ARCHITECTURAL RESOURCES

Precast Helps Aesthetic Visions to Become Realities
Precast concrete is the perfect medium for architecture. Precast concrete is a high performance material that integrates easily with other systems and inherently provides the versatility, efficiency, and resiliency needed to meet the multi-hazard requirements and long-term demands of high performance structures.

Precast is Versatile – Precast provides an incredible array of aesthetics options, whether your project needs to blend-in with the surrounding environment, or stand-out from the crowd. Precast comes in essentially any color, form and texture and can emulate, embed or veneer traditional materials as well. Precast concrete wall panels can also combine several finishes into one panel without flashing or additional detailing, which saves time and money.
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Learn more about color and finishes View PCI Color and Texture Selection Guide Precast is Efficient – Precast concrete can combine continuous insulation, a continuous airbarrier and vapor retarder efficiently all into one panel. It can also combine several finishes into one panel. This reduces construction complexity, detailing, and the risk of improper installation of these important envelope components. Also, since precast concrete arrives at the site ready for installation and does not require protection from rain, sun, snow, wind, or extreme temperatures, it save time and money and reduces the potential for change orders due to winter conditions. Precast concrete is one of the fastest building systems available, and is manufactured offsite minimizing project site disturbance, while maximizing quality.

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Learn more about precast manufacturing Learn more about precast envelope systems Precast is Resilient – Precast concrete inherently provides a high degree of quality and durability including multi-hazard protection from storms, flying debris, high winds, and can be designed to protect against explosions, and earthquakes. Precast also provides inherent fire resistance and does not require additional fireproofing.

ABOUT PRECAST Precast Concrete Precast concrete consists of concrete (a mixture of cement. The concrete is placed into a form. they bond to the concrete and apply a compressive force. attempt to regain their original untensioned length. Prestressing also reduces cracks as the members are in compression. water. Listed here are the most common components that precast concrete manufacturers produce and that designers incorporate into their projects. Precast concrete is reinforced with either conventional reinforcing bars. Customized pieces. columns.) Piles Transportation Components Modular Components Misc. . sizes and shapes can be created in most cases to meet specific needs. aggregate and often admixtures) that is cast into specific shapes at a location other than its final in-service position. allows precast members to be reduced in size and weight relative to a similar conventional reinforced. or a combination of both. carry more load. This compressive force allows precast elements to span greater distances. etc. strands with high-tensile strength. typically the following day. These components are then transported to the construction site for erection into place. Precast Components – A variety of components can be fabricated from precast concrete. As the strands. Prestressing is a method of reinforcement where the steel strands are pretensioned in the form before the concrete is cast. or mold typically made of wood or steel. the strands are cut (detensioned). meeting a range of project needs.        Floors and Roofs Walls Building Structural Components (beams. The primary roof and floors systems are made up of three basic components. joint locations. Components The designer should consult with a producer early in the design phase to determine what components will work most efficiency and review specific sizes. Precast concrete systems can be used as diaphragms to transfer lateral loads in a structure. Once the concrete is cured to a specific strength. Often it also. cast-in place concrete member. PRECAST FLOOR AND ROOF SYSTEMS Precast concrete is an inherent structural material and works well for floor and roof systems. and other details that can create cost efficient options. or a combination of both. and cured before being stripped from the form. having bonded to the concrete.

is added in the field.Double Tees Named for its shape. some precasters offer 10 and 12 ft widths Typical depths: 6. 8. and 15 ft. Information on the key types of hollow-core and the signature shapes produced by each process can be found in the PCI Design Handbook 7thEdition. 30. Click hereto see a general overview of hollow-core cross-sections. Typical span-to-depth ratios: Floors: 25 to 35 / Roofs: 35 to 40 Finishes: Form side will generally be “as cast. 15. and 16 in. Load tables and span charts can be found on the website via the link on the right under Design Resources. 10. This generally remains as is and is not painted. or Field. or circular swirl-finished if it will be used as the wearing surface in a parking structure..” resulting in a smooth. Typical depths: 24. Hollow-core Hollow-core slabs are used predominantly for floor and roof deck components for various structures such as residential. flange. 4. 28. 12. which creates the wearing surface in parking structures. including parking structures and all types of buildings. For roof construction. on which a cast-in-place concrete composite topping of 2 to 4 in. They can be made in a long-line pre-tensioning facility and reinforced with prestressing strand or cast in individual forms . and prisons. hotel. and 34 in. left rough if it will receive a field topping or broomed (either transversally or longitudinally). and 8 ft.topped with a 2-in. 12. schools. The top-of-flange side will be smoothed for roof construction. double-tees are used primarily as floor and roof deck components for any type of structure. Typical widths: 8. although it can be if desired. Typical span-to-depth ratios: Floors: 30 to 40 / Roofs: 40 to 50 Note: Each producer of hollow-core slabs uses a trademarked process that creates different shapes to form the voids within the pieces. Typical widths: 2. They are made either:   Pre-topped using a flange thickness of 4 in. 26. there is typically no need to add topping on the 2 in. hard finish. 32. flange. 10. office buildings. Solid Slabs Solid slabs are used as structural deck components similar to hollow-core slabs.

Typical spans: 8 to 30 ft.with either prestressing strand or conventional reinforcing bars. They are typically cast in the same position as used in the structure. Typical widths: 4 to 12 ft. Finishes: The form side (bottom) is smooth as cast and typically will remain that way in the finished construction. as well as integration with other systems. Sizes can vary to satisfy the structural requirements. click here. Typical thicknesses: 4 to 12 in. The top side is troweled to the desired degree of smoothness or may be intentionally roughened to receive a cast-in-place concrete topping that will act compositely and provide additional strength. Precast Structural Systems To learn more about precast structural systems overall and how they work. it can remain as is or painted without additional treatment. When it is an exposed surface. DESIGN RESOURCES RELATED RESOURCES .

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