United States

Department of
Agriculture
Foreign
Agricultural
Service
Circular Series
FG 01-08
January 2008

Grain:
World Markets and Trade

U.S. Wheat Exports Soar to North Africa and Middle East
U.S. Total Commitments
to North Africa and Middle East
Through the End of December

U.S. Exports Rise
as Competition Falters

8

50
40
Million Metric Tons

Million Metric Tons

6

4

2

Australia, EU, & Ukraine

30
U.S.

20
10
Russia

/0 8

07

/0 7

06

/0 6

05

/0 5

04

/0 4

03

/0 3

02

/0 2

01

/0 1

07/08

00

06/07
HRW SRW HRS

99

05/06

/0 0

0

0

Sales of U.S. wheat continue at a very strong level due largely to demand in North Africa and
the Middle East. The United States is competitive in these regions because other major
suppliers, including Australia and the EU-27, have lower exportable supplies. As a result,
buyers in these regions, such as Algeria and Egypt, are depending on wheat from the United
States.
It is important to note, however, that importers purchase high and low quality wheat for
blending. So far this year, Russia has been the primary supplier of low quality wheat into
both regions since Ukraine, a traditional exporter, has tight exportable supplies and
government imposed export restrictions. Russia recently announced a prohibitive export tax
that will effectively cut off exports until it is removed.
The elevated level of 2007/08 U.S. wheat exports is unlikely to be maintained to these
regions when supplies of other major competitors return to more normal levels.
Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board - USDA

TABLE OF CONTENTS
World Markets and Trade: Commentary and Current Data
Wheat ................................................................................................................. 4
Rice .................................................................................................................. 10
Coarse Grains................................................................................................... 15
Historical Data Series for Selected Regions and Countries ............................ 39
Endnotes to Grain: World Markets and Trade ............................................... 64

The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) updates its production, supply and distribution database
for cotton, oilseeds, and grains at 9 a.m. on the day the World Agricultural Supply and Demand
Estimates (WASDE) report is released. It is available on the FAS website
(http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/). This circular is released at 9:30 a.m. on the same day,
together with its downloadable data set.

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

2
January 2008

All Grain Summary Comparison
Wheat
Marketing Year

Rice, Milled

Corn

2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08

2005/06 2006/07 2007/08

Production
United States

(Jun-May)

Other
World Total

57.3

49.3

56.2

7.1

6.2

6.3

282.3

267.6

332.1

564.2

544.3

546.8

410.5

411.4

414.3

414.1

436.3

434.6

621.5

593.7

603.0

417.6

417.6

420.6

696.4

703.9

766.7

Domestic Consumption
United States

(Jun-May)

Other
World Total

31.4

31.0

31.2

3.8

4.1

4.0

232.1

230.8

266.8

587.1

587.6

584.5

407.6

413.8

417.9

470.5

488.6

503.7

618.4

618.6

615.7

411.4

417.9

421.9

702.6

719.4

770.5

Ending Stocks
United States

(Jun-May)

Other
World Total

15.5

12.4

7.9

1.4

1.3

0.8

50.0

33.1

36.5

132.1

112.0

103.0

75.5

74.3

71.7

73.7

74.2

64.8

147.6

124.4

110.9

76.9

75.6

72.5

123.7

107.3

101.3

TY Imports
United States

(Jun-May)

Other
World Total

2.3

3.4

2.9

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.2

0.3

0.4

108.0

108.7

101.4

26.4

26.3

26.8

79.5

89.8

92.5

110.3

112.1

104.3

27.0

27.0

27.5

79.7

90.2

92.9

27.4

25.0

32.5

3.3

3.1

3.5

56.1

54.2

62.0

85.9

90.0

74.2

25.6

25.9

25.7

26.5

36.7

31.5

113.3

115.0

106.7

28.9

29.0

29.2

82.6

90.8

93.5

TY Exports
United States
Other
World Total

(Jun-May)

Note: Consumption in this table has not been adjusted for differences in marketing year imports and exports
and therefore differs from global totals shown elsewhere.
Marketing years for U.S. grains are: Wheat (Jun-May), Rice (Aug-Jul), Corn (Sep-Aug).

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

WHEAT: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
Historical Argentine Port Utilization Levels
Can Accommodate Projected 2007/08 Shipments

MONTHLY HIGHLIGHTS:
Argentina's Wheat Shipments Benefit From
Closed Corn Registrations: In the near term,
Argentina’s ports will handle a large flow of wheat
exports as a result of the government's requirement
that all sales be shipped within 90 days.
Registrations reached 7 million tons at the
beginning of December 2007 before the
government closed registrations indefinitely to
assess the condition of the current crop. Because
of the time restriction on shipping registrations,
wheat exports will reach levels of at least 2.3
million tons per month from December 2007
through February 2008. However, since corn
registrations are currently closed, sufficient port
capacity is available to handle the expected
increased wheat export pace. Historical shipments
of wheat, corn, and soybeans have been as high as
7 million tons, set in May of 2005. If the
government opens and places time restrictions on
corn and wheat registrations, then logistical
constraints could follow, especially since soybeans
ship during the same period.

MMT

6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Dec Dec*
04 07
Wheat

Jan Jan*
05 08

Feb Feb*
05 08

Mar Mar*
05 08

Corn & Soy (Beans, Meal, and Oil)

*This projection assumes that corn and wheat registrations
remain closed from December 2007-March 2008

PRICES:

Domestic: For December, wheat prices were mixed despite reports of Argentina’s decision to keep the
export registry closed indefinitely, China’s export restrictions, Russia’s implementation of a 40 percent
export tax effective at the end of January, and fresh tenders from Pakistan. For the month, Hard Red
Winter (HRW) fell $17 per ton, Hard Red Spring (HRS) rose $8, Soft Red Winter (SRW) fell $20, and
Soft White (SWW) rose $33.

$/MT

U.S. Weekly FOB Export Bids

500
450
400
350
300
10/5

10/12

10/19

10/26

11/2

11/9

11/16

11/23

11/30

12/7

12/14

12/21

U.S. No.1 HRW 11% (Gulf)

U.S. No.2 SRW (Gulf)

U.S. No.1 SWW (PNW)

US No.1 DNS 14% (PNW)

12/28

1/4

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

4
January 2008

TRADE CHANGES IN 2007/2008

Selected Exporters

China is down 500,000 tons to 2.5 million on the institution of export taxes and the
elimination of VAT rebates.

Pakistan is up 400,000 tons to 1.0 million due to strong flour exports to Afghanistan.

Selected Importers

Pakistan is up 500,000 tons to 1.0 million on unfavorable weather in newly planted areas and
unexpected strong demand.

Ukraine is up 240,000 tons to 250,000 because of large shipments from Russia.

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

5
January 2008

World Wheat, Flour, and Products Trade
July/June Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Australia
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Pakistan
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

7,346
15,096
15,526
2,824
9,834
4,217
43
3,114
854
66
12,260
71,180
32,295
103,475

13,502
15,826
15,117
1,171
14,745
3,039
50
7,951
2,217
4,351
6,227
84,196
28,464
112,660

8,301
15,213
15,616
1,397
15,694
3,817
50
10,664
2,900
6,461
5,770
85,883
27,424
113,307

12,210
11,241
19,481
2,783
13,873
8,000
200
10,790
2,000
3,366
6,065
90,009
25,025
115,034

11,000
8,000
14,500
3,000
9,000
8,000
600
12,000
1,500
1,500
5,205
74,305
32,500
106,805

11,000
8,000
14,500
2,500
9,000
8,000
1,000
12,000
1,500
1,500
5,205
74,205
32,500
106,705
none

TY Imports
Algeria
Bangladesh
Brazil
Colombia
Egypt
EU-27
India
Indonesia
Iraq
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Mexico
Morocco
Nigeria
Peru
Philippines
South Africa, Republic of
Sudan
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

3,933
1,945
5,559
1,246
7,295
7,374
8
4,535
1,925
5,751
3,434
1,329
3,644
2,414
2,383
1,488
2,975
911
995
1,139
781
1,056
1,538
830
1,635
32,512
98,635
3,080
1,760
103,475

5,398
2,058
5,309
1,248
8,150
7,061
14
4,661
3,010
5,744
3,591
1,412
3,717
2,272
3,014
1,449
2,593
1,407
1,522
1,081
1,079
372
1,504
1,226
1,853
37,027
107,772
2,942
1,946
112,660

5,469
2,009
6,194
1,314
7,771
6,758
118
4,981
4,878
5,469
3,884
1,216
3,549
2,418
3,656
1,656
2,954
1,242
1,659
1,174
1,263
64
1,691
1,181
2,143
33,275
107,986
3,012
2,309
113,307

4,879
1,806
7,750
1,241
7,300
5,137
6,708
5,572
3,000
5,747
3,439
1,202
3,610
1,801
3,316
1,332
2,746
885
1,303
1,131
1,433
1,833
1,765
1,293
2,350
30,094
108,673
2,966
3,395
115,034

4,400
1,800
7,000
1,250
7,000
6,500
2,000
5,300
3,000
5,500
3,000
1,200
3,600
4,000
3,000
1,300
2,500
1,250
1,200
1,200
1,300
1,500
1,700
1,200
2,100
27,020
100,820
3,085
2,900
106,805

4,400
1,800
7,000
1,250
7,000
6,500
2,000
5,300
3,000
5,500
3,000
1,200
3,600
4,000
3,000
1,300
2,500
1,250
1,200
1,200
1,300
1,500
1,600
1,200
2,100
27,655
101,355
2,450
2,900
106,705

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Wheat Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Afghanistan
Argentina
Australia
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
EU-27
India
Iran
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Pakistan
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Uzbekistan, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

4,360
14,500
26,132
23,049
86,490
6,443
110,578
65,100
13,500
11,000
19,183
34,100
16,800
3,600
5,400
50,369
490,604
63,814
554,418

4,000
16,000
21,905
24,796
91,950
7,177
146,886
72,150
14,500
9,950
19,500
45,400
18,500
17,500
5,250
52,628
568,092
58,738
626,830

4,270
14,500
25,173
25,748
97,450
8,184
132,356
68,640
14,500
11,000
21,612
47,700
18,500
18,700
5,800
50,048
564,181
57,280
621,461

4,400
15,200
9,900
25,265
104,470
8,274
124,807
69,350
14,800
13,500
21,700
44,900
17,500
14,000
5,850
50,429
544,345
49,316
593,661

4,400
15,000
13,000
20,050
106,000
8,320
120,497
74,890
15,000
16,000
23,000
48,000
15,500
13,800
6,000
46,606
546,063
56,247
602,310

4,400
15,000
13,000
20,050
106,000
8,320
119,772
74,890
15,000
16,000
23,000
49,400
15,500
13,800
6,000
46,626
546,758
56,247
603,005
none

Total Consumption
Algeria
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
EU-27
India
Iran
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Morocco
Pakistan
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Uzbekistan, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

6,800
9,800
7,186
104,500
13,300
115,095
68,258
14,300
6,800
6,400
19,100
35,500
16,800
9,025
5,179
110,187
555,866
32,507
588,373

7,300
10,200
8,232
102,000
14,200
123,220
72,838
14,700
7,400
6,600
20,000
37,400
16,800
11,700
5,700
117,243
576,777
31,823
608,600

7,500
10,800
8,319
101,000
14,800
127,525
69,971
15,000
7,400
6,800
21,500
38,400
16,100
12,500
6,118
123,332
593,078
31,357
624,435

7,650
10,500
8,738
101,000
15,450
125,500
73,358
15,300
7,500
7,150
21,900
36,400
16,650
11,700
6,500
122,278
585,893
31,035
616,928

7,750
10,500
8,100
100,500
16,100
120,700
75,850
15,600
7,500
7,150
22,400
37,200
16,450
12,200
6,600
119,019
585,033
31,515
616,548

7,750
10,500
8,100
100,500
16,100
120,200
75,850
15,600
7,500
7,150
22,400
38,200
16,450
12,500
6,600
119,084
585,263
31,188
616,451
none

Ending Stocks
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
EU-27
India
Iran
Pakistan
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

5,985
43,293
1,744
11,514
6,900
3,267
1,382
43,434
117,519
14,872
132,391

7,922
38,819
2,861
27,496
4,100
3,267
2,248
49,209
135,922
14,699
150,621

9,638
34,890
4,006
23,391
2,000
3,097
3,264
51,816
132,102
15,545
147,647

6,849
35,957
4,120
13,962
4,500
3,647
2,919
40,012
111,966
12,414
124,380

5,074
38,657
3,330
11,259
5,490
3,197
3,419
32,021
102,447
7,617
110,064

5,074
39,107
3,330
11,034
5,490
3,197
3,519
32,239
102,990
7,944
110,934

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Wheat Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons
2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

5,915
1,510
2,034
10,826
7,061
1,464
4,795
10,202
18,407
12,092
18,357
4,881
11,429
745

6,145
1,514
1,926
12,687
6,758
1,457
5,147
13,220
18,560
13,003
12,830
4,374
11,923
751

7,326
1,446
1,825
13,925
5,137
1,468
5,934
12,167
16,297
11,431
11,949
10,005
12,347
811

6,775
1,350
1,820
13,035
6,500
1,400
5,100
10,470
17,550
10,745
11,000
5,430
11,825
720

100,395

109,718

110,295

112,068

103,720

89,563
1
0
23,647
110,578
3,864
60,911
39,816
16,285
4,497
87,730
90,966
107
26,453

85,954
1
0
25,176
146,886
5,438
86,531
41,593
17,166
4,919
93,179
97,696
130
22,161

86,048
1
0
22,411
132,356
4,201
91,923
42,968
15,178
5,700
98,647
96,412
150
25,466

77,821
1
0
20,070
124,807
4,331
85,977
41,828
18,526
6,961
105,713
97,285
164
10,177

79,697
1
0
21,435
120,497
4,285
91,150
39,772
13,780
6,714
107,278
104,260
164
13,277

Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

554,418

626,830

621,461

593,661

602,310

45,593
1,354
1,839
23,240
115,095
5,490
65,875
47,038
30,082
14,573
116,429
96,891
10,438
6,800

46,055
1,410
2,034
23,407
123,220
6,018
73,181
49,188
32,308
16,519
114,077
102,088
11,029
6,822

45,776
1,462
1,926
24,633
127,525
5,897
75,736
50,262
33,514
18,210
113,584
100,891
11,665
7,341

45,973
1,372
1,819
24,156
125,500
5,450
73,637
51,096
33,895
17,858
113,035
104,756
11,713
8,349

45,965
1,251
1,820
24,005
120,700
5,385
74,795
50,021
34,625
18,098
112,110
107,550
11,989
6,820

Total
Ending Stocks
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

580,737

607,356

618,422

618,609

615,134

21,600
185
20
2,982
11,514
1,155
10,845
13,087
7,467
1,111
45,563
9,200
2,030
5,632

22,997
185
20
2,847
27,496
1,773
13,464
12,502
10,520
1,243
41,218
7,350
2,052
6,954

25,495
185
20
3,261
23,391
1,361
13,671
13,355
10,511
1,399
37,109
6,095
2,001
9,793

19,677
150
20
2,117
13,962
1,146
9,595
12,604
11,183
1,589
38,351
8,021
2,280
3,685

13,205
150
20
1,982
11,259
836
9,405
9,975
7,728
725
40,924
9,311
1,780
2,764

615,672
none
13,532
150
20
1,982
11,034
836
9,745
9,975
7,728
725
41,374
9,411
1,780
2,642

132,391

150,621

147,647

124,380

110,064

110,934

2003/04

2004/05

5,634
1,500
1,839
11,207
7,374
1,457
7,226
8,813
15,480
9,712
15,320
3,008
11,177
648

Total
Production
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

TY Imports
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

Total
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

Jan
2007/08
none
6,775
1,350
1,820
12,935
6,500
1,400
5,365
10,470
17,550
10,665
10,950
5,930
11,825
720
104,255
none
79,697
1
0
21,435
119,772
4,285
92,570
39,772
13,780
6,714
107,278
104,260
164
13,277
603,005
none
45,638
1,251
1,820
23,905
120,200
5,385
76,140
50,021
34,625
18,018
112,110
107,550
11,989
7,020

January 2008

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

RICE: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
PRICES:
International: Thai quotes are up
$9 from last month to $372 per ton,
FOB. Vietnam is not quoting prices
because of the export ban.

Nominal Rice Quotes – 2003 to Present

$/MT
575
525
475
425

Domestic: U.S. #2/4 long grain
milled rice quotes are up from last
month to $527 per ton, FOB. The
spread between comparable qualities
of Thai and U.S. rice is $155 per ton
compared to $118 per ton this time
last year. California medium grain
#1/4 prices are down $15 per ton
from last month to $600 per ton,
FOB.

375
325
275
225
175
125
3
2/0
9/

TRADE CHANGES FOR 2008

5
8/0
2/

6
1/0
8/

Thai 100B

US #2/4

Ind 5%

Pak 15/20

8
8/0
1/

Viet 5%

Selected Exporters

China is cut 300,000 tons to 1.3 million as a result of restrictive export policies.

Pakistan is lowered 300,000 tons to 2.9 million due to logistical problems and trade
disruptions.

Selected Importers

China is down 100,000 tons to 600,000 due to tighter fragrant supplies out of Thailand.

Cote d’Ivoire is lowered 100,000 tons to 650,000 based on reduced exports from China.

Cuba is dropped 100,000 tons to 600,000 due to tight supplies in Vietnam.

Nigeria is lowered 100,000 tons to 1.6 million because of India’s continued export ban.

TRADE CHANGES FOR 2007

Thailand exports are raised 100,000 tons to 9.5 million based on official year-end data.

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
10
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Rice Trade
January/December Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Brazil
Burma, Union of
Cambodia
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
EU-27
Guyana
India
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Pakistan
Thailand
Uruguay
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

249
37
130
300
880
826
187
243
3,172
200
105
1,986
10,137
804
4,295
543
24,094
3,090
27,184

345
272
190
200
656
1,095
201
182
4,687
200
400
3,032
7,274
762
5,174
477
25,147
3,862
29,009

487
291
47
350
1,216
958
144
170
4,537
200
91
3,579
7,376
812
4,705
618
25,581
3,307
28,888

500
200
40
450
1,300
1,000
150
230
3,800
200
160
2,600
9,500
700
4,600
485
25,915
3,100
29,015

500
200
100
450
1,600
1,100
150
180
3,400
200
150
3,200
9,000
800
5,000
317
26,347
3,500
29,847

500
200
100
450
1,300
1,100
150
180
3,400
200
150
2,900
9,000
800
5,000
317
25,747
3,500
29,247
none

TY Imports
Bangladesh
Brazil
Cameroon
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Cote d'Ivoire
Cuba
EU-27
Ghana
Hong Kong
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Japan
Korea, Democratic Peoples
Malaysia
Mexico
Mozambique
Nigeria
Philippines
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Singapore
South Africa, Republic of
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

801
762
275
285
1,122
867
639
1,184
425
309
650
950
889
706
366
700
521
375
1,369
1,100
1,500
850
346
818
300
6,958
25,067
1,640
477
27,184

785
547
350
321
609
850
736
1,058
450
315
500
983
786
787
191
751
553
350
1,777
1,890
1,357
518
375
850
320
7,694
25,703
2,887
419
29,009

531
691
309
333
654
750
594
1,083
400
309
539
1,251
1,306
681
41
886
586
350
1,600
1,791
1,448
1,113
375
963
350
7,416
26,350
1,905
633
28,888

650
800
300
335
600
750
600
1,000
450
315
1,900
1,100
650
650
400
800
600
350
1,700
1,900
960
800
375
900
450
6,997
26,332
2,008
675
29,015

1,000
800
300
365
700
750
700
1,100
450
315
1,600
900
1,100
700
400
700
625
350
1,700
1,900
1,015
800
375
950
450
7,369
27,414
1,733
700
29,847

1,000
800
300
365
600
650
600
1,100
450
315
1,600
900
1,100
700
400
700
625
350
1,600
1,900
1,015
725
375
900
450
7,319
26,839
1,708
700
29,247

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.
Note about dates: 2006/07 is calendar year 2007, 2005/06 is calendar year 2006, and so on.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Rice Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Milled Production
Bangladesh
Brazil
Burma, Union of
Cambodia
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Nigeria
Pakistan
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

26,152
8,709
10,730
2,960
112,462
3,900
88,530
35,024
7,091
4,451
2,200
4,848
9,200
18,011
22,082
28,737
385,087
6,420
391,507

25,600
8,996
9,570
2,630
125,363
4,128
83,130
34,830
7,944
5,000
2,300
5,025
9,425
17,360
22,716
28,953
392,970
7,462
400,432

28,758
7,874
10,440
3,780
126,414
4,135
91,790
34,959
8,257
4,768
2,700
5,547
9,820
18,200
22,772
30,269
410,483
7,113
417,596

29,000
7,700
10,600
4,000
127,800
4,383
92,760
33,300
7,786
4,680
2,900
5,200
10,085
18,250
22,894
30,063
411,401
6,239
417,640

28,500
7,990
10,660
4,075
129,500
4,407
92,000
34,000
7,943
4,500
3,000
5,400
10,010
18,400
23,261
30,505
414,151
6,329
420,480

28,500
7,990
10,660
4,075
129,500
4,407
92,000
34,000
7,943
4,408
3,000
5,400
10,010
18,600
23,261
30,550
414,304
6,314
420,618
none

Total Consumption
Bangladesh
Brazil
Burma, Union of
Cambodia
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
India
Indonesia
Iran
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Nigeria
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

26,700
8,687
10,200
2,725
132,100
3,225
85,630
36,000
2,950
8,357
4,512
4,000
10,250
9,470
18,230
43,675
409,329
3,656
412,985

26,900
8,860
10,300
2,780
130,300
3,250
80,861
35,850
3,000
8,300
4,951
4,250
10,400
9,480
17,595
44,200
404,155
3,935
408,090

29,000
8,974
10,400
3,580
128,000
3,275
85,088
35,739
3,050
8,250
4,766
4,350
10,722
9,544
18,392
44,457
411,617
3,838
415,455

29,764
8,950
10,560
3,700
127,800
3,300
87,650
35,550
3,100
8,250
4,784
4,450
11,550
9,870
18,669
45,863
414,892
4,054
418,946

29,800
8,900
10,700
3,775
129,100
3,468
88,800
36,150
3,150
8,150
4,749
4,700
12,060
9,600
18,717
46,202
419,941
3,992
423,933

29,800
8,900
10,700
3,775
129,100
3,468
88,800
36,150
3,150
8,150
4,757
4,700
12,060
9,600
18,717
46,085
419,657
3,990
423,647
none

Ending Stocks
China, Peoples Republic of
India
Indonesia
Japan
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

43,915
10,800
4,018
1,700
4,047
1,706
1,025
14,416
81,627
761
82,388

38,931
8,500
3,448
1,919
4,572
2,312
1,292
12,545
73,519
1,211
74,730

36,783
10,520
3,207
2,395
5,292
3,594
1,317
12,393
75,501
1,370
76,871

36,083
11,430
2,857
2,381
5,627
2,479
1,392
12,050
74,299
1,266
75,565

35,583
11,230
2,307
2,674
5,377
2,386
1,386
10,429
71,372
802
72,174

35,783
11,230
2,307
2,674
5,377
2,486
1,386
10,506
71,749
787
72,536

Note: All data are reported on a milled basis.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Rice Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

TY Imports
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Production
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Ending Stocks
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

2003/04

2004/05

1,283
463
1,084
1,111
1,184
125
526
4,510
225
7,524
2,849
1,220
3,202
238

1,293
531
1,213
966
1,058
130
526
4,492
261
7,975
2,147
1,038
4,236
256

1,552
530
1,197
1,097
1,083
130
470
5,311
265
8,117
1,981
834
4,147
269

1,610
540
1,105
1,285
1,000
115
356
3,990
325
7,505
2,331
910
5,665
270

1,690
605
1,155
1,250
1,100
130
436
4,280
225
7,640
2,546
1,365
5,267
425

25,544

26,122

26,983

27,007

28,114

6,620
550
928
14,667
1,741
8
846
2,277
3,941
7,314
126,628
124,689
100,903
395

7,657
466
761
15,346
1,880
10
774
2,117
4,169
7,758
140,858
118,886
99,465
285

7,294
532
692
14,244
1,731
10
863
2,381
4,176
8,635
142,072
131,298
102,952
716

6,464
511
693
13,871
1,688
10
947
2,625
4,424
9,047
142,916
132,205
102,120
119

6,529
511
693
14,560
1,670
10
952
2,778
4,448
9,230
144,437
131,200
103,447
15

391,507

400,432

417,596

417,640

420,480

4,666
976
1,951
13,535
2,627
118
1,434
6,574
3,491
15,033
148,254
120,458
90,710
540

5,006
1,025
1,990
13,837
2,631
125
1,354
6,600
3,552
15,624
146,722
115,811
90,390
545

4,946
1,031
1,732
14,097
2,651
130
1,352
7,271
3,553
16,228
143,951
121,440
92,493
550

5,189
1,050
1,840
14,177
2,700
135
1,319
6,845
3,566
16,635
144,332
125,392
94,134
550

5,157
1,034
1,881
14,253
2,750
135
1,352
7,200
3,734
16,807
145,337
126,470
95,353
550

410,367

405,212

411,425

417,864

422,013

940
437
141
3,010
974
40
191
1,457
719
2,301
46,764
12,189
12,675
550

1,385
366
165
3,668
1,138
50
117
1,537
502
1,734
41,916
9,038
12,648
466

1,529
342
238
2,963
1,183
60
70
1,872
432
1,518
40,329
11,317
14,468
550

1,447
377
256
2,383
1,121
65
34
2,093
615
1,504
39,564
12,392
13,525
189

1,005
419
223
2,200
991
55
30
1,876
454
1,419
39,140
11,887
12,436
39

421,902
none
990
434
223
2,245
991
55
30
1,876
454
1,346
39,340
11,957
12,536
59

82,388

74,730

76,871

75,565

72,174

72,536

none
1,690
605
1,055
1,250
1,100
130
436
4,280
225
7,290
2,446
1,365
5,267
400
27,539
none
6,514
511
693
14,605
1,670
10
952
2,778
4,448
9,230
144,345
131,200
103,647
15
420,618
none
5,155
1,039
1,781
14,253
2,750
135
1,352
7,200
3,734
16,680
145,345
126,600
95,353
525

January 2008

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
PRICES:
U.S. Gulf Export Bids

200
175
150
125
100

Sorghum (Texas Gulf)

Sep-07
Dec-07

Jun-06
Sep-06
Dec-06
Mar-07
Jun-07

Sep-05
Dec-05
Mar-06

Sep-04
Dec-04
Mar-05
Jun-05

TRADE CHANGES IN 2007/2008

Mar-04
Jun-04

75
Sep-03
Dec-03

$/MT

Domestic: U.S corn export prices
averaged $201 per ton in December, up
over $16 from November prices. Strong
demand for U.S. corn and tight
exportable supplies of foreign feed
grains have kept prices firm. Sorghum
prices averaged $205 per ton, up $15
from November prices, due to continued
strong demand, sales, and shipments to
the EU-27.

225

Corn

Selected Exporters

Brazil corn is boosted 500,000 tons to a record 9.0 million because of extraordinary
demand from the EU-27 for feed grains.

Canada corn is doubled to 400,000 tons, the highest in 8 years, because of a record crop,
slowing domestic use, and strong foreign demand. (Imports are cut by 300,000 tons to 2.0
million.)

China corn is slashed by 500,000 tons to 1.0 million, the lowest in 12 years. Recent
government actions to curb food price inflation--cancellation of VAT rebates for exports
and initiation of an export tax--together with the lack of export quotas for 2008 will
severely limit additional trade this year.

Paraguay corn is raised by 400,000 tons to 1.6 million, the second highest ever, based
on strong early-season exports to Brazil and the region. (Similarly, Brazil corn imports
are boosted by 200,000 tons to 950,000.)

United States sorghum is up 200,000 tons to 7.2 million, the highest in 16 years, on the
EU-27 demand for GMO-free feed and the pace of commitments.

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

15
January 2008

Selected Importers

EU-27 corn is raised 500,000 tons to 10.0 million, the highest in almost a quartercentury, as shipments continue to be strong in the face of a major feed grain deficit.

Israel barley is cut 100,000 tons to 250,000 after 2 years of diminished imports and
evidence of increased use of corn in feed rations.

EU-27 sorghum is up 200,000 tons to a record 3.9 million based on the pace of sales and
shipments from the United States.

TRADE CHANGES IN 2006/2007
Selected Exporters

Mexico corn is raised to 200,000 tons (from zero) with updated trade data.

Selected Importers

Updated trade data boosts two countries to record imports: Iran corn at 3.2 million tons
(up 200,000 tons) and Peru corn at 1.5 million tons (up 228,000 tons).

Jordan barley is bolstered 204,000 tons to 804,000 and Tunisia barley is raised 166,000
tons to a record 866,000 showing that high barley prices did not dampen demand.

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

16
January 2008

World Coarse Grain Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Paraguay
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

10,834
6,752
6,191
3,474
7,723
2,159
635
548
1,767
3,811
4,406
48,300
54,078
102,378

14,371
4,996
1,457
3,217
7,617
5,954
107
386
1,534
6,465
4,449
50,553
50,692
101,245

11,243
5,616
2,826
4,010
3,756
3,649
115
1,314
1,450
7,444
5,545
46,968
61,443
108,411

17,184
2,037
8,186
3,730
5,413
5,418
615
2,048
1,768
3,937
4,203
54,539
59,210
113,749

16,505
2,435
8,525
4,400
1,535
4,810
1,010
1,200
1,050
3,510
3,100
48,080
70,035
118,115

16,505
2,435
9,025
4,600
1,035
4,810
1,010
1,600
1,050
3,510
3,105
48,685
70,235
118,920
none

TY Imports
Algeria
Brazil
Canada
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Dominican Republic
Egypt
EU-27
Indonesia
Iran
Israel
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Mexico
Morocco
Peru
Saudi Arabia
South Africa, Republic of
Syria
Taiwan
Tunisia
Turkey
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

1,788
596
2,081
1,148
1,533
2,232
824
3,747
7,699
1,436
2,518
2,012
19,982
771
8,992
2,401
8,873
1,326
1,114
7,130
612
1,541
5,114
883
1,215
9,659
97,227
2,895
2,256
102,378

2,273
745
2,339
1,189
2,073
2,516
1,031
5,405
2,906
541
3,849
1,700
19,709
938
8,715
2,406
8,975
1,989
1,366
7,644
277
2,281
4,757
1,228
317
10,875
98,044
959
2,242
101,245

2,138
1,096
2,029
1,663
2,306
3,380
1,068
4,418
2,883
1,443
2,887
1,588
19,765
1,234
8,550
2,517
9,930
1,971
1,548
8,578
1,008
1,868
4,735
1,230
115
12,345
102,293
3,823
2,295
108,411

2,555
1,500
2,287
1,954
1,156
3,835
1,200
4,875
8,717
1,200
3,500
1,529
19,585
1,204
8,805
2,600
10,995
2,005
1,628
7,400
1,121
1,928
4,519
1,466
1,162
10,990
109,716
1,427
2,606
113,749

2,255
1,005
2,370
2,025
1,430
3,725
1,300
4,520
13,460
1,000
3,200
2,015
19,135
1,000
8,870
2,700
12,300
2,405
1,400
7,600
1,025
2,300
4,450
1,200
1,055
10,365
114,110
1,280
2,725
118,115

2,255
1,205
2,070
2,025
1,430
3,725
1,300
4,520
14,160
1,000
3,200
1,915
19,135
1,000
8,870
2,700
12,300
2,405
1,500
7,600
1,025
2,300
4,450
1,200
1,055
10,490
114,835
1,360
2,725
118,920

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Coarse Grains Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Mexico
Nigeria
Russian Federation
South Africa, Republic of
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

18,596
14,861
44,881
25,839
123,953
6,810
6,560
131,670
37,420
30,277
20,300
30,500
10,363
10,040
15,600
113,245
640,915
275,098
916,013

24,902
11,401
37,874
25,602
138,252
6,900
7,565
166,535
33,560
28,947
23,200
29,600
12,209
11,045
23,000
115,715
696,307
319,417
1,015,724

19,223
13,897
44,167
24,968
147,696
6,992
9,085
146,745
34,040
25,833
24,700
27,600
7,311
11,945
18,140
116,658
679,000
298,763
977,763

27,538
5,755
53,169
23,145
154,040
7,000
11,075
138,149
34,160
28,730
26,000
30,200
7,760
10,945
19,175
123,680
700,521
280,113
980,634

27,473
9,305
52,859
27,840
153,400
7,040
10,800
135,674
35,710
30,180
24,000
29,450
10,483
10,045
14,950
121,442
700,651
353,692
1,054,343

27,673
9,305
52,859
27,840
153,400
7,040
10,800
136,606
35,710
30,180
24,000
28,550
10,483
10,045
14,950
121,082
700,523
351,062
1,051,585
none

Domestic Consumption
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Japan
Mexico
Nigeria
Russian Federation
South Africa, Republic of
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

7,407
38,913
23,339
138,651
10,277
6,560
145,237
35,650
20,737
37,332
20,250
33,250
9,219
11,186
14,000
165,180
719,772
225,958
945,730

9,058
41,558
22,981
141,172
12,364
7,565
152,589
33,240
19,878
38,276
22,950
29,400
10,305
11,504
15,200
169,488
737,999
240,216
978,215

9,373
42,217
22,917
147,455
11,201
8,885
147,541
33,840
20,092
37,587
24,450
27,700
8,766
11,452
11,990
178,401
746,478
245,075
991,553

10,023
43,439
24,512
152,765
11,635
10,850
146,508
33,720
19,737
39,445
25,750
28,600
9,198
11,650
13,375
182,498
765,979
242,812
1,008,791

10,273
45,509
25,450
157,744
11,780
10,800
149,970
34,805
19,537
42,180
24,000
29,325
9,773
11,550
12,650
185,145
782,901
273,522
1,056,423

10,273
45,509
24,650
157,744
11,780
10,800
151,270
34,805
19,537
42,180
24,000
28,425
9,773
11,550
12,650
185,030
782,320
280,126
1,062,446
none

Ending Stocks
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Iran
Mexico
South Africa, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

8,045
4,076
45,481
12,968
1,873
5,767
3,189
30,756
112,155
28,764
140,919

4,380
6,319
37,017
25,033
2,739
5,395
3,427
35,318
119,628
58,800
178,428

3,167
6,281
35,808
22,658
2,833
3,336
2,439
33,349
109,871
54,767
164,638

4,837
3,486
32,826
17,654
2,833
3,442
2,101
33,128
100,307
36,174
136,481

4,667
3,846
28,377
11,966
2,433
3,773
2,361
26,712
84,135
48,847
132,982

4,667
4,146
28,877
12,340
2,633
3,717
2,361
27,523
86,264
39,356
125,620

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Coarse Grains Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

TY Imports
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Production
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Ending Stocks
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

13,556
2,405
1,913
6,460
2,906
575
1,080
17,864
11,588
2,703
35,666
44
3,499
27

14,254
2,803
1,969
8,750
2,883
686
1,150
17,586
10,470
3,454
35,610
33
4,897
43

15,888
2,714
2,160
10,386
8,717
814
910
17,982
11,476
2,259
34,265
10
4,740
1

17,395
2,750
2,225
9,315
13,460
760
580
18,305
11,030
2,075
34,135
10
4,790
5

99,483

100,286

104,588

112,322

116,835

331,214
3,206
835
72,953
131,670
9,241
55,419
17,595
11,757
78,416
126,238
42,485
19,512
15,472

373,966
2,882
869
72,549
166,535
12,757
63,030
18,403
11,786
79,355
140,578
39,405
21,583
12,026

349,564
2,889
784
73,291
146,745
12,985
55,307
19,031
9,371
83,056
150,069
38,427
21,700
14,544

331,988
3,146
771
92,219
138,149
12,090
58,701
18,146
11,047
90,284
156,261
38,723
22,707
6,402

411,712
3,425
785
92,214
135,674
9,602
54,378
17,226
9,212
91,135
155,544
40,271
23,213
9,952

916,013

1,015,724

977,763

980,634

1,054,343

286,629
5,070
2,412
60,405
145,237
10,761
56,775
34,318
18,746
77,279
175,901
40,581
21,787
7,245

301,473
5,455
2,725
65,304
152,589
12,132
54,700
33,891
21,891
80,177
177,238
38,803
23,946
7,420

305,579
5,500
2,784
67,889
147,541
12,254
49,750
36,102
20,779
85,257
183,334
38,695
25,658
7,820

306,769
5,875
2,933
71,412
146,508
11,931
51,291
36,820
21,745
91,319
188,141
38,483
26,750
6,540

341,152
6,156
3,008
74,246
149,970
10,735
51,158
37,325
21,415
91,157
192,965
39,316
27,985
7,425

943,146

977,744

988,942

1,006,517

1,054,013

38,607
700
120
11,868
12,968
1,070
5,941
6,368
2,288
5,306
49,789
1,575
1,988
2,331

70,514
541
177
9,302
25,033
1,600
7,236
7,942
3,392
5,317
41,178
1,747
2,062
2,387

64,384
652
146
7,281
22,658
1,598
5,490
8,136
2,507
5,022
39,711
966
2,541
3,546

43,102
651
144
9,409
17,654
1,646
5,359
7,948
3,098
6,041
36,731
791
2,528
1,379

56,466
692
146
8,378
11,966
1,058
4,418
5,641
1,921
5,899
31,910
1,231
2,136
1,120

1,060,102
none
47,219
715
146
9,017
12,340
1,058
4,329
5,844
1,925
5,899
32,410
1,231
2,136
1,351

140,919

178,428

164,638

136,481

132,982

125,620

2003/04

2004/05

13,210
2,178
1,634
6,383
7,699
817
1,440
16,162
8,275
1,666
35,927
32
4,046
14

Jan
2007/08
none
17,095
2,850
2,225
9,615
14,160
760
605
18,205
11,030
2,075
34,135
10
4,790
5
117,560
none
409,082
3,425
785
92,414
136,606
9,602
53,118
17,226
9,212
91,135
155,544
40,271
23,213
9,952
1,051,585
none
346,956
6,206
3,008
74,346
151,270
10,735
50,008
37,285
21,415
91,157
192,965
39,316
27,985
7,450

January 2008

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Corn Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
India
Paraguay
Serbia
South Africa, Republic of
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

10,439
5,818
367
7,553
455
1,222
548
nr
797
1,238
1,815
30,252
48,809
79,061

13,752
1,431
244
7,589
678
481
386
nr
1,517
2,334
2,205
30,617
45,347
75,964

10,707
2,826
239
3,727
449
497
1,314
nr
1,406
2,464
2,886
26,515
56,084
82,599

15,693
8,071
322
5,269
664
450
2,048
854
431
1,027
1,829
36,658
54,150
90,808

15,000
8,500
200
1,500
300
500
1,200
200
800
1,500
1,205
30,905
62,000
92,905

15,000
9,000
400
1,000
300
500
1,600
200
800
1,500
1,210
31,510
62,000
93,510
none

TY Imports
Algeria
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Egypt
EU-27
Guatemala
Indonesia
Iran
Israel
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Mexico
Morocco
Peru
Saudi Arabia
South Africa, Republic of
Syria
Taiwan
Tunisia
Turkey
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

1,765
459
2,033
1,043
1,999
583
824
3,743
5,859
513
1,436
1,857
1,377
16,781
8,783
2,401
5,739
1,183
1,041
1,621
495
941
4,951
784
1,023
7,027
76,261
2,444
356
79,061

2,145
481
2,237
1,081
2,256
569
1,031
5,398
2,469
641
541
2,558
1,242
16,485
8,638
2,406
5,945
1,423
1,301
1,224
131
1,781
4,562
714
187
8,170
75,616
67
281
75,964

2,061
931
1,962
1,587
3,151
687
1,068
4,397
2,634
751
1,443
2,300
1,128
16,617
8,488
2,517
6,787
1,491
1,467
1,472
896
1,256
4,533
624
61
9,193
79,502
2,887
210
82,599

2,400
1,204
2,226
1,700
3,500
600
1,200
4,800
7,056
764
1,200
3,200
1,200
16,713
8,737
2,600
8,944
1,600
1,528
1,600
996
1,700
4,400
600
1,100
8,279
89,847
641
320
90,808

2,200
750
2,300
1,800
3,500
700
1,300
4,500
9,500
700
1,000
2,700
1,500
16,300
8,800
2,700
10,200
1,500
1,300
2,000
900
2,000
4,300
700
800
7,995
91,945
585
375
92,905

2,200
950
2,000
1,800
3,500
700
1,300
4,500
10,000
800
1,000
2,700
1,500
16,300
8,800
2,700
10,200
1,500
1,400
2,000
900
2,000
4,300
700
800
7,995
92,545
590
375
93,510

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Corn Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Indonesia
Mexico
Nigeria
Philippines
South Africa, Republic of
Ukraine
Vietnam
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

15,000
42,000
9,587
115,830
5,740
3,000
47,905
14,980
6,350
21,800
5,500
4,900
9,700
6,850
2,800
59,025
370,967
256,278
627,245

20,500
35,000
8,837
130,290
5,840
3,400
66,471
14,180
7,200
22,050
6,500
5,050
11,716
8,800
3,757
65,257
414,848
299,914
714,762

15,800
41,700
9,361
139,365
5,932
4,000
61,158
14,710
6,500
19,500
7,000
5,884
6,935
7,150
3,818
65,245
414,058
282,311
696,369

22,500
51,000
8,990
145,480
5,940
5,000
54,652
14,980
6,700
22,000
7,800
6,230
7,300
6,400
4,312
66,969
436,253
267,598
703,851

22,500
50,000
11,650
145,000
5,980
4,800
47,257
16,300
7,000
23,200
6,500
6,100
10,000
7,400
4,560
66,590
434,837
334,476
769,313

22,500
50,000
11,650
145,000
5,980
4,800
47,369
16,300
7,000
23,200
6,500
6,100
10,000
7,400
4,560
66,265
434,624
332,092
766,716
none

Total Consumption
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
EU-27
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Mexico
Nigeria
Philippines
South Africa, Republic of
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

4,400
36,300
11,215
128,400
9,200
55,764
13,500
7,350
17,200
8,722
26,400
5,500
4,950
8,677
5,600
93,169
437,237
211,644
648,881

5,200
38,500
10,311
131,000
11,300
63,200
13,900
7,900
16,500
8,666
27,900
6,300
5,150
9,700
6,000
100,836
463,333
224,648
687,981

6,200
39,500
10,837
137,000
10,100
61,500
14,200
7,900
16,700
8,579
27,900
6,800
5,800
8,200
5,100
104,189
471,966
232,063
704,029

6,700
41,000
11,436
143,000
10,500
61,100
14,600
7,900
16,500
8,833
30,300
7,600
6,300
8,600
5,250
108,969
489,431
230,786
720,217

6,700
42,500
13,500
148,000
10,700
61,000
15,400
8,000
16,500
8,900
33,300
6,550
6,600
9,200
5,600
111,481
506,318
260,108
766,426

6,700
42,500
12,700
148,000
10,700
61,600
15,400
8,000
16,500
8,900
33,300
6,550
6,600
9,200
5,600
111,441
505,883
266,839
772,722
none

Ending Stocks
Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Iran
Mexico
South Africa, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

7,878
1,143
44,852
3,046
1,055
4,461
2,956
14,850
80,241
24,337
104,578

4,192
1,802
36,555
8,108
1,413
4,529
3,190
17,873
77,662
53,697
131,359

3,015
2,001
35,255
9,951
1,313
2,707
2,308
17,181
73,731
49,968
123,699

4,715
1,343
32,482
9,895
1,913
3,151
2,008
18,712
74,219
33,114
107,333

4,465
1,593
28,082
5,310
1,613
3,282
2,258
16,824
63,427
45,633
109,060

4,465
1,893
28,582
5,364
1,813
3,226
2,258
17,211
64,812
36,515
101,327

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Corn Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons
2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

8,463
2,401
1,913
5,738
2,469
422
559
8,039
10,112
2,147
30,099
40
3,492
3

8,959
2,803
1,969
8,144
2,634
410
699
7,381
9,044
2,769
29,954
33
4,890
23

11,490
2,714
2,160
9,326
7,056
462
500
10,049
9,900
1,699
30,066
10
4,735
0

12,875
2,750
2,225
8,465
9,500
440
275
10,225
9,450
1,570
29,750
10
4,785
0

76,617

75,897

79,712

90,167

92,320

287,665
2,874
707
64,550
47,905
7,110
11,580
4,555
5,942
38,138
117,672
18,757
19,240
550

330,801
2,552
741
63,182
66,471
10,199
15,424
5,088
6,042
41,512
132,141
18,797
21,330
482

311,172
2,582
656
65,468
61,158
10,583
13,289
5,773
6,134
38,451
141,276
17,830
21,445
552

298,588
2,820
643
82,924
54,652
9,725
12,849
4,822
6,142
42,474
147,253
18,100
22,437
422

369,326
3,099
657
82,291
47,257
7,235
13,855
4,922
6,182
44,911
146,693
19,420
22,943
522

Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

627,245

714,762

696,369

703,851

769,313

249,259
4,735
2,284
52,455
55,764
8,320
11,063
12,381
13,298
37,722
161,503
17,143
21,509
555

262,859
5,100
2,597
55,883
63,200
9,474
12,749
12,677
15,702
41,183
163,133
18,234
23,710
510

270,800
5,190
2,656
59,599
61,500
9,576
11,933
13,210
14,871
40,520
168,958
17,788
25,422
545

272,522
5,550
2,805
63,065
61,100
9,227
12,125
13,981
15,700
43,771
174,678
17,920
26,500
430

306,908
5,825
2,880
65,090
61,000
8,075
12,445
15,521
16,000
43,900
179,675
18,470
27,735
515

Total
Ending Stocks
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

647,991

687,011

702,568

719,374

764,039

29,941
658
120
10,802
3,046
775
1,338
1,985
805
3,861
48,345
880
1,983
39

60,028
525
177
8,318
8,108
1,254
2,138
2,300
1,061
4,487
39,863
1,033
2,036
31

54,676
635
146
6,704
9,951
1,267
1,651
2,076
1,314
3,789
38,352
587
2,515
36

37,608
633
144
8,649
9,895
1,301
1,741
2,966
1,656
4,066
35,772
377
2,502
23

50,508
679
146
7,756
5,310
691
1,850
2,328
1,288
4,497
31,040
837
2,110
20

770,530
none
41,634
702
146
8,195
5,364
691
1,771
2,532
1,288
4,497
31,540
837
2,110
20

104,578

131,359

123,699

107,333

109,060

101,327

TY Imports
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Production
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania

Total
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

2003/04

2004/05

8,128
2,178
1,634
5,805
5,859
544
677
7,901
7,673
1,334
30,823
32
4,021
8

Jan
2007/08
none
12,575
2,850
2,225
8,765
10,000
440
275
10,225
9,450
1,570
29,750
10
4,785
0
92,920
none
366,942
3,099
657
82,291
47,369
7,235
13,530
4,922
6,182
44,911
146,693
19,420
22,943
522
766,716
none
312,839
5,875
2,880
65,190
61,600
8,075
12,195
15,581
16,000
43,900
179,675
18,470
27,735
515

January 2008

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Barley Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Australia
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Russian Federation
Serbia
Syria
Ukraine
Uruguay
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

167
6,104
1,937
2
986
613
1,736
nr
320
2,557
12
6
14,440
384
14,824

338
4,481
1,476
0
4,240
100
1,488
nr
50
3,992
20
30
16,215
771
16,986

309
5,231
1,876
3
2,587
100
1,397
nr
50
4,926
37
555
17,071
357
17,428

537
1,927
1,337
0
4,389
600
1,691
5
50
2,910
200
250
13,896
528
14,424

500
2,300
2,200
10
4,200
1,000
1,000
5
50
2,000
100
0
13,365
1,000
14,365

500
2,300
2,200
10
4,200
1,000
1,000
5
50
2,000
100
0
13,365
1,000
14,365
none

TY Imports
Brazil
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
EU-27
Iran
Israel
Japan
Jordan
Kuwait
Morocco
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Tunisia
Turkey
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

128
1,519
181
654
661
508
1,359
400
62
143
438
5,508
600
99
171
1,452
13,883
444
497
14,824

182
2,049
234
212
1,291
313
1,522
607
214
565
266
6,420
500
514
69
1,341
16,299
530
157
16,986

153
2,217
198
168
587
314
1,417
811
203
444
188
7,106
612
606
52
1,568
16,644
660
124
17,428

291
1,127
243
167
300
224
1,359
804
200
400
200
5,800
228
866
57
1,454
13,720
350
354
14,424

250
1,300
200
200
500
350
1,350
500
200
900
200
5,600
300
500
250
1,135
13,735
180
450
14,365

250
1,300
200
200
500
250
1,350
500
200
900
200
5,600
300
500
250
1,160
13,660
255
450
14,365

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Barley Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Iran
Iraq
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Mexico
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

1,000
10,387
1,800
12,164
2,717
1,410
55,818
1,410
2,900
861
2,100
1,082
18,000
6,900
6,850
10,995
136,394
6,059
142,453

886
7,740
2,000
12,557
3,222
1,575
64,085
1,300
2,900
805
1,500
932
17,200
7,400
11,100
11,742
146,944
6,091
153,035

800
9,843
1,800
11,678
3,400
1,785
54,752
1,200
2,900
754
1,500
753
15,800
7,600
9,000
8,730
132,295
4,613
136,908

1,265
3,800
1,350
9,573
3,500
2,125
56,165
1,220
2,900
920
1,900
900
18,100
7,500
11,350
10,428
132,996
3,923
136,919

1,200
5,800
1,600
11,000
3,400
2,100
57,723
1,310
3,000
800
2,300
900
16,500
6,500
6,200
8,733
129,066
4,612
133,678

1,200
5,800
1,600
11,000
3,400
2,100
57,813
1,310
3,000
800
2,300
900
15,600
6,500
6,200
8,698
128,221
4,612
132,833
none

Total Consumption
Australia
Belarus
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Iran
Japan
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Morocco
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

3,050
1,750
9,729
4,700
1,410
58,007
1,400
3,100
1,630
1,950
2,300
18,600
7,010
7,100
6,200
12,898
142,188
4,990
147,178

3,450
1,900
10,138
5,350
1,575
54,580
1,300
3,500
1,650
1,550
2,700
16,500
5,410
7,300
6,400
14,174
136,719
5,672
142,391

3,450
1,975
9,611
5,550
1,785
54,050
1,200
3,800
1,650
1,400
2,450
15,500
6,510
7,300
4,900
14,412
136,480
4,570
141,050

3,750
1,500
10,196
4,800
2,125
55,850
1,220
3,900
1,650
1,374
2,500
16,400
6,810
7,300
6,500
14,270
140,777
4,596
145,373

3,550
1,600
9,100
4,700
2,100
54,320
1,310
3,600
1,550
1,300
2,100
16,200
6,610
7,000
5,700
13,996
134,520
4,354
138,874

3,550
1,600
9,100
4,700
2,100
54,320
1,310
3,600
1,550
1,300
2,100
15,300
6,610
7,000
5,700
13,896
133,595
4,354
137,949
none

1,887
2,102
4,524
818
2,227
2,399
596
5,309
19,862
2,619
22,481

1,916
3,435
11,063
1,326
2,110
2,672
991
6,816
30,329
2,796
33,125

3,042
3,289
8,535
1,520
873
3,213
1,193
4,968
26,633
2,350
28,983

1,192
1,485
5,594
920
1,226
2,903
960
4,749
19,029
1,500
20,529

862
1,235
4,697
820
726
1,693
480
3,433
13,946
1,104
15,050

1,142
1,235
4,787
820
726
1,693
480
3,426
14,309
1,104
15,413

Ending Stocks
Australia
Canada
EU-27
Iran
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Barley Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

567
440
654
178
706
8,112
601
69
3,047
0
6

291
538
212
102
327
9,619
1,473
102
3,768
0
24

201
506
168
161
380
10,057
1,386
81
3,808
0
20

475
778
167
215
355
7,823
1,566
100
2,594
0
1

550
640
200
130
280
7,910
1,570
100
2,800
0
5

Total
Production
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Oceania

14,380

16,456

16,768

14,074

14,185

19,305
2,039
55,818
1,405
29,629
11,827
4,795
1,764
3,136
1,970
10,765

19,580
2,065
64,085
1,769
33,206
12,095
4,719
1,871
3,678
1,847
8,120

17,044
1,827
54,752
1,604
29,450
12,034
2,212
2,152
3,848
1,742
10,243

14,396
2,272
56,165
1,572
33,951
12,100
3,880
2,511
3,934
1,938
4,200

16,512
2,405
57,723
1,567
27,878
11,080
2,005
2,455
3,825
2,028
6,200

Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Oceania

142,453

153,035

136,908

136,919

133,678

15,669
2,166
58,007
1,600
29,502
20,550
4,427
1,774
6,719
1,960
3,450

16,760
2,317
54,580
1,815
27,591
19,782
5,164
1,986
7,457
1,847
3,850

15,131
2,178
54,050
1,761
25,189
21,515
4,843
2,220
7,634
1,742
3,850

15,762
2,267
55,850
1,771
27,020
21,505
5,010
2,625
6,818
1,938
4,175

14,404
2,545
54,320
1,670
26,148
20,410
4,380
2,550
6,660
2,028
3,975

Total
Ending Stocks
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Oceania

145,824

143,149

140,113

144,741

139,090

4,921
404
4,524
242
3,727
4,340
1,442
58
850
34
1,939

6,470
331
11,063
295
4,170
5,606
2,291
45
839
34
1,981

5,712
163
8,535
283
3,036
6,024
1,153
58
858
34
3,127

3,055
276
5,594
294
3,063
4,946
1,402
44
568
34
1,253

2,409
176
4,697
316
2,073
3,277
593
49
523
34
903

138,090
none
2,409
176
4,787
316
2,063
3,276
597
49
523
34
1,183

22,481

33,125

28,983

20,529

15,050

15,413

Total

2006/07

Jan
2007/08

2004/05

TY Imports
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Oceania

2005/06

Dec
2007/08

2003/04

none
550
640
200
130
305
7,810
1,570
100
2,800
0
5
14,110
none
16,512
2,405
57,813
1,567
26,943
11,080
2,005
2,455
3,825
2,028
6,200
132,833
none
14,404
2,545
54,320
1,670
25,248
20,310
4,380
2,550
6,660
2,028
3,975

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Sorghum Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
China, Peoples Republic of
India
Nigeria
South Africa, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

228
425
371
168
42
50
41
36
1,361
4,845
6,206

279
370
24
28
24
50
36
14
825
4,541
5,366

226
190
0
26
4
50
23
28
547
4,961
5,508

949
30
115
144
25
50
25
35
1,373
4,497
5,870

1,000
50
25
25
25
50
25
40
1,240
7,000
8,240

1,000
50
25
25
25
50
25
40
1,240
7,200
8,440
none

TY Imports
Chile
Eritrea
EU-27
Israel
Japan
Mexico
Niger
Norway
Sudan
Taiwan
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

62
55
1,139
104
1,434
3,002
50
24
15
61
211
6,157
49
0
6,206

71
81
218
34
1,374
2,931
50
0
160
61
238
5,218
147
1
5,366

43
25
77
44
1,393
3,029
50
0
211
69
391
5,332
176
0
5,508

185
25
1,474
55
1,276
1,914
50
0
300
64
146
5,489
379
2
5,870

175
30
3,700
150
1,350
2,000
50
75
300
50
35
7,915
325
0
8,240

175
30
3,900
150
1,350
2,000
50
75
300
50
35
8,115
325
0
8,440

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Sorghum Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Burkina
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Mexico
Niger
Nigeria
Sudan
Tanzania, United Republic
Uganda
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

2,200
2,009
2,103
1,520
2,865
900
1,700
385
6,680
7,300
720
9,000
5,190
500
420
4,345
47,837
10,446
58,283

2,900
2,011
2,051
1,400
2,328
900
2,150
499
7,240
5,890
500
10,000
2,700
820
400
4,147
45,936
11,523
57,459

2,200
1,929
1,543
1,837
2,546
900
2,800
489
7,630
5,500
750
10,500
4,275
890
450
4,176
48,415
9,981
58,396

3,300
1,000
1,500
1,800
2,700
900
3,325
558
7,400
5,750
800
10,500
5,200
850
490
4,305
50,378
7,050
57,428

3,300
2,100
2,000
1,800
2,600
900
3,300
574
7,600
6,000
800
10,000
4,500
900
490
4,337
51,201
13,073
64,274

3,500
2,100
2,000
1,800
2,600
900
3,300
574
7,600
6,000
800
10,000
4,500
900
490
4,337
51,401
12,827
64,228
none

Total Consumption
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Burkina
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
EU-27
India
Japan
Mexico
Niger
Nigeria
Sudan
Tanzania, United Republic
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

2,000
1,405
1,650
1,520
3,000
900
1,700
1,971
6,700
1,500
9,800
750
8,950
4,500
500
5,020
51,886
5,638
57,524

2,600
1,755
2,100
1,400
2,400
900
2,150
521
7,200
1,400
9,300
550
9,950
3,500
820
4,933
51,578
6,255
57,833

2,200
1,895
1,593
1,837
2,500
900
2,600
683
7,540
1,400
8,600
750
10,450
4,250
890
5,143
53,405
4,823
58,228

2,200
955
1,410
1,800
2,590
900
3,100
1,120
7,300
1,350
8,000
825
10,450
5,000
850
5,201
53,829
3,912
57,741

2,300
1,930
1,900
1,800
2,630
900
3,300
4,670
7,595
1,350
7,800
925
9,950
5,300
900
5,338
58,763
5,461
64,224

2,300
1,955
1,900
1,800
2,630
900
3,300
4,870
7,595
1,350
7,800
925
9,950
5,300
900
5,338
59,042
5,334
64,376
none

379
124
0
61
1,103
200
958
962
3,787
852
4,639

328
133
0
80
624
200
313
1,141
2,819
1,446
4,265

128
95
200
145
553
200
547
897
2,765
1,668
4,433

228
75
425
220
217
200
1,042
899
3,306
814
4,120

128
155
425
200
417
200
537
686
2,748
1,441
4,189

328
155
425
200
417
200
537
642
2,904
1,068
3,972

Ending Stocks
Argentina
Brazil
Ethiopia
India
Mexico
Nigeria
Sudan
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Sorghum Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

TY Imports
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Production
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total
Ending Stocks
North America
Central America
Caribbean
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Oceania
Total

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

2003/04

2004/05

3,002
0
0
104
1,139
24
105
0
232
1,526
0
25
0

2,932
4
0
158
218
0
34
0
412
1,450
4
7
0

3,029
0
0
69
77
0
44
35
586
1,485
0
7
0

1,916
0
0
257
1,474
0
55
0
435
1,349
0
5
0

2,000
0
0
180
3,700
75
150
0
380
1,425
0
5
0

6,157

5,219

5,332

5,491

7,915

17,746
332
128
5,075
385
0
481
915
21,315
2,883
6,918
96
2,009

17,413
330
128
5,777
499
0
481
915
20,045
2,341
7,426
93
2,011

15,481
307
128
4,583
489
0
485
915
23,570
2,554
7,860
95
1,929

12,800
326
128
5,626
558
0
485
915
25,162
2,708
7,630
90
1,000

19,073
326
128
6,146
574
0
485
915
23,987
2,620
7,830
90
2,100

58,283

57,459

58,396

57,428

64,274

15,438
335
128
4,509
1,971
24
586
915
20,550
4,603
6,938
102
1,405

15,555
355
128
5,594
521
0
523
915
21,039
3,886
7,387
76
1,755

13,423
310
128
4,690
683
0
529
950
23,616
3,984
7,770
76
1,895

11,912
325
128
4,688
1,120
0
540
915
24,761
4,019
7,530
70
955

13,261
331
128
5,239
4,670
75
635
915
24,900
4,070
7,825
70
1,930

57,504

57,734

58,054

56,963

64,049

1,955
42
0
558
32
0
43
40
1,375
465
61
5
63

2,070
16
0
535
234
0
36
39
773
342
80
26
114

2,221
17
0
302
90
0
36
39
1,163
371
145
26
23

1,031
18
0
372
176
0
36
39
1,919
265
220
26
18

1,858
13
0
334
70
0
36
39
1,341
215
200
26
57

64,147
none
1,485
13
0
534
70
0
36
39
1,341
215
200
26
13

4,639

4,265

4,433

4,120

4,189

3,972

none
2,000
0
0
180
3,900
75
150
0
380
1,425
0
5
0
8,115
none
18,827
326
128
6,346
574
0
485
915
23,987
2,620
7,830
90
2,100
64,228
none
13,134
331
128
5,239
4,870
75
635
915
24,900
4,070
7,825
70
1,955

January 2008

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

Dec
2007/08

Jan
2007/08

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Oats Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Argentina
Australia
Canada
Chile
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

0
210
984
44
483
5
12
1,738
38
1,776

2
137
1,374
29
356
5
21
1,924
31
1,955

1
191
1,754
27
231
5
5
2,214
40
2,254

5
75
1,921
41
110
10
0
2,162
33
2,195

5
75
1,900
25
200
5
0
2,210
30
2,240

5
75
1,900
25
200
5
0
2,210
30
2,240
none

TY Imports
Algeria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Ecuador
EU-27
Japan
Mexico
Morocco
Norway
South Africa, Republic of
Switzerland
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

1
5
19
9
23
0
3
67
91
0
2
31
38
27
316
158
1,302
1,776

2
6
16
13
26
0
1
67
51
1
2
42
26
7
260
66
1,629
1,955

4
5
21
18
26
5
2
59
83
1
48
18
48
0
338
85
1,831
2,254

5
4
20
9
25
0
10
62
57
5
58
25
50
0
330
71
1,794
2,195

5
5
20
20
25
5
10
60
50
5
50
25
50
0
330
110
1,800
2,240

5
5
20
20
25
5
10
60
50
5
50
25
50
0
330
110
1,800
2,240

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Oats Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Brazil
Canada
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Norway
Russian Federation
Serbia
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

75
348
2,018
500
413
3,377
425
600
9,019
100
333
5,200
nr
285
925
545
24,163
2,096
26,259

80
508
1,283
770
433
3,467
425
600
9,146
140
359
4,950
nr
290
1,000
537
23,988
1,679
25,667

80
350
1,690
600
517
3,283
420
600
7,968
140
360
4,550
nr
290
800
546
22,194
1,667
23,861

80
400
650
550
475
3,852
380
600
7,723
140
360
4,900
120
290
700
443
21,663
1,359
23,022

80
400
1,000
600
475
4,700
380
600
8,688
160
360
5,000
120
290
650
417
23,920
1,330
25,250

80
400
1,000
600
475
4,700
380
600
8,870
160
360
5,000
120
290
650
417
24,102
1,330
25,432
none

Total Consumption
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Brazil
Canada
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Mexico
Norway
Russian Federation
Serbia
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

359
1,705
500
410
1,873
380
610
8,636
95
182
340
5,600
nr
288
950
702
22,890
3,389
26,279

500
1,175
700
425
1,978
400
610
8,719
135
126
360
4,900
nr
290
1,000
710
22,116
3,297
25,413

350
1,400
650
515
1,966
400
620
7,868
135
137
410
4,600
nr
290
800
713
20,906
3,287
24,193

400
850
550
475
2,288
350
615
7,647
135
175
420
4,900
120
290
700
618
20,482
3,181
23,663

400
875
600
475
2,400
350
614
8,580
155
130
410
5,000
120
290
650
597
21,659
3,275
24,934

400
875
600
475
2,400
350
614
8,580
155
130
410
5,000
120
290
650
597
21,659
3,275
24,934
none

Ending Stocks
Argentina
Australia
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of
EU-27
Norway
Russian Federation
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

77
290
788
106
835
33
184
123
2,436
941
3,377

83
261
974
109
906
34
240
183
2,790
841
3,631

82
360
872
107
772
32
190
121
2,536
763
3,299

77
85
551
101
759
35
190
126
1,924
734
2,658

72
140
971
107
677
35
190
131
2,323
656
2,979

72
135
971
107
859
35
190
131
2,500
656
3,156

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Oats Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

1,412
34
3
47
9
5
1
31
76
0

1,696
26
1
34
7
0
3
42
80
0

1,935
31
2
101
0
0
5
18
77
0

1,871
25
10
112
0
0
10
25
71
0

1,870
30
10
105
0
0
10
25
80
0

Total
Production
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

1,618

1,889

2,169

2,124

2,130

5,568
1,221
9,019
586
6,735
285
105
45
602
2,093

5,221
1,397
9,146
628
6,870
290
110
45
602
1,358

5,030
1,316
7,968
637
6,098
290
110
45
602
1,765

5,291
1,303
7,723
637
6,296
290
110
45
602
725

6,110
1,278
8,688
637
6,415
290
110
45
602
1,075

Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

26,259

25,667

23,861

23,022

25,250

5,444
1,207
8,636
647
7,155
288
106
79
677
1,780

5,401
1,382
8,719
664
6,745
290
110
87
677
1,250

5,390
1,325
7,868
739
6,193
290
115
63
683
1,475

5,644
1,298
7,647
752
6,291
290
120
70
677
925

5,805
1,278
8,580
742
6,410
290
120
70
676
950

Total
Ending Stocks
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

26,019

25,325

24,141

23,714

24,921

1,732
104
835
52
242
0
1
12
109
290

1,818
118
906
50
351
0
1
12
114
261

1,638
112
772
48
246
0
1
12
110
360

1,289
112
759
51
243
0
1
12
106
85

1,631
112
677
51
243
0
1
12
112
140

24,921
none
1,631
112
859
51
243
0
1
12
112
135

3,377

3,631

3,299

2,658

2,979

3,156

Total

2006/07

Jan
2007/08

2004/05

TY Imports
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

2005/06

Dec
2007/08

2003/04

none
1,870
30
10
105
0
0
10
25
80
0
2,130
none
6,110
1,278
8,870
637
6,415
290
110
45
602
1,075
25,432
none
5,805
1,278
8,580
742
6,410
290
120
70
676
950

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Rye Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

TY Exports
Belarus
Canada
EU-27
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

50
186
231
6
36
509
2
511

50
123
677
122
0
972
2
974

50
141
381
49
0
621
1
622

50
150
250
0
0
450
2
452

150
100
100
10
0
360
5
365

150
100
100
10
0
360
5
365
none

TY Imports
EU-27
Israel
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Norway
Russian Federation
Switzerland
Turkey
Others
Subtotal
Unaccounted
United States
World Total

44
23
341
114
16
6
7
16
43
610
-200
101
511

6
111
261
8
13
177
2
61
12
651
149
174
974

2
102
279
7
4
56
9
2
16
477
15
130
622

10
50
175
10
20
50
5
5
5
330
-14
136
452

50
15
75
5
5
25
5
5
0
185
80
100
365

50
15
75
5
5
25
5
5
0
185
80
100
365

TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Rye Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Dec

2007/08
Jan
none

Production
Argentina
Belarus
Canada
EU-27
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

37
1,200
327
6,972
4,200
240
625
163
13,764
219
13,983

89
1,400
398
10,031
2,850
240
1,600
184
16,792
210
17,002

55
1,150
330
7,688
3,600
240
1,050
188
14,301
191
14,492

55
1,200
383
6,536
3,000
240
600
180
12,194
183
12,377

55
1,300
230
7,885
3,700
240
600
187
14,197
201
14,398

55
1,300
230
7,588
3,700
240
600
187
13,900
201
14,101
none

Total Consumption
Argentina
Belarus
Canada
EU-27
Japan
Kazakhstan, Republic of
Norway
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

37
1,200
138
8,908
340
45
40
5,500
283
900
250
17,701
297
17,998

89
1,325
211
10,135
261
50
51
3,300
299
1,300
230
17,323
344
17,667

55
1,100
187
8,620
279
50
41
3,600
247
1,050
238
15,454
332
15,786

55
1,150
245
7,241
175
50
57
3,100
245
800
158
13,348
337
13,685

55
1,200
190
7,800
75
50
42
3,725
245
600
125
14,158
324
14,482

55
1,200
190
7,500
75
50
42
3,725
245
600
125
13,858
324
14,182
none

139
43
3,834
20
355
140
1
4,532
15
4,547

164
108
3,156
20
77
336
1
3,862
20
3,882

164
119
1,874
20
126
267
0
2,570
18
2,588

164
107
829
20
76
72
0
1,268
12
1,280

114
47
864
20
76
62
0
1,183
13
1,196

114
47
867
20
76
62
0
1,186
13
1,199

Ending Stocks
Belarus
Canada
EU-27
Japan
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Others
Subtotal
United States
World Total

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Regional Rye Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons

101
0
44
24
48
39
0
455
0

174
0
6
17
187
172
0
269
0

130
0
2
14
71
104
0
286
0

136
0
10
25
55
55
0
185
0

100
0
50
10
25
20
0
80
0

711

825

607

466

285

546
42
6,972
85
6,075
240
3
0
20

608
94
10,031
106
5,900
240
3
0
20

521
64
7,688
106
5,850
240
3
0
20

566
61
6,536
101
4,850
240
3
0
20

431
61
7,885
108
5,650
240
3
0
20

Total
Domestic Consumption
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

13,983

17,002

14,492

12,377

14,398

435
42
8,908
115
7,655
306
3
454
20

555
94
10,135
124
5,985
410
3
269
20

519
64
8,620
123
5,815
349
3
286
20

582
61
7,241
126
5,100
295
3
185
20

514
61
7,800
118
5,575
260
3
80
20

Total
Ending Stocks
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

17,938

17,595

15,799

13,613

14,431

58
0
3,834
1
634
0
0
20
0

128
0
3,156
1
577
0
0
20
0

137
0
1,874
0
557
0
0
20
0

119
0
829
0
312
0
0
20
0

60
0
864
0
252
0
0
20
0

14,131
none
60
0
867
0
252
0
0
20
0

4,547

3,882

2,588

1,280

1,196

1,199

Total
Production
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

Total

2006/07

Jan
2007/08

2004/05

TY Imports
North America
South America
European Union
Other Europe
Former Soviet Union - 12
Middle East
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia
Oceania

2005/06

Dec
2007/08

2003/04

none
100
0
50
10
25
20
0
80
0
285
none
431
61
7,588
108
5,650
240
3
0
20
14,101
none
514
61
7,500
118
5,575
260
3
80
20

NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are reported
using local marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

F AS

/G &FD

HISTORICAL DATA SERIES FOR
SELECTED REGIONS AND
COUNTRIES
CONTENTS

European Union: Grain Supply and Demand ............................................... 40
China: Grain Supply and Demand ................................................................ 41
Other Europe: Grain Supply and Demand .................................................... 42
Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand........................................ 43
Wheat Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ................................ 50
Corn Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters................................... 52
Barley Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ................................ 54
Sorghum Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters............................ 55
U.S. Grains: Supply and Distribution ........................................................... 56
Total Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand ................................. 58
World Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand ............................... 59
World Corn and Barley: Supply and Demand .............................................. 61
World Rice: Supply and Demand ................................................................. 63

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

39
January 2008

European Union: Grain Supply and Demand
Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

Imports

Exports

Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
1999/00

24.6

5.0

122.4

4.0

20.4

52.8

113.2

16.3

2000/01

26.5

5.0

131.7

3.5

15.7

56.3

118.4

17.5

2001/02

25.9

4.8

123.4

8.7

12.8

56.5

118.5

18.3

2002/03

26.4

5.0

132.6

10.7

18.1

60.0

125.0

18.5

2003/04

24.3

4.5

110.6

7.4

9.8

52.4

115.1

11.5

2004/05

26.0

5.7

146.9

7.1

14.7

59.2

123.2

27.5

2005/06

25.8

5.1

132.4

6.8

15.7

63.0

127.5

23.4

2006/07

24.5

5.1

124.8

5.1

13.9

60.2

125.5

14.0

2007/08

24.8

4.8

119.8

6.5

9.0

54.9

120.2

11.0

Coarse Grains
1999/00

33.6

4.4

147.9

2.9

13.4

105.8

140.1

22.8

2000/01

33.0

4.2

139.9

4.1

9.3

105.1

139.3

18.2

2001/02

33.7

4.5

150.4

3.9

6.7

107.9

143.6

22.3

2002/03

32.7

4.5

148.3

4.4

7.6

109.3

144.9

22.5

2003/04

32.7

4.0

131.7

8.2

4.2

109.6

145.2

13.0

2004/05

33.5

5.0

166.5

3.0

4.9

116.5

152.6

25.0

2005/06

32.6

4.5

146.7

2.8

4.4

109.4

147.5

22.7

2006/07

31.8

4.3

138.1

8.0

4.6

108.0

146.5

17.7

2007/08

31.0

4.4

136.6

14.5

5.1

112.2

151.3

12.3

Wheat and Coarse Grains
1999/00
58.2

4.6

270.3

6.8

33.8

158.6

253.4

39.1

2000/01

59.5

4.6

271.6

7.6

24.9

161.5

257.7

35.7

2001/02

59.6

4.6

273.8

12.7

19.4

164.4

262.1

40.6

2002/03

59.2

4.7

280.9

15.0

25.7

169.3

269.9

41.0

2003/04

57.0

4.3

242.2

15.6

14.0

162.1

260.3

24.5

2004/05

59.5

5.3

313.4

10.1

19.6

175.7

275.8

52.5

2005/06

58.5

4.8

279.1

9.5

20.0

172.4

275.1

46.0

2006/07

56.3

4.7

263.0

13.1

18.5

168.2

272.0

31.6

2007/08

55.7

4.6

256.4

21.0

14.1

167.1

271.5

23.4

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

China: Grain Supply and Demand
Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

Imports

Exports

Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
1996/97

29.6

3.7

110.6

2.7

1.0

3.4

107.6

81.2

1997/98

30.1

4.1

123.3

1.9

1.2

4.9

109.1

96.2

1998/99

29.8

3.7

109.7

0.8

0.5

5.0

108.3

97.9

1999/00

28.9

3.9

113.9

1.0

0.5

6.5

109.3

102.9

2000/01

26.7

3.7

99.6

0.2

0.6

10.0

110.3

91.9

2001/02

24.6

3.8

93.9

1.1

1.5

9.0

108.7

76.6

2002/03

23.9

3.8

90.3

0.4

1.7

6.5

105.2

60.4

2003/04

22.0

3.9

86.5

3.7

2.8

6.0

104.5

43.3

2004/05

21.6

4.3

92.0

6.7

1.2

4.0

102.0

38.8

2005/06

22.8

4.3

97.5

1.0

1.4

3.5

101.0

34.9

2006/07

23.0

4.6

104.5

0.4

2.8

4.0

101.0

36.0

2007/08

23.1

4.6

106.0

0.2

2.5

4.0

100.5

39.1

Coarse Grains
1996/97

29.1

4.9

141.3

2.1

4.0

82.6

121.0

119.5

1997/98

28.1

4.1

114.7

1.6

6.2

87.2

121.6

108.0

1998/99

29.1

4.9

143.5

2.6

3.4

91.4

127.3

123.4

1999/00

29.6

4.6

137.2

2.3

10.0

92.7

128.8

124.2

2000/01

26.5

4.3

114.0

2.4

7.3

94.4

130.4

102.8

2001/02

27.5

4.4

122.2

2.0

8.6

96.2

132.9

85.6

2002/03

28.0

4.7

130.7

1.8

15.3

98.4

136.4

66.4

2003/04

27.1

4.6

124.0

1.5

7.7

99.1

138.7

45.5

2004/05

28.2

4.9

138.3

2.1

7.6

100.2

141.2

37.0

2005/06

29.1

5.1

147.7

2.3

3.8

103.1

147.5

35.8

2006/07

29.8

5.2

154.0

1.2

5.4

104.6

152.8

32.8

2007/08

30.9

5.0

153.4

1.4

1.0

106.6

157.7

28.9

Wheat and Coarse Grains
1996/97
58.7

4.3

251.9

4.8

5.0

86.0

228.6

200.7

1997/98

58.1

4.1

238.0

3.5

7.4

92.1

230.6

204.2

1998/99

58.8

4.3

253.2

3.4

3.9

96.4

235.6

221.3

1999/00

58.4

4.3

251.1

3.4

10.5

99.2

238.1

227.1

2000/01

53.1

4.0

213.6

2.6

7.9

104.4

240.7

194.7

2001/02

52.1

4.1

216.1

3.1

10.1

105.2

241.6

162.1

2002/03

51.9

4.3

221.0

2.2

17.1

104.9

241.6

126.7

2003/04

49.1

4.3

210.4

5.3

10.5

105.1

243.2

88.8

2004/05

49.8

4.6

230.2

8.8

8.8

104.2

243.2

75.8

2005/06

51.9

4.7

245.1

3.3

5.2

106.6

248.5

70.7

2006/07

52.8

4.9

258.5

1.5

8.2

108.6

253.8

68.8

2007/08

54.0

4.8

259.4

1.6

3.5

110.6

258.2

68.0

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Other Europe: Grain Supply and Demand
Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

Imports

Exports

Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
1996/97

1.2

3.2

3.9

1.3

0.3

0.5

4.9

0.9

1997/98

1.5

3.7

5.6

1.3

0.0

0.5

6.6

1.1

1998/99

1.6

3.9

6.0

1.0

0.1

0.6

6.6

1.5

1999/00

1.3

3.3

4.2

1.5

0.1

0.7

5.7

1.3

2000/01

1.4

3.3

4.6

1.2

0.3

0.7

5.5

1.4

2001/02

1.4

3.4

4.9

1.8

0.6

0.9

5.9

1.5

2002/03

1.4

3.5

4.9

1.4

0.6

0.9

5.7

1.4

2003/04

1.2

3.1

3.9

1.5

0.1

0.7

5.5

1.2

2004/05

1.4

4.0

5.4

1.5

0.3

1.0

6.0

1.8

2005/06

1.2

3.6

4.2

1.5

0.2

0.9

5.9

1.4

2006/07

1.2

3.6

4.3

1.5

0.6

0.7

5.5

1.1

2007/08

1.2

3.6

4.3

1.4

0.6

0.7

5.4

0.8

Coarse Grains
1996/97

2.9

3.7

10.8

0.6

0.2

9.8

11.1

0.9

1997/98

2.8

4.3

12.1

0.5

0.3

10.7

12.0

1.2

1998/99

2.8

3.9

11.2

0.4

0.3

10.2

11.6

0.9

1999/00

2.8

4.4

12.2

0.6

0.3

11.2

12.5

0.9

2000/01

2.6

3.1

8.1

1.0

0.0

7.7

9.0

1.0

2001/02

2.7

4.1

10.9

0.8

0.2

9.8

11.1

1.4

2002/03

2.7

4.4

11.7

0.6

0.6

9.9

11.4

1.8

2003/04

2.7

3.5

9.2

0.8

0.1

9.5

10.8

1.1

2004/05

2.7

4.8

12.8

0.5

0.6

10.8

12.1

1.6

2005/06

2.7

4.8

13.0

0.7

1.4

10.9

12.3

1.6

2006/07

2.5

4.8

12.1

0.8

0.9

10.6

11.9

1.6

2007/08

2.6

3.7

9.6

0.8

0.2

9.4

10.7

1.1

Wheat and Coarse Grains
1996/97
4.1

3.6

14.7

1.9

0.5

10.4

16.1

1.8

1997/98

4.3

4.1

17.6

1.9

0.3

11.2

18.6

2.4

1998/99

4.4

3.9

17.2

1.4

0.4

10.8

18.2

2.4

1999/00

4.0

4.1

16.4

2.1

0.3

11.9

18.2

2.3

2000/01

4.0

3.2

12.7

2.2

0.3

8.4

14.5

2.3

2001/02

4.1

3.9

15.8

2.6

0.8

10.7

17.0

2.9

2002/03

4.1

4.1

16.6

2.0

1.2

10.8

17.0

3.2

2003/04

3.9

3.4

13.1

2.3

0.2

10.2

16.3

2.2

2004/05

4.0

4.5

18.2

2.0

0.9

11.7

18.2

3.4

2005/06

3.8

4.5

17.2

2.1

1.6

11.8

18.2

3.0

2006/07

3.7

4.4

16.4

2.3

1.5

11.3

17.4

2.8

2007/08

3.8

3.7

13.9

2.2

0.8

10.1

16.1

1.9

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand
Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

Imports

Exports

Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
2001/02

45.7

2.0

91.3

3.8

13.9

21.1

70.3

16.0

2002/03

48.4

2.0

96.9

4.6

25.7

24.8

75.4

16.5

2003/04

40.3

1.5

60.9

7.2

7.9

17.6

65.9

10.8

2004/05

46.5

1.9

86.5

4.8

15.5

21.0

73.2

13.5

2005/06

48.5

1.9

91.9

5.1

21.1

23.3

75.7

13.7

2006/07

45.9

1.9

86.0

5.9

22.4

21.4

73.6

9.6

2007/08

47.5

1.9

92.6

5.4

21.6

23.4

76.1

9.7

Coarse Grains
2001/02

32.6

1.9

61.8

1.0

6.6

33.3

50.8

11.4

2002/03

31.4

1.9

60.8

0.7

8.1

35.0

52.8

11.9

2003/04

31.2

1.8

55.4

1.5

6.1

39.4

56.8

5.9

2004/05

31.2

2.0

63.0

1.1

8.1

38.1

54.7

7.2

2005/06

28.4

1.9

55.3

1.2

8.5

33.8

49.8

5.5

2006/07

29.8

2.0

58.7

0.9

8.5

35.7

51.3

5.4

2007/08

29.7

1.8

53.1

0.6

4.7

34.6

50.0

4.3

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Wheat)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Former Soviet Union - 12
Kazakhstan, Republic of
2003/04
11.3

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

1.0

11.0

0.0

4.2

2.7

6.8

3.7

2004/05

11.8

0.8

10.0

0.0

3.0

2.7

7.4

3.2

2005/06

11.8

0.9

11.0

0.0

3.8

2.7

7.4

3.0

2006/07

12.4

1.1

13.5

0.0

8.0

2.7

7.5

1.0

2007/08

12.8

1.3

16.0

0.0

8.0

2.7

7.5

1.6

22.2

1.5

34.1

1.0

3.1

12.5

35.5

2.6

2004/05

24.2

1.9

45.4

1.2

8.0

13.6

37.4

3.9

2005/06

25.4

1.9

47.7

1.3

10.7

14.9

38.4

3.8

2006/07

23.7

1.9

44.9

0.9

10.8

14.1

36.4

2.4

2007/08

24.5

2.0

49.4

1.0

12.0

15.4

38.2

2.6

Ukraine
2003/04

2.5

1.5

3.6

3.4

0.1

0.4

9.0

1.1

2004/05

5.9

3.0

17.5

0.0

4.4

2.1

11.7

2.6

2005/06

6.6

2.8

18.7

0.1

6.5

2.9

12.5

2.4

2006/07

5.5

2.5

14.0

0.1

3.4

2.1

11.7

1.4

2007/08

6.0

2.3

13.8

0.3

1.5

2.9

12.5

1.5

1.5

3.7

5.4

0.2

0.5

0.8

5.2

0.9

2004/05

1.4

3.8

5.3

0.4

0.1

1.0

5.7

0.8

2005/06

1.5

4.0

5.8

0.6

0.1

1.1

6.1

1.0

2006/07

1.3

4.5

5.9

1.1

0.1

1.1

6.5

1.3

2007/08

1.3

4.6

6.0

0.7

0.1

1.1

6.6

1.3

2.3

6.8

2.6

0.1

1.2

9.4

2.5

Russian Federation
2003/04

Uzbekistan, Republic of
2003/04

Other Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
2.9
2004/05

3.2

2.6

8.4

3.1

0.1

1.6

11.0

3.0

2005/06

3.3

2.6

8.7

3.1

0.1

1.7

11.3

3.5

2006/07

3.0

2.5

7.7

3.9

0.1

1.4

11.5

3.4

2007/08

2.9

2.5

7.4

3.4

0.0

1.3

11.3

2.8

1.5

60.9

7.2

7.9

17.6

65.9

10.8

Total Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
40.3
2004/05

46.5

1.9

86.5

4.8

15.5

21.0

73.2

13.5

2005/06

48.5

1.9

91.9

5.1

21.1

23.3

75.7

13.7

2006/07

45.9

1.9

86.0

5.9

22.4

21.4

73.6

9.6

2007/08

47.5

1.9

92.6

5.4

21.6

23.4

76.1

9.7

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Wheat) (Continued)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Barley)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Former Soviet Union - 12
Kazakhstan, Republic of
2003/04
1.8

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

1.2

2.1

0.0

0.7

1.9

2.0

0.4

2004/05

1.7

0.9

1.5

0.0

0.1

1.5

1.6

0.2

2005/06

1.6

0.9

1.5

0.0

0.1

1.3

1.4

0.2

2006/07

1.8

1.1

1.9

0.1

0.6

1.3

1.4

0.2

2007/08

1.8

1.3

2.3

0.0

1.0

1.2

1.3

0.2

10.5

1.7

18.0

0.4

2.3

13.7

18.6

2.2

2004/05

10.0

1.7

17.2

0.3

1.1

11.7

16.5

2.1

2005/06

9.2

1.7

15.8

0.2

1.7

10.9

15.5

0.9

2006/07

10.0

1.8

18.1

0.2

1.5

11.8

16.4

1.2

2007/08

9.8

1.6

15.6

0.2

1.0

10.7

15.3

0.7

Ukraine
2003/04

4.6

1.5

6.9

0.0

1.5

4.7

6.2

0.6

2004/05

4.5

2.5

11.1

0.0

4.3

4.7

6.4

1.0

2005/06

4.4

2.1

9.0

0.1

4.0

3.2

4.9

1.2

2006/07

5.2

2.2

11.4

0.0

5.1

4.8

6.5

1.0

2007/08

4.4

1.4

6.2

0.0

1.0

4.0

5.7

0.5

0.1

1.4

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.0

2004/05

0.1

2.9

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

2005/06

0.1

3.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

2006/07

0.1

3.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

2007/08

0.1

3.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

2.0

2.5

0.2

0.0

1.8

2.6

0.5

Russian Federation
2003/04

Uzbekistan, Republic of
2003/04

Other Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
1.2
2004/05

1.2

2.6

3.2

0.1

0.0

2.2

2.9

0.8

2005/06

1.2

2.5

2.9

0.1

0.0

2.3

3.1

0.7

2006/07

1.1

2.1

2.4

0.1

0.0

1.9

2.5

0.6

2007/08

1.2

2.1

2.6

0.1

0.0

2.0

2.7

0.6

1.6

29.6

0.7

4.5

22.2

29.5

3.7

Total Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
18.3
2004/05

17.5

1.9

33.2

0.3

5.5

20.2

27.6

4.2

2005/06

16.3

1.8

29.5

0.4

5.8

17.9

25.2

3.0

2006/07

18.2

1.9

34.0

0.4

7.3

19.9

27.0

3.1

2007/08

17.3

1.6

26.9

0.3

3.0

18.1

25.2

2.1

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Barley) (Continued)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Corn)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Former Soviet Union - 12
Kazakhstan, Republic of
2003/04
0.1

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

3.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

2004/05

0.1

3.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

2005/06

0.1

3.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

2006/07

0.1

3.2

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

2007/08

0.1

3.1

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0

0.7

3.0

2.1

0.5

0.0

2.2

2.6

0.2

2004/05

0.9

3.9

3.5

0.2

0.0

3.0

3.6

0.2

2005/06

0.9

3.8

3.2

0.3

0.1

3.0

3.6

0.1

2006/07

1.0

3.6

3.6

0.2

0.1

3.1

3.6

0.2

2007/08

1.3

2.9

3.8

0.2

0.1

3.4

4.0

0.2

Ukraine
2003/04

2.0

3.4

6.9

0.0

1.2

4.9

5.6

0.8

2004/05

2.3

3.8

8.8

0.0

2.3

5.3

6.0

1.3

2005/06

1.7

4.3

7.2

0.0

2.5

4.4

5.1

0.9

2006/07

1.7

3.8

6.4

0.0

1.0

4.5

5.3

1.0

2007/08

1.9

3.9

7.4

0.0

1.5

5.0

5.6

1.3

0.0

4.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.0

2004/05

0.0

4.4

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.0

2005/06

0.0

4.6

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

2006/07

0.0

4.6

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

2007/08

0.0

4.6

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.0

2.9

2.2

0.1

0.1

2.2

2.5

0.3

Russian Federation
2003/04

Uzbekistan, Republic of
2003/04

Other Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
0.7
2004/05

0.9

3.1

2.7

0.3

0.0

2.4

2.7

0.5

2005/06

0.8

3.1

2.5

0.4

0.0

2.5

2.8

0.6

2006/07

0.7

3.4

2.4

0.4

0.0

2.5

2.8

0.5

2007/08

0.8

2.4

1.9

0.1

0.0

1.9

2.2

0.2

3.2

11.6

0.6

1.3

9.5

11.1

1.3

Total Former Soviet Union - 12
2003/04
3.6
2004/05

4.2

3.7

15.4

0.5

2.4

11.0

12.7

2.1

2005/06

3.4

3.9

13.3

0.7

2.6

10.3

11.9

1.7

2006/07

3.5

3.6

12.8

0.5

1.1

10.5

12.1

1.7

2007/08

4.1

3.3

13.5

0.3

1.6

10.6

12.2

1.8

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand (Corn) (Continued)
Millions of Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

January 2008

Wheat Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Wheat Competitors
Argentina
1999/00

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

6.2

2.7

16.4

0.0

11.6

0.1

4.9

0.6

2000/01

6.4

2.5

16.2

0.0

11.3

0.1

5.0

0.6

2001/02

6.8

2.3

15.5

0.0

10.1

0.1

4.9

1.1

2002/03

5.9

2.1

12.3

0.0

6.8

0.1

5.2

1.5

2003/04

5.7

2.5

14.5

0.0

9.4

0.1

5.2

1.4

2004/05

6.1

2.6

16.0

0.0

11.8

0.1

5.0

0.6

2005/06

5.0

2.9

14.5

0.0

9.6

0.1

5.0

0.5

2006/07

5.3

2.9

15.2

0.0

10.5

0.1

4.9

0.3

2007/08

5.2

2.9

15.0

0.0

10.0

0.1

4.9

0.4

Australia
1999/00

12.2

2.0

24.8

0.1

17.8

2.5

5.2

4.6

2000/01

12.1

1.8

22.1

0.1

15.9

2.6

5.3

5.5

2001/02

11.6

2.1

24.3

0.1

16.4

2.7

5.4

8.0

2002/03

11.1

0.9

10.1

0.3

9.1

3.4

6.1

3.2

2003/04

13.1

2.0

26.1

0.1

18.0

3.2

5.9

5.4

2004/05

13.4

1.6

21.9

0.1

14.7

3.2

5.9

6.8

2005/06

12.5

2.0

25.2

0.1

16.0

3.7

6.4

9.6

2006/07

11.2

0.9

9.9

0.1

8.7

4.7

7.4

3.5

2007/08

12.2

1.1

13.0

0.1

8.0

3.4

6.1

2.5

Canada
1999/00

10.4

2.6

26.9

0.2

19.2

4.1

8.1

7.3

2000/01

11.0

2.4

26.5

0.2

17.3

3.0

7.0

9.7

2001/02

10.6

1.9

20.6

0.3

16.3

3.6

7.7

6.5

2002/03

8.8

1.8

16.2

0.4

9.4

3.8

8.0

5.7

2003/04

10.2

2.3

23.0

0.2

15.8

3.1

7.2

6.0

2004/05

9.4

2.6

24.8

0.3

14.9

4.1

8.2

7.9

2005/06

9.4

2.7

25.7

0.3

16.0

4.2

8.3

9.6

2006/07

9.7

2.6

25.3

0.3

19.6

4.3

8.7

6.8

2007/08

8.6

2.3

20.1

0.3

14.0

3.5

8.1

5.1

Total Wheat Competitors
1999/00
28.7

2.4

68.1

0.3

48.6

6.6

18.2

12.5

2000/01

29.5

2.2

64.9

0.3

44.5

5.7

17.4

15.8

2001/02

29.0

2.1

60.4

0.4

42.8

6.4

18.1

15.7

2002/03

25.8

1.5

38.6

0.7

25.3

7.3

19.3

10.5

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Wheat Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters (Continued)
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

2003/04

29.0

2.2

63.7

0.3

43.3

6.4

18.3

12.8

2004/05

28.9

2.2

62.7

0.3

41.5

7.3

19.1

15.3

2005/06

26.9

2.4

65.4

0.4

41.6

8.0

19.7

19.8

2006/07

26.2

1.9

50.4

0.4

38.9

9.1

21.0

10.6

2007/08

26.0

1.8

48.1

0.4

32.0

7.0

19.1

7.9

India
1999/00

27.4

2.6

70.8

1.4

0.2

0.4

68.8

13.1

2000/01

27.5

2.8

76.4

0.4

1.6

0.5

66.8

21.5

2001/02

25.7

2.7

69.7

0.0

3.1

0.5

65.1

23.0

2002/03

25.9

2.8

71.8

0.0

4.9

0.6

74.3

15.7

2003/04

24.9

2.6

65.1

0.0

5.7

0.6

68.3

6.9

2004/05

26.6

2.7

72.2

0.0

2.1

0.5

72.8

4.1

2005/06

26.5

2.6

68.6

0.0

0.8

0.3

70.0

2.0

2006/07

26.4

2.6

69.4

6.7

0.2

0.3

73.4

4.5

2007/08

28.0

2.7

74.9

2.0

0.1

0.2

75.9

5.5

Turkey
1999/00

8.7

1.9

16.5

1.5

2.2

1.0

16.8

1.6

2000/01

8.7

2.1

18.0

0.5

1.6

1.0

16.7

1.7

2001/02

8.5

1.8

15.5

1.0

0.8

1.1

16.5

1.0

2002/03

8.6

2.0

16.8

1.2

0.8

1.0

16.8

1.5

2003/04

8.6

2.0

16.8

1.1

0.8

1.0

16.8

1.7

2004/05

8.6

2.2

18.5

0.4

2.0

1.0

16.8

1.8

2005/06

8.6

2.2

18.5

0.1

3.2

0.4

16.1

1.1

2006/07

8.6

2.0

17.5

1.8

2.0

0.8

16.7

1.8

2007/08

8.6

1.8

15.5

1.5

1.5

0.6

16.5

0.8

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Corn Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Argentina
1999/00

3.1

5.5

17.2

0.0

11.9

4.0

5.5

0.5

2000/01

2.8

5.5

15.4

0.0

9.7

3.9

5.6

0.6

2001/02

2.5

6.0

14.7

0.0

10.9

2.7

4.2

0.3

2002/03

2.5

6.3

15.5

0.0

11.2

2.5

4.1

0.5

2003/04

2.3

6.5

15.0

0.0

10.9

2.8

4.4

0.2

2004/05

2.8

7.4

20.5

0.0

14.6

3.5

5.2

1.0

2005/06

2.4

6.5

15.8

0.1

9.5

4.4

6.2

1.2

2006/07

2.8

8.0

22.5

0.0

15.3

4.8

6.7

1.7

2007/08

3.0

7.5

22.5

0.0

16.0

4.8

6.7

1.5

China, Peoples Republic of
1999/00
25.9

4.9

128.1

0.1

9.9

89.5

117.3

123.8

2000/01

23.1

4.6

106.0

0.1

7.3

92.0

120.2

102.4

2001/02

24.3

4.7

114.1

0.0

8.6

94.0

123.1

84.8

2002/03

24.6

4.9

121.3

0.0

15.2

96.0

125.9

65.0

2003/04

24.1

4.8

115.8

0.0

7.6

97.0

128.4

44.9

2004/05

25.4

5.1

130.3

0.0

7.6

98.0

131.0

36.6

2005/06

26.4

5.3

139.4

0.1

3.7

101.0

137.0

35.3

2006/07

27.0

5.4

145.5

0.0

5.3

103.0

143.0

32.5

2007/08

28.0

5.2

145.0

0.1

1.0

105.0

148.0

28.6

South Africa, Republic of
1999/00
3.8

3.0

11.5

0.0

1.4

4.1

8.9

2.0

2000/01

3.2

2.5

8.0

0.4

1.3

4.1

8.7

0.5

2001/02

3.5

2.8

10.1

0.9

1.1

3.9

8.4

1.9

2002/03

3.7

2.7

9.7

0.4

1.1

4.0

8.5

2.4

2003/04

3.3

2.9

9.7

0.2

0.7

4.1

8.7

3.0

2004/05

3.2

3.6

11.7

0.4

2.1

5.0

9.7

3.2

2005/06

2.0

3.4

6.9

0.9

0.5

4.0

8.2

2.3

2006/07

2.9

2.5

7.3

1.5

0.5

4.4

8.6

2.0

2007/08

3.2

3.1

10.0

0.3

0.8

4.8

9.2

2.3

Brazil
1999/00

12.6

2.5

31.6

1.6

0.2

28.5

33.5

1.7

2000/01

13.0

3.2

41.5

0.2

6.3

29.5

34.5

2.7

2001/02

11.8

3.0

35.5

0.4

2.1

29.5

35.0

1.5

2002/03

13.0

3.4

44.5

0.7

4.6

30.0

35.8

6.3

2003/04

12.4

3.4

42.0

0.4

4.4

30.5

36.3

7.9

2004/05

11.6

3.0

35.0

0.5

0.7

32.1

38.5

4.2

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Corn Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters (Continued)
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

2005/06

12.9

3.2

41.7

1.1

4.5

33.0

39.5

3.0

2006/07

14.0

3.6

51.0

1.4

9.7

34.5

41.0

4.7

2007/08

14.0

3.6

50.0

0.8

8.5

36.0

42.5

4.5

45.4

4.1

188.4

1.7

23.5

126.1

165.2

128.0

2000/01

42.1

4.1

171.0

0.8

24.5

129.5

169.0

106.2

2001/02

42.1

4.1

174.3

1.3

22.6

130.1

170.7

88.6

2002/03

43.7

4.4

191.0

1.2

32.2

132.5

174.3

74.2

2003/04

42.1

4.3

182.5

0.6

23.7

134.4

177.8

55.9

2004/05

43.0

4.6

197.5

0.9

25.0

138.6

184.4

44.9

2005/06

43.7

4.7

203.8

2.2

18.3

142.4

190.9

41.7

2006/07

46.7

4.8

226.3

2.9

30.8

146.7

199.3

40.9

2007/08

48.2

4.7

227.5

1.1

26.3

150.6

206.4

36.8

Total Corn Competitors
1999/00

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Barley Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Australia
1999/00

2.6

1.9

5.0

0.0

2.6

1.7

2.6

0.4

2000/01

3.5

2.0

6.7

0.0

4.0

1.3

2.2

1.0

2001/02

3.7

2.2

8.3

0.0

4.7

1.8

2.8

1.8

2002/03

3.9

1.0

3.9

0.0

2.0

1.8

2.7

0.9

2003/04

4.5

2.3

10.4

0.0

6.4

2.2

3.1

1.9

2004/05

4.6

1.7

7.7

0.0

4.3

2.5

3.5

1.9

2005/06

4.4

2.2

9.8

0.0

5.3

2.5

3.5

3.0

2006/07

4.0

1.0

3.8

0.0

1.9

2.9

3.8

1.2

2007/08

4.4

1.3

5.8

0.0

2.3

2.6

3.6

1.1

Canada
1999/00

4.1

3.2

13.2

0.0

1.7

9.9

11.4

2.8

2000/01

4.6

2.9

13.2

0.0

2.0

10.1

11.6

2.5

2001/02

4.2

2.6

10.8

0.1

1.1

8.9

10.3

2.0

2002/03

3.3

2.2

7.5

0.2

0.4

6.5

7.9

1.5

2003/04

4.4

2.8

12.2

0.0

1.8

8.4

9.7

2.1

2004/05

3.8

3.3

12.6

0.1

1.2

8.8

10.1

3.4

2005/06

3.6

3.2

11.7

0.0

2.3

8.4

9.6

3.3

2006/07

3.2

3.0

9.6

0.0

1.2

8.9

10.2

1.5

2007/08

4.0

2.8

11.0

0.1

2.2

7.8

9.1

1.2

EU-27
1999/00

14.7

4.0

59.3

0.2

9.7

38.5

53.2

11.7

2000/01

14.1

4.3

59.9

0.4

7.2

41.0

55.8

9.0

2001/02

14.1

4.2

58.8

1.4

4.2

39.7

54.9

10.0

2002/03

14.0

4.2

58.2

1.1

5.2

39.3

55.4

8.7

2003/04

14.1

4.0

55.8

0.7

2.6

41.8

58.0

4.5

2004/05

13.7

4.7

64.1

0.3

3.3

38.6

54.6

11.1

2005/06

13.8

4.0

54.8

0.1

3.3

38.2

54.1

8.5

2006/07

13.7

4.1

56.2

0.2

3.5

40.0

55.9

5.6

2007/08

13.6

4.2

57.8

0.2

4.5

38.5

54.3

4.8

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Sorghum Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters
Million Metric Tons/Hectares
Country Mktg Year

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production

MY
Imports

MY Exports

Feed
Total
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Argentina
1999/00

0.7

4.6

3.4

0.0

0.9

2.4

2.5

0.7

2000/01

0.6

4.8

2.7

0.0

0.4

2.4

2.5

0.4

2001/02

0.5

5.1

2.8

0.0

0.4

2.2

2.3

0.5

2002/03

0.6

5.1

2.8

0.0

0.6

2.1

2.3

0.4

2003/04

0.5

4.6

2.2

0.0

0.2

1.9

2.0

0.4

2004/05

0.6

5.0

2.9

0.0

0.4

2.4

2.6

0.3

2005/06

0.5

4.7

2.2

0.0

0.2

2.0

2.2

0.1

2006/07

0.6

5.3

3.3

0.0

1.0

2.0

2.2

0.2

2007/08

0.7

5.0

3.5

0.0

1.1

2.1

2.3

0.3

Australia
1999/00

0.6

3.4

2.1

0.0

0.9

1.3

1.3

0.1

2000/01

0.8

2.6

1.9

0.0

0.6

1.3

1.3

0.1

2001/02

0.8

2.5

2.0

0.0

0.4

1.7

1.7

0.1

2002/03

0.7

2.2

1.5

0.0

0.1

1.4

1.4

0.1

2003/04

0.7

2.7

2.0

0.0

0.6

1.4

1.4

0.1

2004/05

0.8

2.7

2.0

0.0

0.2

1.8

1.8

0.1

2005/06

0.8

2.5

1.9

0.0

0.1

1.9

1.9

0.0

2006/07

0.5

2.0

1.0

0.0

0.1

1.0

1.0

0.0

2007/08

0.8

2.6

2.1

0.0

0.2

2.0

2.0

0.0

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

U.S. Grains Supply and Distribution: Wheat, Corn, Sorghum, Barley, Oats, Rye, and Rice
Thousand Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Rough
Production

Production

Imports

TY Imports

Exports

TY Exports

Feed Dom.
Domestic
Consumption Consumption

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

18,544
21,474
20,234
20,283
18,943
20,644

2
3
3
3
3
3

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

43,705
63,814
58,738
57,280
49,316
56,247

2,106
1,715
1,921
2,214
3,317
2,449

1,958
1,760
1,946
2,309
3,395
2,900

23,139
31,524
29,009
27,291
24,729
31,978

22,834
32,295
28,464
27,424
25,025
32,500

3,150
5,521
4,955
4,347
3,416
3,130

30,448
32,507
31,823
31,357
31,035
31,188

13,374
14,872
14,699
15,545
12,414
7,944

Corn
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

28,057
28,710
29,798
30,399
28,590
35,022

8
9
10
9
9
9

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

227,767
256,278
299,914
282,311
267,598
332,092

367
358
275
224
304
381

374
356
281
210
320
375

40,334
48,258
46,181
54,201
53,970
62,233

40,924
48,809
45,347
56,084
54,150
62,000

141,303
147,197
156,428
156,337
142,191
151,137

200,748
211,644
224,648
232,063
230,786
266,839

27,603
24,337
53,697
49,968
33,114
36,515

Sorghum
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

2,883
3,156
2,637
2,321
1,998
2,754

3
3
4
4
4
5

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

9,163
10,446
11,523
9,981
7,050
12,827

1
0
1
0
2
0

1
0
1
0
2
0

4,681
5,049
4,675
4,936
3,994
7,239

4,877
4,845
4,541
4,961
4,497
7,200

4,328
4,624
4,860
3,553
2,769
4,445

4,939
5,638
6,255
4,823
3,912
5,334

1,093
852
1,446
1,668
814
1,068

Barley
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

1,669
1,913
1,627
1,323
1,194
1,420

3
3
4
3
3
3

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

4,940
6,059
6,091
4,613
3,923
4,612

402
449
264
117
264
435

282
497
157
124
354
450

659
409
506
606
441
1,089

552
384
771
357
528
1,000

1,819
1,617
2,238
1,132
1,209
1,197

5,179
4,990
5,672
4,570
4,596
4,354

1,510
2,619
2,796
2,350
1,500
1,104

Oats
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

833
898
723
738
634
609

2
2
2
2
2
2

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

1,684
2,096
1,679
1,667
1,359
1,330

1,640
1,547
1,557
1,572
1,831
1,896

1,777
1,302
1,629
1,831
1,794
1,800

38
36
39
30
38
29

39
38
31
40
33
30

2,435
2,330
2,223
2,217
2,104
2,186

3,480
3,389
3,297
3,287
3,181
3,275

723
941
841
763
734
656

Rye
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Area
Harvested
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08
Rice, Milled
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

Yield

Rough
Production

Production

Imports

TY Imports

Exports

TY Exports

Feed Dom.
Domestic
Consumption Consumption

Ending
Stocks

106
129
121
113
111
117

2
2
2
2
2
2

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

165
219
210
191
183
201

156
83
143
139
150
127

109
101
174
130
136
100

3
1
4
0
2
3

2
2
2
1
2
5

85
62
107
96
100
89

321
297
344
332
337
324

11
15
20
18
12
13

1,298
1,213
1,346
1,361
1,142
1,112

7
7
8
7
8
8

9,570
9,068
10,540
10,125
8,787
8,956

6,536
6,420
7,462
7,113
6,239
6,314

471
478
419
544
654
683

458
477
419
633
675
700

3,860
3,310
3,496
3,660
2,943
3,486

3,834
3,090
3,862
3,307
3,100
3,500

nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr

3,534
3,656
3,935
3,838
4,054
3,990

829
761
1,211
1,370
1,266
787

Notes: Wheat Trade Year (TY) statistics are on July/June years. Barley, corn, sorghum, rye and oats Trade Year (TY) statistics
are on Oct/Sept years. Rice Trade Year (TY) statistics are for the subsequent calendar year; 'Imports' and 'Exports' columns
contain data on the local marketing year: wheat, barley, oats and rye are June/May; corn and sorghum are Sept/Aug; rice is
Aug/July.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Total Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand
Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested
Wheat and Coarse Grains
1978/79
569.7

Yield

Production TY Exports Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

2.1

1,183.1

161.8

556.8

1,138.1

278.2

1979/80

569.0

2.0

1,153.1

182.6

573.9

1,157.6

273.7

1980/81

577.6

2.0

1,159.3

200.6

562.6

1,179.2

255.2

1981/82

587.8

2.0

1,204.0

196.9

573.5

1,178.3

281.0

1982/83

576.9

2.2

1,248.0

189.6

593.4

1,197.1

332.1

1983/84

563.8

2.1

1,162.5

193.2

588.4

1,216.2

278.5

1984/85

567.0

2.3

1,315.0

203.6

609.9

1,253.6

339.9

1985/86

570.9

2.3

1,328.5

165.2

613.1

1,247.9

420.5

1986/87

565.6

2.4

1,348.0

174.7

644.2

1,299.5

468.9

1987/88

544.7

2.4

1,285.0

202.2

655.2

1,329.8

422.0

1988/89

542.2

2.2

1,218.0

203.3

618.2

1,302.6

337.4

1989/90

548.4

2.4

1,327.7

208.9

643.1

1,346.4

318.7

1990/91

548.8

2.6

1,416.7

190.1

667.0

1,369.6

365.8

1991/92

545.3

2.5

1,355.4

207.5

649.9

1,364.7

356.4

1992/93

549.2

2.6

1,431.0

205.2

662.3

1,389.5

395.0

1993/94

540.5

2.5

1,356.2

188.2

654.0

1,388.8

362.4

1994/95

537.8

2.6

1,392.4

200.1

666.7

1,396.3

358.6

1995/96

533.6

2.5

1,339.1

187.5

636.3

1,380.4

317.3

1996/97

553.6

2.7

1,491.9

198.4

669.3

1,442.7

366.5

1997/98

539.8

2.8

1,491.6

190.3

680.1

1,445.0

413.1

1998/99

533.6

2.8

1,480.9

198.7

678.9

1,448.3

445.8

1999/00

515.1

2.8

1,463.6

214.3

684.9

1,467.5

441.4

2000/01

514.4

2.8

1,444.0

205.1

693.1

1,468.4

417.0

2001/02

516.2

2.9

1,475.3

208.5

708.0

1,492.3

399.9

2002/03

507.9

2.8

1,443.8

209.8

706.6

1,506.7

337.0

2003/04

515.9

2.9

1,470.4

205.9

710.7

1,534.1

273.3

2004/05

517.4

3.2

1,642.6

213.9

747.5

1,586.8

329.0

2005/06

519.1

3.1

1,599.2

221.7

746.5

1,616.0

312.3

2006/07

515.5

3.1

1,574.3

228.8

735.5

1,625.7

260.9

2007/08

531.4

3.1

1,654.6

225.6

751.1

1,678.9

236.6

Notes: Wheat and coarse grains trade data are on July June years through 1975/76. From 1976/77 to the
present, coarse grains data are on an Oct/Sept trade year.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand
Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production TY Exports Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Wheat
1978/79

228.9

1.9

438.9

71.3

89.8

413.3

134.8

1979/80

227.8

1.8

417.5

85.5

94.0

431.9

120.5

1980/81

236.9

1.8

435.9

93.2

91.2

444.1

112.7

1981/82

238.9

1.9

445.0

100.5

90.6

445.1

112.5

1982/83

238.4

2.0

472.7

97.7

92.8

455.6

129.9

1983/84

229.9

2.1

484.3

101.2

95.6

468.9

145.3

1984/85

231.7

2.2

508.9

104.7

99.9

486.2

168.0

1985/86

229.8

2.2

494.8

83.6

97.2

484.5

178.3

1986/87

227.9

2.3

524.1

89.7

113.2

511.3

191.1

1987/88

219.7

2.3

497.9

114.1

113.6

530.3

158.6

1988/89

217.4

2.3

495.0

104.3

104.0

519.6

134.0

1989/90

225.8

2.4

533.2

103.9

103.7

531.0

136.2

1990/91

231.4

2.5

588.0

101.3

130.1

553.7

170.5

1991/92

222.5

2.4

542.9

111.4

113.8

551.5

162.0

1992/93

222.8

2.5

561.6

113.2

110.9

547.6

175.7

1993/94

222.1

2.5

558.0

101.7

108.0

552.4

181.4

1994/95

214.4

2.4

523.2

101.5

99.6

542.4

162.1

1995/96

218.8

2.5

537.9

99.2

91.9

544.8

155.3

1996/97

230.2

2.5

582.6

104.0

96.7

573.4

164.5

1997/98

228.4

2.7

610.0

104.5

100.9

577.5

197.0

1998/99

225.1

2.6

590.0

102.0

103.6

579.1

207.9

1999/00

215.4

2.7

585.8

112.0

98.9

585.1

208.5

2000/01

217.6

2.7

581.5

102.3

104.1

584.2

205.8

2001/02

214.7

2.7

581.2

108.0

107.4

585.4

201.6

2002/03

214.6

2.6

568.4

107.1

111.7

603.7

166.3

2003/04

209.6

2.6

554.4

103.5

96.2

588.4

132.4

2004/05

217.7

2.9

626.8

112.7

105.4

608.6

150.6

2005/06

218.4

2.8

621.5

113.3

111.3

624.4

147.6

2006/07

211.9

2.8

593.7

115.0

105.6

616.9

124.4

2007/08

216.8

2.8

603.0

106.7

98.5

616.5

110.9

744.1

90.5

467.0

724.8

143.3

479.9

725.6

153.2

Coarse Grains
1978/79

340.8

2.2

1979/80

341.1

2.2

735.5

97.1

1980/81

340.7

2.1

723.5

107.4

471.4

735.1

142.6

1981/82

348.9

2.2

759.0

96.4

482.9

733.2

168.4

1982/83

338.6

2.3

775.3

92.0

500.6

741.5

202.2

1983/84

333.9

2.0

678.2

92.0

492.7

747.3

133.1

1984/85

335.3

2.4

806.1

98.9

510.0

767.4

171.9

1985/86

341.1

2.4

833.7

81.6

515.9

763.4

242.2

1986/87

337.7

2.4

823.9

85.0

531.0

788.2

277.9

1987/88

325.0

2.4

787.1

88.1

541.6

799.5

263.3

1988/89

324.8

2.2

723.0

99.0

514.2

782.9

203.4

1989/90

322.6

2.5

794.5

105.0

539.4

815.4

182.5

1990/91

317.4

2.6

828.6

88.9

536.9

815.9

195.2

1991/92

322.8

2.5

812.5

96.2

536.1

813.3

194.4

1992/93

326.4

2.7

869.3

91.9

551.4

841.9

219.3

1993/94

318.4

2.5

798.1

86.5

546.1

836.4

181.1

1994/95

323.5

2.7

869.2

98.6

567.2

853.8

196.5

1995/96

314.8

2.5

801.2

88.2

544.4

835.6

162.1

1996/97

323.5

2.8

909.3

94.4

572.7

869.3

202.1

1997/98

311.4

2.8

881.6

85.8

579.1

867.5

216.2

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production TY Exports Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

1998/99

308.6

2.9

891.0

96.7

575.3

869.2

237.9

1999/00

299.7

2.9

877.7

102.4

586.0

882.3

232.8

2000/01

296.8

2.9

862.5

102.7

588.9

884.2

211.2

2001/02

301.5

3.0

894.1

100.5

600.6

906.9

198.3

2002/03

293.2

3.0

875.3

102.7

594.9

903.0

170.6

2003/04

306.4

3.0

916.0

102.4

614.6

945.7

140.9

2004/05

299.7

3.4

1,015.7

101.2

642.1

978.2

178.4

2005/06

300.7

3.3

977.8

108.4

635.2

991.6

164.6

2006/07

303.6

3.2

980.6

113.7

629.9

1,008.8

136.5

2007/08

314.7

3.3

1,051.6

118.9

652.6

1,062.4

125.6

Notes: Wheat and coarse grains trade data are on July June years through 1975/76. From 1976/77 to the
present, coarse grains data are on an Oct/Sept trade year.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Corn and Barley: Supply and Demand
Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested

Yield

Production TY Exports Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

Corn
1978/79

126.0

3.1

392.1

67.1

247.0

378.0

91.4

1979/80

127.3

3.3

425.6

73.2

277.1

405.8

111.2

1980/81

131.2

3.1

408.7

77.8

279.2

417.9

102.5

1981/82

133.0

3.3

441.8

66.9

286.1

417.1

127.2

1982/83

125.2

3.5

439.9

63.2

293.5

417.3

149.8

1983/84

119.7

2.9

348.3

61.1

271.1

409.1

89.0

1984/85

129.0

3.6

458.4

66.1

289.5

429.2

118.2

1985/86

131.0

3.7

479.0

53.8

284.3

419.5

177.7

1986/87

131.9

3.6

475.4

56.9

304.6

448.3

204.9

1987/88

127.2

3.5

451.0

58.8

316.5

458.3

197.5

1988/89

126.3

3.2

400.9

66.0

306.8

453.2

145.2

1989/90

127.5

3.6

462.0

74.5

324.8

474.4

132.8

1990/91

129.4

3.7

482.1

58.8

318.5

473.7

141.2

1991/92

132.7

3.7

493.2

63.0

334.4

493.6

140.9

1992/93

133.3

4.0

536.1

62.6

348.8

512.5

162.5

1993/94

130.9

3.6

476.0

57.4

342.1

509.3

129.3

1994/95

135.3

4.1

559.0

71.9

371.3

535.4

152.9

1995/96

134.9

3.8

516.1

64.8

365.1

536.3

132.7

1996/97

141.7

4.2

592.9

66.7

387.6

560.0

165.6

1997/98

136.3

4.2

574.2

63.1

401.1

573.7

166.2

1998/99

139.3

4.3

605.8

68.7

404.6

581.1

190.9

1999/00

139.0

4.4

607.6

72.3

422.9

604.9

193.6

2000/01

137.2

4.3

590.7

75.9

427.9

610.0

174.3

2001/02

137.9

4.4

600.2

72.8

436.2

623.5

151.0

2002/03

137.9

4.4

603.3

76.9

433.1

628.1

126.2

2003/04

142.0

4.4

627.2

79.1

445.1

648.9

104.6

2004/05

145.0

4.9

714.8

76.0

473.4

688.0

131.4

2005/06

145.5

4.8

696.4

82.6

476.3

704.0

123.7

2006/07

148.6

4.7

703.9

90.8

472.2

720.2

107.3

2007/08

157.1

4.9

766.7

93.5

491.9

772.7

101.3

Barley
1978/79

80.9

2.2

175.6

10.6

123.9

171.2

24.3

1979/80

84.0

1.8

153.8

10.2

118.5

159.2

18.9

1980/81

78.6

2.0

157.4

13.5

111.2

158.3

18.3

1981/82

81.6

1.8

149.5

14.5

109.4

151.8

16.0

1982/83

78.8

2.0

161.2

16.0

113.4

155.8

21.5

1983/84

79.8

2.0

158.5

15.8

122.0

164.5

15.5

1984/85

79.2

2.2

170.5

17.4

122.4

162.9

23.1

1985/86

80.0

2.2

173.6

17.7

127.8

167.2

29.6

1986/87

79.6

2.2

178.1

18.3

132.1

173.8

33.8

1987/88

78.7

2.2

175.3

18.3

129.7

173.6

33.4

1988/89

76.4

2.1

164.0

19.0

121.9

166.2

31.1

1989/90

73.6

2.3

166.1

18.5

126.2

170.5

26.7

1990/91

72.9

2.5

179.0

19.6

130.4

175.9

29.8

1991/92

76.4

2.2

169.8

19.4

120.2

166.3

33.3

1992/93

73.4

2.3

166.2

16.4

118.9

165.6

33.3

1993/94

74.7

2.3

169.2

18.8

123.7

168.9

33.5

1994/95

73.2

2.2

160.7

15.3

121.1

165.8

28.5

1995/96

69.0

2.1

141.6

13.4

107.7

150.6

19.5

1996/97

66.5

2.3

153.6

17.9

106.2

149.4

23.6

1997/98

64.9

2.4

154.3

12.8

103.7

145.8

32.2

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

Area
Harvested

Yield

Production TY Exports Feed Dom. Domestic
Consumpti Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

1998/99

60.7

2.2

135.7

17.8

98.6

139.0

28.9

1999/00

55.3

2.3

127.5

17.8

93.9

132.3

24.0

2000/01

54.6

2.4

132.8

16.2

94.3

134.1

22.8

2001/02

56.8

2.5

142.3

17.2

95.0

136.3

28.8

2002/03

56.5

2.4

134.8

16.3

94.1

136.4

27.2

2003/04

59.7

2.4

142.5

14.8

102.5

147.2

22.5

2004/05

57.7

2.7

153.0

17.0

99.5

142.4

33.1

2005/06

55.6

2.5

136.9

17.4

96.5

141.1

29.0

2006/07

57.0

2.4

136.9

14.4

101.0

145.4

20.5

2007/08

57.2

2.3

132.8

14.4

94.6

137.9

15.4

Notes: Coarse grains trade data are on July June years through 1975/76. From 1976/77 to the present,
coarse grains data are on an Oct/Sept trade year.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

World Rice: Supply and Demand
Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares
Area
Harvested
Rice, Milled
1978/79

Yield

Rough
Production TY Exports Domestic
Production
Consumpti

Ending
Stocks

143.6

2.7

385.4

262.4

11.8

252.3

54.8

1979/80

141.2

2.7

376.6

256.8

12.0

257.6

54.0

1980/81

144.4

2.7

397.0

269.9

11.9

271.2

52.6

1981/82

144.4

2.8

408.3

277.9

11.3

280.0

50.5

1982/83

140.5

3.0

418.3

285.0

11.2

278.7

56.8

1983/84

144.6

3.1

450.9

306.9

11.9

294.4

69.3

1984/85

144.2

3.2

464.9

316.8

11.0

298.4

87.7

1985/86

144.8

3.2

467.3

318.0

11.8

307.9

97.7

1986/87

144.8

3.3

481.9

316.0

12.9

310.4

103.3

1987/88

141.7

3.3

465.0

315.3

11.4

313.3

105.3

1988/89

146.5

3.4

491.0

332.2

14.0

325.8

111.7

1989/90

147.6

3.5

510.4

345.3

11.7

336.4

120.6

1990/91

146.7

3.5

518.9

351.0

12.3

345.0

126.7

1991/92

147.5

3.5

522.9

353.3

14.4

353.1

126.8

1992/93

146.5

3.6

524.2

354.0

14.9

357.5

123.3

1993/94

145.3

3.6

526.4

354.9

16.6

359.1

119.1

1994/95

147.4

3.7

539.5

363.9

20.8

365.2

117.8

1995/96

148.2

3.7

547.2

368.8

19.7

368.2

118.4

1996/97

149.9

3.8

564.5

380.9

18.9

378.7

120.6

1997/98

151.2

3.8

574.5

387.0

27.6

379.7

127.9

1998/99

152.7

3.8

586.5

394.6

24.8

388.1

134.4

1999/00

155.3

3.9

608.2

408.9

22.8

399.7

143.5

2000/01

151.7

3.9

593.4

398.8

24.4

395.0

147.3

2001/02

150.6

3.9

594.2

399.3

27.9

413.1

133.6

2002/03

145.9

3.9

562.4

377.8

27.6

407.5

103.9

2003/04

148.2

3.9

583.8

391.5

27.2

413.0

82.4

2004/05

150.5

4.0

595.7

400.4

29.0

408.1

74.7

2005/06

152.6

4.1

622.0

417.6

28.9

415.5

76.9

2006/07

152.9

4.1

622.1

417.6

29.0

418.9

75.6

2007/08

153.6

4.1

626.7

420.6

29.2

423.6

72.5

Notes: Stocks, exports and consumption are expressed on a milled basis in marketing years.

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

January 2008

ENDNOTES TO GRAIN: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
REGIONAL TABLES
North America: Canada, Mexico, the United States.
Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua,
Panama.
Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, British
Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, French West Indies,
Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica and Dep, Leeward-Windward Islands, Martinique,
Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and
the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands of the U.S.
South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas), French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
EU: Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,
Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United
Kingdom.
Other Europe: Albania, Azores, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Former Yugoslavia,
Gibraltar, Iceland, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland.
Former Soviet Union: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Middle East: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Sub-Saharan Africa: all African countries except North Africa.
East Asia: China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Macau, Mongolia,
Taiwan.
South Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka,
Maldives.
Southeast Asia: Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines,
Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea.
OTHER NOTES
Stocks: Unless otherwise stated, stock data are based on an aggregate of differing local
marketing years and should not be construed as representing world stock levels at a fixed point in
time.
Consumption: World totals for consumption reflect total utilization, including food, seed,
industrial, feed, and waste; as well as differences in local marketing year imports and local
marketing year exports. Consumption statistics for regions and individual countries, however,
reflect food, seed, industrial, feed, and waste only.
Trade: All PSD tables are balanced on the different local marketing years. All trade tables
contain Trade Year (TY) data which puts all countries on a uniform, 12-month period for
analytical comparisons: wheat is July/June; coarse grains, corn, barley, sorghum, oats, and rye
Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

64
January 2008

are Oct/Sept; and rice is calendar year. For a complete list of local marketing years, please see
the FAS website (http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdAvailability.aspx).
EU Consolidation: The trade figures starting from 1999/00 represent EU-27 and exclude all
intra-trade. For the years 1960/61 through 1998/99, figures are the EU-15 and also exclude all
intra-trade. EU-15 member states' data for grains are no longer maintained in the official USDA
database. Data for the individual NMS-10, plus Bulgaria and Romania, exists only prior to
1999/00.
Statistics: (1) Wheat trade statistics include wheat, flour, and selected pasta products on a grain
equivalent basis. (2) Rice trade statistics include rough, brown, milled, and broken on a milled
equivalent basis. (3) Coarse grains statistics include corn, barley, sorghum, oats, rye, millet, and
mixed grains but exclude trade in barley malt, millet, and mixed grains.
Unaccounted: This term includes grain in transit, reporting discrepancies in some countries,
and trade to countries outside the USDA database.
The Field Crops and Livestock Branch, Industry and Sector Analysis Division, Foreign
Agricultural Service, USDA, Washington DC 20250, prepared this circular. Information is
gathered from official statistics of foreign governments and other foreign source materials,
reports of U.S. agricultural attachés and Foreign Service officers, office research, and related
information. Further information may be obtained by writing the Division or telephoning (202)
720-6590.
Note: The previous report in this series was the Grain: World Markets and Trade Foreign
Agricultural Service Circular FG 12-07 December 2007. For further details on world grain
production, please see World Agricultural Production Foreign Agricultural Service Circular
WAP 01-08 January 2008.
This circular is available in its entirety on the World Wide Web via the Foreign Agricultural
Service Home Page. The address is: http://www.fas.usda.gov

Grain: World Markets and Trade, January 2008
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

65
January 2008