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Workshop

1. Which of the following elements has the largest number of electrons for which the principal quantum number, n, is 3? Na Al Si Cl Ar Zn

2. Which is the first element to have 4d electrons in its electron configuration? Ca Sc Rb Y La

3. Use the following clues to identify the element. Show any figuring in the space below. This element has a 3p sublevel that contains 3 electrons. This element has a 4s sublevel with 2 electrons for its outermost electrons. This element has 1 electron in its 3d sublevel. This element has 5 electrons in its 5p sublevel This element has a completely filled 3p sublevel for its outermost electrons. This element has 2 electrons in its 6p sublevel.

4. Does an electron with this set of quantum numbers exist in the element calcium? n=4 l=1 m=0 s=- 5. Determine the element whose outermost electron (last electron added) is being defined by the following quantum numbers. n = 2 l =0 n=4 n= n=4 15.) n = 3 3 l =1 l =1 l=0 l=2 m=0 s = - 1/2 m=1 m = -1 s m=0 s= 1/2 s = -1/s s = -1 /2 = +1/2 Kr

m = -2

6. Which of the following electron configurations are for atoms in the ground state? In the excited state? Which are impossible? (a) 1s2 2s23s2 (e) 2s2 2p6 3s1 (b) 1s2 2p3 (f) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3d1 (c) 1s2 2s3 2p5 (d) 1s1 2s2 2p7

7. Which of the following electron configurations are for atoms in the ground state? the excited state? Which are impossible? (a) 1s2 2s1 3s1 (b) 2s2 2p2 (c) 1s2 2s2 2p3 (d) 1s2 1p1 2s2

(e) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d1

(f) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d1 3f1

8. Give the symbols of (a) all the elements in which all the 5d orbitals are half-full (b) all the nonmetals in period 3 that have two or more unpaired electrons. (c) all the elements in Group 1 where the Sp sublevel is full (d) all the metalloids that have paired 4p electrons. 9. Give the symbols of (a) all the elements in Group 17 that have filled 4p sub-levels (b) all the nonmetals in the fourth period that have no unpaired electrons. (c) all the metalloids that have filled 3s sublevels. (d) all the elements in the second period that have one unpaired electron. 10. In what main group(s) of the periodic table do element(s) have the following number of filled p orbitals in the outermost principal level? (a) 0 11. (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

Name the elements whose electron configurations are:


1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d3 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 5d1 4f6

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p1

Which one of the following is an incorrect orbital notation? A) 3py B) 4s C) 4dxy D) 3f E) 2s

Which one of the following orbitals can hold two electrons? A) 3s B) 2px C) 4dxy D) all of the above E) none of the above Which one of the following configurations depicts an excited carbon atom? A) 1s22s22p13s1 B) 1s22s22p1 What is the value of the angular momentum quantum number, l , for the following orbital? a. b. -1 c. 0 d. 1 Which two elements have the same ground-state electron configuration? A) Cu and Ag B) Fe and Cu C) Cl and Ar D) Pd and Pt E) No two elements have the same ground-state electron configuration.

Write the electron configuration for the followings: 1. sodium ____________________________________________________________ 2. magnesium _________________________________________________________ 3. iron _______________________________________________________________ 4. potassium __________________________________________________________ 5. selenium ___________________________________________________________ In the space below, write the abbreviated electron configurations of the following elements: 6. cobalt _____________________________________________________________ 7. silver ______________________________________________________________ 8. tellurium ___________________________________________________________ 9. radium ____________________________________________________________ 10. lawrencium ________________________________________________________ Determine what elements are denoted by the following electron configurations: 11. 1s22s22p63s23p4 _____________________ 12. 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s1 _______________________ 13. [Kr] 5s24d105p3 _____________________ 14. [Xe] 6s24f145d6 ______________________ 15. [Rn] 7s25f11 _________________________ Explain what is wrong with the following electron configurations: 16. 1s22s22p63s23p64s24d104p6 17. 1s22s22p63s33d5 Solutions to Electron Configurations Practice Worksheet In the space below, write the unabbreviated electron configurations of the following elements: 1. sodium 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 1 2. magnesium 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3. iron 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 6 4. potassium 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 1 5. selenium 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 4 In the space below, write the abbreviated electron configurations of the following elements: 6. cobalt [Ar] 4s 2 3d 7 7. silver [ Kr] 5s 2 4d 9 8. tellurium [ Kr] 5s 2 4d 10 5p 4 9. radium [Rn] 7s2 10. lawrencium [Rn] 7s 2 5f 14 6d 1 Determine what elements are denoted by the following electron configurations: 11. 1s22s22p63s23p4 Sulfur 12. 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s1 rubidium 13. [Kr] 5s24d105p3 antimony 14. [Xe] 6s24f145d6 osmium 15. [Rn] 7s25f11 einsteinium Explain what is wrong with the following electron configurations: 16. 1s22s22p63s23p64s24d104p6 The 3d level should come after the 4s level. 17. 1s22s22p63s33d5 The 3s level cannot hold 3 electrons.