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Save girl Child

Save girls, save the girl child, is a campaign in India to end the gender-selective abortion of female fetuses, which has skewed the population towards a significant under-representation of girls in some Indian states. The "Beti Bachao" campaign is supported by human rights groups, non-governmental organizations, and state and local government in India. e!selective abortion, or female foeticide, has led to a sharp drop in the ratio of girls born in contrast to boy infants in some states in India. "ltrasound technology has made it possible for pregnant women and their families to learn the gender of a foetus early in a pregnancy. #iscrimination against girl infants, for several reasons, has combined with the technology to result in a rise in abortions of fetuses identified as female during ultrasound testing. India is growing dynamically in every fields. Today, the boom in economy, innovative technologies and improved infrastructure has become nation$s pride. The country has witnessed advancements in all fields but bias against a girl child is still prevailing in the country. This social evil is deep rooted in Indian ethos and the most shocking fact is that the innovative and hard high end technologies are brutally killing the Indian girl child. Innovative techni%ues, like biopsy, ultrasound, scan tests and amniocentesis, devised to detect genetic abnormalities, are highly misused by number of families to detect gender of the unborn child. These clinical tests are highly contributing to the rise in genocide of the unborn girl child. In today$s day and age most couples prefer the process known as a planned pregnancy, because of various factors& prime amongst them being the financial well being to support the birth and nurturing of a child. In such cases, the first prenatal visit actually happens prior to actual pregnancy, to see whether one is ready to go off the contraception pills and conceive a baby. 'owever, in ma!imum conceptions, one is unaware of the pregnancy until actual realization dawns after one skips the first menstrual cycle. (ormally doctors e!cept ladies to pay their first visit anywhere between the si!th and twelfth week after conception. )mniocentesis started in India in *+,- to detect fetal abnormalities. These tests were used to detect gender for the first time in *+,+ in )mritsar, .un/ab. 0ater the test was stopped by the

Indian 1ouncil of 2edical 3esearch but it was too late. The benefits of these tests were leaked out and people started using it as an instrument for killing an innocent and unborn girl child. 2any of the traditional women organizations also took up cudgels to stop this illegal practice but all failed and with the passage of time these tests became a ma/or contributor to bias against a girl child. 4emale feticide and infanticide is not the only issues with a girl child in India. )t every stage of life she is discriminated and neglected for basic nutrition, education and living standard. 5hen she was in the womb, she was forced to miss the moment when she was supposed to enter the world. )t the time of birth her relatives pulled her back and wrung her neck. )fter killing her she was thrown into a trash can. #uring childhood, her brother was loaded with new shoes, dresses and books to learn while she was gifted a broom, a wiper and lots of tears. In her teenage, she missed tasty delicious food to eat and got only the crumbs. #uring her college days, she was forced to get married, a stage where illiteracy, lack of education resulted in high fertility rate, aggravating the condition of females in the country. )gain if this female gives birth to a girl child, the /ourney begins once again. he missed all roses of life and was finally fitted to a graveyard. That$s where she got peace of mind.

The trend was first noticed when results of the *++* national census were released, and it was confirmed to be a worsening problem when results of the 677* national census were released. The reduction in the female population of certain Indian states continues to worsen, as results of the 67** national census have shown. It has been observed that the trend is most pronounced in relatively prosperous regions of India.8*9 The dowry system in India is often blamed& the e!pectation that a large dowry must be provided for daughters in order for them to marry is fre%uently cited as a ma/or cause for the problem.869 .ressure for parents to provide large dowries for their daughters is most intense in prosperous states where high standards of living, and modern consumerism, are more prevalent in Indian society. 3ates of female foeticide in 2adhya .radesh are increasing& the rate of live births was +:6 girls per *777 boys in 677*, which dropped to +*6 by 67**. It is e!pected that if this trend continues, by 676* the number of girls will drop below +77 per *777 boys.

Beti Bachao awareness campaign Beti Bachao activities include large rallies, poster campaigns, wall paintings, billboards, and television commercials and short animations and video films. 1elebrities such as video director ;agmeet Bal, and Bollywood actress .riyanka 1hopra, have become involved in " ave the girl child" initiatives.

National support The Beti Bachao campaign is supported by numerous medical organizations in India, including the Indian 2edical )ssociation.8-9 <overnment support at the state level has provided funding for Beti Bachao publicity activities in particular. The e!penditures related to the campaign have been a source of political controversy in 2adhya .radesh, which launched its official Beti Bachao )bhiyan campaign in 67*6.8=9

Effectiveness The campaign has reported some success in parts of India. In 677+, it was reported that in <u/arat, rates of female births increased from >76 to >>6 for every *777 male births. Beti Bachao activities were credited with this improvement.