FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: February 25, 2014 CONTACT: Pat O’Connor, 541‐812‐8639, Benton, Linn, Marion, Polk, Yamhill counties

Erik Knoder, 541‐574‐2306, Clatsop, Columbia, Lincoln, Tillamook counties Brian Rooney, 541‐686‐7703, Lane, Douglas counties

875 Union Street NE • Salem, Oregon 97311 PH: 503.947.1394 • TTY-TDD 711 • www.QualityInfo.org

NEWS

LOW‐WAGE, LOW‐SKILL JOB VACANCIES MOST COMMON IN NORTHWEST OREGON AND WILLAMETTE VALLEY
Private employers in northwest Oregon and the Willamette Valley were looking to fill about 7,800 job vacancies at any given time during 2013, according to new annual figures from the Oregon Employment Department’s Job Vacancy Survey. Most offered starting wages below $12 per hour and few required more than a high school diploma. The Job Vacancy Survey provides a snapshot of the labor market that job seekers face. Top 25 Occupations in Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley These results are for Benton, With the Highest Number of Job Vacancies, 2013 Clatsop, Columbia, Lane, Full-time Permanent Lincoln, Linn, Marion, Polk, Vacancies Positions Positions Occupation Tillamook and Yamhill counties All Occupations 7,808 64% 71% during 2013. A statewide Farmworkers/Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 654 47% 27% Personal Care Aides 629 67% 100% report was also released today. Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 423 39% 0% Forest and Conservation Workers 278 100% 0% Area businesses reported Home Health Aides 257 95% 99% Cashiers 242 7% 19% vacancies for 235 different Retail Salespersons 231 13% 83% occupations in 2013. The top Registered Nurses 227 60% 100% Nursing Assistants 225 72% 98% 25 occupations shown in the Customer Service Representatives 208 63% 85% table represent nearly two‐ Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 196 56% 64% thirds (64%) of the total. The Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 187 67% 67% Combined Food Prep./Serving Workers, Incld. Fast Food 176 9% 100% top three occupations – Medical Assistants 130 75% 100% farmworkers, personal care Food Preparation Workers 110 5% 35% Roofers 108 50% 50% aides, and meat and fish cutters Teacher Assistants 107 100% 0% – accounted for more than one‐ Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 90 100% 100% fifth (22%) of all vacancies Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 88 92% 8% Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 86 20% 14% reported. Computer Occupations, All Other 81 100% 100% Cooks, Restaurant 80 58% 65% Wages offered for job Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 73 38% 62% Medical and Health Services Managers 64 100% 100% vacancies varied with the Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 63 100% 89% education required. More than two‐thirds (69%) of vacancies did not require education beyond high school and they offered an average hourly wage of $10.55 per hour. This compared with average hourly wages of $20.30 per hour for vacancies that required an associate degree (2 percent of total vacancies), $23.40 per hour for those

Oregon Employment Department is an equal opportunity employer/program. Oregon Employment Department es un programa/empleador que respeta la igualdad de oportunidades.

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needing a bachelor’s degree (10 percent of the total vacancies), and $27.43 for vacancies requiring a graduate degree (2 percent of the total vacancies). Employers also offered higher wages when their vacancies required more than one year of previous experience. Vacancies with no experience requirement paid an average of $10.32 per hour. Those requiring some experience but less than one year paid $11.43 per hour. For vacancies that required one to five years of previous work experience, the average wage offered was $17.97 per hour, while those that required five or more years of experience averaged $24.45.
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Hourly Wage Range, 2013 Requiring Education Beyond High School 23% 0% 19% 53% 54% 75% 91% 40%

Wage (per hour) All Wage Ranges $8.95 through $9.99 $10 through $14.99 $15 through $19.99 $20 through $24.99 $25 through $29.99 $30 and up Unknown

Average Hourly Full-time Permanent Vacancies Wage Positions Positions 7,808 $13.39 64% 71% 3,190 $9.12 47% 62% 2,189 $11.50 70% 57% 790 $16.65 88% 91% 394 $22.27 81% 98% 261 $27.77 92% 100% 339 $36.80 93% 99% 645 61% 91%

Requiring Previous Experience 52% 28% 56% 89% 86% 87% 90% 58%

Difficult to Fill 63% 60% 62% 70% 78% 55% 77% 56%

Many employers replied that their vacancies were difficult to fill. Four of the five most common occupations with vacancies in the region were labeled as difficult to fill more than 95 percent of the time. These were farmworkers, meat and fish cutters, forest workers and home health aides. These vacancies are offering wages of $10 per hour or less on average. The survey also compared vacancies by industry. The health care and social assistance industry accounted for nearly one‐fourth (23%) of all vacancies, far more than any other industry. Four additional industries each accounted for more than 10 percent of the region’s job vacancies: management, administrative, and waste services (which includes company headquarters and temporary staffing agencies, among other businesses); natural resources and mining (which includes agriculture); manufacturing; and retail trade. The Job Vacancy Survey is designed to reflect the job market at a point in time; it is not a sum of all vacancies over the year. Businesses continually hire and lose employees as part of the churn of a normal labor market. The total number of hires by businesses over the course of a year may be twenty‐ five to thirty times the number reported in this survey. The Oregon Job Vacancy Survey has been conducted since 2008. The 2013 Oregon Job Vacancy Survey results represent the first ever combination of four quarters worth of vacancy surveys. The estimates are based on responses from 10,600 Oregon employers statewide. Vacancy survey results for the first quarter of 2014 are scheduled for release in April 2014. A special report on Oregon’s difficult‐to‐fill vacancies will be available later this spring. For more details on statewide and regional vacancies, visit the “publications” tab on QualityInfo.org and scroll down to the section titled “Oregon Job Vacancies.” — end —

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Help Wanted in Oregon: Results from the  2013 Job Vacancy Survey
Job vacancies in: Northwest Oregon & the Willamette Valley

The Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley region  includes these counties:
Benton Clatsop Columbia Lane Lincoln Linn Marion Polk Tillamook Yamhill

Roughly 7,800 vacancies in Northwest Oregon & the  Willamette Valley
• Surveyed 2,200 employers during 2013 • Includes private employers with two or more employees • If they were hiring, we asked about each vacancy’s:
 Job title  Full‐ or part‐time status  Permanent or temporary status  Starting wage or salary  Educational and experience requirements

Health care has more vacancies than any other  industry…
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Industry, 2013 Requiring Education Requiring Previous Beyond High School Experience 23% 52% 34% 44% 32% 58% 4% 36% 22% 50% 5% 45% 1% 31% 89% 89% 22% 81% 4% 89% 35% 99% 10% 99% 78% 100% 31% 77% 40% 87%

Industry Vacancies All Industries 7,808 1Health care and social assistance 1,808 1Management, administrative, and waste services 1,098 0Natural resources and mining 1,036 0Manufacturing 1,019 0Retail trade 850 1Leisure and hospitality 718 0Professional, scientific, and technical services 305 0Construction 278 0Transportation, warehousing, and utilities 186 1Other services 168 0Financial activities 165 1Private educational services 97 0Wholesale trade 65 0Information 15

Average Hourly Wage $13.39 $14.01 $15.30 $9.87 $15.15 $10.15 $9.71 $22.48 $16.50 $16.54 $10.30 $14.06 $15.86 $15.19 $16.31

Full-time Positions 64% 62% 91% 66% 71% 26% 29% 92% 81% 63% 67% 100% 51% 100% 87%

Permanent Positions 71% 89% 99% 27% 55% 58% 56% 100% 73% 62% 99% 100% 71% 83% 100%

Difficult to Fill 63% 69% 60% 93% 76% 24% 31% 82% 87% 72% 65% 26% 14% 42% 27%

… but healthcare practitioners and technical  occupations do not top the list of vacancies.
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Occupation Group, 2013 Requiring Education Requiring Average Previous Difficult Beyond Hourly Full-time Permanent to Fill Wage Positions Positions High School Experience $13.39 64% 71% 23% 52% 63% $9.79 64% 21% 0% 33% 99% $12.06 66% 44% 10% 34% 84% $9.44 71% 100% 9% 17% 64% $11.01 80% 99% 27% 29% 65% $9.66 17% 67% 1% 29% 24% $11.65 59% 76% 8% 71% 23% $10.59 25% 61% 9% 49% 23% $26.14 65% 100% 69% 67% 68% $11.35 70% 76% 2% 49% 63% $15.23 66% 63% 3% 82% 59% $12.15 80% 20% 52% 100% 78% $14.58 54% 100% 61% 94% 65% $28.89 100% 100% 88% 96% 72% $18.91 100% 100% 46% 99% 74% $21.25 100% 99% 90% 99% 94% $17.42 72% 72% 19% 72% 99% $29.28 100% 98% 75% 98% 54% $23.01 97% 97% 46% 87% 53% $25.25 82% 88% 88% 79% 18% $10.17 50% 100% 0% 21% 0% $21.96 100% 100% 100% 0% 0% $14.36 89% 53% 42% 89% 42%

Occupation Group All Occupations Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Production Personal Care and Service Health Care Support Food Preparation and Serving Related Office and Administrative Support Sales and Related Health Care Practitioners and Technical Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Transportation and Material Moving Education, Training, and Library Community and Social Service Management Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Computer and Mathematical Construction and Extraction Architecture and Engineering Business and Financial Operations Life, Physical, and Social Science Protective Service Legal Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media

Vacancies 7,808 965 813 738 666 645 619 598 499 320 284 269 256 247 224 194 192 105 76 34 24 21 19

Overall, vacancies were reported in 235 occupations.
Top 25 Occupations in Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley With the Highest Number of Job Vacancies, 2013 Full-time Permanent Positions Positions 64% 71% 47% 27% 67% 100% 39% 0% 100% 0% 95% 99% 7% 19% 13% 83% 60% 100% 72% 98% 63% 85% 56% 64% 67% 67% 9% 100% 75% 100% 5% 35% 50% 50% 100% 0% 100% 100% 92% 8% 20% 14% 100% 100% 58% 65% 38% 62% 100% 100% 100% 89% Occupation Vacancies All Occupations 7,808 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 654 Personal Care Aides 629 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 423 Forest and Conservation Workers 278 Home Health Aides 257 Cashiers 242 Retail Salespersons 231 Registered Nurses 227 Nursing Assistants 225 Customer Service Representatives 208 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 196 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 187 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Fo 176 Medical Assistants 130 Food Preparation Workers 110 Roofers 108 Teacher Assistants 107 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 90 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 88 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 86 Computer Occupations, All Other 81 Cooks, Restaurant 80 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 73 Medical and Health Services Managers 64 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 63

About two‐thirds of vacancies don’t require  education beyond high school…

… but wages are higher for vacancies that require  more education…
Average Hourly Wage for Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies, by Educational Requirement, 2013
$30 Graduate Degree $25

Bachelor Degree Postsecondary Training Associate Degree

$20 Other $15 High School Diploma No Requirement

$10

$5

$0

… and high‐paying vacancies are more likely to  require education beyond high school.
Share of Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies Requiring Education Beyond High School by Hourly Wage Range, 2013
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% $8.95 through $9.99 $10 through $14.99 $15 through $19.99 $20 through $24.99 $25 through $29.99 $30 and up

Two‐thirds of all vacancies pay less than $15 per hour.
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Hourly Wage, 2013
$30 and up 4% $25 through $29.99 4% $20 through $24.99 5% Unknown 8%

$8.95 through $9.99 41%

$15 through $19.99 10%

$10 through $14.99 28%

Vacancies requiring higher education are more likely to  be high‐paying, full‐time, and permanent.

Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Required Education Level, 2013 Average Requiring Previous Difficult to Hourly Full-time Permanent Wage Positions Positions Experience Fill $13.39 64% 71% 52% 63% $9.88 51% 45% 37% 69% $11.29 65% 81% 44% 55% $18.87 82% 96% 76% 71% $20.30 73% 95% 73% 60% $23.40 91% 86% 95% 60% $27.43 86% 100% 70% 63% $16.15 58% 83% 70% 65% $11.89 31% 98% 27% 27%

Required Education Level All Education Levels No Requirement High School Diploma Postsecondary Training Associate Degree Bachelor Degree Graduate Degree Other Unknown

Vacancies 7,808 2,813 2,587 672 183 783 164 504 102

Slightly more than half of the vacancies require  previous experience…
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies Requiring Previous Experience, 2013
4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 No Requirement <1 Year 1-5 Years Required Experience 5+ Years Unknown

… and vacancies that require more experience  typically offer higher wages.
Average Hourly Wage for Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Required Experience, 2013
$30

$25

$20

$15

$10

$5

$0 No Requirement <1 Year 1-5 Years Required Experience 5+ Years Unknown

Vacancies that require more experience are by far the  most likely to require education beyond high school.
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Experience Requirement, 2013 Requiring Education Beyond Difficult to High School Fill 23% 63% 6% 64% 12% 51% 47% 68% 67% 66% 38% 56%

Prior Experience Required Vacancies All Requirements 7,808 No Requirement 3,520 <1 Year 1,432 1-5 Years 2,214 5+ Years 433 Unknown 209

Average Hourly Full-time Permanent Wage Positions Positions $13.39 64% 71% $10.32 49% 58% $11.43 71% 66% $17.97 82% 88% $24.45 88% 85% $13.59 27% 99%

High‐paying vacancies are more likely to require a  combination of education and previous experience.
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Hourly Wage Range, 2013 Requiring Education Requiring Beyond Previous Difficult High School Experience to Fill 23% 52% 63% 0% 28% 60% 19% 56% 62% 53% 89% 70% 54% 86% 78% 75% 87% 55% 91% 90% 77% 40% 58% 56%

Wage (per hour) Vacancies All Wage Ranges 7,808 $8.95 through $9.99 3,190 $10 through $14.99 2,189 $15 through $19.99 790 $20 through $24.99 394 $25 through $29.99 261 $30 and up 339 Unknown 645

Average Hourly Full-time Permanent Wage Positions Positions $13.39 64% 71% $9.12 47% 62% $11.50 70% 57% $16.65 88% 91% $22.27 81% 98% $27.77 92% 100% $36.80 93% 99% 61% 91%

Smaller employers reported more than a quarter of  regional vacancies, a slightly greater share than  statewide (23%).
Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley Job Vacancies by Firm Size, 2013 Requiring Education Requiring Beyond Previous High School Experience 23% 52% 24% 53% 22% 52% 23% 51%

Number of Employees Vacancies All Firms 7,808 2-19 2,236 20-99 2,879 100+ 2,693

Average Hourly Full-time Permanent Wage Positions Positions $13.39 64% 71% $12.92 73% 84% $13.45 60% 70% $13.71 60% 61%

Difficult to Fill 63% 76% 65% 49%

Nearly half of vacancies reported to this statewide  survey are in the Portland Tri‐County area.

Oregon Job Vacancies by Geography, 2013 Requiring Education Requiring Beyond Previous Difficult High School Experience to Fill 29% 69% 47% 36% 80% 39% 23% 52% 63% 20% 71% 54% 20% 55% 42% 16% 46% 48%

Geography Vacancies Oregon Statewide 32,441 Portland Tri-County 16,057 Northwest Oregon/Willamette Valley 7,808 Central Oregon 3,003 Southwest Oregon 2,853 Eastern Oregon 1,262

Average Hourly Full-time Permanent Wage Positions Positions $15.04 67% 76% $16.61 69% 83% $13.39 64% 71% $13.84 62% 64% $14.42 62% 79% $13.23 62% 59%

Jessica Nelson, Employment Economist Oregon Employment Department Jessica.R.Nelson@state.or.us (503) 947‐1276

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