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Body Systems

By Jaquelyn Escamilla

Ms. Hoppes February 19th, 2014

Table of contents Introduction.1 Circulatory System2 Digestive System3 Excretory System.4 Respiratory System5 Conclusion6

I bet you are wondering what are body systems. Body systems are groups of organs that work together to keep you strong, healthy and alive. There are 4 systems in your body. There is the Respiratory system, Digestive system, the excretory system and the Circulatory system. The Respiratory system helps your body meet your need for gas exchange. The digestive system helps you digest food. The excretory system helps your body remove waste and maintain water balance. The circulatory system helps your body get oxygen and nutrients. Thats what body systems are and what they do.

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Respiratory System
You cant live for a long period of time without breathing. The respiratory system is there because you need a special gas called oxygen. This system includes the lungs and the airways that lead to the nose and mouth. When you breathe in or inhale you take oxygen into your nose and mouth. The air moves into a sturdy tube called the trachea, which leads to the lungs.

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The Excretory System

The excretory system helps you maintain water balance. Unlike other systems the excretory system involved different processes and organs spread throughout the body. Your skin is a part of your excretory system because of sweat glands. Your blood carries waste and the waste is called Nitrogen. Most of the waste comes from broken down cells and cell parts. Your liver converts nitrogen into a compound called urea. Kidneys filter the urea. Kidneys are bean shaped organs. The kidneys lead to the bladder which a muscular bag that holds urine.

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The Digestive System

The digestive system helps you digest certain food. An adults digestive system is about 9 meters, so about 30 feet. Digestion begins in your mouth. When you chew your teeth grind food into smaller pieces. This helps your food move through the digestive system. Your tongue mixes your food with saliva. Saliva moistens the food and breaks it down. Your Saliva is produced by the glands in bottom and back of your mouth. The Stomach is a muscular organ that mixes and stores food. At the end of the system it takes about 3 hours for food to be out of your stomach.

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Circulatory System
It takes a series of steps for the body to circulate oxygen and nutrients to all its cells. To begin with, blood picks up oxygen in the lungs and travels to the heart ready to be pumped out to the bodys cells. Not long after arteries carry oxygen rich blood until they reach the capillaries waiting to exchange gasses, sugars, minerals, and waste. Finally capillaries lead to veins which carry blood with waste back to the heart so the heart can pump blood back to lungs thus allowing waste to exit the body. The circulatory system requires a sequence of events to properly deliver and pickup materials to every cell in the body.

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Conclusion I was surprised by the excretory system, because your skin is a part of it. Its different than any system. I liked the excretory system because it was interesting. This system also keeps your water balance. All these systems are important to each other because they keep us alive. Without them we would die and rot. You need to keep them healthy so you can live for a longer period.

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