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UNCLASSIFIED

,-

WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL


U S ARMY MILITARY HISTORY INSTITUTE CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA 17013*600

155-MM GUN M2; CARRIAGE Ml AND M1A1; GUN MOUNT M13; HEAVY CARRIAGE LIMBER M2 AND M5; AND FIRING PLATFORM,,^!

WAR DEPARTMENT

7 MAY 1945

UNCLASSIFIED

WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL TM 9-350


This TM supersedes TM 9-350, dated 11 May 1942; Changes No. 1,dated 31 Jul 42; Changes No. 2, dated 29 Oct 42; Changes No. 3, dated 19 Aug 43; Changes No. 4, dated 9 Nov 43Changes No. S.dated 20 Apr 44; OFSTB 350-1, dated H Jun 43; WDTB 9-350-4, dated 19 Jan 44; WDTB 9-350-5, dated 7 Mar 44; WDTB 9-350-6, dated 10 Aug 44. This TM supersedes portions of OFSTB 350-3, dated 26 Aug 43; WDTB ORD FE9, dated 2 Aug 44; WDTB ORD FE10, dated 18 Jun 43; WDTB ORD 65, dated 16 Mar 44; WDTB ORD 113, dated 23 Jun 44WDTB ORD 135, dated 3 Aug 44; WDTB.ORD 206, dated 28 Sep 44; which apply to the materiel covered in this TM; however, these TB's remain in force until incorporated in all other affected TM's or specifically rescinded.

155-MM GUN M2;

CARRIAGE Ml AND
M1A1; GUN MOUNT M13; HEAVY CARRIAGE LIMBER M2 AND M5; AND FIRING PLATFORM Ml

WAR DEPARTMTT.

<mD

785(J97

7 MAY 1945

mm l i-a

> DISSEMINATION OF RESTRICTED MATTER. No person is entitled solely by virtue of his grade or position to knowledge or possession of classified matter. Such matter is entrusted only to those individuals whose official duties require such knowledge or possession. (See also paragraph 23b, AR 380-5, 15 March 1944.)

OF WAR; BY ORDEROF THE SECRETARY Chief ot Staff. OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO,


Major General,

The Adjutant General.

DISTRIBUTION: AGF (2); ASF (2); S Div ASF (1); T of Opn (10); Arm & Sv Bd (1); Tech Sv (2); SvC (10); FC (1); BU (1); PE (Ord O) (5); Dist O, 9 (3); Establish ments, 9 (3) except Am Establishments (0); Decen tralized Sub-O, 9 (2); Gen & Sp Sv Sch (5); A (3); CHQ (2); D (2); AF (2); one (1) copy to each of the following: T/O & E 4-155; 4-157; 6-55; 6-57; 6-59; 6-65; 6-67; 6-355; 6-357; 6-359; 6-365; 6-367; 9-7; 9-9; 9-57; 9-65; 9-67; 9-76; 9-315; 9-318; 9-377; 9-397. (For explanation of symbols,see FM 21-6.)

TM 9-350

CONTENTS
PART ONE INTRODUCTION
Paragraphs Pa9t

SECTION

I. General ...................................... II.'Description and data ................. III. Tools, parts, and accessories...... PART TWO

1-2 3- 6 7- 9

1-2 3- 16 16- 34

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 10 11-13 14-16 17-25 26-27 28-33 34-35 35 35- 36 36- 43 43- 64 64- 78 78- 84 85- 87

SECTION

IV. General ...................................... V. Service upon receipt of materiel VI. Controls and instruments.......... VII. Operation under usual condi tions ...................................... VIII. Operation of auxiliary equip ment ..................................... I.. Operation under unusual condi tions ...................................... X. Demolition to prevent enemy use ........................................

PART THREE MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS SECTION XL General ..... 36-37 38 39-40 41-43
44-57 58 59-62

88 88- 94 94-105 105-113


113-119 119-120 120-131

XII. Special organizational tools and equipment .............................. XIII. Lubrication XIV. Preventive maintenance service
XV. Malfunctions and corrections ... XVI. Tube and breech ring XVII. Breech mechanism

TM 9-350

PART THREE MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS Contd.

Paragraph!

Pag

SECTION XVIII. Firing mechanism Ml and per cussion mechanism ................ XIX. Firing lock M17...... .....'............. XX. Recoil mechanism M3 and cradle .................................... XXI. Equilibrators .............................. XXII. Bogie .......................................... XXIII. Wheels and tires .................. XXIV. Brakes. ............................ XXV. Heavy carriage limbers ......... PART FOUR

63- 67 68- 75 76- 80 81 82 83 84 85-86

131 134 134-138 138-147 147-153 153 153-160 161-165 165-169

AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT 87 88- 98 99-103 170 170-197 197-212 212-226

SECTION XXVI. General ...................................... XXVII. Ammunition .................:........ XXVIII. Sighting and fire control equip ment ......................................

XXIX. Subcaliber equipment .............. 104-117 APPENDIX SECTION XXX. Shipment and storage ............ 118-121 XXXI. References ................................ 122-124 INDEX ....................................................................................

227-239 240-243 244-248

TM 9-350

Pars. 1-2

This TM supersedes TM 9-350, dated 11 May1942; Changes No.1,dated 31Jul42;Changes No.2, dated 29 Oct42; Changes No.3, dated 19 Aug43; Changes No.4, dated 9 Nov43; Changes No.S,dated 20Apr44;OFSTB 3SO-1, dated 11 Jun 43;WDTB 9-350-4, dated 19 Jan 44;WDTB 9-350-5, dated 7 Mar 44;WDTB 9-350-6, dated 10Aug 44. This TM supersedes portions ofOFSTB 350-3, dated 26Aug 43;WDTB ORDFE9, dated 2 Aug 44; WDTB ORD FE10, dated 18Jun 43; WDTB ORD 65,dated 16 Mar44;WDTB ORD113, dated 23Jun 44; WDTB ORD135, dated 3 Aug 44;WDTB ORD206, dated 28 Sep 44;which apply to the materiel covered in this TM; however, these TB's remain in force until incorporated in all other affected TM'sor specifically rescinded. PART ONE - INTRODUCTION

Section I GENERAL 1. SCOPE.

a. This manual is published for the information of the using arms and services. b. In addition to a description of the 155-mm gun M2; carriage Ml and M1A1; heavy carriage limber M2 and M5, firing platform Ml, and gun motor mount M13, this manual contains technical information required for the identification, use, and care of the weapon, ammunition, and accessory equipment. c. In all cases where the nature of the repair, modification, or adjustment is beyond the scope or facilities of the unit, the respon sible ordnance service should be informed so that trained personnel with suitable tools and equipment may be provided, or proper instructions issued. 2. RECORDS.

a. Artillery Gun Book. (1) The Artillery Gun Book (O.O. Form 5825) is used for the purpose of keeping an accurate record of the materiel. It must always remain with the materiel regardless of where it may be sent. The book is divided as follows: Record of assignment; battery com mander's daily gun record; inspector's record of examination. This book should be in the possession of the organization at all times, and its completeness of record and its whereabouts are the respon sibility .of the battery commander. It must also contain date of issuance of the materiel, by whom used, and the place where issued. If a new gun is installed on the carriage, all data recorded in the old book with references to sights, mounts, etc., must be copied into the new book before the old book is relinquished. If the gun book is lost, it should be replaced at once and all entries brought up to date. NOTE: Record of assignment data must be removed and destroyed prior to entering combat.

Par. 2

TM 9-350

______________Part One

Introduction______________

(2) The Artillery Gun Book which has become separated from the weapon to which it pertains and for which efforts to locate the weapon have failed, should be forwarded immediately to the Office, Chief of Ordnance, Field Service, Maintenance Division, Artillery Branch, Washington 25, D. C. Inquiries concerning a lost gun book should also be forwarded to the same office. All available informa tion concerning the weapon and its past history should be forwarded with the inquiry. If the lost book is not turned in, any additional information available will be furnished for use in preparing a duplicate book. (3) Complete instructions on how to make entries in the artillery gun book are contained therein. It is absolutely essential that the gun book entries be kept complete and up to date. In order to facilitate proper maintenance of the cannon and its related materiel (that is, carriage, recoil mechanism, and associated fire control equip ment) and to avoid unnecessary duplication of repairs and mainte nance, the following additional entries are to be made in the gun book. (a) A record of completed modification work orders. This record should show the date completed and bear the signature of the officer or mechanic responsible for completion of the modification. (b) A record of seasonal change of lubricants and change of recoil oil in sufficient detail to prevent duplication and afford proper identification by the inspector. (4) The estimated accuracy life of this cannon is 1,500 rounds. b. Field report of accidents. When an accident involving am munition occurs during practice, the incident will be reported as prescribed in AR 750-10 by ordnance officer under whose supervision ammunition is maintained or issued. Where practicable, reports covering malfunctions of ammunition in combat will be made to the Chief of Ordnance, giving the type of malfunction, type of ammuni tion, the lot number of complete rounds or separate loading com ponents, and condition under which fired. c. Unsatisfactory equipment report. Suggestions for improve ment in design, maintenance, safety, and efficiency of operation, prompted by chronic failure or malfunction of the weapon, spare parts or equipment, should be reported on WD AGO Form No. 468, Unsatisfactory Equipment Report, with all pertinent information necessary to initiate corrective action. The report should be for warded to the Office, Chief of Ordnance, Field Service Division, Maintenance Branch, through command channels in accordance with instruction No. 7 on the form. Such suggestions are encouraged in order that other organizations may benefit. If WD AGO Form No. 468 is not available, refer to TM 37-250 for list of data required on Unsatisfactory Equipment Report.

TM 9-350

Pars. 3-4

______________Part One Introduction ______________ Section II DESCRIPTION AND DATA 3. GENERAL.

a. The 155-mm gun M2 is used as a heavy field weapon and is also classed as secondary armament for seacoast defense. The 155-mm gun M2 is mounted on three types of mounts, namely; the heavy field carriage Ml or M1A1 (figs. 1, 2, and 3), gun motor carriage T83 (figs. 4 and 5) and the firing platform Ml (fig. 6). b. The 155-mm gun carriages Ml and M1A1 are heavy field carriages and are equipped with a bogie assembly at the front of the carriage, which is used to lower the carriage to the firing position and also to raise the carriage to the traveling position. The carriage is limbered by either the heavy limbers M2 or MS, or it can be towed without the use of the limber by being semi-trailed. When emplaced, removable spades are installed on the carriage and on the rear ends of the trails. Air brakes are provided for use during transit, and hand brakes are applied on the front bogie wheels when the weapon is parked. c. The firing platform Ml is a circular platform designed to enable all-around fire. When mounted on the firing platform Ml, the same materiel is used that is used with the heavy gun carriage Ml and M1A1. The weapon is rolled up into place and anchored on the bolster in the center of the platform (fig. 6). d. The gun motor carriage M40 provides a highly mobile heavy artillery unit. When mounted on the 155-mm gun mount M13 for mounting on the gun motor carriage, only the gun, recoiling parts and top carriage of heavy field materiel are used (figs. 4 and 5). e. The recoil mechanism is a hydro-pneumatic type with a variable recoil feature to offset differences of recoil at various degrees of elevation. f. The 155-mm gun M2 may be equipped with either the firing mechanism Ml or the firing lock Ml7. g. Separate loading ammunition is used, which is loaded and rammed into the gun by hand. IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION. a. The serial numbers required for records concerning the com ponents of this materiel are the gun number, recoil mechanism number, carriage number, equilibrator number, and limber number. b. Gun serial number. This number is stamped on the breech ring (fig. 7). 4.

Par. 4 Part One Introduction

TM 9-350

ae
U

41

z-

.0QC

E E

3 O)

FRONT RETRACTING BRACKET EYE TRUNNION BEARING CAP COUNTERBALANCE ASS'Y

GUN RETRACTING EYE

2 ui o

REAR RETRACTING BRACKET EYE

".

f
BOTTOM CARRIAGE LANYARD

TRAVERSING HANDWHEEL

'

RA PD 101381

Figure 2155-mm Gun in Firing Position

Left Rear View

a jl *

GUN COVER I BREECH REFLECTOR

MUZZLE COVER

MUZZLE REFLECTOR BREECH END COVER

RA PD 86555 Gun Left front View With Covers Installed

Figure

3 155-mm

I i
0

I O
2 o
e O

S j

E E o

o>

5 o
c O

i
c O c O E

O)

o 0> en
O

155-MM GUN CARRIAGE, Ml "w a

o 3 1^

Figure 6 Firing Platform

RA PD 19346

RECOIL MECHANISM NAMEPLATE CARRIAGE NAMEPLATE1 RA PD 102391

Figure (b) the ring. (c) gun the Ml, breech

8 Recoil The 155-mm

Serial gun

Number M1A1 does threads is similar is fitted 155-mm guns carriage carriages identical two Ml

and not

Carriage have cut

Serial

Number ring bushing; breech 155-mm and ring larger

a breech directly

breech The

mechanism 155-mm the mechanism In addition than

female gun M2 ring female the the gun

being

in the to the

in construction with gun or a breech are M2 M1A1. is. the the the are Ml standard cut in has

i.e.,

breech

ring the a

bushing breech

threads

bushing. powder b. these worked that T54) carriage the the ribs The cradle have recoil

slightly

chamber The guns. to be

155-mm The practically

Ml were with

carriage test models Differences details.

for re

M1A1 these

original

carriage.

remain used M40 155-mm

between when is the guns lock been

models recoil

manufacturing M21 on the the M3A1 of the the

The the as the heavy traveling to obtain M21, field same

mechanism guns mechanism with and used part on depression boss be

(formerly gun used motor with that

mounting on the

155-mm recoil lock carriage,

exception of the

support, removed

supporting weapon. field heavy

required

mechanism

cannot

carriage. tirely different in The design heavy and carriage operation li" limbers (see M2 pars. 85 and and MS 86). are en

EQUILIBRATORj NAMEPLATE

RA PD 102390 figure 6. (1) Weight Weight Length Length Length Powder Type Weight Type (2) Muzzle Shell Shell Range: AP HE 9 Equilibrator . . Serial Number

GENERAL. of gun of tube of tube of bore of rifling pressure in a new of breecblock of breech of firing ........ (complete assembly with breech mechanism)................ .......... 9,595 9,190 277.37 230.57 charge 40,000 screw 405 XXVII. Ib. hammer Interrupted pull percussion Ib Ib in. .45 in. (barrel).

...................................................................... ............................................................................cal. ............................................................... (normal gun) pressure with maximum Ib per square in.................................

................................................. mechanism ... ...... continuous ammunition with

.................................................... data see section

mechanism

Ammunition

For complete velocity zone zone

PERFORMANCE. velocity AP HE Shell Shell (average a new gun in feet per second): .................................. .................................. 2,745 2,800 fps fps (Maximum (Maximum charge) charge)

(Maximum) ............................................................................ .......................................................................... '12 24,075yd 25,715 yd

LIMBER NAMEPLATE RA PD 102395 Figure 10 Serial Number Heavy Carriage Limber M2

Rate of fire: Normal .................................................... (1) Weights: Gun and carriage Gun and carriage (M2 (M5 Bogie limber) limber) (firing position) with

round .

1 (per

2 minutes)

GENERAL.

.................................... accessories,

27,700 position) 29,900 30,100 5,375 carriage 34% 98%

Ib Ib Ib Ib

traveling ................................................................ ..................................................................

(complete

........................................................................................ in traveling M2 ) position, over-all: (with heavy limber

Dimensions

Length.................................................................................... Width.........................................:.......................................... Height Dimensions ...................................................................................102V4 in traveling position, over-all: (with heavy

ft in. in.

carriage 36% 98% in. in.

limber MS) Length ................................................................................... Width .................................................................................. Height .................................................................................... 13

107 in.

SPA

LIMBER NAMEPLATE Figure Towed 11 Serial limber) Number Heavy Carriage tractor, Limber 18-ton, with Recoil Model Type Type Weight Type Tires: Type Type Air Air and size .................................................................. and size tubes bogie limber ...................................:.................... assembly assembly tires tires (normal: (normal: mechanism: ........................... allowable of recoil .......................................................... recoil (approx)

RA PD 102394 MS high speed

by (with

......................M4 semi-trailed.....

(without

limber)

... Truck,

7 l/2 ton, 6x6, semi-trailer M3A1 70 in. Hydraulic 3,890 Ib .Pneumatic

Maximum

.................................... ........

mechanism

..............................................

of counterrecoil

mechanism

Hydropneumatic

................................................................................ ..........:...........................:......................

of equilibrator

11 x 20 std 10 x 20 std 45 psi 65 psi 47 in. 62 in. 88Vi in.

pressure: pressure: type

see par. 83) ... see par. 83)....

Brakes, Wheel Tread

........................

mechanical,

air or manually

operated

base of bogie (center-to-center (center-to-center

................................................................ of inside bogie wheels).................... of outside bogie wheels)..............

14

15

8 J>

.___ S S *

1 I J J 1 1 J ! j ,

o <

I TJ O > O

Ol

18

*U FOR CARRIAGE, BAR, x 30 crow, in. GUN, 155-MM, size Ml AND /4 3 16 16 16 41-B-168 41-B-17S 42-B-25520 M1A1

pinch-point, pinch-pt., in., length

...................................... of diam. 60 in.......

crow, BAR, l*/4 stock BUCKET, weight,

heavy galv., metal, cap. 14 qts., gage 14....

metal, empty, tool, CHEST, 13J4 length >"-. ll^e height in..................... 28l/ in., width COVER, M507 COVER, M514 COVER, screw, lifting bogie .......................................... brake, elevating cam, ......:................................... (over-all), M102........ Igth. 19 18 18

41-C-857-33S D33759 C763S2 D91382 41-E-525 D39001 .

guides in cradle ' Clamped gun is retracted when from dirt to prevent on cra accumulating when travel dle guide ing.

pin', cotter EXTRACTOR, 7 in. ............................................ FILLER, cradle

guide................

lubr., Dept., War GUIDE, 10 ................................................

No.

8 o J/l ~5 t~ I

23

JACK, W/LEVER 41-J-H9-35

RA PD 57526 Figure 17 Jacks, w/Levers

CH EST-4 1 -C-857-330

-R-2705-4 1 RA PD 103169

Figure

18 Tools 24

and

Accessories

WRENCH - 41-W-1989-320 RA PD 61716 Figure 19 Tools and Accessories

o a

PUNCH-41-P-3602

PUNCH - 41-P-3606

Accessories and Tools 20 Figure

22832 PD RA

<*> (A o

Piece Mark fig. or No. Fed.Stock No. FOR CARRIAGE, GUN, 155-MM, Ml, AND M1A1 (Contd.) WRENCH, socket, recoil rod nut, hex. opng., size 454 in..... 19 41-W-2625 WRENCH, wheel bearing nut, dble.-end., octagon opngs., size of opngs. 3^6 in. and y/l in. ......................................

Use

41-W-2612-25

To adjust wheel bearing outer jam nuts and the nut and dowel assem blies.

FOR MOUNT, GUN, 155-MM, Ml 3 ADAPTER, S. (plug), oil filling, recoil mechanism,diam. hex. head 3 /t in., over-all length I n/l6 in. .................................... 70
BAR, crow, pinch point, size x 30 in. ................................... CAP, oil screw filler (gun)........ 16 70

41-A-26-SOO
41-B-168 41-C-395-62S

CHEST, oil pump Ml6, w/basic contents (Composed of: 1 CHEST, oil pump, wood, S. reinforced, w/o con tents, M16 (41-C-738550) .................................. 1 FUNNEL, copper, w/o strainer, cap. ^ pt. (41-F-3580) ......................

For filling

recoil system.

70

70

1 HOSE, gasoline and oil, non-metallic, high temp, resisting complete w/couplings, length 120 in., ends threaded l/4 in., ends threaded 54 in.-18NPT and H-2 7NPT (33-H535) .................................. 1 PUMP, hydraulic, oil, M3 (ll-P-576-300)..,.......

70 70

1 RULE S., flexible, length 30 cm, grad. one edge mm, other 64ths (41-R2909) .................................. 1 WRENCH, engrs., angle 15", dble. head, open end, normal duty, alloyS., size of opng. ?4 x l%g in. (41-W-1012)) ............

70

70

*When the accessary's use is not indicated, the nomenclature is self-explanatoryor the accessory has general use.

OILER-13-0-1503

RA PD 103170

Figure 21 Tools and Accessories


Accessory FOR MOUNT, GUN, 155-MM COVER, M514 fig. No. M13 (Corrtd.) C76352 Piece Mark or Fed. Stock No. *Use

cam, elevating brake, ........................................

COVER, gun, over-all, M102 complete .................................... CYLINDER, gas filled, com pressed gas, Ml, O.D. %e in -. length 563/i(i in. ........................ GUIDE, War Dept., lubr., No. 10 ................................................ GUN, lubr., push type, hydrau lic, 7 oz. cap., M2, complete (Artillery) ................................ OR GUN, lubr., push type, w/extension hand operating, Ml, complete (41-E-48S) ........

D91382

51-C-22SS

For adjusting equilibrator pressure.

21

41-G-1344

41-G-1341-8

OILER, S., sight, spout, push bottom, cap. % pt., length of spout 4 in................................... RELEASE, gage, pressure, fill ing and drain valve..................

21

13-O-1503

70

4S-R-3650

When the accessory's use is not indicated, the nomenclature is self-explanatory or the accessory has general use. 30

o a

HOLDING RING

BRUSH BODY

o 8 8. S '

I I l| 121 | 31 Ml 15] 161 I ' I ' I I llNCHES I

TINSMITH SHEARS TO

BRUSH

RA PD 103218 22 Modification of Bore Brush Ml3

2 <p VI

Figure

ELEVATING HAND WHEEL

ELEVATING

ELEVATING MECHANISM CLUTCH LEVER RA PD 102421 Figure 24 Elevating Controls

TRAVERSING HANDWHEEL TRAVERSING BRAKE HANDLE

RA PD 89777

Figure

25 Traversing

Controls

37

.COUNTERBALANCE, ASSEMBLY OPERATING LEVER CATCH OPERATING LEVER iREECHBLOCK ROLLER AXIS PIN ROTATING CAM BREECHBLOCK CARRIER, ASSEMBLY SAFETY PLUNGER, ASSEMBLY

FIRING MECHANISM, ASSEMBLY-M 17 FIRING TRIGGER 'OPERATING HANDLE LANYARD Mechanism Controls RA PD 104387 - Breech Closed

Figure

26 - Breech

and

Firing

SPLIT RING (FRONT) D024-0100640 SPLIT RING (REAR) D024-0100650 FILLING-IN DISK D024-0100210

GAS CHECK PADD024-0100410 OBTURATOR SPINDLE RA PD 86532 Figure 27 Breech and Firing Mechanism 38 Controls - Breech Open

AARCH AXLE BCRADLE LOCK CTORQUE ROD DBOGIE LIFTING SCREW LOCK EBOGIE LIFTING SCREW FHAND BRAKE LEVER GBRAKE CHAMBER HPINTLE

'

3.

86559 PD RA

Position in Traveling 28Bogie Figure

TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT SCREW

EQUILIBRATOR GUIDE

TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT SCALE Figure 29 Temperature Adjustment (2) TRAVERSING HANDWHEEL. The traversing (fig. 25) Scale

RA PD 89779

handwheel

located brake brake

on the left side of the top carriage of the gun throughout has been released. and counterclockwise erating (figs. lever, To traverse

controls

the movement

its range of traverse after the traversing the gun release the traversing handwheel clockwise

handle and rotate the traversing

at right traverse

for left traverse. at the right only The purpose of the breech op

attached

side of the breechblock mechanism pushing

carrier, Ml has

26 and 27) is to provide can be operated or the firing This catch (fig. 26)

a means to open or close the breech. after the firing (see subpar. d (1) and the oper the op and swinging

This lever

been removed (4), below). ating erating (1) loading 26). lever

lock M17 "opened down, and pulling

is done by grasping

the lever,

lever to the right. (see par. 3 f). The firing lock M17 is opened handle for (fig. by means of the operating

OPERATING

HANDLE.

and closed for firing

(2) FIRING TRIGGER. The firing lock M17 fires the gun manually by means of the lanyard-operated firing trigger (fig. 26). 40

RECOIL PISTON, ASSEMBLY

COUNTERRECOIL PISTON. ASSEMBLY

RECUPERATOR, ASSEMBLY

LINE TO OIL PUMPM3 Figure 30 Oil Index


RECOIL INDICATOR HOUSING RECOIL INDICATOR HANDLE RECOIL INDICATOR GUN BEARING STRIP DUST GUARD CRADLE GUIDE RIGHT COVER STRIP

RA PD 86545

RECOIL SLIDE GUIDE

RECOIL SLIDE

RA PD 102412 Figure 31 Recoil 41 Indicator

EYEBOLT HINGE PIN

RA PD 59129

Figure pin, 36). winch ward from move ered rotate bracket lifting lifting end from T-bolt should vent (2) pin nism and rotated wing nuts, and

34 Unlimbering eyebolt hinge hinge slack. lifting by means and and until screw pull the limber pin pin in cable spacer pin.

the piece

Trails from cable

Step eyebolt

1 (figs. trail from pull 34 clamp powered for rotate. nut Re pow is not to nose. Using Do side assembly to

Remove to allow slightly trail trail winch, to past

eyebolt Replace a little until

pin and remove Pay out Use prime bracket on limber limber position. to lifting should (traveling) wind trail are up pin. nut

eyebolt mover assembly to

from

ing bracket.

slowly

limber bar wing

begins

Ease trails

to the ground coupling coupling take vertical. spacer assembly from sling clamp winch bolts,

of winch. bronze clear lifting

Remove assembling of trails. bracket CAUTION: bracket be on each

approximately Attach One

vertical eyebolt wing

and to holding of draw This locks

on drawbar. bracket sling

bar and eyebolt

seated cable

in the groove and remove trails clamping

on sling cable.

guide. Attach pins bolts

in upright hinge

position. safety All after M2. limber in the pin

Disconnect running and and nuts The nuts to pre locking mecha lifting

of lifting trail can loss.

to rear

Remove spread.

arid when

clamping

bracket. removal, Remove lifting limber

be removed

be assembled REMOVING lift off by lock. inserting base

to trail HEAVY Lock the

bracket LIMBER to the locking

CARRIAGE the drawbar 4$

drawbar

WINCH CABLE

LIFTING SUNG IMBER LIFT BRACKET TRAIL COUPLING PIN TRAIL CLAMPING BRACKET

RA PD 86540 Figure To it place the the gun in 36 - Trails position, of the tube lock dig Un/imbered couple cradle, lock. the deep trails. to permit Locate the the and hoist jack to the the gun eye until

traveling the by yoke the

nearest

muzzle

and

is properly g. Remove for the spades Remove screw to the the screws raised prevent from If the be attach

engaged the rear to the the covers cables wheel cradle spades. with the of

traveling and spread

traveling and trails. bogie (fig. from lock the off lifting 40). their from bogie bogie the the in

holes of the h. lifting them then lifting

spades

sufficiently

assembly

screw Remove

lock the on the

(fig.

39). of

Remove the arms beam for front of (fig. the screws attached when the 42), in four and (fig.

bogie wheel attach 41). bogie and wheels unison to they the are spades,

ends torque

supporting Release

brackets bolts the the lifting ground. mechanism. a support firing lifting

supporting Lower

on the cradle. carriage screw

bogie Dig by

cross pits operation

wrenches until both are wheels

continue are to

operating completely cramping and axles the

mechanism Operate Cables for the

bogie

brackets raised i. may

to provide

ground

position. soil is too logs the low are front for more and permanent ties spades rear

bearing of the

strength materiel, are

of the placed

emplacement used).

embedded behind 47

used

(railway

These

EYEBOLT SPACER PIECE EYEBOLT HINGE PIN

RA PD 59126 Figure and area j. k. 1. handle m. 18. dug and 37 Eyebolt in Carrying of recoil weapon muzzle. its mount. the traversing brake Position over a larger firing. ground

in so as to distribute thus prevent covers panoramic traversing

the force of the and in

movement from breech

during

Remove Install Release

telescope mechanism

by rotating

counterclockwise. Place TO tools and accessories THE GUN ON firing AND THE in proper HEAVY FIRING position FIELD for firing. IN

PLACE

CARRIAGE Ml. 27.

FIRING a. b. (1) the Lower vered bottom limber. For

POSITION the

PLATFORM

emplacing

platform,

see paragraph

Procedure. The carriage slightly carriage Place lower and front spade the supports blocks must to bogie. fit be may lower bolt over placed have the in studs on bolster, permit pivot position.

on the bolster to properly bolster aline

by raising the bolster on bolster, 48

During

the operation to be maneu When the 47). from (fig. carriage.

of lowering

the carriage,

the gun

and carriage

and bottom and

is in position clamps

on the bolster,

the trails in place

GUN RETRACTING EYE FRONT RETRACTING BRACKET EYE

RATCHET CHAIN HOIST-41-H-2II5

REAR RETRACTING BRACKET EYE

RA PD 102399 Figure 38 Puffing With the Gun Forward Chain Into Hoist Firing Position

Ratchet

Drop 46). Place nuts (2)

yoke Place bolster (fig.

bar pivot

over frame

bottom in clamp

carriage position over in spade

and

tighten front

locking spade lock and

nuts with

(fig. two

blocks

bottom supports

supports.

46). Assemble trail outside remaining and key brace, engage trails. sectors. has the been the heavy mounted weapon field and into carriage clamped firing in firing on the bolster, same par of rail. spade trail ends of rail gun Slide rail rubbing trail (fig. and the The of the sections plates clamps 57). hook trails push trails the up bar (fig. trail clevis assemblies 57). Drive brace nuts, clevises making push have must stakes over sure bar the and on attach rail the remaining with spade trail radial. hooked seats.

Assemble bolt on Fasten (3) the that clamp the c. further agraph top the

clamps

sectors

into

with

trail

Assemble front support on gib on end the of the the in spade

supports.

Tighten

properly.

Assemble

assembly outside After

outside

around

procedure 17.

to bring

position

is the position,

as detailed

placing

49

BOGIE LIFTING SCREW COVER

OUTER BOGIE LIFTING SCREW

BOGIE LIFTING SCREWS LOCK RA PD 86567

Figure 19. TO PLACE

39 Removing THE M13. gun covers for and them; of the front upper 43). slightly hull. half GUN IN

Bogie FIRING

Lifting

Screw

lock ON THE GUN

POSITION

MOUNT a. proper not b. nut rear tube; in the to Remove place required Unlock which then traveling for

store likewise, weapon.

them

out

of the

the other

way

in

the

assigned

store

equipment

operation tube the tube (fig. on the in brake flush Apply THE angle. firing by to into with

the lock

traveling of the in order Rotate

lock the to

(fig. upper push

44) lock, half

by up

loosening unlock and lock off

the the the down

secures elevate position spade assembly and be hull. spade

traveling

and

traveling

latched c. Place spade

position. the spade ground steering lower ground. the

Free locking to

the ground. in its the

top pins.

support Release Back up stops in

arms vehicle

of

removing

winch the seated position.

ratchet force spade against 20. a. elevation. b. open

arm must the

prongs

When and

proper spade and lock

position,

vehicle GUN. Bring

brakes

LOADING Loading

the

gun

to

approximately

15

degrees

To the

open firing

the lock

breech. Ml7.

Remove Push down so

the on

firing the

mechanism

Ml operating

or

breechblock

BOGIE LIFTING OUTER SCREW RA PD 102393 Figure lever zontal of the c. upon cone, powder d. vide cess. by the projecting projectile Then for catch, gun. Powder opening should chamber. the breech, be swabbed to make In between rounds chamber, there are no of The fire, bore before immediately the forcing then of should fragments reloading. to pro re is lifted the brass The 40 Removing Bogie Lifting operating Screw lever Cover down to a hori the muzzle

and pull

the breechblock swing the

position.

Then

operating

lever

toward

the powder out with that

including burnt

the sponge.

be examined

certain objects

bags or other Projectile. The gun projectile crew, and

remaining tray (fig.

in the bore 48) loading tray tray

A loading and the is placed front

is furnished tray, placed by

both

ease in loading

to protect on the of the loading that in portion

the threads

in the so that

breech

the tray

lug rests in a blank is pushed cone. clear is removed since

of the interrupted is rammed ramming

breech. into will

of the

use of the

rammer. position with cause

the tray

and the projectile variations the

in the forcing a uniform

It is important

projectiles

be rammed force

force,

slight variations in the range. It is also important that the rotating bands and bourrelet on a projectile are not damaged, as such damage is likely to cause erratic firing. To avoid damage to rotating bands the grommet for loading. 51 should not be removed until the shell is being prepared

CROSSBEAM TORQUE?/ BRACKET BOLTS Figure

WHEEL SUPPORTING CABLE

TORQUE ROD HOOK RA PD , 02389 Cables to the

41 Attaching Lugs

Wheel on the

Supporting Bogie

e. for insure f.

Propelling that To

charge.

It is not necessary in the breech. charge

to use the loading Care must be taken is located operating

tray to

placing

the powder the igniter close

charge

end of the powder Pull

at the rear. lever toward

the breech. push

the breech

the breech 21. a. lay control b. fore Ml FIRING.

and then

it to a vertical

position.

Release the gun

the

elevating is covered NOTE: firing

and

traversing XXVIII.

handwheel

brakes and

and fire

in elevation

and traverse. in section The firing

Operation

of sighting

equipment Insert primer.

breechblock Ml, lock and M17

must the firing opened,

be closed before

be the

assembling must

the

mechanism the

mechanism

breechblock c. release d. mer, safety to the Make

or be removed, can be opened. sure the locking firing pin

mechanism (when Ml firing

is properly mechanism attach and firing best

latched Ml

and

then

hammer On firing one

is used). to ham lanyard pulling

mechanism hand On adjust firing

installation, hammer M17 to 52

lanyard pin suited attach for

keeping trigger

between trigger

as an added

precaution. and

lock

installation,

position

I I o O)

O)

53

TRAVERSING HANDWHEEl

ELEVATING HANDWHEEL

Lack Traveling Carriage Motor Gun 43 Figure

RA PD 102400

TRAVELING LOCK

RA PD 102397 Figure and pins above (b) with prime taut. limber 37). to the ling this bracket trail pins bracket the install (fig. 44 Gun nuts 35). With trail mover Make the by on the CAUTION: the limber clamping enough frame. certain eyebolt loosening and with swing the trail pin Motor bolts. Carriage Tighten Lock Front with in place Traveling the lock box

double-headed should aline

wrench

issued the nut.

with

the limber.

by inserting

the safety be showing the limber on the sling are the (fig. lifting lifting coup require pin, winch, assembly pin. guide. of pin the lifting and sling sling front

One or more hooked bracket.

threads

to the prime Pay out until with

mover, the winch

cable

so that Take from the from down and

it can

be connected

to the the lifting in the the

on the limber Remove

up the slack is in line and lifting pin to its carrying nuts the to allow bracket. bracket. by means the nut. gun will Insert carriage, rotate

the cable

that the sling wing winch to

position removing the lifting position. Screw Limbers connect

hinge

Pay put cable

bracket Aline

assembly nose onto with

rotate

clamping clamping Remove on This

assembling the key trail equipped the using

coupling to the trail that

insert

limber do not lock

are secured nose. brakes slowly.

of a tapered nose from and, the the trail

assembling Unlock in cable

coupling

and screw (c) take

on the bar wing

coupling

powered bracket

lifting

position. and lift the trails to the traveling must stand clear of the limber and trails and 56

CAUTION: the operator

Personnel of the prime

SUPPORTING PLANKS BOLSTER

RAIL SECTOR DOME

INNER RADIAL OUTER RADIAL RA PD 19342

Figure

45 firing

Platform

Assembled

for

Mounting

Carriage

i> in O

FIRING MECHANISM HANDLE

i. . f RA PD 104388

Figure 49 Sliding Primer Into Plate inFiring Mechanism M1

to u

REAR RETRACTING BRACKET EYE

RATCHET CHAIN HOIST-41-H-2115

FRONT RETRACTING BRACKET EYE

RA PD 102398 Figure f. handle g. its Lock 51 Refracting the Gun by Into Traveling the Position traversing brake

traversing

mechanism

rotating

clockwise. Remove case. breech THE and muzzle AND covers. HEAVY THE FIELD FIRING CARRIAGE PLATFORM IN panoramic telescope from its mount and replace it in

carrying h.

Replace TO Ml. PLACE

24.

GUN

TRAVELING

POSITION

WITH

a.

For

emplacing, 27. push the be bolts sectors. the gun

dismantling,

and

storing

the

firing

platform,

see

paragraph b. clamp remove the away and move c. bolster, towing 23). gun

Remove from the may from remove rail After further is the

bar clamp. out. hold

assembly. Remove Remove Place Remove the outer gun

Remove two in nuts two bolts rail holding to

yoke from sectors rail the

bar rear in

and bolster

bolster and that tow Re

bolster. rolled platform. that

carriage firing

order and

traveling

position sectors rail

together,

radials

sector.

has

been for

undamped limbering for the up

and heavy

dismounted field carriage

from to travel (see

the and par.

procedure same

preparatory

as prescribed

63

3
at V)

s 0 CQ

65

o a M ><

TIMBER SUPPORT

BASE RING

o I O

i . 1"

ANCHOR FASTENER CLEVIS

Supports and Ring Base S3 Figure

86535 w PD RA en o

BASE PLATE

BASE RING RA PD 19347

Figure under dirt base (2) inches Assemble Insert ring, not planks (3) plate on top ring. radials plate. (4) PI ice in the in place. split completely studs. Assemble the split Lower ring the bolster with sits fill pin dirt to fit the and ring ends of the in solid. and four 52). rods tap even in to

54 Base timber Fill tamp pits, the with top

Plate

in Fill

Position under to the the top supports level of with the

supports. in ring with level. large enough

tamp

dirt

supports Dig out (fig.

for

the

anchor and on outside firm must the of (fig.

hooks, base the 54). be left

30 ring. base Do for

deep

Assemble anchor Fill dirt of radials. in position in place.

anchor rod and base around tamp ring.

rods fasteners the until

anchor

hooks.

anchor and in

and over

the anchors with the under

Room

inner

Lower firmly of the Attach must

base on base inner rest

plate the radials (fig. top

in

base Place

ring. the bolt around and

Make dome outside

sure

the

timber 55). to top of the

supports. Lay planks. of base

assembly of base The cover

ring on

planks ring

in place. socket

Remove

the

large and (fig. the

split 61)

ring into on

over ring the on dome

the

bolster split Set

ball ring, Aline the nuts

(fig. and the

60). bolt holes ball

packing

packing studs

large socket.

dome.

bolster

in the socket.

Fasten

in place

by tightening

on dome

67

BASE RING'

SOCKETRA PD 19348

Figure 55 Dome in Position Attach outer radials to inner radials (fig. 63) and bolt in (5) place. Lay the rail sectors (fig. 66) in position and fasten together. Attach outer radials to rail sectors at point where sectors join (fig. 56). With two rail sector assemblies removed to permit entrance (6) of carriage, back carriage into position and aline bottom carriage directly over bolster (fig. 45). The lower front spade supports must fit over the studs on the bolster, and permit the pivot blocks to be Lower carriage on the bolster by raising bogie. placed in position. During the operation of lowering the carriage, the gun and carriage may have to be maneuvered slightly to properly aline the bolster and bottom carriage. When bottom carriage is in position on the Place bolster clamps on bolster, lower the trails from the limber. bolster, and bolt in place. Drop yoke bar over bottom carriage and tighten locking nuts. Place pivot blocks in position in bottom front spade supports. Place bolster frame clamp over spade supports and lock with two nuts. Assemble remaining rail sections and attach remaining radial. (7) Assemble trail clamps (fig. 62) and rubbing plates on rail sectors with hooked bolt on outside of rail. Slide trail clamps into the trail spade seats. Fasten with trail spade key. 68

OUTER RADIAL RAIL SECTOR SCREWS

W in

S o

RADIAL 1 FASTENING SCREWS J

'

RA PD 19338 of Attaching Radials

Figure 56 Method

to N

o o

K. 3

70

Par. 27 Part Two Operating Instructions


BASE PLATE

HANDLE RA PD 86540 Figure SOCKET v 58 Base _ Plate _xDOME HANDLE

DOME ASSEMBLY RA PD 86541 Figure 59 Dome Assembly 71

BOLSTER BALL RETAINING RING

BOLSTER BALL PACKING

BOLSTER BALL SHAFT BEARING RA PD 86S7S and Bolster Ball Retaining Ring - Front View

Figure

60 Bolster

/YOKE BAR /BOLSTER CLAMP (L.H.) BOLSTER FRAME AND BALL BOLSTER FRAME TOP CLAMP

BOLSTER CLAMP (R.H.)

PIVOT BLOCK' RA PD 86547

Figure

6 I Bolster

Assembly

trail brace (fig. 64), and hook the trail brace Assemble (8) Tighten up clevis nuts, clevises over the top front spade supports. Assem making sure that the support ends engage the trails properly. The push bar ble push bar assembly (fig. 65) on end of trails. assemblies must have the clamp gib on the outside of the trails. Drive stake's around the outside of the rail sectors. For mounting c. paragraph 24. d. Dismantling. the gun and the carriage upon the platform, see

Remove trail base locking nut and remove trail brace. With (1) Loosen Jrail clamp assembly and slide out of draw trail spade key. trail spade seats. Remove yoke bar and bolster Remove push bar assembly. (2) Remove two nuts from rear bolster and re clamp from the bolster. Remove two rail sectors in order that the move the carriage clamp. position and tow Place gun in traveling gun may be rolled out. Remove bolts holding rail sectors to away from firing platform. gether, and remove bolts that hold the outer radials to the rail sector. Remove rail sectors. Remove inner radials inner and outer radials. Disconnect (3) Re Remove planks that support inner radials. from the base ring. move nuts from the dome studs that hold the large split ring in Remove screws from the large split ring, and remove the position. dome Lift out bolster. Lift small split ring and split packing. Lift out base plate (fig. 58). assembly out of base ring (fig. 59). 73

/TRAIL CLAMP LEVER

-TRAIL CLAMP BASE BOLT ASSEMBLY NUT RA PD 86549 Figure 62 Trail Clamp Assembly

OUTER RADIAL

INNER RADIAL

RA PO 86548 Figure 63 Radials

74

TRAIL BRACE SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

-SUPPORT END RA PD 86566 Figure 64 Trail Brace Assembly Exploded View

PUSH BAR

CLAMP GIB RA PD 19349 Figure (4) draw timbers. and e. (1) of stowing 6 by spread be working under The out saddle. Remove Dig anchor timber Unbolt out rod anchor locking short support 65 Push rods, key screws timbers long timber Bar Assembly and timber anchor and saddle. lift supports. rods base and ring With hooks. off the timbers

anchors, and from

remove the

in base ring support.

Remove

Remove

Stowage. The following illustrations on a 6-ton, as the used traveling dunnage to keep (figs. prime load 67 and mover capacity. to with from the bearing 67 and 68) The and The prevent the tail the show

i a method 7Va-ton, may be should from planks sector. to at the

the materiel more, before out. No

6 by 6 truck.

Mack load gate

6 is normally

due to a larger

closed

is attempted, is required the ring

load of rail

exception on the

the base ring platform

stowage

as shown

on figures

68 is, satisfactory be taken travel is

for primary and prevent damage tempted. firing A platform

secondary roads. to the base ring 6 by with 6 cargo the truck Ml

Greater care should when cross-country carrier trail 75 can gate also closed.

4-ton,

accommodate

-ATTACHING PLATE

RAIL

SUPPORTING TIMBER

RA PD 19339 Figure 66 Kail Section

(RAIL SECTORS "LOADED

RA PD 22425 Figure 67 Rail Assembly 76 Loaded (6-ton, 6x6)

,BOLSTER BASE RING DOME TIMBER SUPPORTS

o Wl

f
00.

3
o

RAIL SECTORS RA PD 72426 and Bolster Assembly Loaded (6-ton,6 x 6) to ^4

Figure

68 Dome

Par. 29 Part Two Operating Instructions

TM 9-350

It may be necessary to adjust nitrogen pressures to provide tion. sufficient equalizing action. Upon return to temperatures above 0 F, gas pressure should be adjusted to the prescribed value. i. Care and maintenance of top and bottom carriage. GEAR TRAINS. (1) (a) Extreme care should always be observed when lubricating the gear trains of the elevating and traversing mechanism. If care is not taken to follow lubrication instructions, malfunctions may require complete overhaul by ordnance. Condensation caused by rise in temperature must not be al (b) lowed to collect on shafts and bearings or it will result in the freezing The importance of shafts where they enter the housing. CAUTION: of a light coat of lubricant on gear trains cannot be overemphasized. (c) Gear trains on all top carriages will be the most critical Winterization must be done by ordnance problem in lubrication. units as complete disassembly is required. Lubrication orders should When gear trains are winterized, be consulted for correct lubricant. only the bearings should be repacked and the gears coated. Addi tional lubrication must be sparing. Overlubrication will result in in creasing handwheel effort to the point where operations will be hindered. BEARING SURFACE OF TOP CARRIAGE. (2) Winterizing the bearing surface of the top carriage requires (a) complete disassembly. Thorough removal of all old lubricant from Be bearing surface should be performed with dry-cleaning solvent. sure that all old lubricant is removed before applying prescribed Use a light coat as overlubrication will result in difficult lubricant. traversing. Trunnion and trunnion seats. Trunnion and trunnion seats (b) Bearings that are enclosed should should be given special attention. be thoroughly cleaned. Lubricate sparingly, as overlubrication will result in difficult elevation. (c) Make certain that drain holes provided in top and bottom carriage are kept open and that ice or snow is not permitted to gather inside the carriages. Elevating and traversing arcs. Elevating and traversing arcs should be lubricated very spar (1) Snow will frequently collect on these parts. This will cake ingly. under pressure of the gears, forming ice which interferes with elevat ing and traversing. The snow must be removed by vigorous brushing with a stiff-bristle or wire brush before manipulation of the piece is attempted. Elevating and traversing arcs are difficult problems in heavy snowstorms. The importance of keeping them clean and pro tected as much as possible cannot be overemphasized. j. 82

31. SEVERE DUST OR SAND CONDITIONS. a. If considerable dust orsand ispresent when the gun isoper ated, all lubricants on the traversing andelevating arcs andpinions should be removed. Lubricants contaminated with dust or sand are moreharmful than no lubricant atall. b. Clean thoroughly when firing isover, andrelubricate. 32. HIGH HUMIDITY, EXTREME MOISTURE, AND SALT WATER. a. Preservative lubricating oil(medium) will be usedin lieu of engine oil atall temperatures above 0 F for application toall ex ternal unpainted metal surfaces, including the bore and breech and firing mechanism, on whicha filmof lubricant is maintained by manual application. Preservative lubricating oil (medium) will also be used for lubrication ofoil canpoints for which engine oil ispre scribed. b. The boreof thetube and thebreech mechanism should be kept heavily oiled and should be inspected daily for traces of rust. c. Inexcessively salty conditions, the bore andbreech mechanism should be inspected daily fortraces of rust, and theoilshould be changed often asthe salt hasa tendency toemulsify the oil andde stroy its rust-preventive qualities. 33. REPORTS AND RECORDS. a. Reports. Ifinstructions areclosely followed, proper lubri cants used, andsatisfactory results are not obtained, a report will be made tothe ordnance officer responsible for themaintenance ofthe materiel. b. Records. A complete record ofseasonal changes oflubricants andrecoil oil will be kept inthe Artillery Gun Book for the materiel. 84

,J

I <n

o a:

91

^=3 S=

"" jS

61717 PD RA (33-H-986) Hose Inflating -Tire 71 Figure Piece Tig. No.


Mark *U fed. Slack Mo. machs., extra SCREWDRIVER, heavy duty, wood insert han 5 in., of blade dle, length width of blade J in............... TUBE, TUBE, ible, air filling, ir filling, w/couplings complete........ copper, .......... fie*........ 20 41-S-138S 69 69 69 45-T-11442 45-T-11442-30 41-W-1002-40 equilibrator For dj. pressure. For adj. equilibtstor pressure.

IS', angle engrs., WRENCH, dbfe. head, open end, normal size of opngs. duty, alloy-S., J4 %> in................................. 15, angle engrs., WRENCH, duty, normal head, db!e. size of opngs. % x aJJoy-S., i%, in. .................................... 15% angle engrs., WRENCH, dble. head, open end, normal size of opngs. duty, aHoy-S-, 4 x % in... .............................. y 15, angle engts., WRENCH, dble. head, open end, normal sire of opngs. duty, alloy-S., J % l%8 in............................. 15, tmgte engrs., WRENCH, dble. head, open end, normal size of opngs. duty, slloy-S., J'/iixl^ain............................... pipe strap, pipe cap. WRENCH, 1 to S in., length 18 in,...;......,, WRENCH, handle, ew, monkey, knife 8 in. ............................

69

41-W-1003-70

70

41-W-1012

'69

4l-W-102t-lO

65

41-W-loai

19 20

41-W-18S3 41-W-2341

Where tb cfesjory' um n not infliratw),

tbe notnencUturc i> sr!f-expUntory or 93

WAR DEPARTMENT LUBRICATION ORDER U SKISO


18 FEBRUARY 1945 (Supersedes WDLO No. 10, 4 August 1944)

GUN, 155-mm, Ml AND M1AT, Ml CARRIAGE, GUN, 155-mm, Ml LIMBER, CARRIAGE, HEAVY, M2 AND M5
R.f.rencet: ORD 7 SNL D-24, TM 9-350. TM 9-1350

Clean fittings before lubricating. Lubricate after washing.

To clean parti, use SOLVENT, dry cleaning or OIL, fuel, Diesel. Dry before lubricating. For exceptions, see Gun Bore and Breech and Firing Mechanisito Notes. Lubricate dotted arrow points on both sides. Opposite points are shown by short arrows.
^~^^___^^ Inlirval Lubricant

Intervals are based on actual operation under normal conditions. Reduce Intervals under extreme dust, sand, heat or humid conditions. Extend when not in use.

Lubricant * lnt*rval

II

Recoil Slide CG D -^

^~~^^ D OE Gun Bore


Wipa cU.n bafo-a firing (Sa. Nolal

Depart men
^S^ '^/ ~~" D

13

Variable Recoil Control CG M. ^X Shaft Sp.9iy \.

Bri99nUO'.U.o

9 RS ^ ^^ =L jnT
Tpt \x^

Recoil Cylinder Replenisher Fill and Drain If

n
OE

Exposed Recoil Slide Dailyand b.fcr. firing. cU.n and oil

Cap. 120 pt.. ral.rva 2pt.

~~~- D OE

Recoil Slide

11

10
L^ o

Recoil Mecbmism Kef letiisher D -_^___^ <f~ Level Opening . ~~~-. j!

~~~~- W OE o

12
Equilibrator Case and Plunger |SeNote )

Ch.cl daily and befo-B firing

Recoil Slide CG D -_.__ |

~~-~

D OE

Recoil Slide

11

NOTES_.D OE Recoil Slide Recoil Slide ff D OE r, D CG Recoil Slide D OE Equilibrator Guide Slides Equillbrator Guide Adjusting Screw Cle Recupertor Cylinder' Reserve Oil Filling Valve Cap.2pt. D OE ,-

II 11 11 19 20 42 43 7 2

I
RS D Recuperator Cylinder Oil Index
Check daily and before firing

s-

o <o

D OE D OE D OE

Breech Hinge Pin Breech Crankshaft Bearing Breech and Firing Mechanism (See Note)

a: a.
5 4, 6

BREECH AND FIRING MECHANISM Immediately after firing and on 3 consecu tive days thereafter, disassemble the gas checV pad from trie obturator spindle and clean all parts of the breech and firing mechanism, Ml, except the gas check pad with bore swabbing solution. Rinse with clean water, dry thoroughly and oil. Daily, when the gun is not being fired, clean with SOLVENT, dry cleaning, wipe dry and oil. Daily and immediately after firing, the firing lock, MI7 will be cleaned with SOL VENT, dry cleaning, wiped thoroughly dry and oiled. At time of disassembly, wipe the gas check pad clean (do not use dry clean ing solvent or bore swabbing solution). Ap ply a film of OE (SAE 30) above +32F. or (SAE IOJ below +32F. prior to re assembly. EQUILIBRATOR CASE AND PLUNGER With gun at 0 elevation, unscrew cover from front o/ equEUbnator and slide toward narrow end of case. Wipe moisture from all surfaces and apply a thin film of lubricant to all exposed parts including outer surface of both plunger and case. GUN BOREImmediately after firing and on 3 consecutive days thereafter, swab with solution of I/; pound of SODA ASH to each gallon of warm water. Rinse with clean watef, dry thoroughly and oil. Daily, when gun is not being fired, renew the oil f[| m_every 5 days, clean with SOLVENT, dry cleaning, wipe dry and oil.

D OE

Obturator Spindle

-KEYLUBRICANTS
WB GREASE, general purpose, No. 2 RS OIL, recoil, special INTERVALS
D Daily M Monthly

LUBRICANTS
SAE 30 SAE 10 No.o No. 1 PS No.O

LOWEST ANTICIPATED AIR TEMPERATURE above +32F. + 32F.toOF. below 0F.

OE OIL, engine

purpose

PSOIL, lubricating, preservative, special

iM6 moMhs

O O
RA PD 102379

*SEE PARAGRAPH 58

S " 3 S N

"gi< 11 * 1 Ml
-c * ^

&

11 !<3

i o

<

o.

pb<^-o' ^<I_^ uj mu. E "-& OfeS^ 2 ?-

isiilH

Figure73 Reproduction of WarDepartment 98

.
r~\

W CG Limber Base Bearings 37 6M WB Wheel Bearings Remove, clean and rtpAck W OE Trail Base Thrust Bearing
(For diuis.mbly, S ORD. N'sl.J

39 38

O> cn O

V'

W OE Limber Lifting Screw ($,. Nol.J CG Limber Base Bearinas Dearmgs D OE Eye Bolt

I x>
LIMBER, CARRIAGE, HEAVY, M2 51 40 48
R.mov,. cl.in and r.p.cl

CO bi O

LIMBER M2 LIFTING SCREWLoosen locking pin, raise lock and partially fill chamber. OIL CAN POINTS Weekly, lubricate M2 Limber Base and Trail Bearing Surface, M2 Limber Hole Support Locks, Clevises, Hinges and Latches; M5 Limber Eye Bolt Anchor Pins, Clamp Bott Hinges with OE. DO NOT'LUBRICATE Springs, Limber Spring Pins, Bogie Torque Arms. DISASSEMBLED PERIODICALLY BY ORD NANCE PERSONNELEquilibrator Guide Bearings, Variable Recoil Gears, Counter Balance, Cradle Trunnion Bearings, Elevat ing Clutch Mechanism Yoke, Elevating Brake Drum Shaft Bearings, Elevating Handwheel Gear and Pinion, Elevating Shaft Bearings, Elevating Shaft Gear and Pinion, Traversing Mechanism Housiflg, Traversing Worm Wheel Pinion Shaft Low er Bearing, Traversing Handwheel Shaft Bearing, Top Carriage Support Roller Bear ing, M2 Limber Trail Base Thrust Bearing, Bogie Spring Seat Bearings (not fitted with oil plugs).

f "\

Drawbar Bearing Wheel Bearings Spindle Bearings, Upper and Lower Yoke Block Pin Rocker Pin Bushing Sling
CUan and oil

Copy of this Lubrication Order will remain with the equipment at all times; instruc tions contained therein are mandatory and supersede all conflicting lubrication instruc tions dated prior to 18 February 1945.

41 47 36 49

[A.G. 300.8(IB February 1945}]

BYORDEROFTHESECRETARYOFWAR: G. C. MARSHALL, Ch'af of Staff. OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General.

6M CG Lunette LIMBER, CARRIAGE, HEAVY, M5

50

LO 9-350

(qulilllnn c^Hlogal lubrication Ord.n l eo(o oe.withInilrucHoni andMillin FM21.6 RA PD 102380

1 GUN BORE 2 EXPOSED RECOIL SLIDE 3 ELEVATING ARC AND PINION

4BREECH AND FIRING MECHANISM 5 BREECH CAMSHAFT BEARING

5 BREECH CRANKSHAFT BEARING 6- BREECH AND FIRING MECHANISM

7 BREECH HINGE PIN 8 OBTURATOR SPINDLE

9 RECOIL CYLINDER REPLENISHER 10 RECOIL MECHANISM REPLENISHER LEVEL OPENING FILL AND DRAIN RA PD 102374 figure 74 - Lubricating Points, 100 Nos. 1 to 10 Inclusive

Paint Wheels.

Preventive Maintenance of tires,' tubes, tire air Note condition Check disk valve, disks, and rims. Check and rim nuts for tightness. disk and rim studs for body bruises or scored threads.

Detailed

Initnictloiu

Pars. 83 and 86

Air

line (2)

clips. HEAVY bearing.

Check CARRIAGE Inspect Inspect Inspect Inspect Inspect

for broken LIMBER

or loose air line clips. MS

Par. 86

Drawbar

and service. and service, and service. and service. and service. and make certain that have all been

WDLO WDLO WDLO WDLO WDLO previously performed.

9-3SO 9-3SO 9-350 9-350 9-350 sched

bearings Spindle upper and lower. Yoke block pin. Rocker pin bushing. Sling. f. uled Monthly. preventive Point Variable recoil con trol shaft. Brake camshaft bracket. mecha Traversing nism housing. Traversing wheel. Pintle pin bearing.* sup Top carriage port roller bear ing. rear Top carriage clip. hold-down Slack adjuster. carriage M2 as a carriage MS as a Heavy limber unit. Heavy limber unit. g. worm

Inspect

maintenance

operations

1 Preventive Maintenance Inspect and service. Inspect Inspect Inspect Inspect Inspect and service. and service. and service. and service.* and service.

Detailed InstrwctlMii WDLO 9-350 WDLO WDLO WDLO WDLO WDLO 9-350 9-350 9-350 9-350 9-350

Inspect Inspect Inspect

and service. and adjust. and service.

WDLO Par. 84 WDLO

9-350

9-350

Inspect

and service.

WDLO

9-350

Semi-annually. preventive Point

Inspect maintenance

and

make

certain have

that

all Deta

previously performed. 9-350

scheduled

operations

been

Preventive Maintenance Inspect and service. Assemble, Inspect Inspect clean and repack.

Brake camshaft bearing. Wheel Brake bearings. anchor pins.

WDLO Par. 83 WDLO WDLO

and service. and service.

9-350 9-350

Lunette.

*In order to lubricate the pintle pin bearing properly and to prevent interference with the elevating pinion, remove the straight lubricating fitting from the pintle bolt cover and replace It with an elbow type lubricating fitting. 112

46.

BREECH MECHANISM DOES NOT OPERATE FREELY.

disassemble freely, operate not does mechanism breech the a. If lightly. relubricate and thoroughly parts all Clean mechanism. breech and burs for threads recess andbreech thebreechblock Examine personnel. maintenance ordnance notify present, are any If scores. the of firing, angles athigh hard closes breechblock b. Ifthe 59). (par. Adjust adjusted. may be improperly counterbalance Tapthe breechblock). (seized open not does c. Breechblock a have sametime the at hammer brass with breechblock ofthe rear this If lever. operating breech on the pull a reasonable man exert protect to burlap with (wrapped timber 4-x 4-inch a long insert fails, have time same the at and tube ofthe end muzzle downthe bore) the this If lever. operating breech on the pull a reasonable a man exert maintenance ordnance notify breechblock, seized the torelieve fails do isloaded, weapon whenthe seizes breechblock the If personnel. personnel. maintenance ordnance notify but timber, the use not 114

47.

GUN RETURNS TO BATTERY WITH TOO GREAT A SHOCK. a. Thegunreturning into battery with toogreat a shock may be caused by either .insufficient oil inthe replenisher, excess oil inthe counterrecoil mechanism, change ofviscosity ofoil duetorapid firing, ora broken replenisher spring. b. Refill the replenisher (par. 79)anddrain the reserve oil off andrefill tonormal (par. 80).Allow mechanism tocool before con tinuing firing. If this malfunction isnot then correct notify ordnance maintenance personnel.

48. GUN OVERRECOILS. a. Thegunoverrecoiling (figs. 95 and96)may be caused by in sufficient oil inthe recoil cylinder, insufficient gaspressure inthe re cuperator, orby malfunction ofthe variable recoil mechanism. b. Refill the replenisher (par. 79).If action isnot normal then notify ordnance maintenance personnel. 49. GUN UNDERRECOELS. a. Ifthegun underrecoils, therecoil mechanism may notbe warmed up andthe oil too thick. The gunwill recoil normally after a fewrounds. b. Clean andlubricate the tube bearing surface. Ifthe bearing surface isscored, notify ordnance maintenance personnel. 50. GUN WILL NOT RETURN TO BATTERY. a. When thegun doesnotreturn tobattery itmay be caused either by insufficient oil inthe counterrecoil system orinsufficient gas pressure. b. Drain off andrefill the oil reserve. If this does not correct the action notify ordnance maintenance personnel. 51. GUN SLOW TO RETURN TO BATTERY WHEN OIL INDICATION IS NORMAL. This condition is caused byinsufficient gaspressure orexcess friction inthe packings andcannot becorrected inthe field; notify ordnance maintenance personnel. 52. UNEVEN OR JERKY RECOIL ACTION. a. This condition may becaused by air having been admitted into the oil, lack of lubrication, or scoring on the gun slides andcradle guides. Evidence ofair present isnoticeable by foaming orfrothing ofthe oil whenit isbled fromthe recoil cylinder. b. If there isevidence of air inrecoil cylinder, notify ordnance maintenance personnel. Inspect, clean, andlubricate the gun slides andcradle guides. 115

120

CRANKSHAFT NUT CRANKSHAFT E-. BOLT SAFETY PLUNGER HOUSING SAFETY PLUNGER SAFETY PLUNGER SPRING CROSSHEAD - SMtfomrJ Mickanlun VW RA PO 38894 E

SAFETY PLUNGER HANDLE - Bmtck

I "E o
1 a

o n

-.

i I -

i o
i

Space denotes proper assembly and proper head space

RA PD 50499 Figure 82 Method for and with use c. carrier rotates, roughness d. possible, ordnance e. place f. covering. g. (except coated by oilcan of Daily, the with other crocus any other evidence cloth, of notify of Using Gage To Check Assembly

Proper If

Heat/space not possible to smooth or Do clean not

erosion. ordnance

maintenance

personnel.

abrasive. carrier the pin with spindle. the spindle machined for crocus assembly. surface or cloth. obturator cloth; if spindle not for possible, burs. notify If a roughened Examine on which scored the the condition. breechblock breechblock Remove

Breechblock assembly, and or hinge scores

Obturator smooth

Examine using

crocus

maintenance Split rings. rings. pad.

personnel. Examine the split rings for burs or cracks. Re

defective Gas check

Examine pad. is not must oil.

gas

check

pad

for

bruises

or

torn

Replace when gas a thin will all

defective the film are gun pad) of

being be

fired, to

the

breech

mechanism dried, parts wiping will lubri and be cloth.

check

cleaned

thoroughly, moving a clean use

Application otherwise, if necessary

if oilholes moving

provided,

Disassembly cation

be undertaken parts.

to insure

complete

128

FRONT HEAD COUNTERBALANCE CYLINDER -COUNTERBALANCE PISTON ROD REAR HEAD REGULATING SCREW

PISTON ROD SPRING-1 COUNTERBALANCE PISTON RA PD 101413 Figure 85 Counterbalance Mechanism

carefully coat oilholes will moved dry-cleaning nism i. (1) pad. be Oil be with Gas be with

removed. oil are

After

rinsing to

in

clean parts a of clean

water, will

dry be

thoroughly, made cloth. have be clean by oilcan

and if

Application present, daily and solvent,

moving use

otherwise, until after wiped or soap all firing, dry,

wiping residue will not

Cleaning been re with mecha

repeated Daily

traces firing and

primer M17 Do

lock oiled.

cleaned this

soda-ash check

solutions.

pads. care should the be exercised in cleaning the oil the of will gas gas the check not pads check precaution solvent cleaning be will gas check will

Extreme After removal clean rapid dry

from

obturator cloth. A therefore, Never

spindle, film clean type or of gas

pad

wiped causes replaced

with at

a dry assembly. or cleaning

applied always pad with should ever solution.

deterioration, any

check

dry-cleaning CAUTION: be taken in that contact The covering. be be is not It

solvent When no bore with type by inspect by

other breech solution check pad or pad. use of pad.

the

assemblies, dry-cleaning

swabbing the gas gas

comes (2) or torn cannot must pad water.

old

check defective

should pad.

be Damage

examined to gas

for extreme

bruises seat care check or by or

Replace to not

check gas

repaired

stoning the

polishing, The oil, if no

therefore, Neoprene rubber rifle to the

taken is

affected

normal

solvents, dropped

bore

cleaner,

seriously

affected

ground

FIRING MECHANISM SAFETY PLUNGER

SPIRING MECHANISM "BLOCK HANDLE


FIRING MECHANISM BLOCK

FIRING PIN

PROTECTIVE RIM
(SAFETY FEATURE)

CUTAWAY PORTION OF PROTECTIVE] RIM TO ALLOW PERCUSSION HAMMER^ TO CONTACT FIRING PINj FIRING MECHANISM Ml FIRING LOCK HOUSING FORj 155-MM GUN Ml, M1A1 AND M2\

PRIMER EXTRACTOR - B290424 OILCUP-CLFX2A

OPERATING LEVER BRACKET ASS'Y

FIRING LOCK BREECHBLOCK CLOSED

OPERATING LEVER BRACKET

OPERATING LEVER

LFIRING LOCK HOUSING


f IRING LOCK BREECHBLOCK OPEN Figure 86 -Firing Mechanism MI and Firing lock Ml 7 132 p(j

PRIMER HOLDER FIRING PIN GUIDE SAFETY SET SCREW FIRING MECHANISM SHOE FIRING MECHANISM BLOCK PLUNGER FIRING MECHANISM BLOCK FIRING PIN SPRING-A1226I

FIRING PIN

PLUNGER SPRING PIN-BFDX1BN FIRING MECHANISM BLOCK HANDLE


I 2.1 I 3

FIRING PIN HOUSING RA PD View (fig, 87). pin) unscrew the Re the com the firing 102420

Figure 64. move primer pression firing pin. 65. pin into Lock pin block, screws firing Screw ASSEMBLY guide pin

87 Firing OF set screw Remove Remove with

Mechanism FIRING from the pin

Ml

Exploded Ml

DISASSEMBLY the safety spring. housing holder.

MECHANISM primer guide set screw provided, holder and the and and

and (firing shoe,

unscrew

the firing the wrench

the safety

remove

OF will holder firing pin

FIRING hold with pin

MECHANISM and in the guide, the safety and safety flush or screw center the the the guide

Ml. primer

Place Aline

the

firing firmly hole. firing spring.

in its seat in the block in the in the primer holder

holder set Place in screw the the

its seat, which the spring and are primer

in position. of firing set screw.

the nearest

serration

the pin

the firing

housing the they

into be

the rear end of the firing and set screw. below the

mechanism the set of the

assemble seated,

shoe must

When outside

mechanism

blocks.

66. DISASSEMBLY OF PERCUSSION MECHANISM. Disassem ble the percussion, mechanism, starting with the positioning pin lo cated in the knob (fig. 80), then remove the pin in the knob to re lease the spring and locking pin. Remove pin in forked end of re ceiver to release hinge pin, then remove percussion hammer. 133

-FIRING LOCK HOUSING

FIRING LOCK, M17

OPERATING HANDLE BRACKET, ASS'Y

RA PD 95143 Figure 71. and with pin 72. DLE handle operating in 73. a. in over washer lector the pull place the in and inner place REMOVAL slide the the and the 88-Firing AND operating in the the lock M17Closed OF the the 89). OF keyways. to lock firing pin. M17. to the trigger Insert the the 135 pull pull rod rod the pull rotor the with spring pull the pull rod the and rod pull rod and and rod the in open lock with spring rod se in the the slots push OPERATING handle the pin. Replace and Insert the lock HANin the the lock operating out keyway the of Position HANDLE bracket lock handle lines pin, up bracket. pivot

DISASSEMBLY Remove handle handle lever. (fig. until bracket Remove

OPERATING handle firing the in the

BRACKET Rotate

ASSEMBLY. operating

operating

bracket

keyway remove

operating

handle AND

ASSEMBLY BRACKET handle pivot with pin the handle

INSTALLATION Place aline the the handle and

ASSEMBLY. bracket and bracket operating OF the the of rod. firing the washer. the THE rotate

the'operating

operating

assembly handle FIRING hammer pin. to the end of

in the bracket

housing

ASSEMBLY Assemble with pull the aline rod shoulder

LOCK tripper

firing bushing trigger keyed

tripper Replace

Assemble the firing rear.

bushing pull

Place

selector.

Compress

PRIMER EXTRACTOR - B290424 FIRING LOCK HOUSING

OPERATING HANDLE BRACKETOPERATING HANDLE

RA PD 32124

Figure

89 Firing

Lock

Ml7

Open

Position

OPERATING HANDLE '/ BRACKET PIN - A338274

. OPERATING HANDLE BRACKET

FIRING LOCK MI'7

(FIRING LOCK HOUSING FOR ISS-MM GUN MI, MIAI. AND M2


M 8-IN. HOWITZER Ml AND M2. 8-IN. GUN Ml RA PD 32125 Figure 90 Firing Lock 136 and Housing

FACE PLATE RETAINING PIN-A7157504

FACE PLATE67157505

FIRING LOCK BODY-07157539

FIRING HAMMER - B290426 FIRING SPRING STOP - A338220 FIRING SPRING - A338262

FIRING PIN SPRING-A338222

FIRING SPRING LOCKING CAP-A7I5753!

FIRING PIN -A338246 'BODY CAP-A338249 TRIGGER. ASSEMBLY

RA PD 95Z96 Assembly and Firing Hammer and Spring Exploded View

Figure

91 - Trigger

VARIABLE RECOIL VARIABLE RECOIL CAM TURNING ROD REPLENISHER CONNECTING ROD

VARIABLE RECOIL) HOUSING!

REPLENISHER FILLING PLUG

RA PD 102411 Figure mechanism compressing length the recoil, or firing b. (1) openingsthe gun (2) rod the the recoil controls piston the The 92 Repfenisher is to the absorb nitrogen and bringing and energy remainder and gas and Variable part parts Recoil of the Mechanisms recoil system, The recoil energy function mechanism of by of

dissipate in the recoiling recoil

counterrecoil to rest. of the Upon

limiting

of recoil, the

counterrecoil this stored position. Recoil. During motion piston When and the

recuperator of the is utilized

portions to return

is to store

energy.

completion

the gun to the in-battery

recoil,

oil

in

the

recoil

cylinder recoil The when the gun, which

is throttled rod, gun oil

through and in housed

past the recoil is slowed rod, size this elevating of

piston,

so that stationary through a

energy throttling the the rotation

is absorbed is fired.

to a stop. or depressing orifice

remains

of the control is forced the the past gun oil is

provides in the the length

variable cylinder of recoil.

recoil. through

Raising which

changes throttled (3) end of

grooves

recoil

and shortens the

at the rod acts as a buffer rear end of the throttling of the amount a small throttling motion, counterrecoil and and into the recoil cylinder, grooves throttling recoil oil through so that the gun is eased into action down the counterrecoil slowing position. battery 139

RECOIL PISTON, ASSEMBLY

COUNTERRECOIL PISTON, ASSEMBLY

RECUPERATOR, ASSEMBLY

LINE TO OIL PUMPM3 Figure by a small a full mately and than oil 0.20 rod 94 Pumping which the extends oil index Oil Reserve Into Recuperator head.

RA PD 86545

through will index

the cylinder oil the 80. index oil

If there or approxi If

is

reservoir, inch

project of the will When to drain

5 millimeters housing. index less than

beyond

the face

there less the

is insufficient may reservoir CRADLE.

reserve, completely

the oil

project

5 millimeters projects and refill

disappear. it is necessary

5 millimeters,

completely

as described The has the

in paragraph is mounted the recoil,

77.

cradle

on the trunnion counterrecoil, and attached.

bearings recuperator The

of

the top cylinders, trunnions One its front

carriage. and form end. cap

It houses the fulcrum The other top

replenisher

cylinder

cradle near to the at the cradle arc, fits a recoil

for the movement equilibrators end of lock the A

of the gun in elevation. to the cradle is attached connection bogie The to the elevating

end of each of the two on the the to hold

is'secured equilibrator cradle lock on the position.

trunnion front and which end

carriage.

secures

cradle

mount

is used

the cradle

in travel

is engaged

by the pinion

of the elevating

mechanism,

is secured

in alinement on the bottom of the cradle by a projection which mating groove in the cradle. The replenisher and the variable mechanism A gun are assembled hoist to the left for side and front the retracting is used retracting 141 gun.

end of the cradle.

JBOO

ELEVATION OF GUN IN MILS

,400

RECOIL SHOULD BE WITHIN THESE LIMITS

200

60 50 40 RECOIL IN INCHES NORMAL RECOIL OIL TEMPERATURE Charge ~Nrm*l

70

IA FD 4M* 93-Limftt

ELEVATION OF GUN IN MILS

,400

s
I 200

RECOIL SHOULD BE WITHIN THESE LIMITS

1
RECOIL IN INCHES AT NORMAL RECOIL OIL TEMPERATURE

40 50 60

70 2 8 RA PD 4247

figure 96 Limits of Length of Recoil Supercharge

I I
e o I

1 .9

RIGHT HAND EQUILIBRATOR ASS'Y

LEFT HAND EQUILIBRATOR ASS'Y

RA PD 102383 Figure 98 Equilibrators 148

x o
.Q "5 o-

O)

o o

O 3 O I LU > _I O z _l J _J Ll_ a < IBRATOR LU ^ > 13 Z _i D a LU ti ^ LU I LU i o; g I* a. _ 1

Os Os 2 3 0)

149

PLUG

GAGE TEE CAP

VALVE OPENER, ASSEMBLY

EQUIUBRATOR Figure unscrewed device. (4) (5) valve Before body and ing (6) sticking (7) gage. for the the in the of The The Screw Screw assembly tightening into such gage Force valve the gage the the until the

VALVE ASSEMBLY JO I Chocking point pressure air the position easily open band. in the equilibrator should gun coincide and the the the filling large read. gas filling Tap the valve gage nut has been

PLUG (REMOVED) Equilibrator withdrawn in the gage the device will be

TUBE RA PD 86572 Pressure into air into plug the filling the was body, readily body of the

gage

in place and from on the tee

device. gas swing filling the removed. accessible by screw error due to

device

of the equilibrator that the

which filling cap

in the lightly will with

equilibrator to avoid

opener.

pressure of

now the

be indicated pressure temperature

on the required as above on the 15

reading

elevation

atmospheric

specified in the table the specified reading, lower pounds limit of is smaller pressure

below. The leeway allowed is 89 pounds and 56 pounds below. (The tolerance than on during the higher test.) limit because is lost each
151

about

x\\\x\v\v\\\x\v
SHIELD

STUD

HUB NUT

BRAKE DRUM WHEELS

RA PD 102414

Figure b. To remove

103 Dual Wheel and hubs.

Mounting

wheels

(1) Raise the wheels clear off the ground by means of the jack provided, or by lowering the carriage to the ground and raising the bogie wheels with the lifting mechanism. (2) OUTSIDE'WHEELS. right- and left-hand thread (3) INSIDE move cap nuts. Remove cap nuts feature of the nuts. (fig. 103). Note

WHEELS. Remove outside wheels as described. Re Note left- and right-hand thread feature of the nuts.

(4) HUBS. Remove wheels as described. Remove the hub cap and its gasket by removing the six cap screws which secure them to the hub. Remove the axle and nut, the axle washer, and the axle < nut and dowel. Withdraw the taper roller bearing. Remove the hub and brake drum, taking care not to damage the large roller bearing or the oil retainer at the inner end of the hub. {a) Remove bearing cone assemblies from hub. Wash bearings, cones, spindle, and inside of hub, and dry thoroughly. Inspect bear ing races and report to ordnance maintenance personnel if damaged. Coat the spindle and inside of hub and hub cap with prescribed grease to a maximum thickness of % 6 inch only, to retard rust. 155

SPLIT RING REMOVABLE FLANGE

RAPD 24052

Figure

106 Tire lock

Ring

decreased to 36 pounds when traveling over soft terrains. The air pressure for the limber tires under average conditions is 65 pounds. This air may be increased to 70 pounds when traveling over im proved highways or decreased to 60 pounds when traveling over soft terrains. When checking pressures, check valve cores for leaks. Always use an accurate gage to determine air pressure. All air gages should be checked periodically with a precision-type gage. Never try to judge air pressure by the eye or by kicking a tire. Check pressure when tires are cool. (b) Tires should never be bled (air let out) during or imme diately after operation. Tires heat as they roll, and heat causes air to expand, which increases the pressure. Bleeding reduces air pressure, not the temperature. Bleeding actually makes tires run hotter, and may cause sudden, complete tire failure. When a bled tire cools, it is dangerously underinflated. 159

HAND BRAKE LEVER

SLACK ADJUSTER BRAKE CAMSHAFT

ADJUSTER SCREW Figure 108-Slack Adjuster

BRAKE CHAMBER

RA PD 86528

DRAIN PLUG

RA PD 86526

Figure

109163

Air

Filter