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D E S I G N Roof Type Roof-to-Shell Joint Type Fabrication Purpose Density of Contents Specific Gravity of Contents Specific Gravity of Contents

(For Appendix A Only) Material Material Group Minimum Yield Strength Minimum Tensile Strength Modulus of Elasticity Maximum Design Temperature Minimum Design Temperature Allowable Product Design Stress at Design Temperature Allowable Hydrostatic Test Stress at Design Temperature Internal Pressure External Pressure Smallest of the allowable tensile stresses (Roof, Shell, Ring) High Liquid Level Bottom Shell Roof Structure Anchor Bolts Nozzles, etc. Roof Slope Roof Angle Outside Dia. Inside Dia. Nominal Dia. ( Inside Dia. + Shell Thk. ) Total Height Cone Roof Dish Radius Dome Roof Dish Radius Developed Area Roof Height - Above Shell Fluid Hold Down Weight Yield Strength - Structural Parts Density DL ROOF Plates Stiffeners Purlins Plateform Insulation Others

D A T A 1 2 1 Recycle AA Tank Dc G G'


3 1040 kg/m

R E F E R E N C E

Appendix J applicable.

1.04 1.04 7 Group IV CS Appendix S not applicable.

FYmin FTmin E Tmax Tmin Sd St Pi Pe f H1 CA CA CA CA CA CA 2 Do Di Dn H RCone RDome A' :

240 MPa 450 MPa 195000 MPa


o 150.0 C

Table 3-2

Appendix M applicable.

N/A C 160 MPa 180 MPa


2 5.00 kN/m ( kPa )

API 650, Sec. 3, Cl. 3.6.2.1 ~ Table 3-2 API 650, Sec. 3, Cl. 3.6.2.2 ~ Table 3-2 Appendix F applicable. Appendix V applicable.

0.60 kN/m ( kPa ) 400 kN/m ( kPa ) 6.3 m 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 10 14.0 Deg. 4.512 m 4.500 m 4.506 m 6.30 m 2.32 m 3.60 m
2 16.43 m 2

OK [ 9.46 deg. <= Theta <= 37 deg. ]

Check for Diameter in case of Appendix J

1 1 0.56 T J-1 0.375

0.56 m 1022.252 kN FYstructure Den. Corroded 6.33 0.00 0.00 250 MPa
3 7850 kg/m

Uncorroded 10.13 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 15.00 kN Cone Frustum Dome pDL/2 p(D+d)L/2 pdh Based on 8 mm Roof Plate Thk.

6.33 0.39

25.13 kN 1.53 kN/m ( kPa )


2

SHELL

Top Angle Course(s) Wind Girders Ladder Insulation Others

0.49 20.60 0.00

1.01 kN 41.21 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN

21.10 1.28

42.22 kN
2 2.57 kN/m ( kPa )

ALL

27.43 1.67 Superimposed Snow Load External Pressuer Basic Wind Speed Lr S Pe V COMB1 ROOF COMB2 COMB3 COMB4 Pr Ps W W1 W2 W3 DL + Lr + 0.4 x Pe DL + 0.4 x Lr + Pe DL + S + 0.4 x Pe DL + 0.4 x S + Pe Max(COMB1:COMB4) App. R App. R App. R App. R App.V App. V App. V Table 3-21a Table 3-21a Table 3-21a

67.34 kN 4.10 kN/m ( kPa )


2 1.5 kN/m ( kPa ) 2

0 kN/m ( kPa )
2 0.60 kN/m ( kPa )

138 kph 3.27 kN/m ( kPa )


2 2.73 kN/m ( kPa ) 2 1.77 kN/m ( kPa ) 2 2.13 kN/m ( kPa ) 2

3.27 kN/m ( kPa ) 1.01 kN/m ( kPa ) 0.77 kN/m ( kPa ) 36.10 kN 42.43 kN 57.22 kN
2 2

1.01

1.11

[Condition not satisfied stiffeners not required.]

M A T E R I A L PART ROOF SHELL BOTTOM STIFF. ANCHOR FYmin 240 240 240 250 250 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 FYmin' 240 240 240 250 250 FTmin 450 450 450 400 400

P R O P E R T I E S Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Ftmin' 450 450 450 400 400 E 195000 195000 195000 195000 205000 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 E' 195000 195000 195000 195000 205000

J O I N T

E F F I C I E N C Y Normal 1.00 1.00 0.70 0.85 0.70 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Modified 1.00 1.00 0.70 0.85 0.70 Desc. Btm Plate Comp. Ring Roof Plate Shell Plate Stiff. Splice

Notation JEb JEc 2 2 3 JEr JEs JEst

A P P L I C A B L E A E F J M R S V

A P P E N D I C E S

1 Optional Design Basis for Small Tanks 1 Seismic Design of Storage Tanks 1 Design of Tanks for Small Internal Pressures 2 Shop-Assembled Storage Tanks 1 Requirements for Tanks Operating at Elevated Temperatures 1 Load Combinations 2 Austenitic Stainless Steel Storage Tanks 1 Design of Storage Tanks for External Pressure

S H E L L Course # Width m 3.6.1.2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300 ts1 (mm) = 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.81 4.86 2.91 2.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Press. Head m HL1' m td mm 3.6.3.2 3.93 3.65 3.37 3.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tt mm 3.6.3.2 0.80 0.56 0.32 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Max( td,t t ) mm 3.6.3.2 3.93 3.65 3.37 3.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm 3.6.1.1 5 5 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

D E S I G N tsmin mm A.4.1 4.47 4.03 3.59 3.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm J.3.3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm V.8.1.3 2.89 2.89 2.89 2.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 49.83 34.90 19.98 16.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.96 16.78 9.60 7.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *tused mm Sdmax MPa Stmax MPa W tr m 3.9.7.2 & V.8.1.4 1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300 6

S H E L L

W E I G H T

S U M M A R Y

Course #

Width 3.6.1.2 m

Shell Wt. (Uncorroded) kN kg

Thk. - CA mm

Shell Wt. (Corroded) kN kg

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300

12.75 12.75 2.94 12.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 41.21

1300.16 1300.16 300.04 1300.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4200.51

3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

6.38 6.38 1.47 6.38 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.60

650.08 650.08 150.02 650.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2100.26

A N N U L A R

B O T T O M

P L A T E

D E S I G N

Use Annular Plate?

Lap welded bottom plates may be used in lieu of butt-welded annular bottom plates. (Group IV, IVA, V, or VI Only) W min mm 3.5.2 600 W Calc. mm 3.5.2 840 840 Use mm tabp-min mm [3.5.3] T3-1 6 tabp-min mm J.3.2.1 3.0 CA mm tabp-req'd mm 3.4.2 9.0 10 50 50 Use mm Lap mm Projection mm

B O T T O M

P L A T E

D E S I G N

tbmin mm 3.4.1 6

tbmin mm J.3.2.1 6

CA mm

tb-req'd mm 3.4.1

Use mm

Projection mm 3.4.2

3.0

9.0

10

50

R O O F

P L A T E

D E S I G N

tmax Cone Dome 12.5 -

tmin 4.73 -

tApp v 4.83 -

tselec'd + CA 7.83 -

tfurn'd 8 0

W E I G H T Bottom Plt. Wt. kN 8.16 5.71 kgs 831.34 581.94 Annular Plt. Wt. kN 4.65 3.26 kgs 474.28 331.99 Shell Plt. Wt. kN 41.21 20.60 kgs 4200.51 2100.26

S U M M A R Y Inter. Wind Girder(s) kN kgs Roof Weight kN 10.5 6.5 kg 1066.5 666.6 Total Weight kN 65.49 36.60 kg 6675.6 3064.7

Top Wind Girder kN 1.01 0.50 kgs 102.95 50.47

T O P

W I N D

G I R D E R

D E S I G N

Hz. Leg

Vt. Leg

Thk

a-t

b-t

NA Dist.

NA Dist.

Area

MOI

Section Modulus mm 3 9919 4755

Weight

Surafce Area m 2/m 0.33 0.31

ANGLE Uncorroded Corroded 49 3

mm 80 77

mm 80 77

mm 6 3

mm 74 74.0

mm 74 74

mm 57.78 56.63

mm 22.22 20.37

mm 2 924 453

mm 4 573091 269278

Kg/m 7.26 3.56

Zmin cm3 3.97

Zfurn'd cm3 4.75

R O O F - T O - S H E L L tb mm d th - CA mm 5 tc/ts mm 3.0 Rc mm 2250 R2 m 9300.52 W h/Comp. mm 64.69

J O I N T Wc mm 49.30

D E S I G N Areq'd min mm 2 288.66 Areq'd F- 2 mm 2 340.55

[ C H A P T E R 3 Aroof mm 2 323.47 Aattach't mm 2 453.00

] Ashell mm 2 0.00 Afurn'd mm 2 776.47 OK

Detail

Status

R O O F - T O - S H E L L

&

B O T T O M - T O - S H E L L [ A P P E N D I X V ] Aroof mm 2 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86 817.86

J O I N T

D E S I G N

Detail

tb mm

th mm 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

tc/ts mm 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 10

Xcone/dome mm 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57 163.57

Xshell mm 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67 69.67

Areq'd V.7.2.2 mm 2 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18 83.18

Astiff mm 2 453.00 453.00 453.00 453.00 453.00 453.00 906.00 1120.00 696.75 1600.00

Ashell mm 2 209.02 209.02 209.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 191.02 209.02 209.02 696.75

Afurn'd mm 2 1479.88 1479.88 1479.88 1270.86 1270.86 1270.86 1914.88 2146.88 905.77 3114.61

Status

a b c d e f g h i k

10 10 10

OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK

I N T E R M E D I A T E

W I N D

G I R D E R

D E S I G N

Ref

Kz -

Kzt 1 1

Kd 0.95 0.95

V mph 117 117

I 1 1

G 0.85 0.85

q psf 29 29 kPa 1.47 1.47

Vacuum kPa 0.24 0.60

Total kPa 1.71 2.07

Ratio

3.9.7.1 a Client Info

1.04 1.04

0.83

Max. Height of Unstiffened Shell & transformed shell height ts1 mm 3.00 D m 4.506 V kph 138 H1 m 29.26 H1 - modified m 24.17 Htr m 6.30 Zreq'd cm
3

Zfurn'd cm
3

N/A

N/A

Note: Minimum size of angle for use alone or as a component in a built stiffening ring shall be 64 x 64 x and the minimum nominal thickness of plate shall be 6 mm.

As Htr < H1 --- Intermediate Wind Girder is not required.

Verification of Unstiffened Shell ( As per Appendix V ) ( D / tsmin )0.75 [ ( HTS / D ) ( FYmin / E )0.5 ] 0.00675 Elastic Buckling Criteria Satisfied. 0.0396 0.00675 V.8.1.1 Corroded Thk.

Ps E / ( 45609 ( HTS / D ) ( D / tsmin )0.5 ) Design external pressure for an unstiffened tank shell satisfied.

1.01

1.11

V.8.1.2

Corroded Thk.

tsmin ( 73.05 ( HTS Ps )

0.4

0.6

)/(E)

0.4

2.89

V.8.1.3

Actual Thk.

Minimum shell thickness required for a specified external pressure satisfied.

Ps kPa 1.01

HTS m 6.30

Hsafe m 6.92

Ns + 1 Nos. 0.91

Ns Nos. -0.09

Use Ns Nos. -1

Ls m #DIV/0!

N < 100 OK

N Nos. 4.30

Nmin Nos. 2

Nmax Nos. 10

Use N Nos. 5

Nos. 18.49

Intermediate Stiffener Ring Design

10

STIFF

tshell mm

Q N/m #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Vl N/m 1586.56 1586.56

2 x wshell mm 98.54 98.54 98.54 98.54 98.54 98.54 2 x wshell mm 98.54 98.54

Ireq'd cm 4 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Ireq'd cm 4 1.16 1.16

Ifurn'd cm 4 11 11 11 11 11 11 Ifurn'd cm 4 11 11

Ashell cont. mm 2 295.61 295.61 295.61 295.61 295.61 295.61 Ashell cont. mm 2 295.61 295.61

Areq'd mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Areq'd mm 2 8.94 8.94

Afurn'd mm 2 755 755 755 755 755 755 Afurn'd mm 2 755 755

Astiff req'd mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Astiff req'd mm 2 -741.24 -1288.73

Astiff min mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Astiff min mm 2 4.47 4.47

Astiff furn'd mm 2 459 459 459 459 459 459 Astiff furn'd mm 2 459 459

Zreq'd cm3 18.43 18.43 18.43 18.43 18.43 18.43 Zreq'd cm 3 3.97 18.43

Zfurn'd cm3 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 Zfurn'd cm 3 29.6 29.6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

6 6 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0 tshell mm

TOP BOTT

6 6

S T R E N G T H

O F

S T I F F E N E R

A T T A C H M E N T

W E L D

vs

Vs1

Vs2

Ww

wmin

V A C U U M

C O N D I T I O N [ ASME Sec VIII, Div. 1 ]

Do

Pe

tbtm (min)

tfurn'd

tfurn'd - CA

Pbtm kPa [Psi] 0.3842 0.06

PResultant kPa [Psi] -0.24 -0.03

tsn

tsn - CA

tCalc

tfurn'd

4512 177.64

0.70

144 20885

0.60 0.09 -0.09

7850 0.28

4.73 0.19

8 0.31

5.0 0.20

6 0.24

3 0.12

2.89 0.11

-0.11 0.00

O V E R T U R N I N G

S T A B I L I T Y

WIND MOMENT

BWS kph

Pressure kPa 0.45 0.76

Proj. Area m2 28.39 1.27

Force kN 12.88 0.96

Arm m 3.15 2.25

Moment kN - m 40.57 2.17

Sum kN - m 42.73

138

FPi kN 79.52

FDL kN 27.14

FF kN 227.34

XPi m 2.25

XDL m 2.25

XF m 2.25

MPi kN - m 179.16

Mw kN - m 42.73

MDL kN - m 61.15

MF kN - m 512.19

0.6Mw + MPi kN - m 204.80

MDL / 1.5 kN - m 40.77

Mw + 0.4MPi ( MDL + MF ) / 2 kN - m 114.40 kN - m 286.67

Unanchored tanks conditions not satisfied - Anchorage is required.

D E S I G N

T E N S I O N

L O A D

P E R

A N C H O R

Mw kN - m 42.73

d m 4.724

N Nos. 8

W kN -4.38

tB kN 5.07 1.14

S L I D I N G

R E S I S T A N C E

BWS kph 138

Pressure kPa 0.454 0.760

Proj. Area m
2

F - WIND kN 12.896 0.963

F - WIND kN 13.86

F - FRIC. kN 14.56

28.426 1.267

F - FRIC. > F - WIND --- Tank is stable, anchorage is not required against sliding.

U P L I F T D
m [ ft ]

L O A D S P Pt
kPa [in. of water ]

C A S E S Pf
kPa [in. of water ]

Units

th
mm [ in. ]

Mw
N-m [ ft-lbs ]

Ms
N-m [ ft-lbs ]

W1
N [ lbs ]

W2
N [ lbs ]

W3
N [ lbs ]

Bolts
Nos.

kPa [in. of water ]

SI US

4.506 14.78

8 0.31

42735 31519.86

37635 27758.40

5.00 20.09

6.25 25.12

0 0.00

36097.98 8114.83

42426.14 9537.40

57215.62 12862.07

UPLIFT LOAD CASES

FORMULAE

U lbs

Fall - Anchor Psi 15000 20000 36000 28800 28800 20000 28800

Fall - Shell Psi 20000 25000 34809 25000 25000 25000 25000

tb = U / N lbs 944.60 1504.56 0.00 126.18 253.39 2010.60 1883.39 in2

Abolt - req'd
mm 2 40.63 48.53 0.00 2.83 5.68 64.86 42.19

DESIGN PRESSURE TEST PRESSURE FAILURE PRESSURE WIND LOAD SEISMIC LOAD DESIGN PRESSURE + WIND DESIGN PRESSURE + SEISMIC

[ ( P - th ) 4.08 D ] - W 1 [ ( Pt - 8 th ) 4.08 D2 ] - W 2 [ ( 1.5 Pf - 8 th ) 4.08 D ] -W 3 [ ( 4 Mw ) / D ] - W 2 [ ( 4 Ms ) / D ] - W 2 [ ( P - 8 th ) 4.08 D ] + [ ( 4 Mw ) / D ] - W 1 [ ( P - 8 th ) 4.08 D2 ] + [ ( 4 Ms ) / D ] - W 1


2 2

7556.81 12036.47 0.00 -1009.40 -2027.10 16084.81 15067.11

0.06 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.10 0.07

A N C H O R

C H A I R

D E S I G N

Anchor Chair Design NOT Adequate. Tank Outside Dia. Bolt Circle Dia. ( BCD ) Basic Wind Speed Earthquake (Y = Yes, N = No) Design Load Maximum Allowable Anchor-Bolt Load 1.5 x Actual bolt Load Do BCD BWS 2 Pd Pall. Pact. P Top-Plate Width ( along shell ) Top-Plate Length ( radial direction ) Top-Plate Thickness Anchor-bolt Diameter Anchor-bolt Eccentricity Distance from Outside of Top-Plate to edge of hole Distance between Vertical Plates Chair Height Vertical-Plate Thickness Bottom or Base Plate Thickness Shell or Column Thickness a b cused d eused fused gused hused jused m t kN kN kN kN 300 mm 200 mm 16 mm 50.8 mm 200 mm 50 mm 100 mm 310 mm 16 mm 8 mm 6 mm kips kips kips 16.08 kips 11.81 in. 7.87 in. 0.630 in. 2.00 in. 7.87 in. 1.97 in. 3.94 in. 12.20 in. 0.63 in. 0.31 in. 0.236 in. OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK 4512 mm 4912 mm 138 kph 85.75 mph

A N C H O R C H A I R D E S I G N ( A I S I - E - 1 , V O L U M E

C A L C U L A T I O N S II, P A R T V I I )

Top-Plate Width ( along shell ) Top-Plate Length ( radial direction ) Top-Plate Thickness

a b cmin cused

300 mm 200 mm 9.17 mm 16.00 mm 50.8 mm 200 mm 60 mm 50 mm 29 mm 100 76 mm 310 mm 900 mm 152.4 mm 16 mm 12.70 mm 125 mm mm 8 mm kN mm 2256 mm kPa kPa 6 mm deg. -

11.81 in. 7.87 in. 0.361 in. 0.630 in. 2.00 in. 7.87 in. 2.344 in. 1.97 in. 1.13 in. 3.94 in. 3.00 in. 12.20 in. 35.43 in. 6.00 in. 0.63 in. 0.50 in. 4.92 in. in. 0.31 in. 16.08 kips in. 177.6 in. 42.96 ksi 25.00 ksi 0.236 in. deg. 0.847 3.100 OK NOT OK

Anchor-bolt Diameter Anchor-bolt Eccentricity

d eused emin

Distance from Outside of Top-Plate to edge of hole

fused fmin

Distance between Vertical Plates

gused gmin

Chair Height

hused hmax hmin

Vertical-Plate Thickness

jused jmin

Vertical-Plate Width ( average width for tapered plates ) Column Length Bottom or Base Plate Thickness Load Least Radius of Gyration Nominal Shell Radius Stress at Point Stress at Point Shell or Column Thickness Cone Angle ( measured from axis of cone ) Reduction for Factor Check to limit slenderness upto 86.6 Weld Size Vertical Load Horizontal Load Total Load on Weld

k L m P r R Sinduced Sallowable t Z jK wmin WV WH W

6 mm

0.236 in. 0.444 kips / lin in. of weld length 0.520 kips / lin in. of weld length 0.684 kips / lin in. of weld length

For an allowable stress of 13.6 ksi on a fillet weld, the allowable load per lin in. is 9.62 kips per lin in. of weld size. For weld size of 0.24 in. the allowable load therefore is 2.27 kips. Gusset Plate - Shell Weld Top Plate 1 1 8.347 kips 5.385 kips NOT OK NOT OK

P R O B L E M

S T A T I S T I C S

LIVE LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION


Live Load on roof Area of Roof Total Live Load Circumference of Tank Live Load transferred to Foundation Lr Ar WL C wL 1.5 16.4 24.7 14.2 1.74 KN/m 2 m2 KN m KN/m

DEAD LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION


Self Weight of Roof Self Weight of Bottom Plate Self Weight of Shell Self Weight of shell & Attachmnets Total Dead Load acting on shell Dead Load Transferred to Foundation Wr Wb Ws Wa WD wD 25.1 12.8 41.2 1.0 67.3 4.75 KN KN KN KN KN KN/m

OPERATING & HYDROSTATIC TEST LOADS


Self Weight of Tank Weight of Fluid in Tank at Operating Conditions Weight of Water in Tank at Hydrotest Conditions Uniform Load Operating Condition Uniform Load Hydrotest Condition W Wf Ww Wo Wh 80.1 1022.3 982.9 69.1 66.7 KN KN KN KN/m
2

KN/m 2

WIND LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION


Base Shear due to wind load Reaction due to wind load Moment due to wind load Fw Rw Mw 13.6 3.0 42.7 KN KN/m KN-m

SUMMARY OF FOUNDATION LOADING DATA


Dead load, shell, roof & ext. structure loads Live Load Uniform load, operating condition Uniform load, hydrotest load Base shear due to wind Reaction due to wind Moment due to wind load DL LL Wo Wh Fw Rw Mw 4.75 1.74 69.13 66.66 13.57 3.01 42.73 KN/m KN/m KN/m 2 KN/m KN KN/m KN-m
2

Consider 15-20 % variation in weight while designing the foundation.

C E N T R E

O F

G R A V I T Y

EMPTY CONDITION
Base Plate Thickness Height of Shell Height of Roof a1 = h1 / 2 a2 = h2 / 2 +h1 a3 = h3 / 3 + h1 + h2 Weight of Bottom Plate Weight of Shell Weight of Roof Total Empty Weight of Tank C.O.G. in Empty Condition h1 h2 h3 a1 a2 a3 w1 w2 w3 WE C.O.G. 0.008 m 6.70 m 0.610 m 0.0040 m 3.36 m 6.91 m 1583 kg 5522 kg 1970 kg 9075 kg 3.544 m

FULL OF WATER CONDITION


Weight of Water Weight of Shell + Weight of Water Weight of Tank (Full of Water) C.O.G. in Full of Water Condition W6 WF C.O.G. 100197 kg 105719 kg 109272 kg 3.388 m

FULL OF WATER CONDITION


Design Liquid Level a4 = (Liquid Level / 2) + h1 Weight of Liquid Weight of Liquid + Contributing Weight of Shell Weight of Shell Without Liquid Height of Remaining Shell Center From Base Operating Weight C.O.G in Operating Condition WO C.O.G. a5 a4 WL w4 6.30 m 3.16 m 104762 kg 109954 kg 329.67 kg 7.11 m 113837 Kg 3.191 m

S E I S M I C

D E S I G N

[A P P E N D I X

E]

Aspact Ratio Inverse Aspact Ratio Seismic Use Group Importance Factor Site Class Anchorage Condition Vertical Acceleration MCE Ground Motion Definitions

D/H H/D SUG I SC 2

0.72 1.40

1.25 1 2 1

So = 0.4Ss Ss = 2.5SP S1 = 1.25SP Ss = 1.5Fa S1 = 0.6Fv/T

0.112 0 0 2.4 0.760

SP Ss S1 So SP SDS

0 0.28 1.40 0.112 0 0

Fa Fv Q 1

1.6 2.4

S T R U C T U R A L ImpulsIve Ci 6.4 H m 6.30 tu mm 6 Natural D m 4.51

P E R I O D PerIod p kg / m 3 1040 &

O F

V I B R A T I O N S (SloshIng) Ti seconds 1.80 Ks 0.58 PerIod Tc seconds 2.21 T seconds 1.89

ConvectIve E Mpa 195000

S P E C T R A L

A C C E L E R A T I O N Spectral I 1.25 Acc. Fa 1.6

P A R A M E T E R

ImpulsIve So %g 0.112 SP %g 0 SDS %g 0.30

Parameter Rwi 4 0.67 0.09 0.09 Ai 0.09338 Q Ai

ConvectIve

Spectral

Acc.

Parameter

S1 %g 1.40

Ss %g 0.28

So %g 0.112

SD1 %g 0

SP %g 0

K 1.5

I 1.25

Fa 1.6

Fv 2.4

Tc seconds 2.21

Ts seconds 7.50

TL seconds 4

Rwc 2

Q 0.67

TC < TL Ac = KSD1 ( I / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( Ts / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac Ac N/A 0.63421

TC > TL Ac = KSD1 ( TL / Tc2 ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( ( Ts TL / Tc ) ( I / Rwc )


2

Ac Ac

N/A 1.14864

Ac

0.08596

< Ai

0.0934

Satisfied

SEISMIC DESIGN FACTORS DESIGN FORCES

Equivalent lateral seismic design force

F = A . Weff

lateral acceleration coefficient Effective Weight contributing to seismic response

A ( %g ) Weff

D E S I G N ImpulsIve Ws N 89100 Wr N 18950 Wf N 15530 Natural Wi N 1383984 PerIod Wc N 269710 &

L O A D S ConvectIve (SloshIng) Ac %g 0.0860 PerIod Vi N 140776 Vc N 23184 V N 142673

WP N 1639640

Ai %g 0.0934

E F F E C T I V E Effective D m 4.51 ImpulsIve H m 6.30

W E I G H T Weight D/H & WP N 1639640

O F

P R O D U C T Convective Wc N 269710 Weight

EffectIve Wi N 1383984

0.72

V E R T I C A L

S E I S M I C

E F F E C T S

SDS

Av %g

Wi N 1383984

Wc N 269710

Weff N 1410020

Fv N 58987

0.299

0.04183424

O V E R T U R N I N G RIngwall Ai 0.09338 Wi N 1383984.21 Xi m 2.73 Ws N 89100 Xs m 3.15 Slab Ai 0.0934 Wi N 1383984.21 Xis m 5.85 Ws N 89100.00 Xs m 3.15 Wr N 18950

M O M E N T

Moment Xr m 0.2384 Ac 0.08596 Wc N 269709.748 Xc m 5.85 Mrw N-m 402509

Moment Wr N Xr m 0.2384 Ac 0.0860 Wc N 269710 Xcs m 6.12 Ms N-m 795890

18950.00

A N C H O R A G E ResIstance ta mm 7.0 S N 0 Av %g 0.04183424 to the desIgn overturnIng Wss N/m 3908 moment Wr N 18953 at the base Wt N/m 5247 of shell Wa N/m 27250 Ge 1.023 0.61 J

Mrw N-m 402509

Ws N 55322

Wrs N/m 1339

27250

37

Tank is self Anchored.

A N N U L A R ResIstance to the

P L A T E

R E Q U I R E M E N T S moment at the base of shell

desIgn

overturnIng

Thickness of the tank floor plate provided under the shell may be greater than or equal to the thickness of the general tank floor plate ( i.e., ta > tb ) with the following restrictions:

less Corrosion Allowance Actual Thk. Btm Plt.

ts - CA tb

3.00 mm 7.00 mm

a b

[Not Satisfied.] [Not Satisfied.]

Tank Self Anchored? a ) The resisting force is adequate for tank stability ( i.e. the anchorage ratio, J > 1.54 ) b ) The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force is 3.5% of the tank diameter. c ) The shell compression satisfies E.6.2.2 d ) The req'd annular plate thickness does not exceed the thickness of the btm shell course. e ) Piping flexibility requirements are satisfied. [Satisfied] L = 158 mm [Not Satisfied] [Not Satisfied] See API 650 Sec. E.7.3

Shell Compression in Self-Anchored Tanks Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J < 0.785, c c = ( wt ( 1 + 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.273 Mrw / D ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J > 0.785, c c = ( ( ( wt (1 + 0.4 Av ) + wa ) / ( 0.607 -0.18667 J2.3 ) ) - wa ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) )
2

wt Av Mrw D ts wa J c

5247 N/m 0.04183424 %g 402509 N-m 4.506 m 3.00 mm 27250 N/m 0.61 10.190 MPa J < 0.785 J > 0.785 Long. Shell Comp. Stress = 10.19 MPa Long. Shell Comp. Stress = 10.78 MPa

Shell Compression in Mechanically-Anchored Tanks Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J < 0.785, c c = ( wt ( 1 + 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) )

wt Av Mrw D ts c

5247 N/m 0.0418 %g 402509 N-m 4.506 m 3.00 mm 10.190 MPa

Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell

G H D ts

1.04 6.30 m 4.506 m 3.00 mm Thickness of the shell ring under consideration, mm.

G H D2 / t2

14.78

Allowable longitudinal shell membrane compression stress, MPa.

Fc

8.17 MPa

G H D2 / t2 44 G H D2 / t2 < 44 G H < 0.5 Fty

Fc = 55.26 MPa Fc = 8.17 MPa 28.39 120

Fc = 83 ts / D Fc = 83 ts / ( ( 2.5 D ) + 7.5 SQRT ( G H ) ) Satisfied

DYNAMIC LIQUID HOOP FORCES

When D / H is greater than or equal to 1.333 Ni = 8.48 Ai G D H ( ( Y / H ) - 0.5 ( Y / H )2 ) TANH ( 0.866 D / H ) D H D/H 0.866 ( D / H ) TANH 4 Y Y/H 0.5 ( Y / H ) Ai G Ni

4.51

6.30

0.72

0.6194

0.5507

6.30

1.000

0.500

0.0934

1.04

6.44

When D / H is less than 1.333 and Y is less than 0.75 D Ni = 5.22 Ai G D2 ( ( Y / ( 0.75 D ) ) - 0.5 ( Y / ( 0.75 D ))2 ) D Y Y/D Ai G Ni D/H 4.51 4.00 0.89 0.0934 1.04 4.97 Y When D / H is less than 1.333 and Y is greater than or equal to 0.75 D Ni = 2.6 Ai G D D
2

0.72

Use '2 & 3' 6.70 1 2&3 6.41 N/mm 5.13 N/mm 5.13 N/mm

Ai

Ni

1, 2 & 3

4.51

0.0934

1.04

5.13 Use Ni = 5.13 0.04 N/mm N/mm

For Convective Nc = 1.85 Ac G D2 COSH ( 3.68 ( H - Y ) / D ) / COSH (3.68 H / D ) D H Y 3.68 ( H - Y ) / D 3.68 ( H / D ) COSH 4 COSH 5 Ac G Nc

Use Nc =

0.00

0.00

6.70

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

0.0860

0.00

#DIV/0!

When purchaser specifies that vertical acceleration need not be considered (i.e. Av = 0), the combined hoop stress shall be defined by Equation E-22. The dynamic hoop tensile stress shall be directly combined with the product hydrostatic design stress in determining the total stress.

When vertical acceleration not specified

T = h s = ( Nh SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 ) ) / t

Nh

Ni

Nc

When vertical acceleration specified

T = h s = ( Nh ( SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t

Nh

Ni

Nc

Av

APPENDIX E - SEISMIC DESIGN OF STORAGE TANKS Specific Gravity Tank Dia. Tank Height Aspact Ratio Inverse Aspact Ratio Bottom Plt. Thk. First Shell Course Thk. Minimum specified yield strength of shell course Height from bottom of the shell to CG G D H D/H H/D tbtm tsn FYmin Xs 1.04 4.506 m 6.30 m 0.72 1.40 7.00 mm 3.00 mm 240.00 MPa 3.15 m 0.167 m II 1.25 D

Height from top of shell to the roof and roof appurtenances Xr CG Seismic Use Group Importance Factor Site Class Anchorage Condition Vertical Acceleration MCE Ground Motion Definitions SP Ss S1 So Fa Fv SP SDS 1.6 2.4 So = 0.4Ss Ss = 2.5SP S1 = 1.25SP Ss = 1.5Fa S1 = 0.6Fv/T SUG I SC

Mechanically Anchored Consider

0 0.28 1.4 0.112

0.112 0 0 2.4 0.760

Structural Period of Vibration

Impulsive Natural Period

Ci =

6.4 -

H= tu = D= p= E= Ti = Convective (Sloshing) Period

6.30 m 6 mm 4.51 m
3 1040 kg/m

195000 Mpa 1.80 seconds

Tc = 1.8 Ks sqrt ( D ) Ks = 0.578 / ( sqrt ( ( 3.68 H ) / D ) )

Tc = Ks =

2.21 seconds 0.58

Design Spectral Response Acceleration

1.89

Impulsive spectral acceleration parameter, Ai Probabilistic or Mapped Design Method (Approach 1)

So = N/A SP = SDS = 2.5 Q Fa So ( E-4 ) N/A SDS = I= Fa = Rwi = Q=

0.112 %g 0 %g 0.45 %g 1.25 1.6 41.00 -

Ai = SDS ( I / Rwi ) Ai = 2.5 Q Fa So ( I / Rwi )

0.14 0.14

For Site Class A, B, C and D Ai 0.007

Satisfied

For Site Class E and F

Ai 0.5 S1 ( I / Rwi )

N/A

N/A

For Site Class E and F

Ai 0.875 SP ( I / Rwi )

N/A

N/A

Ai

0.14000

Concevtice spectral acceleration parameter, Ac Probabilistic or Mapped Design Method (Approach 1)

S1 = Ss = So = SP So = SD1 = SP = K= I= Fa = Fv = Tc = Ts = TL = Rwc = Q= TC < TL

0.14 %g 0.28 %g 0.112 %g 0 %g 0 %g 1.5 1.25 1.6 2.4 2.21 seconds 0.75 seconds 4 seconds 21.00 -

Ac = KSD1 ( I / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( Ts / Tc ) ( I / Rwc )

Ac Ac

N/A 0.09508

TC > TL

Ac = KSD1 ( TL / Tc2 ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( ( Ts TL / Tc ) ( I / Rwc )


2

Ac Ac

N/A 0.17221

Ac

0.08596

< Ai

SEISMIC DESIGN FACTORS

DESIGN FORCES

Equivalent lateral seismic design force

F = A . Weff

lateral acceleration coefficient Effective Weight contributing to seismic response

A ( %g ) Weff

DESIGN LOADS

Ws Wr Wf Wi Wc WP

89100 N 18950 N 15530 N 1383984 N 269710 N 1639640 N

Ai Ac

0.1400 %g 0.0860 %g

Vi = Ai ( Ws + Wr + Wf + Wi ) Vc = Ac Wc V = SQRT ( Vi2 + Vc2 )

Vi Vc V

211059 N 23184 N 212329 N

EFFECTIVE WEIGHT OF PRODUCT

EFFECTIVE IMPULSIVE WT.

4.51 m

H D/H WP

6.30 m 0.72 1639640 N

When D / H greater than or equal to 1.333 ( tanh ( 0.866 D / H ) / (0.866 D / H ) ) Wp Wi 1457810 N

When D / H less than 1.333 ( 1 - 0.218 ( D / H ) ) WP Wi 1383984 N

Use Wi =

EFFECTIVE CONVECTIVE WT.

D H D/H WP

4.51 m 6.30 m 0.72 1639640 N

For Convective 0.23 ( D / H ) tanh ( ( 3.67 H ) / D ) WP Wc 269710 N Use Wc =

CENTER OF ACTION FOR EFFECTIVE LATERAL FORCES

CENTRE OF ACTION OF RINGWALL OVERTURNING MOMENT

D H D/H H/D

4.51 m 6.30 m 0.72 1.40 -

When D / H greater than or equal to 1.333 Xi = 0.375 H Xi 1.69 m Not Applicable in this case.

When D / H less than 1.333 Xi = ( 0.5 - 0.094 ( D / H ) ) H Xi 2.73 m Applicable in this case. Use Xi = For Convective Xc = ( 1.0 - ( COSH ( (3.67 H / D ) -1 ) / ( ( 3.67 H / D ) SINH ( 3.67 H /D ) ) H H/D
3.67 ( H / D )

( 3.67 ( H / D ) - 1 ) COSH 4

SINH 3

Xc

6.3

1.4

5.1

4.1

31.1

84.6

5.85

Use Xc =

CENTRE OF ACTION OF SLAB OVERTURNING MOMENT

D H D/H

4.51 m 6.30 m 0.72 -

When D / H greater than or equal to 1.333 Xis = 0.375 ( 1.0 + 1.333 ( ( ( 0.866 D / H ) / TANH ( 0.866 D / H ) ) -1.0 ) ) H D H D/H
0.866 ( D / H )

TANH 4

Xis

4.51

6.30

0.72

0.62

0.55

2.76

When D / H less than 1.333 Xis = ( 0.5 + 0.6 ( D / H ) ) H D H D/H 0.6 ( D / H ) Xis

4.51

6.30

0.72

0.43

5.85 Use Xis =

For Convective Xcs = ( 1.0 - ( COSH ( ( 3.67 H / D ) -1.937 ) / ( 3.67 ( H / D ) SINH ( 3.67 ( H / D ) ) ) ) H D H H/D
3.67 ( H / D ) 3.67 ( H / D ) - 1.937

COSH 5

SINH 3

4.51

6.30

1.40

5.13

3.19

12.22

84.60

Use Xcs =

VERTICAL SEISMIC EFFECTS

SDS = Av = Fv = Av Weff Wi = Wc = Weff = Fv =

0.448 0.06272 %g 1383984 N 269710 N 1410020 N 88436 N

DYNAMIC LIQUID HOOP FORCES

When D / H is greater than or equal to 1.333 Ni = 8.48 Ai G D H ( ( Y / H ) - 0.5 ( Y / H )2 ) TANH ( 0.866 D / H ) D H D/H
0.866 ( D / H )

TANH 4

Y/H

4.51

6.30

0.72

0.6194

0.5507

6.30

1.000

When D / H is less than 1.333 and Y is less than 0.75 D Ni = 5.22 Ai G D2 ( ( Y / ( 0.75 D ) ) - 0.5 ( Y / ( 0.75 D ))2 ) D Y Y/D Ai G Ni

4.51

4.00

0.89

0.1400

1.04

7.46

When D / H is less than 1.333 and Y is greater than or equal to 0.75 D Ni = 2.6 Ai G D2 D Ai G Ni

4.51

0.1400

1.04

7.69

For Convective Nc = 1.85 Ac G D2 COSH ( 3.68 ( H - Y ) / D ) / COSH (3.68 H / D ) D H Y


3.68 ( H - Y ) / D 3.68 ( H / D )

COSH 4

COSH 5

4.51

6.30

6.70

-0.33

5.15

1.0538

85.801

When purchaser specifies that vertical acceleration need not be considered (i.e. Av = 0), the combined hoop stress shall be defined by Equation E-22. The dynamic hoop tensile stress shall be directly combined with the product hydrostatic design stress in determining the total stress.

When vertical acceleration not specified

T = h s = ( Nh SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 ) ) / t

Nh

Ni

Nc

When vertical acceleration specified

T = h s = ( Nh ( SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t

Nh

Ni

Nc

OVERTURNING MOMENT

Mrw = SQRT ( ( Ai ( Wi Xi + Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xc ) )2

RINGWALL MOMENT

Ai Wi Xi Ws Xs Wr Xr Ac Wc Xc

0.14 1383984.208 2.83 89100 3.15 18950 0.167 0.08596 269709.7481 6.1

Mrw

604837 N-m

SLAB MOMENT

Ms = SQRT ( ( Ai ( Wi Xis + Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xcs ) )

Ai Wi Xis Ws Xs Wr Xr Ac Wc Xcs

0.1400 1383984.208 6.66 89100.00 3.15 18950.00 0.167 0.0860 269710 6.48

Ms

1338620 N-m

Anchorage

[Resistance to the design overturning (ringwall) moment at the base of the shell]

Resistance is contributed by:

For unanchored tanks Weight of the tank shell Weight of roof reaction on shell Weight of a portion of the tank contents adacent to the shell

For anchored tanks Mechanical anchorage devices (i.e., Anchor chair with anchor boldts)

ta S Av Anchorage Ratio, J Mrw Ws J = Mrw / ( D ( W t ( 1 - 0.4 Av ) )+ W a )


2

7.00 mm 0N 0.06272 %g 604837 N-m 55322 N 3908 N/m 18953 N 1339 N/m 5247 N/m 27134 N/m 1.014 -

Wss Wr

W t = ( ( W s / PI() D ) + W rs )

Wrs Wt

Wa = 99 ta SQRT ( Fy H Ge ) 1.28 H D Ge 27134 37

Wa Ge

0.92

Annular Plate Requirements

Tank is self Anchored.

Thickness of the tank floor plate provided under the shell may be greater than or equal to the thickness of the general tank floor plate ( i.e., ta > tb ) with the following restrictions:

ts - CA Actual Thk. Btm Plt. tb

3.00 mm 7.00 mm

a b

[Not Satisfied.] [Not Satisfied.]

Tank Self Anchored?

a ) The resisting force is adequate for tank stability ( i.e. the anchorage ratio, J > 1.54 ) b ) The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force is 3.5% of the tank diameter. c ) The shell compression satisfies E.6.2.2 d ) The req'd annular plate thickness does not exceed the thickness of the btm shell course. e ) Piping flexibility requirements are satisfied.

Shell Compression in Self-Anchored Tanks

Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J < 0.785, c c = ( wt ( 1 + 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J > 0.785, c c = ( ( ( wt (1 + 0.4 Av ) + wa ) / ( 0.607 -0.18667 J2.3 ) ) - wa ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) )

wt Av Mrw D ts wa J c

5247 N/m 0.06272 %g 604837 N-m 4.506 m 3.00 mm 27134 N/m 0.92 14.960 MPa

Shell Compression in Mechanically-Anchored Tanks

Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift, J < 0.785

c = ( wt ( 1 + 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) )

wt Av Mrw D ts c

5247 N/m 0.06272 %g 604837 N-m 4.506 m 3.00 mm 14.433 MPa

Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell

G H D ts

1.04 6.30 4.506 3.00 Corroded

G H D2 / t2

14.78

Fc

8.17 MPa

Self Anchored Mechanically Anchored

Consider Do not consider

Where the site properties are not known in sufficient detail to determine the site class, Site Class unless the authority having jurisdiction determines that Site Class E or F should apply at the site. Corroded Corroded Seismic Use Group I II III Not assigned to SUG II and III Hazardous substance, public exposure, direct service to major facilities Post earthquake recovery, life and health of public, hazardous substance

Note: Seismic Use Group (SUG) for the tank shall be specified by the purchaser. If it is not specified, the tank shall be assigned to SUG I

Importance Factor SUG I II III I 1 1.25 1.5 A B C D E F T=

Site Class Hard rock Rock Very dense soil Stiff soil Soil N/A

Natural period of vibration of the tank and contents, seconds.

Ci =

Coefficient for determining impulsive period of tank system

H= tu = D= p= E= Ti =

Maximum design product level, m Equivalent uniform thickness of tank shell, mm Nominal tank diameter, m Mass density of fluid, kg/m3 Elastic Modulus of tank material, MPa Natural period of vibration for impulsive mode of behavior, seconds

Tc =

Natural period of vibration for convective (sloshing) mode of behavior, seconds

So = SP = SDS = I= Fa = Rwi = Q=

Mapped, maximum considered earthquake, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration pa Design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.

The design, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods ( T = 0 Importance factor coefficient based on seismic use group. Acceleration-based site coefficient ( at 0.2 seconds period ). Force reduction factor for the impulsive mode using allowable stress design methods.

Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral acceleration. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q

S1 = Ss = So = SD1 = SP = K= I= Fa = Fv = Tc = Ts = TL = Rwc = Q=

Mapped, MCE, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one s Mapped, MCE, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods ( T

Mapped, MCE, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one s

The design, 5-percent-damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at one second based o

Coefficient to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.5% damping = 1.5 UOS. Importance factor coefficient based on seismic use group. Acceleration-based site coefficient ( at 0.2 seconds period ). Table E - 1 Velocity-based site coefficient ( at 1.0 seconds period ). Natural period of the covective (sloshing) mode of behavior of the liquid, seconds. ( Fv . S1 ) / ( Fa . Ss )

Regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion, seconds. For ASCE 7 Map Force reduction coefficient for the convective mode using allowable stress design methods.

Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral acceleration. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q

0.1400

Satisfied

Ws Wr Wf Wi Wc WP

Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances, N. Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing, knuckles, any permanent attachments and 10% Weight of the tank floor, N. Effective impulsive weight of the liquid, N. Effective convective (sloshing) portion of the liquid weight, N. Total weight of the tank contents based on the design specific gravity of the product, N.

Ai Ac

Impulsive design response spectrum acceleration coefficient, %g. Convective design response spectrum acceleration coefficient %g.

Vi Vc V

Design base shear due to impulsive component from effective weight of tank and contents, N. Design base shear due to the convective component of the effective sloshing wieght, N. Total design base shear, N.

1383984

269710

2.83

6.10

6.66

Xcs

6.12

6.48

Av = Wi = Wc =

Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient, %g. Effective weight contributing to seismic response. Velocity-based site coefficient ( at 1.0 seconds period ).

Av = 0.14 SDS SDS = 2.5 Q Fa So

Y = Distance from liquid surface to analysis point, (positive down), m. Ni = Impulsive hoop membrane force in tank wall, N/mm.

0.5 ( Y / H )

Ai

Ni

0.500

0.1400

1.04

9.65

D/H

0.72

Use '2 & 3' Y 6.70

1 2&3 1, 2 & 3

9.61 N/mm 7.69 N/mm 7.69 N/mm

Use Ni = Use Nc =

7.69 0.04

N/mm N/mm

Ac

Nc

0.0860

1.04

0.04

he combined hoop

y combined with the

2 i

+ Nc 2 ) ) / t

h s T Nh Ni Nc t Av

Product hydrostatic hoop stress in the shell, MPa.

Hoop stress in the shell due to impulsive and convective force of the Total combined hoop stress in te shell, MPa. Product hydrostatice membrane force, N/mm. Impulsive hoop membrane force in tank wall, N/mm. Convective hoop membrane force in tank wall, N/mm. Thickness of the shell ring under consideration, mm. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient, %g.

Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t

Av

Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xc ) )2 )

s Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xcs ) )2 )

ta S Av Mrw Ws Wss Wr Wrs Wt Wa Ge

Thickness of the bottom plate under the shell extending at least the distance, L, from the inside of Design snow load, N. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient, %g.

Ringwall moment - Portion of the total overturning moment that acts at the base of the tank shell p Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances, N. (Shell + Btm Plt + Curb Angle + Rings ) Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances per unit length of shell circumference, N/mm. Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing, knuckles, any permanent attachments and 10% Roof load acting on the shell, including 10% of the specified snow load, N/m. Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell, N/m.

Resisting force of tank contents per unit length of shell circumference that may be used to resist t Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effects = G ( 1.0 - 0.4 Av )

J < 0.785

No calculated uplift under the design seismic overturning moment. The tank is self

0.785 < J < 1.54 Tank is uplifting, but the tak is stable for the design load providing the shell compre J >1.54

Tank is not stable and cannot be self-anchored for the design load. Modify the ann

the thickness of the general

a ) The thickness, ta, used to calculate wa in Equ E-23 shall not exceed the first shell course thick

b ) Nor shall the thickness, ta, used in Equ E-23 exceed the actual thickness of the plate under th

c ) when the bottom plate under the shell is thicker than the remainder of the tank bottom (i.e. ta > thicker annular plate inside the tank wall, Ls, shall be equal to or greater than L:

[Satisfied] L = 158 mm [Not Satisfiend] [Not Satisfied] See API 650 Sec. E.7.3

ulated uplift, J < 0.785, c

ulated uplift, J > 0.785, c

J < 0.785 J > 0.785

Long. Shell Comp. Stress = 14.43 MPa Long. Shell Comp. Stress = 14.96 MPa

here is no calculated uplift, J < 0.785, c

Thickness of the shell ring under consideration, mm.

corroded

Allowable longitudinal shell membrane compression stress, MPa.

G H D2 / t2 44 G H D2 / t2 < 44 G H < 0.5 Fty

Fc = 55.26 MPa Fc = 83 ts / D Fc = 8.17 MPaFc = 83 ts / ( ( 2.5 D ) + 7.5 SQRT ( G H ) ) 28.3878 120 Satisfied

determine the site class, Site Class D shall be assumed

Class E or F should apply at the site.

service to major facilities

ublic, hazardous substance

the purchaser.

ery dense soil

behavior, seconds

ed, spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second, %g.

ot addressed by ASCE methods.

on parameter at short periods ( T = 0.2 seconds ) based on ASCE 7 methods, %g.

e stress design methods.

eleration. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q = 1 UOS.

ration parameter at a period of one second, %g.

ration parameter at short periods ( T = 0.2 seconds ), %g.

ration parameter at a period of one second, %g.

on parameter at one second based on ASCE 7 methods, %g.

% damping = 1.5 UOS.

of the liquid, seconds.

d motion, seconds. For ASCE 7 Mapped value and for Outside USA 4.

owable stress design methods.

eleration. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q = 1 UOS.

ny permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load, N.

c gravity of the product, N.

ve weight of tank and contents, N.

effective sloshing wieght, N.

DS

= 2.5 Q Fa So

s in the shell, MPa.

impulsive and convective force of the stored liquid, MPa.

te shell, MPa.

e force, N/mm.

e in tank wall, N/mm.

rce in tank wall, N/mm.

er consideration, mm.

n coefficient, %g.

ast the distance, L, from the inside of the shell, less CA, mm.

hat acts at the base of the tank shell perimeter, N-m.

m Plt + Curb Angle + Rings )

of shell circumference, N/mm.

ny permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load, N.

snow load, N/m.

mference that may be used to resist the shell overturning moment, N/m.

G ( 1.0 - 0.4 Av )

overturning moment. The tank is self anchored.

esign load providing the shell compression requirements are satisfied. Tank is self anchored.

d for the design load. Modify the annular plate if L < 0.035D is not controlling or add mechanical anchorage.

not exceed the first shell course thickness, ts, less the shell CA.

actual thickness of the plate under the shell less the CA for tank bottom.

emainder of the tank bottom (i.e. ta > tb) the min. projection of the supplied

al to or greater than L:

RT ( G H ) )

F.1 F.1.1 F.1.2 F.1.3 F.1.4 F.1.5 F.1.6

Scope This appendix applies to the storage of nonrefrigerated liquids.

When net uplift does not exceed the nominal weight of the shell, roof and framing supported b the Internal Pressure exceed 18 kPa gauge covered in F.7.

Tank nameplate shall indicate whether the tank has been designed in accordance with F.1.2

Figure F-1 provided to aid in the determination of the applicability of various sections of this appen

F.2

Venting (Deleted)

F.3

Roof Details

F.4 F.4.1

Maximum Design Pressure and Test Procedure

The design pressure, P, for a tank that has been constructed or that has had its design details est may be calculated from the following equation (subjected to the limitations of Pmax in F.4.2) P = ( 1.1 ) ( A ) ( tan ) / D2 + 0.08th

P A tan D th

Internal design pressure, kPa Area resisting the compressive force, as illustrated in Figure F-2, mm 2

Angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-to-shell junction, degrees Slope of the roof, expressed as a decimal quantity Tank diameter, m Nominal roof thickness, mm

F.4.2

The maximum design pressure, limited by uplift at the base of the shell, shall not exceed the value from the following equation unlesss further limited by F.4.3

Pmax DLS D th

Maximum design pressure, kPa

Total weight of the shell and any framing (but not roof plates) supported by the she Tank diameter, m Nominal roof thickness, mm

Wind moment, N - m

F.4.3

As top angle size and roof slope decrease and tank diameter increases, the design presure perm

approaches the failure pressure of F.6 for the roof-to-shell junction, In order to provide a safe mar

operating pressure and the calculated failure pressure, a suggested further limitation on the maxim tanks with a weak rof-to-shell attachment (frangible joint) is:

Pmax < 0.8 Pf

F.4.4

When the entire tank is completed, it shall be filled with water to the top angle or the design liquid internal air pressure shall be applied to the enclosed space above the water level and held for 15 shall then be reduced to one-half the design pressure, and all welded joints above the liquid level

by means of a soap film, linseed oil, or another suitable material. Tank vents shall be tested durin

F.5

Required Compression Area at the Roof-to-Shell Junction

F.5.1

A = ( D2 ( Pi - 0.08th ) ) / ( 1.1 ( tan ) )

A = ( D2 ( 0.4Pi - 0.08th + 0.72 ( V / 120 )2 ) ) / ( 1.1 ( tan ) )

A D Pi th V

Total required compression area at the roof-to-shell junction, mm 2 Tank diameter Design internal pressure, kPa Roof Thickness, mm Design wind speed ( 3-second gust ), km / h

F.5.2

For self-supporting roofs, the compression area shall not be less than the cross-sectional area ca

F.6

Calculate Failure Pressure ( Frangible Roofs )

a b c

d e f g h

Pf = 1.6P - 0.047th

F.7

Anchored Tanks with Design Pressures up to 18 kPa Gauge

F.7.1

Shell Design Modification

F.7.2

Compression Area

F.7.3

Roof Design

F.7.4

Anchorage

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Manhole Diameter Bolt Circle Diameter Cover Plate Diameter mm (in.) Db mm (in.) Dc mm (in.) 720 (283/4) 820 (323/4) 970 (383/4)

Bolt Circle Diameter 656 (261/4) Db mm (in.) 756 (301/4)

Cover Plate Diameter 906 (361/4) Dc mm (in.)

1056 (421/4) 1120 (443/4)

Minimum Yield Strength Type MPa FY min 304 304L 316 316L 317 317L 205 170 205 170 205 205

Minimum Tensile Strength MPa FT min 515 485 515 485 515 515 40 155 145 155 145 155 155

Allowable Stress fpr Maximum Design Tempe Not Exceeding (Sd), MPa Temperature Range 90 155 132 155 131 155 155

Temp

120

th 0.39 10 Rc

R2 9800.17 248924 tc

Wh 37.27 947 Wc

610.24 15500

0.55 14

11.00 279

Leg 1 L1 mm 20 x 20 x 2 20 x 20 x 2.5 20 x 20 x 3 25 x 25 x 2.5 25 x 25 x 3 25 x 25 x 4 30 x 30 x 2.5 30 x 30 x 2.7 30 x 30 x 3 30 x 30 x 4 30 x 30 x 5 35 x 35 x 2.5 35 x 35 x 3 35 x 35 x 3.2 35 x 35 x 3.5 35 x 35 x 4 35 x 35 x 5 37 x 37 x 3.3 40 x 40 x 3 40 x 40 x 4 40 x 40 x 5 40 x 40 x 6 45 x 45 x 3 45 x 45 x 4 45 x 45 x 4.5 45 x 45 x 5 20 20 20 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 30 35 35 35 35 35 35 37 40 40 40 40 45 4 4.5 5

Leg 2 L2 mm 20 20 20 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 30 35 35 35 35 35 35 37 40 40 40 40 45 4 4.5 5

Thk t mm 2 2.5 3 2.5 3 4 2.5 2.7 3 4 5 2.5 3 3.2 3.2 4 5 3.3 3 4 5 6 3 4 4.5 5

45 x 45 x 6 50 x 50 x 3 50 x 50 x 4 50 x 50 x 4.5 50 x 50 x 5 50 x 50 x 6 50 x 50 x 7 50 x 50 x 8 60 x 60 x 4 60 x 60 x 4.5 60 x 60 x 5 60 x 60 x 5.5 60 x 60 x 6 60 x 60 x 8 60 x 60 x 10 70 x 70 x 5 70 x 70 x 5.5 70 x 70 x 6 70 x 70 x 6.5 70 x 70 x 7 70 x 70 x 9 80 x 80 x 5.5 80 x 80 x 6 80 x 80 x 7 80 x 80 x 7.5 80 x 80 x 8 80 x 80 x 10 90 x 90 x 6.5 90 x 90 x 7 90 x 90 x 8 90 x 90 x 8.5 90 x 90 x 9 100 x 100 x 6.5

6 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 70 70 70 70 70 70 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 100

6 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 70 70 70 70 70 70 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 100

6 3 4 4.5 5 6 7 8 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 8 10 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 9 5.5 6 7 7.5 8 10 6.5 7 8 8.5 9 6.5

100 x 100 x 7 100 x 100 x 8 100 x 100 x 9 100 x 100 x 10 100 x 100 x 12 120 x 120 x 8 120 x 120 x 10 120 x 120 x 11 120 x 120 x 12 120 x 120 x 14 120 x 120 x 15 150 x 150 x 10 150 x 150 x 12 150 x 150 x 12.5 150 x 150 x 14 150 x 150 x 15 150 x 150 x 18 180 x 180 x 18 200 x 200 x 16 200 x 200 x 18 200 x 200 x 20 200 x 200 x 24 200 x 200 x 25 200 x 200 x 26

100 100 100 100 100 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 150 150 150 150 150 180 200 200 200 200 200 200

100 100 100 100 100 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 150 150 150 150 150 180 200 200 200 200 200 200

7 8 9 10 12 8 10 11 12 14 15 10 12 12.5 14 15 18 18 16 18 20 24 25 26

hell, roof and framing supported b the shell or roof F.2 through F.6. Internal Pressure Pressure Force Wt. of roof plates Wt. of shell, roof and attached framing

signed in accordance with F.1.2

bility of various sections of this appendix.

d or that has had its design details established

he limitations of Pmax in F.4.2)

10.89 kPa
2 776.47 mm

rated in Figure F-2, mm 2 at the roof-to-shell junction, degrees

14 degrees 0.249 4.506 m 5 mm

of the shell, shall not exceed the value calculated

-0.66 kPa 14769.83 N 4.506 m 5.00 mm

not roof plates) supported by the shell and roof, N

42734.81 N-m

r increases, the design presure permitted by F.4.1 and F.4.2

nction, In order to provide a safe margin between the maximum

ggested further limitation on the maximum design pressure for

-1.03 kPa

r to the top angle or the design liquid level, and the design

above the water level and held for 15 minutes. The air pressure

ll welded joints above the liquid level shall be checked for leaks

erial. Tank vents shall be tested during or after this test.

2 340.55 mm

2 188.94 mm

o-shell junction, mm 2 4.506 mm 5.00 kPa 5 mm 138 km / h 14 Degrees Corroded

less than the cross-sectional area calculated in 3.10.5 and 3.10.6

-1.29 kPa

owable Stress fpr Maximum Design Temperature Not Exceeding (Sd), MPa Temperature Range 150 140 119 145 117 145 145 200 128 109 133 107 133 133 260 121 101 123 99 123 123

Hydrostatic Test Stress (St) MPa Ambient 186 155 186 155 186 186 Table S-2 --- Allowable Stress for Tank Shells

L 59.84 1520

Wh + L + ts 97.11 2467

A 363.21 234330.80 947

3.74
95 ts

3.74
95 Sum

41.16 26552.46 404.37

260883.2534

Wt./m

2047.933539

Wt.

199446.9618

20L2 20L2.5 20L3 25L2.5 25lL3 25L4 30L2.5 30L2.7 30L3 30L4 30L4 35L2.5 35L3 35L3.2 35L3.5 35L4 35L5 37L3.3 40L3 40L4 40L5 40L6 45L3 45L4 45L4.5 45L5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

45L6 50L3 50L4 50L4.5 50L5 50L6 50L7 50L8 60L4 60L4.5 60L5 60L5.5 60L6 60L8 60L10 70L5 70L5.5 70L6 70L6.5 70L7 70L9 80L5.5 80L6 80L7 80L7.5 80L8 80L10 90L6.5 90L7 90L8 90L8.5 90L9 10L6.5

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

100L7 100L8 100L9 100L10 100L12 120L8 120L10 120L11 120L12 120L14 120L15 150L10 150L12 150L12.5 150L14 150L15 150L18 180L18 200L16 200L18 200L20 200L24 200L25 200L26

60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

Pi = PForce = W roof plates = and attached framing W Total =

5.00 kPa 79.52 kN 6.54 kN 36.11 kN

Does tank have internal pressure?

Yes

Does internal pressure exceed weight of roof plates?

Yes Does internal pressure exceed the weight of the shell, roof and attached framing? Yes Provide anchors and conform to F.7.

Does internal pressure exceed 18 kPa?

No

Use API 620

A roof is considered frangible if the roof-to-shell joint will fail prior to the shell-to-bottom joint in the event of excessive internal pressure.

Frangible Roof Conditions a. The tank shall be 15.25 m (50 ft) diameter or greater. b. The slope of the roof at the top angle attachment does not exceed 2 in 12. c. The roof is attached to the top angle with a single continuours fillet weld that does not exceed 5 mm (3/16 in.). d. The roof support members shall not be attached to the roof plate. e. The roof-to-top angle compression ring limited to details a - e in Figure F-2. f. The top angle may be smaller than that required by 3.1.5.9.e. g. All members in the region of the roof-to shell junction, including insulation rings considered as contributing to the crosssectional area (A). h. The cross sectional area (A) of the roof to-shell junction is less than the limit shown below: A = W / ( 1390 tan Theta )

ble Stress for Tank Shells

Basic Design

Basic Design

Basic Design plus Appendix F.1 through F.6. Anchors for pressure not required. Do not exceed Pmax. Limit roof/shell compression area per F.5.

API 650 with Appendix F or API 620 shall be used

shell joint joint in the event of

he top angle

he top angle let weld that

ers shall not be

mpression ring

maller than that

n of the roof-toulation rings to the cross-

a (A) of the roof-