using at the moment is very small. 4. The sun that is one of millions of stars in the universe provides us with heat and light. 5. The college is home to 30 students from Nepal, almost all of who are studying economics. 6. Theres something which I should tell you. 7. Yesterday was the hottest day I can remember. 8. The boy took the photograph was paid 100. 9. Mrs Richmond that is 43 has three children. 10. This morning I met somebody, who I hadnt seen for ages. 11. This morning I met Chris that I hadnt seen for ages.