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CCNPv6 ROUTE

Chapter 6 Lab 6-4, BGP Route Reflectors and Route Filters


Topology

Objectives
Configure IBGP routers to use a route reflector and a simple route filter

Background
!he International !ra"el #genc$ maintains a full-mesh IBGP net%or& that has 'uic&l$ scaled be$ond ()) routers !he compan$ %ants to implement route reflectors to %or& around the full-mesh IBGP re'uirement Configure a small cluster and obser"e ho% BGP operates in this configuration *se IP prefi+ filters to control the updates bet%een IBGP peers Note: !his lab uses Cisco (,4( routers %ith Cisco I-. Release (/ 40/41!( and the #d"anced IP .er"ices image c(,4(-ad"ipser"ices&2-m3 (/4-/4 !( bin 4ou can use other routers 0such as a /,)( or /,((1 and Cisco I-. .oft%are "ersions if the$ ha"e comparable capabilities and features 5epending on the router or s%itch model and Cisco I-. .oft%are "ersion, the commands a"ailable and output produced might "ar$ from %hat is sho%n in this lab

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CCNPv6 ROUTE

Re uired Resources
8 routers 0Cisco (,4( %ith Cisco I-. Release (/ 40/41!( #d"anced IP .er"ices or comparable1 .erial and console cables

!tep ": Prepare t#e routers $or t#e lab%


Cable the net%or& as sho%n in the topolog$ diagram 9rase the startup configuration and reload each router to clear pre"ious configurations 5o not configure Loopbac& ) on .an:ose8 at this time

!tep &: Con$igure t#e #ostna'e and inter$ace addresses%


4ou can cop$ and paste the follo%ing configurations into $our routers to begin Router R" (#ostna'e !an)ose"* hostname SanJose1 ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 192.168.1.5 255.255.255.252 clock rate 128000 no shutdown Router R& (#ostna'e !an)ose&* hostname SanJose2 ! interface oop!ack0 ip address 10.2.2.1 255.255.255.0 ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 192.168.1.6 255.255.255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 1"2.2#.1.1" 255.255.255.0 clock rate 128000 no shutdown Router R+ (#ostna'e !an)ose+* hostname SanJose$ ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 1"2.2#.1.18 255.255.255.0 no shutdown Note; 5o not configure R8 0.an:ose81 %ith loopbac& ) at this time !hat %ill be done in a later step

!tep +: Con$igure R,Pv&%


a Build and configure the net%or& according to the diagram *se RIP"/ as the IGP 5o not configure the (2, (88 /(2 ) net%or& under the RIP process SanJose1%confi&'( router SanJose1%confi&)router'( SanJose1%confi&)router'( SanJose1%confi&)router'( rip version 2 no auto-summary network 192.168.1.0

SanJose2%confi&'( router rip SanJose2%confi&)router'( version 2


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CCNPv6 ROUTE SanJose2%confi&)router'( SanJose2%confi&)router'( SanJose2%confi&)router'( SanJose2%confi&)router'( SanJose$%confi&'( router SanJose$%confi&)router'( SanJose$%confi&)router'( SanJose$%confi&)router'( b no auto-summary network 172.24.0.0 network 192.168.1.0 network 10.0.0.0 rip version 2 no auto-summary network 172.24.0.0

Issue the s#o- ip route command on the routers to "erif$ that each router has a complete routing table SanJose1( show ip route *odes+ * ) connected, S ) static, - ) -./, 0 ) mo!ile, 1 ) 12/ 3 ) 4.2-/, 45 ) 4.2-/ e6ternal, 7 ) 7S/8, .9 ) 7S/8 inter area :1 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 1, :2 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 2 41 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 1, 42 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 2 i ) .S).S, su ) .S).S summar;, 1 ) .S).S le<el)1, 2 ) .S).S le<el)2 ia ) .S).S inter area, = ) candidate default, > ) per)user static route o ) 73-, / ) periodic downloaded static route 2atewa; of last resort is not set * 1"2.2#.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 1"2.2#.1.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+21, Serial0/0/0 10.0.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 10.2.2.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+21, Serial0/0/0 192.168.1.0/$0 is su!netted, 1 su!nets 192.168.1.# is directl; connected, Serial0/0/0

Run the follo%ing !cl script on all routers to "erif$ connecti"it$ SanJose1( tclsh foreach address 10.2.2.1 192.168.1.! 192.168.1.6 172.24.1.17 172.24.1.18 " pin# $address "

!tep .: Con$igure ,B/P peers and route re$lectors%


In this lab, $ou %ill configure a route reflector B$ default, a router that recei"es an 9BGP route ad"ertises it to its 9BGP and IBGP peers <o%e"er, if it recei"es it through IBGP, it does not ad"ertise it to its IBGP peers, as a loop pre"ention mechanism !o maintain loop pre"ention, a route reflector adds t%o optional, nontransiti"e BGP attributes to each reflected route, the -RIGI=#!-R>I5 and CL*.!9R>LI.! It uses these attributes in a similar %a$ to #.>P#!< list to pre"ent routing loops from occurring .ee http;??tools ietf org?html?rfc44@6 for more information <o%e"er, because of this beha"ior, the onl$ %a$ for all IBGP routers to recei"e a route after it is originated into the #. is to ha"e a full mesh of IBGP peers !his can get comple+ %ith a large number of peers # route reflector allo%s a topolog$ to get around the IBGP limitation of ha"ing to ha"e a full mesh !o do this, a route reflector specifies some of its neighbors as route reflector clients Ahen a route reflector recei"es an update from a route reflector client, it can pass it on to its other clients !he route reflector %ould also pass that clientlearned route on to its other non-client peers 0both IBGP and 9BGP peers1 .imilarl$, a route learned from a
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CCNPv6 ROUTE non-client peer 0again, from either an IBGP or 9BGP peer1 %ould be passed on to its client peers !his greatl$ simplifies configuration because onl$ the route reflector needs to &no% all the other peers !he clients do not e"en &no% that the$ are clients !o them, it is Bust a normal IBGP peering relationship 4ou can e"en set up multiple route reflectors in a more ad"anced configuration for redundanc$ a Configure the IBGP peers for BGP Later, $ou %ill configure .an:ose/ as the route reflector <o%e"er, first configure it to peer %ith both of the other routers SanJose2%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose2%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 192.168.1.! remote-as 100 SanJose2%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 172.24.1.18 remote-as 100 #fter .an:ose/ is configured, configure the other t%o routers as route reflector clients Remember that to set up clients simpl$, configure peering bet%een the client and the ser"er IBGP does not need to be configured in a full mesh b Issue the follo%ing commands on .an:ose(; SanJose1%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose1%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 192.168.1.6 remote-as 100 c Issue the follo%ing commands on .an:ose8; SanJose$%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose$%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 172.24.1.17 remote-as 100 d *se the s#o- ip bgp neig#bors command to "erif$ that .an:ose/ has established a peering relationship %ith both .an:ose( and .an:ose8 !roubleshoot as necessar$ SanJose2( show ip %#p nei#h%ors 12/ nei&h!or is 1"2.2#.1.18, remote 9S 100, internal link 12/ <ersion #, remote router .3 1"2.2#.1.18 12/ state A 4sta!lished, up for 00+02+10 Boutput omittedC 12/ nei&h!or is 192.168.1.5, remote 9S 100, internal link 12/ <ersion #, remote router .3 192.168.1.5 12/ state A 4sta!lished, up for 00+0#+15 .an:ose( and .an:ose8 should not ha"e established a connection Ah$C >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> .an:ose( and .an:ose8 %ere not configured %ith the appropriate BGP neig#bor command #s route reflector clients, .an:ose( and .an:ose8 do not need to reach an established state

!tep 0: ,nject a net-ork into B/P%


a !o obser"e the full effect of using a route reflector, configure .an:ose8 to inBect e+ternal routing information into BGP SanJose$%confi&'( interface loop%ack 0 SanJose$%confi&)if'( ip address 198.1&&.219.1 2!!.2!!.2!!.0 SanJose$%confi&)if'( router %#p 100 SanJose$%confi&)router'( network 198.1&&.219.0

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CCNPv6 ROUTE !his configuration forces .an:ose8 to inBect the e+ternal route (2, (88 /(2 ) into BGP *se the s#o- ip route command to chec& if .an:ose/ has pic&ed up this route through BGP .an:ose/ should ha"e a route to (2, (88 /(2 ) SanJose2( show ip route *odes+ * ) connected, S ) static, - ) -./, 0 ) mo!ile, 1 ) 12/ 3 ) 4.2-/, 45 ) 4.2-/ e6ternal, 7 ) 7S/8, .9 ) 7S/8 inter area :1 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 1, :2 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 2 41 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 1, 42 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 2 i ) .S).S, su ) .S).S summar;, 1 ) .S).S le<el)1, 2 ) .S).S le<el)2 ia ) .S).S inter area, = ) candidate default, > ) per)user static route o ) 73-, / ) periodic downloaded static route 2atewa; of last resort is not set * * 1 * * 1"2.2#.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 1"2.2#.1.0 is directl; connected, Serial0/0/1 10.0.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 10.2.2.0 is directl; connected, oop!ack0 198.1$$.219.0/2# ?200/0@ <ia 1"2.2#.1.18, 00+01+#8 10.2.2.0 is directl; connected, oop!ack0 192.168.1.0/$0 is su!netted, 1 su!nets 192.168.1.# is directl; connected, Serial0/0/0

Ahat is the ne+t hop for this routeC 9+plain >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> b c Derif$ that $ou can ping (2, (88 /(2 ( from .an:ose/ If not, troubleshoot Chec& the routing table of .an:ose( !here should not be a route to (2, (88 /(2 ) Ah$C >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> d Remember that .an:ose( is not configured to peer %ith .an:ose8 !o eliminate the need for a full IBGP mesh, .an:ose/ must be configured as a route reflector Issue the follo%ing commands on .an:ose/; SanJose2%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose2%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 192.168.1.! route-reflector-client SanJose2%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 172.24.1.18 route-reflector-client =0ar 9 19+02+2".8$1+ conf i& chan&e =0ar 9 19+02+2".9$1+ conf i& chan&e =0ar 9 19+02+$2.$8"+ =0ar 9 19+02+$".50"+ e D12/)5)93J*E9:24+ nei&h!or 192.168.1.5 3own -- client D12/)5)93J*E9:24+ nei&h!or 1"2.2#.1.18 3own -- client D12/)5)93J*E9:24+ nei&h!or 1"2.2#.1.18 >p D12/)5)93J*E9:24+ nei&h!or 192.168.1.5 >p

Derif$ that an IBGP cluster %as successfull$ created b$ issuing the s#o- ip protocols command on .an:ose/ !he output of this command should indicate that .an:ose/ is a route reflector SanJose2( show ip protocols -outin& /rotocol is FripF 7ut&oin& update filter list for all interfaces is not set .ncomin& update filter list for all interfaces is not set

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CCNPv6 ROUTE Sendin& updates e<er; $0 seconds, ne6t due in 26 seconds .n<alid after 180 seconds, hold down 180, flushed after 2#0 -edistri!utin&+ rip 3efault <ersion control+ send <ersion 2, recei<e <ersion 2 .nterface Send -ec< Gri&&ered -./ He;)chain Serial0/0/0 2 2 Serial0/0/1 2 2 oop!ack0 2 2 9utomatic network summariIation is not in effect 0a6imum path+ # -outin& for :etworks+ 10.0.0.0 1"2.2#.0.0 192.168.1.0 -outin& .nformation Sources+ 2atewa; 3istance ast >pdate 3istance+ %default is 120' -outin& /rotocol is F!&p 100F 7ut&oin& update filter list for all interfaces is not set .ncomin& update filter list for all interfaces is not set -oute -eflector for address famil; ./<# >nicast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; ./<6 >nicast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; ./<# 03G, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; J/:<# >nicast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; J/:<6 >nicast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; ./<# 0ulticast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; ./<6 0ulticast, 2 clients -oute -eflector for address famil; :S9/ >nicast, 2 clients .2/ s;nchroniIation is disa!led 9utomatic route summariIation is disa!led :ei&h!or%s'+ 9ddress 8ilt.n 8ilt7ut 3ist.n 3ist7ut Kei&ht -oute0ap 1"2.2#.1.18 192.168.1.5 0a6imum path+ 1 -outin& .nformation Sources+ 2atewa; 3istance ast >pdate 1"2.2#.1.18 200 00+01+#$ 3istance+ e6ternal 20 internal 200 local 200 <o% man$ clients does .an:ose/ ha"eC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> f Issue the s#o- ip protocols command on .an:ose( !he output of this command does not include information about route reflectors Remember that .an:ose( is a client and not a route reflector ser"er, so it is una%are of route reflection Finall$, "erif$ that route reflection is %or&ing b$ chec&ing the routing table on .an:ose( .an:ose( %ill ha"e a route to net%or& (2, (88 /(2 ) SanJose1( show ip route *odes+ * ) connected, S ) static, - ) -./, 0 ) mo!ile, 1 ) 12/ 3 ) 4.2-/, 45 ) 4.2-/ e6ternal, 7 ) 7S/8, .9 ) 7S/8 inter area :1 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 1, :2 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 2 41 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 1, 42 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 2 i ) .S).S, su ) .S).S summar;, 1 ) .S).S le<el)1, 2 ) .S).S le<el)2 ia ) .S).S inter area, = ) candidate default, > ) per)user static route
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CCNPv6 ROUTE o ) 73-, / ) periodic downloaded static route 2atewa; of last resort is not set 1 * 1"2.2#.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 1"2.2#.1.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+08, Serial0/0/0 10.0.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 10.2.2.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+08, Serial0/0/0 198.1$$.219.0/2# ?200/0@ <ia 1"2.2#.1.18, 00+01+25 192.168.1.0/$0 is su!netted, 1 su!nets 192.168.1.# is directl; connected, Serial0/0/0

Is (E/ /4 ( (, the IP address of the ne+t hop of this route on the .an:ose( tableC 9+plain >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> =otice that .an:ose( is not directl$ connected to the IP net%or& for the ne+t hop Ah$C 1int: From %hich router did .an:ose( learn the routeC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> h Ping (2, (88 /(2 ( from .an:ose( !his ping should be successful =otice that .an:ose( pings to R8 (2, (88 /(2 ( are successful e"en though the ne+t-hop address is not on a directl$-connected net%or& For e+ample, the ne+t-hop address could be (2/ (6, ( 6 on R/ if it %ere not for the beha"ior of IBGP

!tep 6: ,nject a su''ary address into B/P%


a For the purpose of this lab, configure .an:ose8 to inBect a summar$ address into BGP SanJose$%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose$%confi&)router'( a##re#ate-address 198.0.0.0 2!!.0.0.0 BGP should no% send the supernet route (2, ) ) ) )?, to .an:ose/ %ith the attribute #!-FIC>#GGR9G#!9 set Note; B$ default, BGP on Cisco routers ad"ertises both aggregate routes and the indi"idual component routes If onl$ the aggregate route is to be ad"ertised, use the aggregate2address network mask su''ary2only command b -n .an:ose/, issue the follo%ing command; SanJose2( show ip %#p 198.0.0.0 12/ routin& ta!le entr; for 198.0.0.0/8, <ersion 8 /aths+ %1 a<aila!le, !est (1, ta!le 3efault)./)-outin&)Ga!le' 8la&+ 06820 9d<ertised to update)&roups+ 1 ocal, %a&&re&ated !; 100 1"2.2#.1.18', %-ecei<ed from a --)client' 1"2.2#.1.18 from 1"2.2#.1.18 %1"2.2#.1.18' 7ri&in .2/, metric 0, localpref 100, <alid, internal, atomic)a&&re&ate, !est #ccording to the output of this command, %hich address aggregated this routeC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Ahat indicates that route reflection is in"ol"ed in this processC
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CCNPv6 ROUTE >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Is there an indication that the #!-FIC>#GGR9G#!9 attribute has been setC >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> c .an:ose/ should, in turn, reflect this route to .an:ose( Chec& both the routing table and BGP table on .an:ose( to be sure Both the route to (2, (88 /(2 ) and the supernet route (2, ) ) ) should be installed in the .an:ose( routing table and the BGP table SanJose1( show ip route *odes+ * ) connected, S ) static, - ) -./, 0 ) mo!ile, 1 ) 12/ 3 ) 4.2-/, 45 ) 4.2-/ e6ternal, 7 ) 7S/8, .9 ) 7S/8 inter area :1 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 1, :2 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 2 41 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 1, 42 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 2 i ) .S).S, su ) .S).S summar;, 1 ) .S).S le<el)1, 2 ) .S).S le<el)2 ia ) .S).S inter area, = ) candidate default, > ) per)user static route o ) 73-, / ) periodic downloaded static route 2atewa; of last resort is not set 1 * 1 1"2.2#.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 1"2.2#.1.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+20, Serial0/0/0 10.0.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 10.2.2.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+20, Serial0/0/0 198.1$$.219.0/2# ?200/0@ <ia 1"2.2#.1.18, 00+08+$# 192.168.1.0/$0 is su!netted, 1 su!nets 192.168.1.# is directl; connected, Serial0/0/0 198.0.0.0/8 ?200/0@ <ia 1"2.2#.1.18, 00+0#+19

!he International !ra"el #genc$ has decided to filter specific routes to the (2, ) ) )?, address space Configure a route filter to pre"ent .an:ose/ from sending the (2, (88 /(2 )?/4 route to its other clients, in this case to .an:ose( d Issue the follo%ing commands on .an:ose/; SanJose2%confi&'( ip prefi'-list ()*+,-+./-01 permit 198.0.0.028 SanJose2%confi&'( router %#p 100 SanJose2%confi&)router'( nei#h%or 192.168.1.! prefi'-list ()*+,-+./-01 out e Return to .an:ose(, issue the clear ip bgp 3 so$t command, and "erif$ that the prefi+ list has done its Bob b$ issuing a s#o- ip bgp command !roubleshoot as necessar$ *nli&e before, %here routes to (2, (88 /(2 ) and (2, ) ) ) %ere present, no% onl$ one route to (2, ) ) ) in the routing and BGP tables should be seen !roubleshoot as necessar$ SanJose1( show ip route *odes+ * ) connected, S ) static, - ) -./, 0 ) mo!ile, 1 ) 12/ 3 ) 4.2-/, 45 ) 4.2-/ e6ternal, 7 ) 7S/8, .9 ) 7S/8 inter area :1 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 1, :2 ) 7S/8 :SS9 e6ternal t;pe 2 41 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 1, 42 ) 7S/8 e6ternal t;pe 2 i ) .S).S, su ) .S).S summar;, 1 ) .S).S le<el)1, 2 ) .S).S le<el)2 ia ) .S).S inter area, = ) candidate default, > ) per)user static route o ) 73-, / ) periodic downloaded static route 2atewa; of last resort is not set 1"2.2#.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 1"2.2#.1.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+20, Serial0/0/0 10.0.0.0/2# is su!netted, 1 su!nets 10.2.2.0 ?120/1@ <ia 192.168.1.6, 00+00+20, Serial0/0/0
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CCNPv6 ROUTE 192.168.1.0/$0 is su!netted, 1 su!nets 192.168.1.# is directl; connected, Serial0/0/0 198.0.0.0/8 ?200/0@ <ia 1"2.2#.1.18, 00+0#+19

* 1 f

Run the follo%ing !cl script on all routers to "erif$ full connecti"it$ #ll pings should be successful SanJose1( tclsh foreach address 10.2.2.1 198.1&&.219.1 192.168.1.! 192.168.1.6 172.24.1.17 172.24.1.18 " pin# $address "

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CCNPv6 ROUTE

Router ,nter$ace !u''ary Table


Router ,nter$ace !u''ary 9thernet Interface .erial Interface G/ G( Fast 9thernet ( 0F#(1 Fast 9thernet )?( 0F#)?(1 Fast 9thernet )?( 0F#)?(1 Fast 9thernet )?( 0F#)?(1 .erial ) 0.)1 .erial )?)?) 0.)?)?)1 .erial )?) 0.)?)1 .erial )?)?) 0.)?)?)1

Router Fodel (E)) (,)) /6)) /,))

9thernet Interface G( Fast 9thernet ) 0F#)1 Fast 9thernet )?) 0F#)?)1 Fast 9thernet )?) 0F#)?)1 Fast 9thernet )?) 0F#)?)1

.erial Interface G/ .erial ( 0.(1 .erial )?)?( 0.)?)?(1 .erial )?( 0.)?(1 .erial )?)?( 0.)?)?(1

Note; !o find out ho% the router is configured, loo& at the interfaces to identif$ the t$pe of router and ho% man$ interfaces the router has Rather than tr$ to list all the combinations of configurations for each router class, this table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of 9thernet and serial interfaces in the de"ice !he table does not include an$ other t$pe of interface, e"en though a specific router might contain one #n e+ample of this is an I.5= BRI interface !he string in parenthesis is the legal abbre"iation that can be used in Cisco I-. commands to represent the interface

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