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# A simple measurement method of laser line width

THE PROBLEM
When a user wants to measure the width a laserline he must find a simple, but more precise method, than a school ruler. I tried it... My laser is a 635nm focusable red line lazer (5mW). It has .! mrad di"er#ence (on the documentation). \$he type is %icotronic LC 635-5-3-F(14x45). WalterMo constructed a hi#h precision, professional system, which use a photodiode for measurin# the current at each steppin# sta#e of the line. &ee at'
http'((www.da"id)laserscanner.com(forum("iewtopic.php*t+3 ,hi#hli#ht+measurement-laser-line-width

I hadn.t similar tools (e/cept the blade), but ha"e printer, an#le meter, 6 Mp/ di#ital camera. If I pro0ect the line perpendicular to a flat surface the line width will be less then 1 mm. WalterMo measured ,32 mm for a similar (LC 650-5-3-F) module at 1 m distance. I can.t measure it manually...

A SIMPLE SOLUTION
If you rotate the pro0ection.s plain around the laser line (as a/is), the pro0ected width of the line will increase. \$he relati"e width of the pro0ected line is' W + w 3 ct#n 4 where, 5w 6 is the width of the laser line on a surface which perpendicular to the line.s direction 546 is the an#le of the laser line (plain) and the pro0ection.s surface. I used 57 an#le between the laser plain and the pro0ection.s surface (see the 1th ima#e). It means that W + 11,!33 w 8 9/ample' WalterMo.s line will be near !,5 mm, if the distance 1 cm. It.s measurable well.

. . \$he #eneral difference from the a"era#e is . 5 . 4ny user can measure on the paper directly. 4 5yellow6 line width of the most intens area. but can use hi#h resolution di#ital ima#es for more precise measurements8 I made a series of photos. ? . \$he ima#e area was !.5 5Ded6 line' !?1 5Cellow6 line' .. 3 . (\$he 5pi/el6 "alues are the a"era#es of ! measurements. which ha"e 5 mm fre:uency and it #lued on the surface.) Pixel Beam width (mm) 5Cellow6 line' .nd ima#e.! 5Ded6 line' .5A intensity limit.I printed a calibration net.?16 / . and a 5red6 line width.. which contains the less intens areas too. ! . 5Cellow6 line' . \$he 5border6 of the 5yellow6 and 5red6 lines is based the #eneralization in my 5"isual brain6. \$he measurement distances were' 1 . @ . sec) a#ainst the resonance of the shootin#s.32 @ cm .11.. \$he resolution on the ima#e' . I not calculated the beam width by the 13.2 5Ded6 line' . cm. I used the camera. I worBed in remote sensin# fotointerpretation pro0ects many times. 6 5Ded6 line' 3@. I calculated .. 5Ded6 line' 3 1 5Cellow6 line' . \$he number of pi/els is ..)3 A. MEASUREMENTS I made ? measurements.@ 5Ded6 line' . #(m.. width "alue in all case. cm / 3.s self timer (. 1!2 mm(pi/el 4fter the reconstraction the 5real6 (perpendicular) line width (usin# the formula) 1 pi/el on the ima#e is . 5en#ineerin#6 or 5technical6 paper. &ee the ..63 1 cm 5Cellow6 line' . 13 mm on the laser beam. 6 . \$he photos made in macro mode under low li#ht conditions. camera. \$he laser line was focused manually in all case. cm (you can see the 5 mm fre:uency #rid).!? ? cm 5Cellow6 line' 1?. I used 1. by a &ony <&=)>. white.

. 5Ded6 line' .3 mm 1 cm + . cm WalterMo.32 mm \$he .36 6 cm 5Cellow6 line' 16.2 ! cm 5Cellow6 line' 1.33 5 cm 5Cellow6 line' 1!6 5Ded6 line' ....5Cellow6 line' 1? 5Ded6 line' .53 5Cellow6 line' .! mrad di"er#ence "alue seems to be EF.? 5Cellow6 line' . 5Cellow6 line' .) .1@ . (It results ..! mm di"er#ence on 1 cm distance.s results on the similar laser module are between my measure) ments.11 5Ded6 line' ..3 5Ded6 line' 1@3 5Cellow6 line' .. 5 cm + .12 5Ded6 line' .3 5Ded6 line' .1 5Ded6 line' .@5 5Cellow6 line' . 3 cm 5Cellow6 line' ?@ 5Ded6 line' 1.16 5Ded6 line' .

GHc . cm. but on the ed#es of the lines are decrease dramatically. En this re#ions the intensity "alues aren. cm distance laser line' cm distance 4nd the more wider 1 m distance laser line' Cou may see that the most intense parts of the laser lines are on the top 5re#ions6 of the intensity rid#es.PLUS I made 5surface models6 by the ima#es intensity "alues for the . and the 1 ima#es. Pataki Zsolt >un#ary.t "aryin#. \$he thin .