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# Chapter 23 (# 4, 8, 9, 16, 17, 35, 84

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4. In Fig. 23-28, a butterf ! net i" in a unif#r\$ e e%tri% fie & #f \$agnitu&e E ' 3.( \$)*C. +he ri\$, a %ir% e #f ra&iu" a ' 11%\$, i" a igne& perpen&i%u ar t# the fie &. +he net %#ntain" n# net %harge. Fin& the e e%tri% f u, thr#ugh the netting. 4. The flux through the flat surface encircled by the rim is given by Φ = πa 2 E. Thus, the flux through the netting is Φ′ = −Φ = −π a 2 E = −π (0.11 m) 2 (3.0 × 10−3 !") = −1.1×10−4 ×m 2 !" .

8. -hen a "h#.er i" turne& #n in a % #"e& bathr##\$, the "p a"hing #f .ater #n the bare tub %an fi the r##\$/" air .ith negati0e ! %harge& i#n" an& pr#&u%e an e e%tri% fie & in the air a" great a" 1((( )*C. C#n"i&er a bathr##\$ .ith &i\$en"i#n" 2.5 \$ 1 3.( \$ 1 2.( \$. 2 #ng the %ei ing, f ##r, an& f#ur .a ", appr#,i\$ate the e e%tri% fie & in the air a" being &ire%te& perpen&i%u ar t# the "urfa%e an& a" ha0ing a unif#r\$ \$agnitu&e #f 6(( )*C. 2 "#, treat th#"e "urfa%e" a" f#r\$ing a % #"e& 3au""ian "urfa%e ar#un& the r##\$/" air. -hat are (a) the 0# u\$e %harge &en"it! ρ an& (b) the nu\$ber #f e,%e"" e e\$entar! %harge" e per %ubi% \$eter in the r##\$/" air4 #. (a) The total surface area bounding the bathroom is A = 2 ( 2.\$ × 3.0 ) + 2 ( 3.0 × 2.0 ) + 2 ( 2.0 × 2.\$ ) = 3% m 2 . The absolute value of the total electric flux, &ith the assum'tions stated in the 'roblem, is r r r ( Φ (=( ∑ E ⋅ A (=( E ( A = ()00)(3%) = 22 ×103 ⋅ m 2 ! ".

*y +auss, la&, &e conclude that the enclosed charge (in absolute value) is ( qenc (= ε 0 ( Φ (= 2.0 × 10 −% ". Therefore, &ith volume V - 1\$ m3, and recogni.ing that &e are dealing &ith negative charges (see 'roblem), the charge density is qenc!V - /1.3 × 10/# "!m3. (b) 0e find ((qenc(!e)!V - (2.0 × 10/%!1.) × 10/11)!1\$ - #.2 × 1010 excess electrons 'er cubic meter.

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1×104 ε 0 #. 23811. .peri\$enta ! that the e e%tri% fie & in a %ertain regi#n #f 5arth/" at\$#"phere i" &ire%te& 0erti%a ! &#. (b) Ca %u ate the \$agnitu&e #f the e e%tri% fie & 8u"t #ut"i&e the "urfa%e #f the "ate ite. 2 2 πD π ( 1. The net charge inside the cube is given by +auss. +he e e%tri% fie & 8u"t ab#0e the "urfa%e #f the %harge& &ru\$ #f a ph#t#%#p!ing \$a%hine ha" a \$agnitu&e E #f 2.\$4 ×10−) " = 3.m 2 !". 16.ith h#ri7#nta fa%e" at a titu&e" #f 2(( an& 3(( \$.( )*C6 at an a titu&e #f 2(( \$. 5sing 67.4 ×10−) " = = 4.#\$ ×10 −12" 2 ! )( ×m 2 = 2. Fin& the net a\$#unt #f %harge %#ntaine& in a %ube 1(( \$ #n e&ge. so the total flux through the cube surface is Φ = A( El − Eu ). 9upp#"e a "pheri%a \$eta "ate ite 1. 2t an a titu&e #f 3(( \$ the fie & ha" \$agnitu&e 6(. 3ince the field is do&n&ard. the flux through the u''er face is negative and the flux through the lo&er face is 'ositive. 1%.\$ × 10−% "!m 2 . 9pa%e 0ehi% e" tra0e ing thr#ugh 5arth/" ra&iati#n be t" %an inter%ept a "ignifi%ant nu\$ber #f e e%tr#n".4 :C #f %harge in #ne #rbita re0# uti#n. +he re"u ting %harge bui &up %an &a\$age e e%tr#ni% %#\$p#nent" an& &i"rupt #perati#n".3 × 10\$ " #. &ue t# the "urfa%e %harge. It i" f#un& e. and El be the magnitude of the field at the lo&er face. Thus.0 ×10 −) "!m 2 .πD2.ero. Eu be the magnitude of the electric field at the u''er face. la&4 q = ε 0 Φ = ε 0 A( El − Eu ) = (#. a""u\$ing the &ru\$ i" a %#n&u%t#r4 1). (a) Fin& the re"u ting "urfa%e %harge &en"it!.3 \$ in &ia\$eter a%%u\$u ate" 2.#\$ × 10−12 "2 ! .3 m ) σ 4. the \$agnitu&e i" 1(( )*C.\$ × 10−% "!m 2 = = \$. 2et A be the area of one face of the cube.n.#\$ ×10−12 "2 ! = 3. 23811 gives E= q 2. σ= (b) 67.0 !") σ = Eε 0 = ( 2.3 1 1(5 )*C. -hat i" the "urfa%e %harge &en"it! #n the &ru\$.\$4 µ ". . the surface charge density is ⋅ m 2 )(100 m) 2 (100 !" − )0. ) 17. The flux through the other faces is . 1. (a) The area of a s'here may be &ritten 4πR2.11) CHAPTER 23 9.

0e &ant to find its magnitude in the region bet&een the &ire and the cylinder as a function of the distance r from the &ire.#\$ × 10−12 ×m ÷  2ε 0   2ε 0   ε0   ÷ "2   ( ) ( !" 9 i.n their inner fa%e". t. %ir%u ar.a i" 2. If the e e%tri% fie & at the "he /" inner .ire4 #4.ire.11% 35. #f the ga" at#\$". +he re"u ting free e e%tr#n" (e) are &ra. %#n&u%ting %! in&ri%a "he . ) 84. . +hu".# arge.ire.9 1 1(4 )*C. coaxial &ith the &ire. thin \$eta p ate" are para e an& % #"e t# ea%h #ther. In Fig.ire "urr#un&e& b! a %#n%entri%. 0e use 67.(( 1 1(-22 C*\$2. Thus. (c) *et&een the 'lates4   −22 2 ÷  r  σ      σ σ %. >#re free e e%tr#n" are thereb! %reate&.nly the charge on the &ire is actually enclosed by the +aussian surface< &e denote it by q." a 3eiger %#unter.ire i" 25 :\$.a i#ni7e" a fe. 3ince the magnitude of the field at the cylinder &all is :no&n. the p ate" ha0e e.0. the +aussian surface is a cylinder &ith radius R and length L. .4 %\$.een the\$4 3\$. the free e e%tr#n" gain energ! "uffi%ient t# i#ni7e the"e at#\$" a "#. . 23813. 9upp#"e that the ra&iu" #f the %entra .11×10 −11 ÷( − i) +  ÷ − i =  ÷( − i) = −  2 ÷  #. . The electric field is radially out&ard from the central &ire.00 ×10 "!m 9 9 9 9 E = i = −%. The area of the +aussian surface is . 23-41. an& the pr#%e"" i" repeate& unti the e e%tr#n" rea%h the .%e"" "urfa%e %harge &en"itie" #f #pp#"ite "ign" an& \$agnitu&e 7.ire.hat i" the e e%tri% fie & at p#int" (a) t# the eft #f the p ate". the e e%tri% fie & i" "# inten"e that.een %# i"i#n" . p#"iti0e ! %harge& %entra .0.e0er. (a) To the left of the 'lates4 r 9 (from the left one) . +he "he %#ntain" a #. (b) t# the right #f the\$.n t# the p#"iti0e . an& the ength #f the "he 16 %\$. +he %#unter %#n"i"t" #f a thin. &e ta:e the +aussian surface to coincide &ith the &all. =#. the inner ra&iu" #f the "he 1. a "tr#ng ra&ia e e%tri% fie & i" "et up in"i&e the "he . a &e0i%e u"e& t# &ete%t i#ni7ing ra&iati#n (ra&iati#n that %au"e" i#ni7ati#n #f at#\$"). an& (%) bet.-pre""ure inert ga". In unit-0e%t#r n#tati#n. Figure 23-57 "h#.ith ga" at#\$". 2 parti% e #f ra&iati#n entering the &e0i%e thr#ugh the "he .ith an e<ua negati0e %harge.hat i" the t#ta p#"iti0e %harge #n the %entra . +he re"u ting ?a0a an%he@ #f e e%tr#n" i" %# e%te& b! the . generating a "igna that i" u"e& t# re%#r& the pa""age #f the #rigina parti% e #f ra&iati#n. E = ( σ ! 2ε 0 ) ( − 9 i) (from the right 'late) + (σ ! 2ε 0 )i (b) To the right of the 'lates4 r E = ( σ ! 2ε 0 ) 9 i (from the right 'late) + ( σ ! 2ε 0 ) ( − 9 i) (from the left one) . bet.

11# CHAPTER 23 2πRL. and the flux through it is Φ = 2π RLE. . 0e assume there is no flux through the ends of the cylinder.1 ×104 2  ⋅m  !") = 3.1) m) (2.#\$ ×10−12  "2  (0. +auss.2πε0RLE.014 m)(0.  q = 2π  #.) × 10−1 ". so this Φ is the total flux. la& yields q . Thus.