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IDMT Relay Setting for Transformer (Over Current / Earth Fault / Differentia

:Transformer Details:
Transformer Capacity Primary Voltage (HT) Secondary Voltage(LT) Rated Primary Current (Ip) Rated Secondary Current (Is) Max.Earth Fault Current at HV Side (L-G) Min.Earth Fault Current at HV Side (L-G) Max.Earth Fault Current at LV Side (LG) Min.Earth Fault Current at LV Side (L-G) Max.Earth Fault Current at Downstrem of TC (L-G) Min.Earth Fault Current at Downstrem of TC (L-G) Max.Fault Current at HV Side (L-L) Min.Fault Current at HV Side (L-L) Max.Fault Current at LV Side (L-L) Min.Fault Current at LV Side (L-L) Max.Fault Current at Downstrem Side of TC (L-L) Min.Fault Current at Downstrem Side of TC (L-L) CT for O/C & Earth Fault Protection: CT Ratio (LT Side) Prim. Current (Amp) Sec. Current (Amp) CT Ratio (HT Side) Prim. Current (Amp) Sec. Current (Amp) CT for Differential Protection: CT Ratio (LT Side) Prim. Current (Amp) Sec. Current (Amp) CT Ratio (HT Side) Prim. Current (Amp) Sec. Current (Amp) 13.5 132 MVA KV

27 KV 102.27 Amp 500.00 Amp 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 5000 5500 4500 4000 3500 3000 Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp

500 5 100 5

1000 5.11 200 5

:Results of IDMT Relay Settings:


IDMT Over Current Relay Setting LV Side Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>) Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>) Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>>) HV Side Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>) Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>) Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>>) IDMT Earth Fault Relay Setting

1.25 A X In 0.348 Sec 1.5 A X In 0.498 Sec 1.4 A X In 0.428 Sec 1.28 A X In 0.184 Sec 1.6 A X In 0.211 Sec 1.5 A X In 0.199 Sec

LV Side Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>) Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>) Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>>) HV Side Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>) Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>) Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>>) Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>>)

0.25 A X In 0.348 0.25 A X In 0.439 0.25 A X In 0.399 0.25 A X In 0.178 Sec 0.25 A X In 0.195 Sec 0.25 A X In 0.188 Sec

mer (Over Current / Earth Fault / Differential) Protection


IDMT Over Current Relay Setting (50/51)
LT Side
Main Protection Over Load Current : Over Load Current :(In) Required Over Current Relay Plug Setting Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>) Back Up Protection for Down Stream Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>) Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>>) 125% X Is 625 Amp 1.25 A X In 1.25 125% 1.25 A X In 6.25 Amp 45 Amp 7.2 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 3.476 Sec 0.348 Sec 150% 1.5 A X In 7.5 Amp Amp 30 4 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 4.980 Sec 0.498 Sec
1.4 A X In 140% 7 Amp 35 Amp 5.000 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 4.280 Sec Sec 0.428

Jignesh.parmar,www.electricalnote

HT Side
Over Load Current : Over Load Current :(In) Required Over Current Relay Plug Setting Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>) Back Up Protection for Down Stream Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: 125% X Ip 128 Amp 1.28 1.28 A X In 128% 1.28 A X In 6.4 Amp Amp 250 39.06 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 1.841 Sec 0.184 Sec 160% 1.6 A X In 8 Amp 200 Amp 25.000 Amp Normal Inverse (NI)

Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>) Actual Plug Setting of Over Current Relay (I>>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (I>>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (t>>>)

0.1 2.105 0.211

Sec Sec

150% 1.5 A X In 7.5 Amp Amp 225 30.000 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 1.989 Sec 0.199 Sec

3500 35 56

700

Jignesh.parmar,www.electricalnotes.wordpress.com,jiguparmar@yahoo.com

IDMT Earth Fault Relay Setting (50N/51N)


LT Side
Main Protection Earth Fault Current : Earth Fault Current :(Inf) Required Earth Fault Relay Plug Setting Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>) Pick Up Setting of Earth Fault Relay (PMS): (Ie>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Earth Fault Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>) Back Up Protection for Down Stream Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (Ie>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Earth Fault Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>) Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>>) Pick Up Setting of Earth Fault Relay (PMS): (Ie>>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Earth Fault Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>>) 20% X In 125 Amp 0.25 A X In 0.25 25% 0.25 A X In 1.25 Amp 9 Amp 7.2 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 3.476 Sec 0.348 Sec 25% 0.25 A X In 1.25 Amp Amp 6 4.8 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 4.393 Sec 0.439 Sec
0.25 A X In 25% 1.25 Amp 7 Amp 5.600 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 3.994 Sec Sec 0.399

HT Side
Earth Fault Current : Earth Fault Current :(Inf) Required Earth Fault Relay Plug Setting Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (Ie>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Earth Fault Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>) Back Up Protection for Down Stream Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>) Pick Up Setting of Over Current Relay (PMS): (Ie>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: 20% X In 26 Amp 0.26 0.26 A X In 25% 0.25 A X In 1.25 Amp Amp 55 44.00 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 1.781 Sec 0.178 Sec 25% 0.25 A X In 1.25 Amp 40 Amp 32.000 Amp Normal Inverse (NI)

Time Dial Setting of Over current Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>) Actual Plug Setting of Earth Fault Relay (Ie>>>) Pick Up Setting of Earth Fault Relay (PMS): (Ie>>>) Fault Current At CT Secondary Side Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM): Curve Selection: Time Dial Setting of Earth Fault Relay(TMS): Time of Operation of Relay Actual Operaion Time of Relay: (te>>>)

0.1 1.951 0.195

Sec Sec

25% 0.25 A X In 1.25 Amp Amp 45 36.000 Amp Normal Inverse (NI) 0.1 Sec 1.884 Sec 0.188 Sec

Differential Protection Relay

Normal Tap
LT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT HT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT Spil Over current in Relay Percentage Differntial Current

100%

500.0 2.555 102.27 2.557 0.002 0.1

Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp %

Highest Tap (+)


Transformation Primary Voltage at + 10% Transformation SecondaryVoltage at + 10% LT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT HT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT Spil Over current in Relay Percentage Differntial Current

10%
145.20 KV 27 KV 500.0 2.56 93.0 2.32 0.231 9.5 Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp %

Highest Tap (-)


Transformation Primary Voltage at - 15% Transformation Secondary Voltage at - 15% LT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT HT Side Full Load Current Current in Sec. Side of CT Spil Over current in Relay Percentage Differntial Current

15%
112.20 KV 27 KV 500.0 2.56 120.321 3.01 0.45 16.3 Amp Amp Amp Amp Amp %

Normal Inverse (NI) Very Inverse (VI) Exteremely Inverse (EI) Long Inverse